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To MARS with MER - Interact

"Today on Mars" program script - part 2 of 2

LIVE FROM MARS, program 5, "Today on Mars" Airs November 13th 1997, on PBS and NASA-TV

10) CAMILLE LEADS TO TES DESCRIPTION: LIVE (00:20) <09:49> Talks about ROCK STARS, etc.

Seeds FOSSIL action: DISCUSS WITH PAM, DAVID AND PHIL...

Holds up props!!!

CAMILLE:
WE KNOW THAT "THERMAL EMISSION SPECTROMETER" IS QUITE A MOUTHFUL... SO WE ASKED PHIL CHRISTENSEN AND HIS GRADUATE STUDENT, CHECK NAME, TO SHOW US HOW IT WORKS...

AND TO BRING THINGS REALLY DOWN TO EARTH, WE THOUGHT WE’D GIVE THEM ROCKS TO ANALYZE SUBMITTED BY STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN LIVE FROM MARS!

THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED? DO YOU THINK TES WORKED? COULD PHIL FIGURE OUT WHERE IN THE US THE ROCKS CAME FROM? STAY TUNED!

11) TES IN ACTION: VTR (02:30) <12:19>
PHIL describes how TES works, lots of graphics and MGS animation, and testing of the rocks sent in by kids ("Rock Stars") Pre-taped by KAET crew, edited in Phoenix. "Mars down to Earth" graphic transcript to come!!!

12) PHIL Q&A #1 (02:00) <14:19>
SOMEONE, SOMEHOW NEEDS TO PAY OFF THE KID/ROCK QUESTION: GHS FIGURE OUT AFTER SEEING HOW IT WORKED!!!

DAVID AND KIDS BESIDE TES "MODEL"
PHIL IN COMPUTER ROOM

DAVID brokers ASU kid question

PHIL replies

CAMILLE intros VTR question

SUMMIT VTR:
Jessica: What information will TES provide about the polar regions?

CAMILLE intros e-mail question e-mail graphic (from summer shows)

13) CAMILLE LEAD TO "MOLA AND MGS", LIVE (00:20) <14:29>
CAMILLE to camera WE'LL BE BACK WITH PHIL LATER, BUT THERE ARE A NUMBER OF OTHER INTERESTING INSTRUMENTS ON BOARD MGS, INCLUDING ONE KNOWN AS "MOLA." YES, THAT'S M-O-L-A, MOLA (CAMILLE AS RAY DAVIES!)

YOU CAN READ ABOUT IT, AND ACTUALLY SIMULATE WHAT IT DOES IN YOUR CLASSROOM WITH AN ACTIVITY IN THE LFM TEACHER'S GUIDE. TIM MCCOLLUM AND HIS STUDENTS AT SHOWED US HOW...

14) MOLA AND MGS: VTR (03:00) <17:29>
Pre-taped depiction of MOLA in operation and how Tim's class make their own MOLA's in showboxes

Chapter head:
LIVE FROM MARS
SCHOOL REPORT:
CHARLESTON, IL

TIM FULL SOT
...So one of the things that this particular project you’ll be working on today and this spacecraft called MGS...all the time it’s orbiting around Mars, it’s gonna be shooting beams of light down to surface....

CAMILLE VO:
ON SEPTEMBER 11, AFTER A TEN MONTH JOURNEY, GLOBAL SURVEYOR WAS CAPTURED INTO ORBIT AROUND MARS.

ON SEPTEMBER 15TH, DURING ITS THIRD CLOSE APPROACH TO MARS, GLOBAL SURVEYOR COULD SAFELY POINT ALL ITS SCIENCE INSTRUMENTS TOWARD THE PLANET FOR THE FIRST TIME.

THE MARS ORBITER LASER ALTIMETER...MOLA WAS TURNED ON FOR A TEST OF THE SYSTEM BEFORE IT BEGINS ITS SYSTEMATIC MAPPING MISSION LATER IN 1998.

THIS IS A VISUALIZATION OF DATA COLLECTED BY MOLA.

THE RED LINE SHOWS AN APPROXIMATELY 3000 MILE TRACK OF THE PLANET’S NORTHERN HEMISPHERE PROBED BY THE LASER ALTIMETER.

THE BULGE IS IN A REGION CALLED THE ELYSIUM RISE, THE SECOND LARGEST VOLCANIC AREA ON MARS.

