findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are
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LIVE FROM MARS: lfm
Former Manager, Mars Exploration Program
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California
My Career Journey
Math was my worst subject in school. However, I knew I had to learn it to be an engineer,
so I sweated it out. I was always kidded in high school for taking mechanical drawing
instead of home economics. When I went to college I walked into my advisor's office and he
said, "What are you doing here?" I said, "I'm enrolling in aeronautical engineering." He
responded, "Girls can't be engineers!" I told him I could, and I did!
I received an M.S. degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Southern
California, a B.S degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and a
B.A in Journalism also from University of Oklahoma.
I came to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in 1966 to work on a Mars program. I was an
aerodynamicist working on how Mars landers would come through the atmosphere and survive
without burning up or tumbling out of control. Now, 30 years later, I'm managing the Mars
Exploration Program Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The Mars Exploration Program
is sending orbiters and landers to Mars beginning in November of this year, with Mars Global
Surveyor and Mars Pathfinder, and will continue to fly two missions in every Mars opportunity
(every 26 months) through 2005.