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To MARS with MER - Interact

"Today on Mars" program script - part 1 of 2

LIVE FROM MARS, program 5, "Today on Mars"
Airs November 13th 1997, on PBS and NASA-TV

>SECOND< DRAFT RUNDOWN AS OF 11/9/97: NOTE, THIS >WILL< STILL CHANGE, GIVEN LATE BREAKING MGS EVENTS! ALSO - VITAC - WORDS ARE >NOT< FINAL: THEY WILL BE WEDS. PM.

Live sites:
A) NASA/JPL, 3 locations
a) Pathfinder sandbox (DONNA SHIRLEY re: Pathfinder and "future")
b) DSN (Deep Space Network)/SFOF (GLENN CUNNINGHAM re: Mars Global
Surveyor, and also WAYNE LEE, MGS Mission Planner)
c) TV studio (rear of Von Karman) (CAMILLE MOODY, show host and kids, TBD)
NOTE: This location >might< have blue screen to set Camille "on" Mars: test and decide TUES/WEDS 11/10/97, 11/11/97

JPL staffing
Executive Producer: GHS
Location producer: RICHARD DOWLING
Tape producer/editor: BRIAN IGELMAN
Director: DWIGHT PHILIPS
Broadcast coordinator: GEORGE BENEMAN
PA: Anne Devereaux?
Facilities via JPL AV (Steve Bridges as poc) and PSSI for up and downlinks

B) ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY / MGS TES CONTROL (Thermal Emission Spectrometer), 2 locations in same Moeur Building
a) TES model (in main room) (PHIL CHRISTENSEN and local students)
b) Computer room (direct contact with MGS) (PHIL, grad students and local students)

Location producer: PAM STEVENSON
Talent: DAVID SEIDEL (from JPL)
Facilities via KAET, Ch 8, Tempe

E-mail questions posed via JPL: need access (off camera) to an Internet computer to access incoming messages: then printed out and given to "kids on Mars."

DWIGHT: WE SHOULD NOT PUT VTR QUESTIONS OVER MAP, BUT OVER SOME KIND OF NICE MPF BACKGROUND, WITH BOTTOM SUPER. TO DISCUSS.

Times in (PARENS) = segment times
Times in = program running time

1) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE: VTR (00:14)
Music and announce on tape
"LIVE FROM MARS" IS MADE POSSIBLE IN PART BY THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINSTRATION THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, AND PUBLIC TELEVISION...

2) TEASE: LIVE CAMILLE V.O. VTR AND LIVE IMAGES (01:30)
!!!MUST REHEARSE TEASE DURING TEST TIME!!!

1.1 CAMILLE >>>LIVE<<< V.O. VTR AND STILL FRAMES...
NOVEMBER 1996... MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR TAKES OFF FOR MARS...

FOLLOWED ONE MONTH LATER BY MARS PATHFINDER...

JULY 1997: PATHFINDER ARRIVES, LANDS SAFELY, AND RETURNS THOUSANDS OF AMAZING IMAGES AND SCIENCE RESULTS...

SEPTEMBER 1997... MGS ARRIVES, AND BEGINS A LONG SERIES OF BRAKING MANEUVERS TO LOWER ITSELF INTO ORBIT, ALREADY SHOWING US MAGNETIC FIELDS, CORRECTING OUR MAPS, AND BRINGING AMAZING NEW IMAGES LIKE THIS ONE OF (OLYMPUS MONS)...

1.2 CAMILLE TO CAMERA: LIVE
Name super: CAMILLE
THROUGH "LIVE FROM MARS", YOU WERE THERE FOR THOSE EVENTS, AND TODAY YOU'RE >HERE<, AT NASA'S JET PROPULSION LABORATORY, MISSION CONTROL FOR BOTH THESE SPACECRAFT.

See GLENN
WITH US IS GLOBAL SURVEYOR PROJECT MANAGER, GLENN CUNNINGHAM... GLENN, WHERE EXACTLY ARE YOU?