THIS TOPOGRAPHIC PROFILE REPRESENTS MOLA DATA COLLECTED OVER A 20 MINUTE TIME FRAME, THIS BULGE IS AT LEAST 3 MILES HIGH, BUT THE AREA ALSO HAS DEEP CHASMS... EVIDENCE, PERHAPS, OF TECTONIC AND VOLCANIC PROCESSES AS WELL AS EROSION...THE SAME FORCES THAT CARVED THE SURFACE FEATURES OF OUR OWN PLANET.

Kids demo
TIM FULL SOT: ...To get an idea of what the surface of Mars might look like, we can use these pictures

TO UNDERSTAND HOW MOLA WORKS, STUDENTS IN TIM MCCOLLUM’S IN CHARLESTON, ILLINOIS, CLASS PLANNED A HANDS-ON SIMULATION BASED ON AN ACTIVITY IN THE LIVE FROM MARS TEACHER’S GUIDE.

THEIR TOOLS: CONTOUR MAPS AND PICTURES OF MARS THAT CAN BE FOUND ON OUR LIVE FROM MARS WEBSITE OR DIRECTLY FROM NASA.

BUT THEY ALSO USED >LOW-TECH< MATERIALS -- A SHOEBOX, CARDBOARD, PAPER, ALUMINUM FOIL, ROCKS AND GLUE TO CONSTRUCT A 3-DIMENSIONAL SEGMENT OF MARS BASED ON THE CONTOUR MAPS. WHEN TAPED SHUT, THE BOX CONTAINS A "REMOTE" AND "UNKNOWN" AREA READY TO BE PROBED BY STUDENT INVESTIGATORS!

AROUND MARS, MOLA USES A LASER THAT FIRES INFRARED PULSES.

IN MR.. MCCOLLUM’S CLASS, THE DEPTH PROFILES WERE OBTAINED WITH WIRE COAT HANGERS!!!

TIM FULL SOT:
...Each team will have an altimeter rod to use with their boxes....your task is to determine the actual shape without looking being able to look inside."

MOLA’S INFRARED PULSES FIRE TEN TIMES EACH SECOND. HOW LONG IT TAKES FOR THE LIGHT TO REFLECT OFF THE MARTIAN SURFACE AND RETURN TO THE ORBITER -- COMBINED WITH CALCULATIONS OF THE SPACECRAFT'S DISTANCE RELATIVE TO THE CENTER OF THE PLANET -- YIELDS SURFACE ELEVATIONS THAT ARE PRECISE TO WITHIN TENS OF METERS.

STUDENTS CAREFULLY RECORDED >THEIR< MEASUREMENTS IN LOGBOOKS. THE NUMBERS WERE THEN TRANSFORMED INTO A SET OF PHYSICAL PROFILES...RESULTING IN A 3 DIMENSIONAL TOPOGRAPHIC RELIEF REPRESENTING THE PREVIOUSLY UNKNOWN TERRAIN.

WITH THE HANDS-ON PART OF THE SIMULATION COMPLETE, MR. MCCOLLUM TOOK THE ACTIVITY ONE STEP FURTHER IN THE MIDDLE SCHOOL COMPUTER LAB.

STUDENTS ENTERED THEIR MEASUREMENTS INTO A SPREAD-SHEET AND THEN USED AN EASILY ACCESSIBLE SOFTWARE PROGRAM, NIH IMAGE, TO TRANSFORM THE NUMERICAL DATA INTO VISUAL DISPLAYS.

SO IN THIS ONE ACTIVITY STUDENTS LEARNED ABOUT THE TOPOGRAPHY OF MARS AND THE INSTRUMENTS ABOARD A NASA SPACECRAFT... THEY CONDUCTED AN INVESTIGATION USING SCIENTIFIC PROCEDURES AND COMPUTER SKILLS, AND THEN - SYMBOLIZING SOME OF THE UNIQUE OPPORTUNITIES OFFERED BY LIVE FROM MARS IN COOPERATION WITH NASA - THEY HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO INTERACT DIRECTLY WITH GLENN CUNNINGHAM, PROJECT MANAGER OF MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR MISSION.

BEGIN WITH GLENN SYNC:
AND ONE OF THE VERY IMPORTANT THINGS... speaks about altimeter, and direct measurement.

Glen and kids interact SOT

15) MGS Q&A LIVE WITH STILL FRAMES (01:00) <18:59>

CAMILLE leads to SUMMIT VTR question for WAYNE: WELL THOSE STUDENTS INTERACTED BY PLAIN OLD TELEPHONE... TODAY WE'RE USING TVC AND THE INTERNET... SO...MORE QUESTIONS!

