Alabama Course of Study: Science

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Alabama Course of Study science standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE.

For additional Alabama Course of Study science standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

Elementary Standards: Kindergarten,   First Grade,   Second Grade,   Third Grade,   Fourth Grade,   Fifth Grade
Middle School Standards: Sixth Grade,   Seventh Grade,   Eighth Grade
High School Starndards: Physical Science,   Physics,   Astronomy Elective Core,   Earth and Space Science

Kindergarten

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Examples: Do bees sleep? What is rain made of?

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: hand lenses, balances, droppers, computers, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Examples: identifying ways to care properly for fish in an aquarium, wearing safety goggles

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: identifying objects that make darkest shadows
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: explaining why thick objects cause darkest shadows
Sorting and classifying
Example: grouping objects according to darkness of shadows
Experimenting
Example: determining objects that make darkest shadows
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions about objects that make dark shadows
Developing hypotheses
Example: using experiences to guess which objects might make darkest shadows
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: making a class data chart
Observing
Example: examining objects and their shadows
Measuring
Example: ranking shadows according to darkness
Defining operationally
Example: deciding how to judge shadows as dark shadows
Communicating
Examples: drawing pictures of shadows, describing or explaining observations
Predicting
Example: predicting darkness of shadows of different objects
Collaborating
Examples: sharing learning experiences, discussing ideas about shadows

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: basing conclusion that mealworms move toward dark areas instead of light areas on observations of mealworm behavior

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: conducting experiments to determine if size or thickness of certain objects affects the darkness of shadows

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.

Example: description of quantity using nonstandard units of measure such as paper clips, unifix cubes, pencils, straws, shoes

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research.

Example: using hand-lens to enhance the naked eye

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers.

Examples: doctors using stethoscopes, astronomers using telescopes

video
hands-on
online

10. Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

Examples: cutting trees destroys animal homes, littering pollutes the soil/water

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society.

Examples: medicines used to prevent/cure illness, paying taxes to support research

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Position and Motion of Objects

 

14. Describe motion.
Change of position
Examples: playground swings, wagons, model rockets
Change of speed

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

15. Recognize the sun as the Earth's source of energy.
Light
Heat

video
hands-on
online

16. Construct knowledge about shadows and the way they are formed.

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

27. Describe what can be observed in the day sky with the unaided eye.
Sun
Clouds
Moon
Rainbows

video
hands-on
online

First Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Example: questions about the relationship of amount of water and pitch of a jar/glass when struck

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: hand lenses, clocks, computers, thermometers, balances

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Example: explaining how to release butterflies

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: listening and deciding which is high pitch and which is low pitch
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: relating levels of water to different pitches
Sorting and classifying
Examples: grouping jars of water into low and high pitches, arranging jars from lowest to highest pitch
Experimenting
Example: determining which jar has the highest pitch using different amounts of water
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions about the effect of water amount on pitch
Developing hypotheses
Example: using reasons for guessing how different pitches will be heard
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: recording high/low pitch and amount of water in jars
Observing
Example: listening to pitches created by striking jars containing different amounts of water
Measuring
Example: using non-traditional units to quantify length of water columns in jars
Defining operationally
Example: deciding how to distinguish low, medium, or high pitches
Communicating
Example: describing the experiment and reasons for conclusions
Predicting
Example: predicting pitch of jars with different shapes or liquids
Collaborating
Example: working in groups to make and play a jar xylophone

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: push and pull of magnets indicating force between them

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: measured student growth resulting from amount or kind of food eaten

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.
Applying standard whole units to measure an object or substance
Applying nonstandard whole units to measure an object or substance

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research.

Example: balances used to measure weight of an object

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers.

Example: teachers using computers in classrooms

video
hands-on
online

10. Recognize the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

Example: erosion resulting from removal of grass and trees during house construction

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society.

