Alabama Course of Study: Science

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Alabama Course of Study science standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE.

For additional Alabama Course of Study science standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE

Elementary Standards: Kindergarten,   First Grade,   Second Grade,   Third Grade,   Fourth Grade,   Fifth Grade
Middle School Standards: Sixth Grade,   Seventh Grade,   Eighth Grade
High School Starndards: Physical Science,   Astronomy Elective Core,   Earth and Space Science

Kindergarten

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Examples: Do bees sleep? What is rain made of?

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: hand lenses, balances, droppers, computers, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Examples: identifying ways to care properly for fish in an aquarium, wearing safety goggles

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: identifying objects that make darkest shadows
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: explaining why thick objects cause darkest shadows
Sorting and classifying
Example: grouping objects according to darkness of shadows
Experimenting
Example: determining objects that make darkest shadows
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions about objects that make dark shadows
Developing hypotheses
Example: using experiences to guess which objects might make darkest shadows
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: making a class data chart
Observing
Example: examining objects and their shadows
Measuring
Example: ranking shadows according to darkness
Defining operationally
Example: deciding how to judge shadows as dark shadows
Communicating
Examples: drawing pictures of shadows, describing or explaining observations
Predicting
Example: predicting darkness of shadows of different objects
Collaborating
Examples: sharing learning experiences, discussing ideas about shadows

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: basing conclusion that mealworms move toward dark areas instead of light areas on observations of mealworm behavior

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: conducting experiments to determine if size or thickness of certain objects affects the darkness of shadows

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.

Example: description of quantity using nonstandard units of measure such as paper clips, unifix cubes, pencils, straws, shoes

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research.

Example: using hand-lens to enhance the naked eye

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers.

Examples: doctors using stethoscopes, astronomers using telescopes

video
hands-on
online

10. Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

Examples: cutting trees destroys animal homes, littering pollutes the soil/water

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society.

Examples: medicines used to prevent/cure illness, paying taxes to support research

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Properties and Changes in Matter

 

Students will:

 

12. Describe the observable states of matter.
Solid
Liquid

video
hands-on
online

13. Recognize physical changes of matter.
Melting
Freezing
Bending
Tearing

video
hands-on
online

Position and Motion of Objects

 

14. Describe motion.
Change of position
Examples: playground swings, wagons, model rockets
Change of speed

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

15. Recognize the sun as the Earth's source of energy.
Light
Heat

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

25. Describe daily and seasonal changes in weather.

video
hands-on
online

26. Recognize instruments used to observe weather.

Examples: rain gauge, thermometer

video
hands-on
online

Earth in Space

 

27. Describe what can be observed in the day sky with the unaided eye.
Sun
Clouds
Moon
Rainbows

video
hands-on
online

First Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Example: questions about the relationship of amount of water and pitch of a jar/glass when struck

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: hand lenses, clocks, computers, thermometers, balances

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Example: explaining how to release butterflies

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: listening and deciding which is high pitch and which is low pitch
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: relating levels of water to different pitches
Sorting and classifying
Examples: grouping jars of water into low and high pitches, arranging jars from lowest to highest pitch
Experimenting
Example: determining which jar has the highest pitch using different amounts of water
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions about the effect of water amount on pitch
Developing hypotheses
Example: using reasons for guessing how different pitches will be heard
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: recording high/low pitch and amount of water in jars
Observing
Example: listening to pitches created by striking jars containing different amounts of water
Measuring
Example: using non-traditional units to quantify length of water columns in jars
Defining operationally
Example: deciding how to distinguish low, medium, or high pitches
Communicating
Example: describing the experiment and reasons for conclusions
Predicting
Example: predicting pitch of jars with different shapes or liquids
Collaborating
Example: working in groups to make and play a jar xylophone

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: push and pull of magnets indicating force between them

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: measured student growth resulting from amount or kind of food eaten

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.
Applying standard whole units to measure an object or substance
Applying nonstandard whole units to measure an object or substance

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research.

Example: balances used to measure weight of an object

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers.

Example: teachers using computers in classrooms

video
hands-on
online

10. Recognize the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

Example: erosion resulting from removal of grass and trees during house construction

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society.