WAYNE, YOU'VE BEEN THE VOICE OF THE NAVIGATION TEAM DURING OUR PROJECT... SO THIS ONE'S FOR YOU

VTR QUESTION
(Rebecca) I was wondering whether MGS could work on any planet, or whether it's specific to Mars?

WAYNE answers

Direct to SUMMIT VTR question
Are there North and South magnetic poles on Mars?

GLENN answers ( with still frames)

Usual PTK double box for live questions:
Direct to ASU question (DAVID brokers)

WAYNE answers

16) CAMILLE WEB SITE PLUG AND LEAD (00:45) <19:44>
CAMILLE ON CAMERA, with graphic REMEMBER, YOU CAN FIND OUT HOW TO GET YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED, AND A WHOLE LOT MORE, BY GOING TO THE LIVE FROM MARS WEB SITE, AT: http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/mars

THERE'S BACKGROUND ON THE MISSION, BIOGRAPHIES OF MANY OF NASA'S MARS TEAM, A VIRTUAL TOUR OF PATHFINDER'S LANDING SITE... AND MUCH MORE.

NOTE: CAMILLE CONTINUES READING...

17) CAMILLE LEADS TO "WEATHER WORLDS" (00:20) <27:04>
CAMILLE: to camera...
ONE OF THE REASONS MARS IS SUCH AN INTERESTING PLACE IS THAT IN MANY WAYS IT'S LIKE EARTH... IT'S GOT SEASONS, ICE CAPS, CLOUDS, CANYONS, SAND DUNES... AND WEATHER!

MGS'S INSTRUMENTS SHOULD BE GATHERING WEATHER DATA FOR MONTHS IF NOT YEARS... AND PATHFINDER RETURNED ALMOST 3 MONTHS OF VERY INTERESTING DATA.

DOWN HERE ON EARTH, LIVE FROM MARS HAS BEEN HOSTING AN ACTIVITY CALLED "WEATHER WORLDS" WHICH INVITES STUDENTS FIRST TO FIGURE OUT WHAT WEATHER DATA THEY WANT TO COLLECT... AND THEN TO GO DO IT. YOU'LL SEE STUDENTS FROM ALL OVER AND WHAT THEY'VE BEEN UP TO...

BUT FIRST, PATHFINDER METEROLOGY TEAM LEADER TIM SCHOLFIELD TELLS US WHAT PATHFINDER DISCOVERED ABOUT 3 VERY FAMILIAR SETS OF WEATHER MEASUREMENTS... PRESSURE AND WIND SPEED AND DIRECTION.

18) "WEATHER WORLDS" VTR (04:00) <31:04>
A) Pathfinder as "weather station" and what it found, includes VTR sequence with TIM SCHOFIELD (clouds, wind patterns, dust devil?)

SCHOLFIELD sync

B) VTR from classrooms showing WEATHER WORLDS in action, (includes DAVID GLASER, GINNY DEXTER, LUCY MARSKE and TBD)
Begin with "MARS DOWN TO EARTH" graphic

DOWN HERE ON EARTH, OUR ONLINE COLLABORATIVE PROJECT, KNOWN AS "WEATHER WORLDS", ENGAGED STUDENTS ALL ACROSS THE COUNTRY.

THEY BEGAN BY RESEARCHING WHAT THE >REAL< MARS SCIENTISTS HAD BEEN DOING... USING THE INTERNET TO LOOK AT SOME OF THE VERY SAME CHARTS TIM SCHOFIELD REFERRED TO.

THEN IT WAS TIME TO FIND OUT HOW WEATHER DATA IS GATHERED HERE ON EARTH, AND HOW THEY'D GO ABOUT COLLECTING AND MEASURING IT FOR THEMSELVES.

THEY HAD TO DECIDE WHICH MEASUREMENTS WERE MOST IMPORTANT... WHAT INSTRUMENTS WERE REQUIRED... AND HOW TO MAKE OR ACCESS THEM.

STUDENTS USED WELL THUMBED LIBRARY BOOKS AND NASA'S "MARS NAVIGATOR" CD-ROM... REFERENCE MATERIALS OLD AND NEW... THE REAL WORLD CONNECTION GAVE THEM A MOTIVE TO DIG DEEP AND HARD...

THERE WERE LOTS OF GOOD IDEAS, SO THE NEXT TASK BECAME ONE OF >DECIDING HOW TO DECIDE<.