Example: airplanes making travel faster

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Position and Motion of Objects

 

13. Describe the effects of forces (push, pull) on objects.
Change of speed
Examples: fast, slow
Change of direction
Examples: straight, curved, zigzag
Change of position Examples: up/down, forward/backward, inside/outside

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

14. Describe characteristics of sound.
Vibration
Pitch
Loudness (volume)

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

3. Describe the night sky as observed with the unaided eye.
Stars
Examples: brightness, too many to count, color
Moon
Example: changes in appearance over time (phases)

video
hands-on
online

Second Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Example: questions regarding light as it comes in contact with different materials

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: rulers, meter sticks, measuring cups, clocks, hand lenses, computers, thermometers, balances, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Examples: explaining why students do not taste substances without the teacher's permission, wearing protective goggles when handling substances

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: grouping materials that reflect, refract (bend), or absorb light
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: discussing how light's path is changed by aluminum foil
Sorting and classifying
Example: sorting materials according to characteristics believed to favor reflection or absorption of light
Experimenting
Example: determining factors, one at a time, of materials that cause reflection of light
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions from observations about factors affecting light reflecting ability of objects
Developing hypotheses
Example: using observations and experiences to propose that smooth, shiny objects always reflect light
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: drawing/dramatizing how light rays bounce off a mirror
Observing
Example: examining effects of shining a light on different materials with similar/different characteristics
Measuring
Example: measuring how far away light can illuminate an object
Defining operationally
Example: mixing all colors of light to make white light
Communicating
Example: writing about procedures to investigate light and resulting conclusions
Predicting
Example: predicting whether a new material will reflect or absorb light
Collaborating
Example: working in groups to explain experiments with light to others

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: identifying weather conditions that might affect plant growth

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: conducting experiments to determine if color of light and/or kind of substance used (water, glass) causes light rays to refract (bend)

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.
Applying standard whole units (metric and English) to measure an object or substance
Applying nonstandard whole units to measure an object or substance

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research. Example: paleontologists using picks, hand-lens, sonar, and brushes

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers. Example: meteorologists using maps, data, and satellite imagery to predict long-range weather for crops

video
hands-on
online

10. Recognize the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions. Example: government establishment of national park or wilderness area

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society. Example: aircraft flying faster and safer because of radar

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Position and Motion of Objects

 

15. Compare types of motion.
Linear
Periodic
Examples: circular, back and forth

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

17. Recognize sources of energy.
Sun
Wind
Water (moving)
Fossil fuels (burning)

video
hands-on
online

18. Describe how light interacts with a variety of materials.

Examples: mirror, water, clear plastic, tissue paper, solid wooden object, wax paper

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

33. Recognize that the moon appears as different shapes (phases) at different times.

video
hands-on
online

34. Identify the basic components of the solar system.
Sun
Planets
Moons

video
hands-on
online

Third Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, clocks, computers, thermometers, hand lenses, meter sticks, rulers, balances, maps, star charts

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating condensation in a terrarium to stages of the water cycle

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Recognizing contributions of science to development of technology and changes in society

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Forces and Motions

 

14. Demonstrate that change in motion is a result of applying unequal forces.
Speed
Direction

Examples: tug-of-war, seesaw

video
hands-on
online

15. Recognize that forces can act from a distance.

Examples: ball falling to the Earth, magnet picking up nails, comb attracting bits of paper

video
hands-on
online

16. Recognize that gravity is a force that pulls objects toward the Earth's center.

video
hands-on
online

18. Compare the amount of force required to do work with and without the use of tools.

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

19. Explain ways that energy is useful.

Examples: to do work, to heat water

video
hands-on
online

20. Recognize sources and processes that produce heat.
Fossil fuels
Examples: coal, oil, gas
Electricity
Nuclear power
Decaying compost
Friction

video
hands-on
online

21. Recognize the effects of heat on matter.

Examples: ice melts, water boils, water evaporates

video
hands-on
online

23. Explain how energy from the sun is used.
Producing food in plants (photosynthesis)
Heating the Earth's surface
Generating electricity in solar panels