Example: airplanes making travel faster

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Earth in Space

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

20. Identify the Earth's features in the local community.

Examples: lakes, rivers, mountains, beaches, valleys, plains

video
hands-on
online

21. Relate events in daily life to aspects of weather patterns.

Examples: appropriate clothing, outdoor activities, safety procedures/precautions

video
hands-on
online


Second Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Example: questions regarding light as it comes in contact with different materials

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: rulers, meter sticks, measuring cups, clocks, hand lenses, computers, thermometers, balances, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Examples: explaining why students do not taste substances without the teacher's permission, wearing protective goggles when handling substances

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: grouping materials that reflect, refract (bend), or absorb light
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: discussing how light's path is changed by aluminum foil
Sorting and classifying
Example: sorting materials according to characteristics believed to favor reflection or absorption of light
Experimenting
Example: determining factors, one at a time, of materials that cause reflection of light
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions from observations about factors affecting light reflecting ability of objects
Developing hypotheses
Example: using observations and experiences to propose that smooth, shiny objects always reflect light
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: drawing/dramatizing how light rays bounce off a mirror
Observing
Example: examining effects of shining a light on different materials with similar/different characteristics
Measuring
Example: measuring how far away light can illuminate an object
Defining operationally
Example: mixing all colors of light to make white light
Communicating
Example: writing about procedures to investigate light and resulting conclusions
Predicting
Example: predicting whether a new material will reflect or absorb light
Collaborating
Example: working in groups to explain experiments with light to others

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: identifying weather conditions that might affect plant growth

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: conducting experiments to determine if color of light and/or kind of substance used (water, glass) causes light rays to refract (bend)

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.
Applying standard whole units (metric and English) to measure an object or substance
Applying nonstandard whole units to measure an object or substance

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research. Example: paleontologists using picks, hand-lens, sonar, and brushes

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers. Example: meteorologists using maps, data, and satellite imagery to predict long-range weather for crops

video
hands-on
online

10. Recognize the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions. Example: government establishment of national park or wilderness area

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society. Example: aircraft flying faster and safer because of radar

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Properties and Changes in Matter

 

Students will:

 

12. Describe changes in states of matter.
Solid to liquid
Liquid to solid

video
hands-on
online

14. Describe properties of objects when changes occur.

Examples: changing water into ice, tearing paper, adding cornstarch to water

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

31. Recognize weather patterns.
Daily
Seasonal

video
hands-on
online

32. Recognize the impact of weather.
Drought
Flood
Structural damage

video
hands-on
online


Third Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, clocks, computers, thermometers, hand lenses, meter sticks, rulers, balances, maps, star charts

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating condensation in a terrarium to stages of the water cycle

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Recognizing contributions of science to development of technology and changes in society

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Properties and Changes in Matter

 

Students will:

 

10. Describe the states of matter.
Solid
Liquid
Gas

video
hands-on
online

Energy

 

21. Recognize the effects of heat on matter.

Examples: ice melts, water boils, water evaporates

video
hands-on
online

22. Identify conductors and insulators of heat.

video
hands-on
online

23. Explain how energy from the sun is used.
Producing food in plants (photosynthesis)
Heating the Earth's surface
Generating electricity in solar panels

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

33. Describe the water cycle.

video
hands-on
online

34. Recognize positive and negative aspects of weather.

video
hands-on
online

35. Recognize geographic weather patterns.

video
hands-on
online

36. Recognize effects of weather.
Erosion
Examples: wind-caused, water-caused
Changes to man-made objects
Examples: scouring, cracking, rotting, rusting
Natural disasters

video
hands-on
online

37. Use weather instruments and other resources to record and predict weather.

Examples: thermometer, barometer, rain gauge, anemometer, weather maps and symbols, radar and satellite images, Internet, cloud charts

video
hands-on
online


Fourth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, thermometers, meter sticks, timing devices, balances, compasses, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating sinking and floating to weight and size

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Apply mathematical knowledge and skills to scientific investigations.
Computation
Probability (most/least likely outcomes)
Graphing (bar, line, circle, pictograph)
Fractions and decimals
Arithmetic mean
Measurement (metric)

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Identifying contributions of Alabama scientists

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Energy

 

19. Identify conductors and nonconductors of electricity.

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

31. Recognize evidence of the sun as the Earth's major source of energy.
Plant growth
Creation of winds
Water cycle

video
hands-on
online

32. Identify processes that require time for changes to be noticeable.

Examples: growth, erosion, weathering, flowing (water, lava), deposition

video
hands-on
online


Fifth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, temperature probes, balances, meter sticks, timing devices, compasses, collecting nets, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating length of string to frequency of pendulum swings

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Apply mathematical knowledge and skills to scientific investigations.
Computation
Probability
Graphing (bar, line, circle, pictograph)
Variables
Fractions and decimals
Arithmetic mean, mode, median, range
Measurement (metric)

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Recognizing contributions of science to development and design of technology

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Energy

 