1.3 GLENN ON CAMERA AT DSN
Name super: GLENN
GLENN:
CAMILLE, I'M OVER IN THE DEEP SPACE NETWORK, WHERE COMMUNICATIONS FROM ALL NASA'S SPACECRAFT FLOW IN TO JPL... I'M LOOKING FORWARD TO GIVING YOU AN UPDATE ON ALL THE LATEST FROM THE SPACECRAFT...

1.4 DAVID SEIDEL AND PHIL AT ASU
AND I'M DAVID SEIDEL. I NORMALLY WORK AT JPL, BUT TODAY I'M HERE IN PHOENIX, ARIZONA, AT "TES CONTROL".

PHIL CHRISTENSEN, WHATíS A "TES"?

Name super: PHIL
PHIL:
"TES" STANDS FOR THERMAL EMISSION SPECTROMETER, ONE OF THE INSTRUMENTS ON BOARD MGS... IT USES A SPECIAL INFRARED CAMERA TO FIGURE OUT THINGS LIKE TEMPERATURE, AND WHAT KIND OF ROCKS ARE DOWN BELOW...

NOTE THE TIGHT DIRECT THROW TO DONNA: NEED TO CUE!!! DAVID (the mention of DONNA is to be delivered as a throw/cue): We see the kids surrounding him and Phil they wave! ALSO WITH US, STUDENTS WHO'VE BEEN FOLLOWING THE MISSIONS VIA "LIVE FROM MARS"... AND THEY'LL HAVE QUESTIONS FOR PHIL, GLENN AND... DONNA SHIRLEY, BACK AT JPL...

1.5 DONNA IN SANDBOX: JPL
HI, DAVID, CAMILLE AND EVERYBODY... I'M HERE IN OUR >SIMULATED< MARS, THE "SANDBOX" WHERE WE TESTED PATHFINDER AND SOJOURNER.

SINCE WE LAST CAME TO YOU LIVE FROM HERE WE'VE HAD AN AMAZINGLY SUCCESSFUL MISSION ON THE >REAL< MARS, AND I'M GONNA BE SHARING RESULTS WITH YOU, AND LOOKING >AHEAD< TO FUTURE MISSIONS...

1.6 CAMILLE LIVE V.O. WAYNE WAVES FROM DSN, AND ON CAMERA
Camera pulls back to reveal Glenn as well
ALSO WITH US, WAYNE LEE, OVER IN THE DEEP SPACE NETWORK ALONG WITH GLENN CUNNINGHAM...

Clouds timelapse VTR from JPL press release reel
AND A "WEATHER REPORT" FROM MARS...

Camille on camera
AND MORE ON HOW >YOU< CAN CONTINUE TO FOLLOW THE MISSIONS AND SIMULATE IN CLASS WHAT THESE NASA SCIENTISTS ARE DOING... THAT'S ALL COMING UP TODAY, DURING PROGRAM 5, "TODAY ON MARS"!

Some kind of cute comment about the blue-screen
BY THE WAY, I'M NOT REALLY ON MARS... THOUGH THAT'S "YOGI" (OR WHATEVER ROCK) OVER THERE...

AND THESE MARS MISSIONS ARE SCIENCE FACT NOT SCIENCE FICTION! SO LET'S GET GOING...

And throws to OPEN...

3) TITLES: VTR WITH PROGRAM 5 TITLE (01:00)
Music and announce already on tape: GHS: CHECK TEXT!!!
PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE, AN ONGOING SERIES OF ELECTRONIC FIELD TRIPS TO SCIENTIFIC FRONTIERS, AND THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, NEW YORK, AND MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY, PRESENT LIVE FROM MARS, PROGRAM 5, "TODAY ON MARS"

4) MGS "MISSION UPDATE" VTR (02:00)

LAST TIME ON "LIVE FROM MARS", WE TOLD YOU THAT MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR ARRIVED SAFELY AT THE RED PLANET ON SEPTEMBER 11TH...