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

38. Relate predictable patterns to regular movement of objects in the solar system.

Examples: day and night, month and year, phases of the moon

video
hands-on
online

39. Associate the Earth's revolution with the seasons.

video
hands-on
online

40. Describe star patterns and constellations.

video
hands-on
online

41. Identify purposes of artificial satellites that orbit the Earth.

Examples: weather, communication, remote sensing

video
hands-on
online

Ordered Universe

 

42. Recognize that telescopes are used to study distant objects.

video
hands-on
online

43. Recognize that the Earth's solar system is a star-centered system.

video
hands-on
online

Fourth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, thermometers, meter sticks, timing devices, balances, compasses, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating sinking and floating to weight and size

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Apply mathematical knowledge and skills to scientific investigations.
Computation
Probability (most/least likely outcomes)
Graphing (bar, line, circle, pictograph)
Fractions and decimals
Arithmetic mean
Measurement (metric)

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Identifying contributions of Alabama scientists

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Forces and Motions

 

13. Recognize that distance affects the strength of force between objects.

Example: the closer a magnet gets to iron filings, the quicker the iron filings are attracted to the magnet

video
hands-on
online

14. Explain how force affects speed and direction.

Examples: a push on a moving skater makes the skater go faster, a moving car hit from the side changes direction, friction slows an object

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

15. Demonstrate that light travels from one place to another.
Illuminating objects
Forming shadows
Reflecting images and light

video
hands-on
online

16. Describe interactions of light and matter.
Reflection
Refraction
Translucency
Transparency
Opacity

video
hands-on
online

21.Describe the production, transmission, and characteristics of sound waves.

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

31. Recognize evidence of the sun as the Earth's major source of energy.
Plant growth
Creation of winds
Water cycle

video
hands-on
online

Earth in Space

 

35. Describe the basic components of the solar system.

Examples: planets, moons, asteroids, comets, sun, meteors

video
hands-on
online

36. Compare the relative scale of the Earth to other components of the solar system.
Planets
Moons
Sun

video
hands-on
online

37. Describe the apparent movement of objects across the sky.

Examples: stationary sun appearing to rise and set, movement of the constellations in relation to the Earth

video
hands-on
online

38. Identify technological advances and other benefits that result from space exploration.

Examples: laser, pacemaker, dehydrated food, flame-retardant clothing, global positioning system (GPS)

video
hands-on
online

Ordered Universe

 

39. Describe the characteristics of the sun.

video
hands-on
online

40. Compare stars, planets, and moons.
Appearance
Movement
Size
Distance
Composition

video
hands-on
online

Fifth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, temperature probes, balances, meter sticks, timing devices, compasses, collecting nets, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating length of string to frequency of pendulum swings

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Apply mathematical knowledge and skills to scientific investigations.
Computation
Probability
Graphing (bar, line, circle, pictograph)
Variables
Fractions and decimals
Arithmetic mean, mode, median, range
Measurement (metric)

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Recognizing contributions of science to development and design of technology

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Forces and Motions

 

11. Recognize that gravity is a force that pulls every mass toward every other center of mass in the universe.

Examples: objects falling when released, objects rolling down ramps, objects orbiting planets and the sun

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

16. Recognize that heat flows from hot materials to cold materials.

Example: melting of ice cubes at room temperature

video
hands-on
online

17. Describe methods of energy transfer.
Conduction
Convection
Radiation

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

30. Analyze effects of the sun on the Earth.

Examples: plant growth, winds, ocean currents, water cycle, seasons

video
hands-on
online

31. Describe technology used to investigate the Earth.

Examples: sonar, radar, seismograph, laser, satellite sensors

video
hands-on
online

32. Identify technology used to update knowledge about the Earth/solar system.

Examples: orbiting spacecraft, aircraft, weather balloons, remote sensing systems

video
hands-on
online

Ordered Universe

 