16. Recognize that heat flows from hot materials to cold materials.

Example: melting of ice cubes at room temperature

video
hands-on
online

17. Describe methods of energy transfer.
Conduction
Convection
Radiation

video
hands-on
online


Sixth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate explanations and scientific theories of natural phenomena.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

Examples: graphs, ratio and proportions, estimation, fractions, percents

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; proper care of animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Energy Transfer and Transformation

 

25. Describe methods of heat transfer.
Conduction
Radiation
Convection

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

36. Describe the atmosphere of the Earth.
Formation
Composition
Layers
Weather
Climate

video
hands-on
online

37. Analyze the connection between the spheres of the Earth and its natural cycles.
Water
Nitrogen
Oxygen-Carbon Dioxide
Carbon

video
hands-on
online

38. Analyze factors producing global patterns of atmospheric movement that influence local weather.

Examples: heating of the atmosphere, oceans, and land masses; wind and ocean current systems; Coriolis effect

video
hands-on
online

39. Describe technology that monitors the Earth and outer space.

Examples: weather satellites used to monitor storms and other weather systems, radio telescopes

video
hands-on
online

40. Describe the lithosphere of the Earth.
Composition
Structure of the Earth's interior
Rock cycles
Weathering and erosion
Soil characteristics

video
hands-on
online

42. Identify locations on maps and globes using a latitude/longitude coordinate system.

video
hands-on
online

Earth in Space

 


Seventh Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate explanations and scientific theories of natural phenomena.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; caring properly for animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Energy Transfer and Transformation

 

25. Explain physical interactions of light and matter and their effect on color perception.
Refraction
Example: rainbow
Absorption
Examples: reflection from a colored object, transmission through a colored liquid
Transmission
Examples: scattering, absorption, or refraction as light passes through a material
Scattering
Examples: red sky at sunset, blue sky

video
hands-on
online

26. Differentiate among reflection, refraction, and diffraction of waves.

video
hands-on
online

27. Compare the uses of sound, light, radio, and microwave energy to transfer information.

video
hands-on
online


Eighth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate how observation, experimentation, and data analysis lead to the development of scientific theories.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; caring properly for animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

Forces and Motions

 

23. Relate pressure, force, and area.

video
hands-on
online

24. Relate force to pressure in fluids.

Examples: mechanical-hydraulics, Boyle's law, Pascal's law; biological-strokes, the bends, turgor pressure, blood pressure

video
hands-on
online


The Senior High Grades

Physical Science Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments, equipment, and chemicals.

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science-thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables simultaneously.

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of widespread use of and reliance on technology.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning

video
hands-on
online

15. Identify the effects of technology on daily life.

Examples: cellular phones, fiber optics, microwaves, lasers

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

INTERACTIONS OF ENERGY AND MATTER

 

38. Explain phase changes in terms of the effect of energy on particle motion.

Examples: ice changing from water and then to steam, slow particle movement changing to medium and then to fast

video
hands-on
online

40. Explain methods of heat transfer.
Conduction
Radiation
Convection

video
hands-on
online

41. Describe the transfer of energy through waves.
Mechanical energy (energy content as it relates to amplitude)
Electromagnetic energy (energy content as it relates to frequency)
Transverse waves
Longitudinal waves

video
hands-on
online

42. Identify wave characteristics.
Wavelength
Frequency
Period
Amplitude
Speed

video
hands-on
online

45. Describe characteristics and behavior of static charge.
Creating charge
Transferring charge through induction and conduction

video
hands-on
online


Earth and Space Science Elective Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit attitudes and habits appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments and equipment.

Example: wearing protective goggles when performing fracture tests

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables.

Example: earthquake wave amplitudes

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student project presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of technology in studies of near and distant space.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning in earth and space studies.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning courses, databases, real-time photographs

video
hands-on
online

15. Interpret the effects of technology in daily applications.

Examples: weather satellites, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), radioactive dating of rock samples

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

EARTH IN SPACE

 

Energy in the Earth System

 

Students will:

 

25. Explain sources of energy in the Earth system.
External (solar radiation)
Internal (decay of radioactive isotopes and gravitational energy)

video
hands-on
online

26. Describe the effects on weather of energy transfer within and among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere.

Examples: conduction, radiation, convection; evaporation, transpiration, and condensation in clouds; precipitation; winds; storms

video
hands-on
online

27. Analyze weather systems.
High and low pressure areas/fronts
Humidity
Cloud formation
Precipitation

video
hands-on
online

28. Differentiate between weather and climate.

video
hands-on
online

29. Relate causes and effects of climate.

video
hands-on
online

30. Analyze weather charts, weather maps, and graphs of weather data.

video
hands-on
online