BUT MUCH HAS HAPPENED SINCE THEN... A >CHALLENGE< THAT COULD HAVE BEEN A MAJOR PROBLEM... TRANSFORMED INTO AN OPPORTUNITY WITH STUNNING RESULTS.

MGS IS THE FIRST AMERICAN SPACECRAFT TO USE AEROBRAKING INSTEAD OF ROCKET FUEL TO LOWER ITSELF INTO ORBIT.

AS SEEN IN THIS ANIMATION, IT RELIES ON ITS SOLAR PANELS DIPPING INTO MARS' ATMOSPHERE TO GRADUALLY SLOW ITSELF DOWN.

BUT THERE'D BEEN A PROBLEM WITH THE PANELS. SOON AFTER LAUNCH IT BECAME CLEAR THAT ONE WAS NOT FIRMLY LOCKED.

WHEN MGS CAME DOWN INTO HEAVIER THAN EXPECTED MARTIAN ATMOSPHERE, THE PANEL FLEXED. CATASTROPHE LOOMED.

TESTS AT LOCKHEED MARTIN DENVER, WHERE THE SPACECRAFT HAD BEEN BUILT, TRIED TO FIGURE OUT THE OPTIONS.

HERE AT JPL, THE MISSION TEAM PUT CELEBRATIONS ON HOLD, WENT BACK TO THE DRAWING BOARDS, AND CAME UP WITH A MARVELLOUS FIX, REDESIGNING THE ENTIRE MISSION IN JUST A FEW WEEKS.

NOW THE SPACECRAFT WILL TAKE LONGER TO AEROBRAKE, REDUCING PRESSURE ON THE SOLAR PANEL.

BUT THERE'S A SCIENTIFIC BONUS. AS THE SPACECRAFT ORBITS, IT HAS ALREADY BEGUN TO TAKE SUSTAINED DATA EARLIER THAN ANTICIPATED...

ON NOVEMBER 10TH THE FIRST RESULTS WERE MADE PUBLIC...

THE MARS ORBITER CAMERA HAS BEEN ABLE TO LOOK FAR MORE CLOSELY AT THE PLANET THAN PREVIOUS SPACECRAFT SUCH AS VIKING.

IN TITHONIUM CHASMA, CLOSE TO MARINER VALLEY, MARS' GRAND CANYON, THE CAMERA SHOWED US A CLIFF ABOUT 4,000 FEET HIGH

...WITH OVER 400 LAYERS OF BEDROCK... THE FIRST TIME WE'VE HAD EVIDENCE OF SUCH A GEOLOGICALLY INTERESTING PAST ON MARS...

AND CLOSE TO SCHIAPARELLI CRATER, CLOSE-UPS SHOW PLACES WHICH SCIENTISTS SAY >MAY< BE DRIED UP LAKE BEDS, WITH LIGHT, CRYSTALLINE BOTTOMS, AND CRACKS JUST LIKE LAKES ON EARTH...

THIS NEW ORBIT TAKES THE SPACECRAFT BENEATH THE IONOSPHERE, REVEALING INTERESTING MAGNETIC ANOMALIES...

ITS LASER ALTIMETER HAS REVEALED VOLCANIC PEAKS, AND HUGE FLAT PLAINS... WE'LL TAKE "MOLA" TO SCHOOL LATER!

AND TES, PHIL CHRISTENSEN'S INSTRUMENT, HAS REAPED AN EARLY HARVEST OF NEW DATA, WHICH WE'LL ALSO HEAR MORE OF LATER...

WHAT COULD HAVE BEEN DISASTER - AT LEAST FOR NOW - HAS BEGUN TO LOOK LIKE TRIUMPH...

