Arkansas Science Curriculum Framework

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Arkansas Science Curriculum Framework standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE.

For additional Arkansas Science Curriculum Framework standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

Grades K-4,   Grades 5-8,   High School

GRADES K-4 (Student Learning Expectations)

Strand 1: Physical Systems
Content Standard 1

Students will demonstrate an understanding of physical systems as a process of inquiry.

 

PS.1.1. Examine the techniques of scientific inquiry: problem solving, questioning, reasoning, creative decision making by utilizing the scientific method.

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PS.1.2. Use simple equipment (microscopes), age-appropriate tools (rulers, thermometers), skills (describing and writing), technology (computers) and mathematics in scientific investigations.

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PS 1.3. Communicate designs, procedures, and results of scientific investigations (graphs, charts, and writings).

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Content Standard 2

Students will explore, demonstrate, communicate, apply, and evaluate the knowledge of physical systems.

 

PS.2.2. Understand the physical properties of objects.

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PS.2.3. Learn about the physical world by observing, data collecting, using age-appropriate tools, describing, and hypothesizing.

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PS.2.4. Revise hypothesis by sharing and communicating observations through writing.

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PS.2.5. Explore energy changes.

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PS.2.6. Identify chemical and physical changes.

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PS.2.8. Explore the effects of applying various types of forces to an object (push/pull).

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PS.2.9. Identify and compare the relationships between mass, weight, force, and motion.

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PS.2.13. Determine the relationship between vibration and sound.

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PS.2.14. Explore the properties of light (e.g., reflection, refraction, absorption, translucent, transparent, opaque).

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Content Standard 3

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections and applications of physical science.

 

PS.3.1. Understand that physical science is interwoven into the structure of all disciplines.

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PS.3.2. Recognize that mathematics is the basis of communication in physical science.

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PS.3.3. Understand that tools allow tasks to be done more easily.

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PS.3.4. Explore physical science related careers.

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Strand 3: Earth/Space Systems
Content Standard 1

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the inquiry process through the study of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.1.1. Utilize the scientific method to investigate Earth/space systems.

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ES.1.2. Select appropriate equipment and utilize technology and mathematics in the inquiry of Earth/space systems.

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ES.1.3. Generate graphs, writings, and charts to communicate Earth/space systems investigations.

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Content Standard 2

Students will explore, demonstrate, communicate, apply and evaluate knowledge of the properties of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.2.5. Investigate seasonal changes in weather and factors which affect weather conditions.

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ES.2.8. Analyze the features and motions of the sun, moon, and other celestial bodies (e.g., solar system, moon phases, Earth's rotation and revolution).

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Content Standard 3

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections and applications of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.3.1. Understand the varied uses of water.

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ES.3.4. Understand how Earth/space systems connect to other disciplines.

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ES.3.5. Recognize the importance of mathematics as the basis of communication in Earth/space systems.

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ES.3.6. Use age-appropriate equipment, tools, techniques, technology, and mathematics in scientific investigation of Earth/space systems.

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ES.3.7. Explore careers related to Earth/space science.

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GRADES 5-8 (Student Learning Expectations)

Strand 1: Physical Systems
Content Standard 1

Students will demonstrate an understanding of physical systems as a process of inquiry.

 

PS.1.1. Understand that the laws of science are universal.

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PS.1.2. Understand that a scientific theory is based on current, accepted evidence and used to make predictions.

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PS.1.3. Generate written conclusions based on evidence acquired through experimentation.

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PS.1.4. Interpret scientific information from graphs and charts.

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Content Standard 2

Students will explore, demonstrate, communicate, apply, and evaluate the knowledge of physical systems.

 

PS.2.5. Examine the sources and analyze the preservation of energy resources.

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PS.2.6. Experiment with forces (gravity, magnetism, and electricity).

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PS.2.7. Investigate the laws of motion.

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PS.2.8. Demonstrate and communicate the relationship between magnetic fields and electric currents.

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PS.2.9. Introduce the electromagnetic spectrum (radio, infrared, visible light, and ultraviolet waves; x-rays).

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PS.2.10. Investigate and identify conductors and insulators of heat and electricity.

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PS.2.11. Distinguish energy transfer (conduction, convection, radiation).

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PS.2.12. Investigate sound waves and gamma rays.

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Content Standard 3

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections and applications of physical science.

 

PS.3.1. Design and conduct different kinds of scientific investigations to answer different kinds of questions.

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PS.3.2. Demonstrate how physical science is connected to mathematics (analyze collected data).

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PS.3.3. Apply multiple strategies to problem solving.

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PS.3.4. Use appropriate equipment, tools, techniques, technology, mathematics, and technical writing in scientific investigation.