TEACHER LUCY MARKSE IN IOWA HAD HER STUDENTS WORK IN TEAMS, PREPARING FIRST DRAFTS OF THEIR PROPOSALS FOR OTHERS TO REVIEW AND REFINE.

STUDENTS HERE AND ELSEWHERE TOOK THEIR ROLES VERY SERIOUSLY.

THEN IT WAS TIME TO POST IDEAS ONLINE... AND TO RESPOND TO PLANS POSTED BY OTHER CLASSES FROM OTHER REGIONS OF THE COUNTRY.

TEACHER MARKSE PROVIDED SUGGESTIONS FOR HOW TO MAKE THE ONLINE DEBATE PRODUCTIVE...

ONCE AGAIN THE STUDENTS TOOK PAINS TO EXPRESS THEMSELVES CLEARLY, BUT POLITELY.

STUDENTS AT SUNRIDGE MIDDLE SCHOOL IN PENDLETON, OREGON, PUT THEIR INSTRUMENTS TO THE TEST... BUT CERTAINLY MADE IT LOOK LIKE FUN.

THESE BERKELEY YOUNGSTERS CAME UP WITH MANY INGENIOUS WAYS TO BUILD THEIR INSTRUMENTS, AND TEST THEM TO MAKE SURE THEY'D WORK JUST RIGHT.

THEY EVEN CAME UP WITH A NOVEL DESIGN TO RECORD TEMPERATURES AT NIGHT!

THEN IT WAS TIME TO GATHER DATA, TO SEE HOW WELL THE INSTRUMENTS WOULD WORK.

IT WAS ONLY JUST ABOVE FREEZING IN IOWA...

AND STILL WARM AND SUNNY IN CALIFORNIA.

FOR THESE CALIFORNIA YOUNGSTERS, JUST AS FOR PATHFINDER, THE DISAPPOINTMENT WAS TOO LITTLE WIND TO EXERCISE THEIR SENSORS!

MANY SCHOOLS HAVE JUST BEGUN TO GATHER DATA, AND IT'S REALLY NEVER TOO LATE TO JOIN IN...

BUT "WEATHER WORLDS" WAS NEVER JUST ABOUT WEATHER..

STUDENTS LEARNED SOME PRACTICAL TECHNOLOGY... HOW TO MAKE BAROMETERS, AND USE WET AND DRY BULB THERMOMETERS... BUT THEY ALSO MASTERED MANY BASIC SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS -- WHAT CONSTITUTES "ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE" AND "HUMIDITY", AND DETAILS OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CLOUDS.

BUT MORE... THEY HAD A CHANCE TO PRACTISE LOOKING FOR INFORMATION... DECIDING WHAT WAS MOST IMPORTANT, AND HOW TO EXPRESS OPINIONS TO OTHERS...

...ALLOWING KIDS WITH SPECIAL SKILLS IN MAKING INSTRUMENTS TO FEEL PRIDE IN WHAT THEY'D DONE...

THEY KNEW THE ANXIETY OF SHARING PLANS WITH CLASSMATES AND PEERS -- VIA THE INTERNET. AND THEY KNEW THE RESPONSIBILITY OF REVIEWING OTHERS WORK.

FOR ALL THESE STUDENTS, PARTICIPATING IN WEATHER WORLDS CERTAINLY BROUGHT PATHFINDER'S MARTIAN DATA DOWN TO EARTH...

BUT IT ALSO MADE THEM MISSION DESIGNERS, WRITERS, EDITORS, REVIEWERS, ENGINEERS, RESEARCHERS, COMMUNICATORS... ALL OF THEM "JUNIOR CO-INVESTIGATORS" BOTH OF WEATHER AND THE SCIENTIFIC PROCESS.

19) CAMILLE ON WEATHER WORLDS PARTICIPATION AND WEB SITE (01:00) <32:04>

CAMILLE:
REMEMBER, YOU CAN FIND OUT HOW TO PARTICIPATE IN THE DATA GATHERING PHASES OF WEATHER WORLDS BY GOING ONLINE, TODAY, AT OUR LIVE FROM MARS SITE... DON'T DELAY!

BUT ALONG WITH DATA, THESE MARS MISSIONS HAVE ALSO RETURNED A TREASURE TROVE OFIMAGES. HERE'S MORE ON WHAT WE CAN EXPECT FROM MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR!

