Live From Mars was active July 1996-December 1997.
PART 1: Upcoming WebChats
PART 2: Get Out and Observe Mars
PART 3: Headbone Derby Contest
PART 4: "Saturday" Means Nothing to a Spacecraft
PART 5: Pathfinder Mission Status
PART 6: Global Surveyor Flight Status
PART 7: Subscribing & Unsubscribing: How to do it!
- Wednesday, March 19, from 10-11 a.m., PDT, Pieter Kallemeyn, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA - Tuesday, March 25, from 9-10 a.m., PDT, Ted Roush, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA PIETER KALLEMEYN is one of three navigators for the Mars Pathfinder, the 900-kg unmanned spacecraft whose final destination is more than 150 million miles away. Pieter and the other navigators are responsible for determining where the spacecraft is, predicting where it will go in the near future, and determining the means to correct the path in order for it to reach the surface of Mars. TED ROUSH is a planetary scientist who studies the composition of solid surfaces throughout the solar system. He is interested in the minerals and rock types found on the surfaces of rocky bodies and the various ices found on the surfaces of icy bodies. His work includes telescopic and spacecraft observations, laboratory work and computer calculations. He use telescopes located on Earth and on spacecraft to measure the sunlight that is reflected from the surfaces of objects in the solar system. Read more about Pieter and Ted by going to their biographies at: http://passporttoknowledge.com/lfm/team Please join us! RSVP to Andrea by sending a brief Email note to firstname.lastname@example.org. This RSVP is very important, as it will allow us to ensure that the chatroom does not become too crowded.
GET OUT AND OBSERVE MARS!
March is a great month for viewing Mars. For information on: how to observe; using the Mars map; and locating albedo features, polar caps and clouds go to http://www.skypub.com/whatsup/mars97.html To see the latest telescopic images of Mars go to the Marswatch archive page at: http://mpfwww.jpl.nasa.gov/mpf/marswatch_images.html Most of the folks observing Mars through their telescopes are reporting that there is a lot of cloud activity around the high peaks and that the north polar cap is shrinking as summer comes to the northern hemisphere. A few localized dust storms have been spotted by observers and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). HST has been photographing the red planet from September '96 through January '97. Color composites of the images can be seen at: http://marswatch.tn.cornell.edu/hst96-97.html
HEADBONE DERBY CONTEST
The Headbone Derby is a fun, effective curricular tool designed to help teachers and students use the World Wide Web constructively. In particular, the Headbone Derby teaches children how to locate information on the Web by using effective techniques and tools. The derby is designed for teams of 4th - 8th graders, though previous derbies have been played with great success by kids all the way from 1st through 12th grades. The derby first engages kids by presenting them with an entertaining story in comic-strip form. At the end of each episode, players are tasked to find a specific piece of information, and are given the tools and support to find this information by searching the Web. (Players are welcome to use conventional sources such as dictionaries and encyclopedias as well.) Beyond helping with research skills, the derby meets many curricular requirements by exercising kids' reading comprehension skills and expanding their knowledge of various subject areas. In the spring derby "Mystery on Mars," students will learn about astronomy, geography, geology, history, mathematics and general science. Furthermore, the puzzles are varied in nature to employ verbal, visual and analytical styles of thinking. The story line for "Mystery on Mars" takes place on the planet Mars. Fourteen-year-old sci-fi heroine Isabelle LeGrande and her sidekick, Augustus T. Robot, have traveled to the red planet for a much-needed vacation. No sooner do they arrive when Auggie finds all his data on Mars erased from his built-in hard drive. Who could be behind this? Is some other form of life lurking nearby? Kids will have to dig up critical information about Mars to further the plot and resolve the mystery of life on Mars. In the process they will peruse a wide range of educational Web sites including university astronomy sites, museums, history sites and NASA. Participation in the derby is free. The contest runs from March 16 until May 21 and you can register and participate anytime up to the end. Prizes will be awarded May 23 and include a laptop computer for the teacher of the winning team.. Get involved by webbing over to http://derby.headbone.com
"SATURDAY" MEANS NOTHING TO A SPACECRAFTby David Mittman [Editor's note: David is a flight engineer on the Mars Pathfinder project. His expertise is in planning the spacecraft's activities and in sending commands to the spacecraft. These two areas are known as mission planning and flight control. David works at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California.] Saturday, February 22, 1997 08:30 PST -- It's Saturday morning and I've just kissed the wife and kids good-bye for the morning. It's off to work! Today I get to do the flight controller part of my job. I haven't had flight control duty for about three weeks now because we are no longer tracking Mars Pathfinder 24 hours a day. Since the spacecraft is behaving so well, we no longer need to monitor it around the clock. So, although Saturday duty is not great, at least I get to work during the daylight hours. During around-the-clock monitoring, we all had some pretty rough shifts, for instance, 11:15 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. for four days in a row. Today we expect to hear from the spacecraft that all is well. No one has been listening to it since Thursday morning. If all is well, we will command the spacecraft to perform what's called an HRS Pump Cycle. Some explanation: There are two pumps that move freon (a coolant similar to that used in household air-conditioners) through the spacecraft, picking up heat inside the lander and dumping it outside the cruise stage. Usually we only use one of the pumps. To make sure the second, or backup pump remains in good working condition we are required to periodically switch it on for an hour. After turning on the second pump, the thermal control analysts watch the temperatures inside the lander for a small but noticeable drop...about one degree Celsius. If the temperature drops and the power analysts report that the pump is drawing the right amount of power, then we can assume that the pump is in good working order. The backup pump is then turned off until the next pump cycle activity or until the first pump fails. As flight controller, I have to be at the JPL Mars Pathfinder Project Operations Control Center before everyone else in order to set up the communications link with the spacecraft. Actually, what I really do is tell the engineers at the Deep Space Network (DSN) some key information and they make sure that the antennas are set up properly. Today's tracking pass will use the 34-meter antenna at Madrid, Spain. If there is a problem with the communications link, I can help them figure it out. If there seem to be no problems with either the spacecraft or the DSN antennas, then the JPL staff get to go home and leave the communications link unattended for the rest of the eight-hour shift. If a problem occurs, we'll all get paged and have to come back to work. I'm glad about unattended operations today because tomorrow is my son's fourth birthday party and I have to go home to help set up the house. 