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PS.3.5. Investigate a variety of careers related to physical science.

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PS.3.6. Acknowledge the impact of scientific discoveries upon society.

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PS.3.7. Recognize that scientific discovery has been influenced by historical events.

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Strand 3: Earth/Space Systems
Content Standard 1

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the inquiry process through the study of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.1.2. Understand that Earth and objects in space constantly undergo changes and/or cycles which can be observed and measured.

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ES.1.3. Generate conclusions based on evidence acquired through experimentation.

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ES.1.4. Interpret scientific information from graphs and charts.

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ES.1.6. Understand the relationship between Earth and objects in space.

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Content Standard 2

Students will explore, demonstrate, communicate, apply and evaluate knowledge of the properties of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.2.8. Model and explain how the Earth's shape and tilt result in different seasons.

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ES.2.9. Investigate the predictable motion of objects in space in explaining phenomena such as day, night, moon phases, ocean tides, and eclipses.

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ES.2.11. Compare the ability to support life on Earth and other objects in space.

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ES.2.12. Explain and compare the properties (gravity, size, shape, distance, and color) of objects in the solar system.

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ES.2.13. Explore past, present, and future space technology.

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ES.2.14. Relate the physical characteristics of the sun to other stars.

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Content Standard 3

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections and applications of Earth /space systems.

 

ES.3.1. Design and conduct scientific investigations to answer different kinds of questions.

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ES.3.2. Apply multiple strategies to problem solving.

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ES.3.3. Use appropriate equipment, tools, techniques, technology, mathematics, and technical writing in scientific investigations.

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ES.3.4. Investigate a variety of earth science related careers.

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ES.3.5. Construct models of earth science systems and make real world applications.

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ES.3.6. Analyze the impact of human activities on the Earth's crust, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere (e.g., climate change, greenhouse effect, global warming, ozone depletion, and UV radiation) and demonstrate methods of conservation and recycling of the Earth's resources.

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ES.3.7. Explore the impact of space technology on society.

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ES.3.8. Illustrate the positive and negative effects of human use of natural resources on Earth.

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ES.3.10. Calculate the gravitational forces of objects in space.

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GRADES 9-12 (Student Learning Expectations)

Strand 1: Physical Systems
Content Standard 1

Students will demonstrate an understanding of physical systems as a process of inquiry.

 

PS.1.1. Understand that science is a process based on the scientific method which leads to a deeper understanding of real world situations.

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PS.1.2. Follow procedures for a scientific inquiry using step--by--step instructions, mathematical formulas, flow diagrams, and/or sketches.

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PS.1.3. Develop and implement a workable scientific inquiry independently and with a group using standard safety procedures.

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PS.1.4. Evaluate the process that scientists use to construct and validate scientific theory, such as data collection, prediction, experimentation (controls and variables), bias elimination, and replication.

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PS.1.5. Make objective observations and perform error analysis on collected data.

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PS.1.6. Formulate valid conclusions.

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PS.1.7. Communicate and defend in writing a scientific argument.

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PS.1.8. Critique and interpret scientific data on charts and graphs.

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PS.1.9. Recognize that theories are models and may be revised when new data is introduced.

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PS.1.10.Understand the criteria for the formation of scientific theory and a scientific law.

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Content Standard 2

Students will explore, demonstrate, communicate, apply, and evaluate the knowledge of physical systems.

 

PS.2.1. Evaluate the historical and multi-cultural contributions to the scientific body of knowledge in physical systems (nature of light, falling objects, expanding universe, model of the atom, quantum physics, periodic table). Construct time lines.

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PS.2.2. Classify matter into elements, compounds, and mixtures. Classify mixtures as heterogeneous or homogeneous and separate mixtures into pure substances using procedures such as distillation or chromatography.

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PS.2.3. Explore various physical and chemical properties of matter such as density, specific heat, viscosity, buoyancy, and reactivity.

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PS.2.4. Distinguish between physical and chemical changes that affect everyday life, such as hot and cold packs, light sticks, rusting, fireworks display, and water displacement.

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PS.2.5. Use models to show the structure and behavior of matter (includes Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment, sub-atomic particles, electron energy levels, quantum theory, and organic molecules).

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PS.2.6. Understand the rationale of the periodic chart.

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PS.2.7. Explain the relationship among mole, chemical bonding, and molecular geometry within chemical compounds.

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PS.2.8. Demonstrate the relationships between kinetic theory and the states of matter (gas laws).

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PS.2.9. Understand the representation of and energetics of chemical reactions (equation writing, types of reactions, stoichiometry, reaction rates, equilibria and electrochemistry).

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PS.2.16. Recognize the relationships of forces and motion, applying Newton's laws, and use diagrams to analyze the forces on a system.