20) MGS IMAGING: VTR (03:00) <35:04>
Pre-taped sequence showing MGS's camera, CJ's kids in Pittsburgh

OVER THE LIFE OF THE MISSION, IF ALL GOES WELL, MGS SHOULD STILL MAP MOST OF THE PLANET. ITS SOPHISTICATED CAMERA CAN RECORD IMAGES THAT ARE BOTH WIDER ANGLE >AND< CLOSER UP THAN THE VIKING ORBITERS COULD.

WE'VE ALREADY SEEN THE NEWEST PICTURES OF ROCK STRATA AND POSSIBLE DRY LAKE BEDS...

BUT MIKE MALIN, THE CAMERA'S DESIGNER...

...ALSO RELEASED AN AMAZINGLY DETAILED "FLY-OVER"...

...A CLIFF AND SLOPING AREA AT THE WESTERN END OF THE "GANGES CHASMA."

WHAT GLOBAL SURVEYOR IS SHOWING US IS A LANDSLIDE, AND LAYERS OF DEFORMED SURFACE...

...FARTHER ON OUR FLIGHT ACROSS MARS THE BEDROCK IS COVERED BY SAND, EXCEPT WHERE A FEW BOULDERS, SOME THE SIZE OF AUTMOBILES, LIE STREWN ON THE SURFACE...

THESE ARE THE VERY LATEST IMAGES FROM MARS... BUT SCHOOLS EVERYWHERE HAVE A CHANCE TO BRING THE STUDY OF MARS DOWN TO EARTH VIA THE INTERNET.

HERE IN PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, TEACHER C.J. RODKEY INVITES STUDENTS TO PUT THEMSELVES IN THE PLACE OF NASA SCIENTISTS, SELECTING A LANDING SITE FOR FUTURE MARS MISSIONS.

CJ sync:
"What kind of things... a good thing."

CJ'S STUDENTS USE A SIMULATION DEVELOPED BY NASA'S CLASSROOM OF THE FUTURE AND, LIKE OUR MOLA CLASS, NIH IMAGE SOFTWARE,

THESE STUDENTS WORK WITH REAL MARTIAN IMAGES... AND LEARN TO INTERPRET WHAT THEY'RE SEEING.

AFTER THE IMAGE PROCESSING SESSION, THIS CLASS GOT TO SPEAK DIRECTLY WITH MIKE MALIN... AND YOU'LL SOON FIND A RECORD OF THEIR INTERACTION ONLINE.

BACK TO CAMILLE!!! FOR LEAD: 21) ASU #2 TES AND IMAGES (03:00) <38:04>
REHEARSE THIS SEQUENCE!!!
Still frames from 11/10 press conference, integrated from JPL over PHIL live report!
PHIL beside the TES model, describes results to date, and plans for future...

22) ASU/PHIL Q&A #2 LIVE (02:00) <40:04>
e-mail read from JPL

ASU kid

e-mail read from JPL

23) CAMILLE LEAD: LIVE TO CAMERA (00:20) <46:56>

CAMILLE:
WELL JUST BECAUSE PATHFINDER'S MISSION IS OVER, AND THIS IS THE LAST PROGRAM IN OUR "LIVE FROM MARS" SERIES, DOES >NOT< BY ANY MEANS INDICATE THE PACE OF EXPLORATION IS SLOWING... FIRST THERE'S "MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR"... BUT THEN THERE'S THE WHOLE "MARS SURVEYOR" PROGRAM, FOLLOWING IN THE ROCKET-STREAM OF PATHFINDER AND MGS...

See NORM in the sandbox!!!

WITH US TO ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT THAT FUTURE IS JPL'S NORM HAYNES...

CAMILLE:
HERE'S WHAT'S PLANNED FOR "MARS AHEAD"

24) "MARS AHEAD": VTR (04:00) <50:56>
CAMILLE VO
Still frame: MARS AHEAD

THE NEXT MISSION TO VISIT THE RED PLANET WILL BE "MARS SURVEYOR 98" - ONE NAME, BUT >TWO< SPACECRAFT...

...ONE AN ORBITER DESIGNED TO SURVEY THE GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF WATER VAPOR, DUST, TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE...

THE OTHER, A LANDER DESIGNED TO DIG DOWN IN SOME OF MARS' MOST INTERESTING TERRAIN.

LAUNCH FOR THE ORBITER COMES IN DECEMBER 1998... HIGH ABOVE EARTH, EACH ROCKET STAGE FALLS AWAY, AND THE SPACECRAFT IS SPUN UP TO ACHIEVE STABILITY ON ITS JOURNEY TO MARS.