5) GLENN Q&A #1 LIVE (03:00) 3 questions

CAMILLE
WELL, GLENN, CALL YOU PROPHETIC, BACK AT CANAVERAL (CHANGE) LAST YEAR YOU SAID >AEROBRAKING< WOULD BE KEY TO THE MISSION... HOW IS YOUR NEW PLAN GOING TO AFFECT THE SCIENCE RESULTS?

GLENN replies

(SEIDEL brokers ASU kid question, meaning David does not SAY anything, but just makes sure it happens...)

ASU kid question

GLENN replies

DIRECT to VTR question/SUMMIT [Could any of your instruments tell what is under the surface of Mars? (Lauren)

GLENN replies

CAMILLE gives e-mail question address graphic onair-lfm@quest.arc.nasa.gov

YOU DONíT HAVE TO BE IN ARIZONA TO ASK QUESTIONS OF GLENN, DONNA OR OUR OTHER GUESTS... DURING THIS HOUR, SEND E-MAIL TO: Onair-lfm@quest.arc.nasa.gov

IF IT DOESNíT GET ANSWERED, YOU'LL FIND OUT HOW YOU CAN GET INDIVIDUAL RESPONSES VIA THE REGULAR LIVE FROM MARS SITE!

NOTE CHANGE IN ORDERING TO ALLOW DONNA TO APPEAR EARLY IN THE PROGRAM: MPF UPDATE HAS TO FOLLOW MGS UPDATE... MOVING TES AND PHIL DOWN, BUT NOT CHANGING THE CONTENT OF THE SEQUENCES!!!

WELL, AS WE SAID, PATHFINDER'S MISSION ON MARS IS REALLY PRETTY MUCH WRAPPED UP, THOUGH THERE'S A PLANET-LOAD OF DATA STILL TO ANALYZE.

NO-ONE REALLY KNOWS IF PLUCKY PATHFINDER AND HER SIDEKICK, SOJOURNER, WILL BE HEARD FROM AGAIN... BUT THEY MORE THAN ACCOMPLISHED THEIR ASSIGNED MISSION. HERE'S AN OVERVIEW, AND THEN WE'LL HEAR FROM DONNA SHIRLEY...

6) PATHFINDER UPDATE: CAMILLE VO VTR (03:00) <22:44>
Use MISSION UPDATE graphic

Camille voice over: VTR
PATHFINDER LASTED 3 TIMES ITS DESIGN LIFETIME OF 30 DAYS...

AND SOJOURNER MORE THAN >12 TIMES< ITS 7 DAY BASELINE MISSION.

AS A TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION THE PROJECT MET ALL ITS GOALS ON SOL 1, JULY 4TH... THE INNOVATIVE LANDING SYSTEM OF DIRECT ENTRY, PARACHUTE AND AIR BAGS WORKED PERFECTLY.

JUST AS IMPORTANTLY, THE YOUTHFUL, DEDICATED, ENTHUSIASTIC, HUMAN FLIGHT CREW WORKED PERFECTLY AS WELL.

WHEN AN AIRBAG PROVED TO BE IMPROPERLY RETRACTED, MONTHS OF REHEARSAL LED TO AN ALMOST IMMEDIATE SOLUTION... AND SOON, DOWN ROLLED SOJOURNER, TO SET "6 WHEELS ON SOIL."

THIS WAS THE FIRST MISSION TO DELIVER A ROVING VEHICLE OUTFITTED WITH SCIENCE INSTRUMENTS TO THE SURFACE OF ANOTHER PLANET... AND A ROVER WITH SOME RUDIMENTARY ONBOARD SMARTS SUFFICIENT TO OPERATE SEMI-INDEPENDENTLY FROM EARTH.

BUT WHAT ABOUT THE SCIENCE RESULTS?

OVER 15 CHEMICAL ANALYSES WERE MADE WITH SOJOURNER'S ALPHA PROTON X-RAY SPECTROMETER, OR ROCK SNIFFER.