33. Describe the components of the universe.

Examples: star systems, galaxies, black holes, nebulae

video
hands-on
online

34. Describe how instruments are used to observe the universe.

Examples: telescopes (Hubble, radio, light, x-ray); space probes

video
hands-on
online

Sixth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate explanations and scientific theories of natural phenomena.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

Examples: graphs, ratio and proportions, estimation, fractions, percents

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; proper care of animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

39. Describe technology that monitors the Earth and outer space.

Examples: weather satellites used to monitor storms and other weather systems, radio telescopes

video
hands-on
online

Earth in Space

 

43. Compare the biological and geological features of the Earth and other bodies in the solar system.
Relative size and position
Composition
Ability to support life

video
hands-on
online


Seventh Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate explanations and scientific theories of natural phenomena.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; caring properly for animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Properties and Changes in Matter

 

Students will:

 

19. Classify substances based on their properties.
Elements
Compounds
Mixtures

video
hands-on
online

21. Identify the number of protons, electrons, and neutrons in atoms of common elements using the atomic number and mass number.

video
hands-on
online

Energy Transfer and Transformation

 

22. Describe the characteristics of a wave.
Wavelength
Frequency
Speed
Amplitude

video
hands-on
online

23. Describe how waves travel through different kinds of media.

video
hands-on
online

24. Explain how energy is transferred through waves.
Earthquake waves
Sound waves
Water waves
Electromagnetic waves

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

43. Describe how gravity is a force pulling toward an object's center of mass.

video
hands-on
online

44. Identify regular movements of the Earth, moon, and sun that determine patterns.
Day, month, year
Phases of the moon
Eclipses
Tides
Seasons

video
hands-on
online

Eighth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate how observation, experimentation, and data analysis lead to the development of scientific theories.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; caring properly for animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Forces and Motions

 

21. Apply Newton's laws of motion to real-world situations.
Inertia
Force, mass, acceleration relationships
Action/reaction

video
hands-on
online

22. Describe the motion of an object in terms of position, direction, and speed.

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Ordered Universe

 

Students will:

 

37. Describe scientific evidence for the origin and evolution of the universe.

video
hands-on
online

38. Explain the use of the speed of light to measure distances in the universe.

video
hands-on
online

39. Identify the components of the universe and their relationships.
Components: constellations, black holes, galaxies, stars, solar systems, asteroids, comets, meteoroids, nebulae, supernovae, quasars
Relationships: relative size, mass, distance, motion

video
hands-on
online

40. Explain the general life cycle of a star.
Formation
Transitions
Death
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

video
hands-on
online

41. Identify technology used to investigate the universe.

Examples: probes, rockets, telescopes, spectroscopes, computer models

video
hands-on
online

42. Recognize the impact of space exploration on society.

Examples: microwaves, solar panels, fiber optics, satellite communications

video
hands-on
online

The Senior High Grades

Physical Science Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments, equipment, and chemicals.

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science-thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables simultaneously.

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of widespread use of and reliance on technology.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning

video
hands-on
online

15. Identify the effects of technology on daily life.

Examples: cellular phones, fiber optics, microwaves, lasers

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

FORCES AND MOTIONS

 

28. Identify the basic natural forces.
Gravitational
Electromagnetic
Strong nuclear
Weak nuclear

video
hands-on
online

29. Apply quantitative relationships and associated graphical representations among position, displacement, distance, time, speed, velocity, and acceleration.

video
hands-on
online

31. Describe relationships between force and motion in Newton's laws.
Inertia
Acceleration
Action/reaction

video
hands-on
online

32. Apply the quantitative relationships among force, distance, work, time, and power.

video
hands-on
online

36. Explain the relationships among mass, velocity, force, and momentum.

video
hands-on
online

INTERACTIONS OF ENERGY AND MATTER

 

41. Describe the transfer of energy through waves.
Mechanical energy (energy content as it relates to amplitude)
Electromagnetic energy (energy content as it relates to frequency)
Transverse waves
Longitudinal waves

video
hands-on
online

42. Identify wave characteristics.
Wavelength
Frequency
Period
Amplitude
Speed

video
hands-on
online

43. Relate physical properties of sound and light to wave characteristics.

Examples: loudness to amplitude, pitch to frequency, color to wavelength and frequency

video
hands-on
online

44. Analyze interactions of light and matter.
Prisms
Concave/convex mirrors
Concave/convex lenses

video
hands-on
online


Physics Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments and equipment.