ON BOARD IS AN INSTRUMENT TO HUNT FOR WATER AND SURVEY MARS' ATMOSPHERE...

AND THE MARS COLOR IMAGER, KNOWN AS "MARCI" (pron. MARSEY)

ONE MONTH LATER, THE LANDER DEPARTS, FOLLOWING ALONG TO MARS...

IN SEPTEMBER 1999, THE ORBITER ARRIVES, AND - LIKE MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR - AEROBRAKES, TO SLOW DOWN AND LOWER ITSELF INTO A MAPPING ORBIT.

THEN THE CAMERA COMES INTO ITS OWN... USING ITS WIDE ANGLE TO IMAGE SURFACE FEATURES... AND ITS NARROW ANGLE TO MEASURE OZONE AND ASSAY MARTIAN MINERALS.

THEN THE LANDER ARRIVES...

JUST AFTER JETTISONING ITS CRUISE STAGE, TWO MICROPROBES ARE RELEASED. ONLY 4 POUNDS EACH, BUT PACKED WITH SOPHISTICATED MINIATURE INSTRUMENTS, THEIR SHELL PROTECTS THEM FROM THE HEAT, AND ORIENTS THEM AS THEY PLUNGE DOWNWARDS.

THEY IMPACT THE SURFACE AT 400 MILES PER HOUR, AND - IF ALL GOES WELL - THEIR FRONT PART BURIES ITSELF BENEATH THE SOIL TO SEARCH FOR SUBSURFACE WATER ICE... COMMUNICATING BACK TO THE ORBITER VIA INSTRUMENTS SAFELY ENCASED IN THE AFTERBODY

THE LANDER ARRIVES MUCH MORE SEDATELY!

PROTECTED IN THE UPPER ATMOSPHERE BY ITS HEAT RESISTANT BACKSHELL, A PARACHUTE SLOWS IT STILL MORE, BEFORE ROCKET ENGINES CARRY IT THROUGH THE FINAL STAGES OF A POWERED DESCENT.

IN AN EXCITING FIRST, A DESCENT IMAGING CAMERA CHARACTERIZES THE SURFACE WHERE IT LANDS.

TOUCHDOWN SHOULD BE ABOUT 500 MILES FROM MARS' SOUTH POLE, THE HIGHEST LATITUDE LANDING YET ON THE PLANET.

THE SURVEYOR LANDER HAS A ROBOTIC ARM, DESIGNED TO DIG DOWN INTO WHAT'S CALLED "LAYERED TERRAIN"... AN AREA WHICH SCIENTISTS THINK HAS BEEN CREATED BY SUCCESSIVE MELTING AND FREEZING OF THE MARTIAN POLAR CAP... TRAPPING GENERATIONS OF DUST WHICH MIGHT CONTAIN CLUES TO MARS' CLIMATE HISTORY.

THE SOIL GETS ANALYZED BY AN ONBOARD LABORATORY...

JUST AS ON PATHFINDER, THERE'S A CAMERA SYSTEM TO IMAGE THE LANDING SITE, WITH FILTERS TO REVEAL THE PRESENCE OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF ROCKS...

IF THE CAMERA LOOKS RATHER LIKE PATHFINDER'S "IMP" - THERE'S A VERY GOOD REASON.

JUST LIKE THE IMP, THE CAMERA WAS BUILT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA, TUCSON.

"LIVE FROM MARS" VISITED A BASEMENT CLEAN ROOM, WHERE A TEAM WORKING WITH PETE SMITH WAS PUTTING THE FINISHING TOUCHES ON THE CAMERA...

ACROSS THE ROOM, OTHER RESEARCHERS WERE WORKING ON THE SPECIAL "WRIST" CAMERA WHICH WILL BE ATTACHED TO SURVEYOR'S ROBOT ARM, ALLOWING SCIENTISTS TO SEE EXACTLY WHAT'S SHE'S GATHERING, FROM WHERE...

IF ALL GOES WELL, THE SURVEYOR 98 LANDER AND ORBITER WILL SURVIVE TO RETURN YEAR'S OF DATA... LEADING ON TO THE SAMPLE RETURN MISSIONS IN THE FIRST DECADE OF THE 21ST CENTURY.

THESE WILL LIKELY USE LONG-RANGE ROVERS WHICH WILL ROAM MILES FROM THE LANDERS, COLLECTING ROCKS AND RETURNING THEM TO BASE... WAITING FOR THE FIRST TICKET HOME TO EARTH.