THEY FOUND THAT ROCKS LIKE BARNACLE BILL WERE UNLIKE THE MARTIAN METEORITES WHICH HAD FALLEN TO EARTH, AND SEEMED TO GIVE EVIDENCE THAT MARS HAD ENJOYED A MORE GEOLOGICALLY ACTIVE PAST THAN MANY EXPECTED.

PATHFINDER FOUND THAT THE MORNING SKY WAS OBSCURED WITH CLOUDS, NOT GROUND FOGS...

THE ROCKS AROUND THE ARES VALLIS LANDING SITE WERE SHAPED AND DISTRIBUTED IN WAYS CONSISTENT WITH THE REASON FOR CHOOSING IT IN THE FIRST PLACE... THAT IT WAS THE MOUTH OF AN ANCIENT FLOOD CHANNEL...

AND IN AN OCTOBER PRESS CONFERENCE, HANK MOORE, A SCIENTIST ON THE ROVER TEAM AND A VETERAN OF THE VIKING MISSIONS, PROVIDED SOME AMAZING SPECULATIONS ON JUST WHAT SOJOURNER HAD SHOWN US.

Henry Moore, sync:
Moore: "These conglomerates... Ares Vallis flood." 06:50

BUT WHILE MOORE SAW EVIDENCE OF WATER, WES WARD FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, AND ON THE IMAGING TEAM, SAW WIND... AND THE FIRST CLEAR PROOF OF SAND ON MARS.

HE THOUGHT PATHFINDER AND SOJOURNER TOGETHER HAD FOUND VISUAL CLUES TO HELP SOLVE SOME ONGOING SCIENTIFIC PUZZLES/CONTROVERSIES.

Wes Ward, sync:
02:11:17 So here we have Sojourner, our field geologist... " just use a little of this to get him going and to ref. Sojourner.

17:43 The water's all gone... round discharged." 18:24

PROJECT SCIENTIST MATT GOLOMBEK PUT THE POSSIBLE EVIDENCE OF CONGLOMERATES AND SAND ALL TOGETHER TO CONCLUDE THAT PATHFINDER HAD SHED NEW LIGHT ON ONE OF THE MOST PROFOUND SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS OF ALL TIME.

Golombek, sync:
41:26 "A conglomerate... (cut out ref to the sample at the press conf.) rocks to round them (cut out the lithify ref. But little else.) stable over a long period of time." 41:59

42:28 "Perhaps early Mars... why not." 42:43

7) DONNA Q&A #1 (04:00) <26:44>
(DAVID brokers 1 question from ASU kids)

ASU kid

DONNA replies

CAMILLE:
AND WE'VE GOT AN E-MAIL QUESTION JUST IN FROM...???

JPL kid reads the question

DONNA replies

Direct to CHARLESTON VTR question to DONNA, over "single" box still frame:
(Emily) I was wondering what is the single most important thing you've learned from the past 2 missions, Pathfinder and MGS?

DONNA replies:

CAMILLE:
AND ONE LAST E-MAIL FOR NOW...

JPL kid reads...

DONNA replies...

CAMILLE:
DONNA... WE KNOW YOU'VE GOTTA FLY DOWN HERE ON EARTH, SO BYE FOR NOW... AND THANKS FOR BEING WITH US OVER THE PAST YOU.

WELL, YOU CAN FIND DONNA'S JOURNALS ONLINE... SO IT'S REALLY AU REVOIR, NOT BYE!!!