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science-thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, mode, standard deviation, percent error, and linear regressions from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables.

Example: calculating tension

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of widespread use of and reliance on technology.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning

video
hands-on
online

15. Identify the uses of technology in scientific applications.

Examples: lasers and optics in industry and medical imaging, communication devices, microelectronics

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computers or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

FORCES AND MOTIONS

 

17. Describe the basic natural forces.
Gravitational
Electromagnetic
Strong nuclear
Weak nuclear

video
hands-on
online

18. Understand the interrelationships among mass, distance, force, velocity, acceleration, and time.
Linear motion
Uniform circular motion
Projectile motion

video
hands-on
online

22. Demonstrate an understanding of momentum.
Calculating the momentum for a single object and the momenta for a group of objects
Verifying the law of conservation of momentum from observations of one-dimensional collisions

video
hands-on
online

23. Explain planetary motion and navigation in space in terms of Kepler's and Newton's laws.

video
hands-on
online

24. Apply quantitative relationships involving mass, weight, distance, work, power, gravitational potential energy, and kinetic energy.

video
hands-on
online

26. Describe relationships qualitatively and quantitatively between changes in heat energy and changes in temperature.

video
hands-on
online

INTERACTIONS OF ENERGY AND MATTER

 

Waves

 

Students will:

 

27. Classify waves according to type.
Mechanical or electromagnetic
Transverse or longitudinal

video
hands-on
online

28. Explain wave behavior in terms of reflection, refraction, and diffraction.

video
hands-on
online

29. Differentiate between constructive and destructive wave interference.

video
hands-on
online

30. Relate physical properties of sound and light to wave characteristics.

Examples: loudness to amplitude, pitch to frequency, color to wavelength and frequency, red shift to Doppler effect

video
hands-on
online

31. Explain the impact of change in media upon the speed, frequency, and wavelength of a wave.

video
hands-on
online

32. Describe how different components of the electromagnetic spectrum are used for communication purposes.

Examples: laser radiation, microwave radiation, radio waves

video
hands-on
online

Light

 

33. Demonstrate an understanding of reflection.

Examples: tracing the path of a reflected light ray, predicting the formation of reflected images through tracing of rays and use of the mirror equation

video
hands-on
online

34. Demonstrate an understanding of refraction.

Examples: tracing and calculating the path of a refracted light ray through prisms using Snell's law, predicting the formation of refracted images through ray tracing and use of the lens equation

video
hands-on
online

35. Demonstrate an understanding of diffraction.

Examples: Huygen's principle and how it applies to diffraction; calculation of position of bright spots formed by monochromatic light passing through a pair of slits; measurement of wavelength of monochromatic light knowing slit separation, distance to screen, and position of bright spots

video
hands-on
online

Electricity/Magnetism

 

37. Describe similarities in the calculation of electrical force, magnetic force, and gravitational force between objects.

video
hands-on
online

39. Identify methods by which an electric field can be created.

Examples: rubbing materials together (friction), using batteries (chemical means), moving a closed loop of wire across a magnetic field

video
hands-on
online


Astronomy Elective Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments and equipment.

Example: appropriate viewing of solar eclipses

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables.