ALREADY TESTS OF THIS ROVER, KNOWN AS "NOMAD", HAVE LOGGED MORE THAN 133 MILES ACROSS CHILE'S RUGGED ATACAMA DESERT...

BUT IN THE SECOND DECADE OF THE NEW MILLENIUM, THE HOPE IS TO LAUNCH THE FIRST >HUMAN< MISSIONS TO MARS...

AND IF HUMANS GO, WE'LL NEED NEW KINDS OF SPACESUITS TO PROTECT THEM ON THE ROCKY MARTIAN SURFACE, AND ALLOW THEM TO DO WHAT GEOLOGISTS LOVE TO DO... REACH DOWN AND GATHER ROCKS.

ALREADY RESEARCHERS AT NASA'S JOHNSON SPACE CENTER, HOME OF THE SHUTTLE ASTRONAUTS, ARE DEVELOPING SUITS TO MEET THOSE CHALLENGES.

BUT IT'S NOT ENOUGH TO TEST THE SUITS ON THE GROUND... IN NORMAL EARTH GRAVITY.

WILL THEY WORK ON MARS, WITH ITS MUCH WEAKER GRAVITY?

HERE JSC'S PHIL WEST - HIS DAY JOB IS SUPPORTING EVA'S, OR SPACE WALKS - SHOWS US WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE KC-135 JET - A.K.A THE "VOMIT COMET" - GOES INTO ONE OF ITS LONG, LOOPING PARABOLAS...

FOR MINUTES AT A TIME, EARTH'S GRAVITY LESSENS... SEE HOW MUCH MORE SLOWLY THAT MARS BALL IS FALLING BACK INTO PHIL'S HAND?

THEN IT'S TIME TO TEST THE MARS THE "ADVANCED SPACESUIT TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRTOR."

UP AND DOWN THE KC-135, THERE'S A LITTLE STRIP OF MARS... RUST- RED ROCKS, WITH A RUGGED SURFACE DESIGNED TO TEST BOOTS AND SUIT.

UP AND DOWN THEY GO... SOMETIMES LOSING BALANCE... PROTOTYPING NOW IN WHAT THEY CALL "SPACESUIT DYNAMICS TESTS" THE FASHIONS THAT MAY THE RAGE ON MARS IN THE YEAR 2018...

Dissolve back to Camille, Norm, Glenn

25) NORM AND GLENN ON FUTURE MISSIONS: LIVE (03:00) <53:56>

CAMILLE leads to JPL kid asking e-mail question:

JPLkid reads e-mail question

DONNA replies

(SEIDEL brokers ASU kid question)

DONNA replies

Straight to VTR question
SUMMIT VTR: (Rebecca) Will any of the instruments aboard MGS be used again on future missions?

GLENN replies

26) CAMILLE AND NORM INTERACT, LIVE WITH STILL FRAMES: "WHERE ARE THEY NOW?"

CAMILLE leads DONNA through comments on key people we've met during LFM

NORM, SOME FEATURE FILMS END WITH A ROUND-UP OF WHAT HAPPENED TO THE CHARACTERS SINCE LAST WE MET THEM... AND THESE MARS MISSIONS ARE JUST AS EXCITING AS ANY FEATURE... SO WE THOUGHT WE'D TAKE A LEAF OUR OF THE MOVIE BOOK.

WE FIRST MET TONY SPEAR IN THAT CLEAN ROOM AT CAPE CANAVERAL... AND THEN SAW HIS JOY AS PATHFINDER LANDED? WHAT'S TONY UP TO NOW?

NORM replies, voice over still frame, and we read on text with key points (e.g. TONY SPEAR, HEAD NEW MILLENIUM TECHNOLOGY PROJECT, etc. etc.)

CAMILLE:
WHAT ABOUT ROB MANNING, WHO TOOK US BEHIND THE SCENES AT JPL AND WAS THE FIRST TO PASS ALONG NEWS THAT ALL WAS WELL WITH PATHFINDER?

NORM replies over still frame:

CAMILLE
WE MET JENNIFER HARRIS AS THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR ON PATHFINDER'S LANDING DAY? WHAT'S SHE UP TO NOW?

NORM replies

CAMILLE:
WHAT ABOUT DEPUTY PROJECT MANAGER BRIAN MUIRHEAD?

NORM replies:

CAMILLE:
RICHARD COOK WAS MISSION MANAGER, AND PROUD FATHER OF TWO NEWBORNS, A FLESH AND BLOOD BABY ON EARTH AND PATHFINDER ON MARS... WHERE IS HE NOW?