...AND THE INTERNET IS THE REASON PHIL CHRISTENSEN IS ABLE TO DO HIS SCIENCE OUT IN PHOENIX... OVER TO DAVID SEIDEL TO TELL US MORE

8) ASU #1: GRAPHIC & LIVE (00:45)
!!!MUST REHEARSE THIS SEQUENCE DURING TEST TIME!!!
SEIDEL intros PHIL who is in the outside room and walks into the "computer room" Start with >still frame< exterior establisher (we already have this on DVC footage WHICH IS ALSO BUMPED UP) PHIL explains link from ASU to MGS, and intros the graduate students and kids who are with him

SEIDEL:
ONE OF THE THINGS THAT'S REVOLUTIONARY ABOUT MGS IS THE WAY IT USES THE INTERNET TO HAVE ITS KEY SCIENTISTS OPERATE THEIR INSTRUMENTS REMOTELY, NOT BEING BASED AT JPL PRETTY MUCH FULL TIME... OVER TO PHIL CHRISTENSEN TO TELL US MORE...

PHIL gives VERY brief intro...

SEIDEL:
GREAT, PHIL, LET'S SEE HOW TES BEGAN...

9) PHIL INTROS "ASU MARS PROGRAM" (01:30) <09:29>

TES REALLY BEGAN 12 (CHECK) YEARS AGO... WHEN ITS PREDECESSOR FLEW ABOARD THE MARS OBSERVER SPACECRAFT WHICH WAS LOST IN 1993 (CHECK)...

BUT THIS VERSION/INCARNATION OF TES WAS BORN IN A HUGHES AIRCRAFT/SPACE SYSTEMS (CHECK) LABORATORY OUT IN SANTA BARBARA... IN 1993 (CHECK)

THIS IS ME IN THE CLEAN ROOM BACK IN 1994/5 (CHECK) WORKING WITH SOME OF MY GRADUATE STUDENTS...

BUT IN ADDITION TO GRAD STUDENTS, OUR ARIZONA STATE MARS PROGRAM HAS TRIED TO INVOLVE EDUCATORS AND SECONDARY STUDENTS AS WELL, FROM THE VERY BEGINNING. WE TOOK SOME TEACHERS OUT WITH US TO UCSB TO SEE THE CONSTRUCTION...

A REAL HIGHPOINT IN OUR EDUCATION EFFORTS CAME WHEN WE ARRANGED A FIELD TRIP TO THE SCABLANDS OF WASHINGTON STATE, WHICH LOTS OF US THOUGHT WOULD RESEMBLE THE AREA AROUND THE PATHFINDER LANDING SITE, AND WHICH TES WOULD IMAGE FROM ORBIT.

HERE'S PATHFINDER PROJECT SCIENTIST MATT GOLOMBEK... AND DONNA SHIRLEY...

IN BETWEEN CLIMBING ON AND OFF BUSES... AND PLANES... AND HIKING... THERE WAS LOTS OF TIME FOR TEACHERS TO INTERACT DIRECTLY WITH NASA RESEARCHERS, WHICH FOR MANY OF THEM WAS THE VERY BEST PART OF THE EXPERIENCE.

BACK HOME IN ARIZONA, MY COLLEAGUE KEN EDGETT HAS RUN MANY SUCCESSFUL WORKSHOPS, FOR TEACHERS, STUDENTS AND PARENTS... GETTING MORE AND MORE PEOPLE INVOLVED OVER THE YEARS...

BUILDING A SCALE MODEL OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM...

GETTING PARENTS AND YOUNGSTERS TO BUILD EDIBLE MODELS OF THE SOJOURNER ROVER... THAT WORKED OUT REAL WELL!!!

AND GETTING TO KNOW THE PLACE PATHFINDER AND GLOBAL SURVEYOR WOULD SOON BE VISITING.

THIS WAS THE SCENE HERE AT ASU WHEN WE KNEW MGS WAS SAFELY THERE... WE CHEERED, OF COURSE, BUT THEN THE 16 HOUR DAYS BEGAN AS WE WORKED TO CALIBRATE THE INSTRUMENT...

SINCE THEN WE'VE BEEN ON CALL TO CHARACTERIZE THE ATMOSPHERE, BECAUSE TES CAN TELL ITS TEMPERATURE... WHICH IN TURN TELL THE MISSION TEAM HOW SAFE IT IS TO AEROBRAKE...

END OF THIS SECTION...