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PS.2.17. Examine the types of waves (transverse, longitudinal, standing, circular, electromagnetic), properties and characteristics of waves (reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference, pitch, frequency, and velocity), and how waves transfer energy.

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PS.2.18. Investigate the properties and characteristics of light and different optical systems (lenses, mirrors, polarization filters, fiber optics, and lasers).

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PS.2.20.Investigate the electromagnetic spectrum and the derivation of emission and absorption spectra.

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PS.2.21. Examine the properties of sound (pitch, frequency, and intensity) and other related aspects (earthquakes, shock waves, SONAR).

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Content Standard 3

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections and applications of physical science.

 

PS.3.1. Analyze the role science plays in everyday life and compare different careers in the physical sciences.

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PS.3.2. Evaluate long range plans for resource use and by-product disposal in terms of environmental, economic, and political impact.

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PS.3.3. Assess current world issues applying scientific themes (suggested issues: global changes in climate, ozone depletion, UV radiation, natural resources, use of technology, and public policy).

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PS.3.4. Understand that mathematics is the precise language of communication and problem solving in science (conversions logarithms, inverse square law, etc.). (Measure and calculate using SI units.)

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PS.3.5. Apply technology as appropriate tools for solving problems (electronic balances, computers, pH meters, spectrophotometers, multimeters, etc.).

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PS.3.6. Assess the connections between pure science and applied science to the world of work by performing labs and activities common to the physical sciences.

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PS.3.7. Understand broad themes of Project 2061. Such themes include systems, patterns of change, interactions, energy equilibrium, models, and scale (e.g., relative dimensions such as solar system size).

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Strand 3: Earth/Space Systems
Content Standard 1

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the inquiry process through the study of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.1.1. Understand that science is a process based on the scientific method which leads to a deeper understanding of real world situations.

video
hands-on
online

ES.1.2. Follow procedures for a scientific inquiry using step-by-step instructions, mathematical formulas, flow diagrams, and/or sketches.

video
hands-on
online

ES.1.3. Develop and implement a workable scientific inquiry independently and with a group using standard safety procedures.

video
hands-on
online

ES.1.4. Evaluate the process that scientists use to construct and validate scientific theory, such as data collection, prediction, experimentation (controls and variables), bias elimination, and replication.

video
hands-on
online

ES.1.5. Make objective observations and perform error analysis on collected data.

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hands-on
online

ES.1.6. Formulate valid conclusions.

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ES.1.7. Communicate and defend in writing a scientific argument.

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ES.1.8. Critique and interpret scientific data on charts and graphs.

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ES.1.9. Recognize that theories are models and may be revised when new data is introduced.

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ES.1.10. Understand the criteria for the formation of scientific theory and a scientific law.

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Content Standard 2

Students will explore, demonstrate, communicate, apply and evaluate knowledge of the properties of Earth and space systems.

 

ES.2.1. Evaluate the historical and multicultural contributions to the scientific body of knowledge in the earth and space sciences. Topics may include expanding universe, plate tectonics, composition of the Earth and stars, and geologic time; and the works of Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Wegener.

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ES.2.2. Understand that the sun is the source of energy for the solar system.

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ES.2.3. Explain how Earth's energy and materials are conserved, interrelated, and recycled; include ores, and the following cycles--water, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen.

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ES.2.13. Compare Earths sun to other stars in size, mass, temperature, energy source, position on HR diagram, and stages in a star's existence.

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ES.2.14. Locate common constellations.

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ES.2.15. Describe the organization of the known universe (solar system, galaxy, cluster, supercluster).

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ES.2.16. Analyze the impact of modern technology on the study of the Earth and universe (telescopes, space probes, robotic arms, weather satellites, Doppler radar, sonar, seismographs).

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Content Standard 3

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections and applications of Earth/space systems.

 

ES.3.1. Analyze the role science plays in every day life and compare different careers in the Earth/space sciences.

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ES.3.2. Evaluate long range plans for resource use and by-product disposal in terms of environmental, economic and political impact (human activities vs. resource quality).

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ES.3.3. Assess current world issues applying scientific themes (e.g., global changes in climate, ozone depletion, UV radiation, natural resources, use of technology, and public policy).

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ES.3.4. Understand that mathematics is the precise language of communication and problem solving in science.

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ES.3.5. Apply technology as appropriate tools for solving problems (electronic balances, computers, digital cameras, pH meters, spectrophotometers, telescopes, barometers, etc.).

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ES.3.6 Assess the connections between pure science and applied science to the world of work by performing labs and activities common to the Earth/space sciences.

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ES.3.7. Understand broad themes of Project 2061. Such themes include systems, patterns of change, interactions, energy equilibrium, models, and scale (relative dimensions such as solar system size).

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