NORM replies:

WAYNE is next!!!

CAMILLE:
AND WAYNE... WE KNEW YOU AS SOMEONE HELPING NAVIGATE FROM EARTH TO MARS... IS YOUR JOB NOW DONE?

WAYNE replies...

27) WAYNE Q&A: LIVE (02:30) <46:34> topic is "Young people and science..."

CAMILLE:
OK, WAYNE, WE'VE GOT SOME QUESTIONS FOR YOUR FROM AROUND THE NATION...

JPL kid reads e-mail question...

WAYNE replies:

Direct to VTR question...

CHARLESTON VTR question
My name is Alicia and I would like to know if the data coming back from Pathfinder and MGS is more accurate than in the past such as from Viking?

WAYNE replies

SEIDEL brokers ASU kid question

WAYNE replies

28) PHIL ON THE FUTURE: LIVE (01:00) <54:56>

SEIDEL leads to JPL e-mail question
WELL PHIL CHRISTENSEN PLANS TO BE PART OF MANY OF THOSE FUTURE MISSIONS... SO A QUESTION TO PHIL ABOUT THE FUTURE...

JPL kid reads e-mail question

PHIL replies...

CAMILLE: Pay off rock stars/fossil: DECIDE HOW TO DO THIS AFTER SEEING THE CUT SEQUENCE

29) "ROUND-ROBIN" TO PHIL, WAYNE, NORM, GLENN: LIVE (TBD!!! Open- ended depending on rest of program) <56:45> live Q&A

CAMILLE brokers questions to: GLENN, DONNA, WAYNE and PHIL in this order

VTR from SUMMIT
What causes the difference in temperature at datum level and 1-2 meters above datum?

GLENN answers...

VTR from SUMMIT
Why is MGS doing more science than Pathfinder?

NORM replies...

JPL e-mail question...

WAYNE replies...

ASU question...

PHIL replies...

30) CAMILLE CLOSE: LIVE & VTR (01:30) <58:15>

CAMILLE:
SO THAT'S ALL FOR "TODAY ON MARS"... BUT AS YOU KNOW NOW, MGS IS GOING TO BE MAKING NEWS FOR YEARS AHEAD... AND BEYOND THAT, AMERICA WILL BE LAUNCHING SPACECRAFT TO MARS EVERY 2 YEARS.

YOU CAN FOLLOW ALONG VIA THE INTERNET... YOUR LAUNCHPAD?

Graphic http:quest.arc.nasa.gov/mars
THE "LIVE FROM MARS" WEB SITE WILL STAY ACTIVE THROUGH DECEMBER 1997, AND WILL REMAIN A VALUABLE RESOURCE FOR MUCH LONGER, PROVIDING CUSTOMIZED INFORMATION FOR TEACHERS AND STUDENTS, AND LINKING DIRECTLY TO ALL OF NASA'S SITES DEALING WITH MARS.

Graphic: 973.656.9403
AND TAPES OF ALL THE PROGRAMS REMAIN AVAILABLE TO BRING THIS UNIQUE LEARING EXPERIENCE ALIVE...

LAST BIT OF VIDEO!!! VTR 2

Kids watch the MGS launch and cheer (LFM 101) and then the MPF and MGS scientists cheer on July 4th and Sept 11th.
IT'S BEEN A YEAR SINCE WE TOOK YOU TO CAPE KENNEDY, A YEAR OF >FIRST-HAND VIEWS< OF CUTTING-EDGE SCIENCE... AND PRETTY CLEAR PROOF THAT WORKING IN RESEARCH AND HIGH TECHNOLOGY CAN BE >GREAT FUN< AS WELL AS INTELLECTUALLY REWARDING.

Back to CAMILLE on camera
WE HOPE YOU'VE ENJOYED BEING PART OF "LIVE FROM MARS"... REMEMBER THOSE MARTIAN SPACESUITS? SOMEONE'S GOTTA WEAR 'EM!?!

PERHAPS YOUR TV AND COMPUTER, ALONG WITH YOUR CURIOSITY WILL BE YOUR REAL-LIFE "PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE" AND ADVENTURE... AND TO THE RED PLANET!

FOR "LIVE FROM MARS", I'M CAMILLE MOODY... ONWARD AND UPWARD, TO MARS AND BEYOND!!!

31) END CREDITS: VTR (01:00) <59:15> Pre-taped?

31) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE: VTR (00:14) 59:29

OFF THE AIR AT 59:30 WITHOUT FAIL!!!