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student project presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of technology in studies of near and distant space.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning in astronomy and space studies.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning courses, databases, real-time photographs

video
hands-on
online

15. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

ORDERED UNIVERSE

 

The Stars

 

Students will:

 

16. Classify stars according to characteristics.
Temperature
Relative size
Composition
Radial velocity (based on spectral analysis)

video
hands-on
online

17. Determine the age of a star from its characteristics.

video
hands-on
online

18. Describe the relationship between formation and nuclear reactions within stars.

video
hands-on
online

The Solar System

 

20. Discuss the formation of the solar system.

video
hands-on
online

21. Explain how objects in the solar system move in regular and/or predictable ways.

video
hands-on
online

22. Compare the planets in terms of orbit, size, composition, rotation, atmosphere, moons, and distance.

video
hands-on
online

23. Compare factors essential to life on the Earth to conditions on the other planets.
Temperature
Gravity
Atmosphere
Water

video
hands-on
online

The Universe

 

24. Demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is part of a planetary system within the Milky Way galaxy, which is part of the known universe.

video
hands-on
online

25. Describe objects found outside the solar system.

Examples: pulsars, quasars, black holes

video
hands-on
online

26. Describe formation processes and characteristics of galaxies.

video
hands-on
online

27. Relate motion of objects within a solar system to such concepts as a "day," a "year," "phases of the moon," and "eclipses."

video
hands-on
online

28. Understand that common physical laws appear to apply to all bodies in the universe.

Examples: laws of Kepler, Newton, and Einstein (relativity) and ways they affect high-speed travel in space

video
hands-on
online

29. Evaluate astronomers' use of various instruments to extend the senses and monitor cosmic background radiation to increase knowledge of the universe.
Optical telescopes
Radio telescopes
Spectroscopes
Cameras
Spacecraft

video
hands-on
online

30. Explain the scientific foundation for the current model of the universe.
Evidence about its content
Theoretical assumptions based on mathematical and computer-simulated models

video
hands-on
online

31. Analyze arguments about the various scientific theories on the formation of the universe.
Big Bang Theory
Steady State Theory

video
hands-on
online

32. Assess the spectra generated by the stars and sun as indicators of motion.
Doppler effect
Red and blue shifts

video
hands-on
online

33. Relate Hubble's law with the concept of an ever-expanding universe.

video
hands-on
online

34. Evaluate the life cycle of stars using the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram).

video
hands-on
online


Earth and Space Science Elective Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit attitudes and habits appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments and equipment.

Example: wearing protective goggles when performing fracture tests

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables.

Example: earthquake wave amplitudes

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student project presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of technology in studies of near and distant space.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning in earth and space studies.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning courses, databases, real-time photographs

video
hands-on
online

15. Interpret the effects of technology in daily applications.

Examples: weather satellites, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), radioactive dating of rock samples

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

DYNAMIC EARTH

 

Biogeochemical Cycles

 

Students will:

 

Origin and Evolution of the Earth System

 

18. Interpret the order and impact of events in the geologic past.
Origin of the Earth system
Relative and absolute dating techniques
Statistical models of radioactive decay
Diversity of life through time
Fossil evidence of past life

video
hands-on
online

ORDERED UNIVERSE

 

Origin and Evolution of the Universe

 

Students will:

 

31. Discuss the formation of the solar system.

video
hands-on
online

32. Analyze planetary motion using the physical laws that explain motion.
Rotation
Revolution
Apparent diurnal motions of the sun and stars
Tilt of the Earth's axis
Parallelism of the Earth's axis

video
hands-on
online

33. Evaluate astronomers' use of various instruments to extend the senses and increase knowledge of the universe.
Optical telescopes
Radio telescopes
Spectroscopes
Cameras
Spacecraft

video
hands-on
online

34. Explain current scientific theories of the origin of the universe.
Big Bang Theory
Steady State Theory

video
hands-on
online

35. Explain the impact of "classical" scientific thought about the Earth and the universe on contemporary thought.
Copernicus
Galileo
Kepler
Newton
Einstein

video
hands-on
online

36. Examine sources of stellar energies.

video
hands-on
online

37. Assess the spectra generated by the stars and sun as indicators of motion.
Doppler effect
Red and blue shifts

video
hands-on
online

38. Relate the Hubble law with the concept of an ever-expanding universe.

video
hands-on
online

39. Evaluate the life cycle of stars using the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram).

video
hands-on
online