12:00 PST -- Well, everything went very nicely and the JPL staff is going to an unattended operations mode. I'll secure our spacecraft commanding workstation, make sure that the spacecraft data are still flowing smoothly to our database here at JPL and go home! Tuesday, March 4, 1997 22:00 PST -- It's 10 o'clock in the evening and I'm just getting in to work to set up for another flight controller duty shift. There seems to be a problem with our spacecraft command computer as I can't communicate with another computer located one floor above me. Wednesday, March 5, 1997 01:00 PST -- The 34-meter DSN antenna in Canberra, Australia is up and running, sending information about Mars Pathfinder's health to JPL. At JPL, however, the problems continue. It's after midnight (now it's Wednesday morning), and not only can't I send commands to the spacecraft, I can't see the data that are coming our way from Australia. The data seem to make it to our data control center upstairs, but I'm not seeing it. It looks like we have a broken connection of some kind between our project control room and the data control room one floor up. Since this kind of problem is not my area of expertise, I'll wake up some of our computer network experts to help diagnose the problem. 02:00 PST -- Well I've awakened two of my coworkers at home and we've found the problem. A computer device called a "router" has died, taking out our communications link with our data control center upstairs. Our network expert is coming in to fix the problem. For now, there is nothing to do but go home and get some sleep. If needed, we can always have our data control team replay the data to us at a later time.
PATHFINDER MISSION STATUS
The spacecraft is currently about 37 million kilometers from Earth and continues to function as expected. The total travel distance covered since launch is 248 million kilometers, which means that the spacecraft has reached the halfway point to Mars. A set of Entry, Descent, and Landing communications tests were started this week using the spacecraft and the Deep Space Network Galileo Telemetry recorders at Goldstone. These tests are meant to simulate the open loop strategy that we intend to use during entry to record significant events. The first test was successfully completed on March 3, and three additional tests will be performed during the next week. The project completed Surface Operational Readiness Test #3 on March 7-8. This test was the first formal operations test after launch and was designed to test the nominal Sol 1 and 2 sequences. Although there were a few start-up problems, the test was generally successful. All elements of the project worked well together to complete the critical Sol 1 operations and replan Sol 2. The Rover Operations Team performed remote field testing on Monday and Tuesday. With the SIM Rover at Amboy Crater, the Operations Team ran four Martian sol sequences from JPL. The sequences included navigation and traverse activities, and science and technology experiments. The Pathfinder Science Team also participated in the testing.
GLOBAL SURVEYOR FLIGHT STATUS
[Editor's note: This status report was prepared by the Office of the Flight Operations Manager, Mars Surveyor Operations Project, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.] Friday, 7 March 1997 On Monday, the onboard command sequence controlling Surveyor executed a test called the "Solar Array Feather." During the several- hour test, the solar arrays were rotated back and forth several times in a similar fashion to the motion that a person makes when rotating the wrist joint. This activity was performed for the benefit of the Magnetometer science team. The test simulated the rotation of the solar arrays that will occur as the arrays automatically track the Sun during Mars mapping operations. Because the Magnetometer sensors sit at the end of the solar arrays, the data collected from the test will allow the science team to determine the effect of the solar array rotation on the quality of their data. On Tuesday, the flight team loaded new parameters to Surveyor's attitude control software. These parameters deal with the performance of the star scanner that controls the spacecraft's ability to point at targets in space. With this parameter update, the spacecraft will be able to point its science instruments at objects with better accuracy than previously possible. Later on Tuesday, the Ka-band communications team accomplished a major milestone in their experiment. Over a several hour time period, an antenna at the Goldstone tracking station recorded data transmitted simultaneously from Surveyor's X-band and Ka-band transmitters. Normally, the spacecraft utilizes the 25-Watt, X-band transmitter for communicating with the Earth. The main difference between the two signals is that the 1-Watt, Ka-band transmitter operates at a frequency near 32 gigaHertz versus 8 gigaHertz for X- band. An analysis of the experiment indicated that no disagreements existed between the X-band and Ka-band data for all 12 million data bits observed on Tuesday. This positive result marks the first verified data transmission by an interplanetary spacecraft using a Ka-band signal. The result affirms a long-held belief that the use of Ka-band signals can allow a spacecraft to transmit information at faster data rates with transmitters that consume much less power. After a mission-elapsed time of 120 days from launch, Surveyor is 36.46 million kilometers from the Earth, 76.39 million kilometers from Mars, and is moving in an orbit around the Sun with a velocity of 27.23 kilometers per second. This orbit will intercept Mars on September 12, 1997. The spacecraft is currently executing the C5 command sequence and all systems continue to be in excellent condition.
SUBSCRIBING & UNSUBSCRIBING: HOW TO DO IT!
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