Prentice Hall School Division is the official education publisher of the print version of the Live from Antarctica Teacher's Guide.

This Teacher's Guide was compiled and edited by Erna Akuginow and Geoffrey Haines-Stiles

Written by Pat Haddon, April Keck Lloyd, Patty Miller, Margaret Riel, Ph.D. James S. Sweitzer, Ph.D., Jan Wee, April S. Whitt

Copy editing by Sarah Bunting, GHSP 1995 by Geoff Haines-Stiles Productions, Inc. & Maryland Public Television


Programs and Initial LIVE Air Dates and Times

Primary Satellite Coordinates

         K-U Band	TELSTAR 401
         970 West Longitude 
         Transponder 7 upper, Vertical polarity
         Downlink frequency 11925 MHz audio 6.2/6.8 mono

Test signals will be transmitted for one-half hour in advance of each program start time. The programs will each run for 40 minutes, with 20 minutes of added feed time assigned to additional material such as Internet training, cross-classroom discussion, etc.

The Technical Trouble number to be called by receive sites is (410) 581- 4205. This number will only be answered during the test period and broadcast times. Please check for last-minute changes occasioned by communications emergencies.

Videotape Availability

Videotapes of the programs as broadcast can be ordered from PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE.

Contingency Announcement

Field research is unpredictable. Though this is the Antarctic summer, there is the chance of snowstorms and high winds, which can interfere with both the research and the television satellite interconnections. The production team has put in place contingency plans which ensure that in any event four interesting programs, rich with information, will air on the days and times planned. Videotape reports recorded earlier in the Antarctic will replace live feeds, if necessary. Experts on Antarctica will be on hand at our live sites to respond to student questions. In the event of weather or satellite transmission problems, we will attempt to reschedule the most important content of the interrupted program for the next planned broadcast day. We hope you and your students understand that such possibilities literally "go with the territory" when the "field trip" is to such a distant and difficult location.

Off-Air Taping Rights

Taping rights for the television programs have been made available by the Producers for free school and classroom use for the now-standard public television Extended Rights period of one year after broadcast.

On-line Resources

The on-line resources that are a unique element of this project will be described in more detail later in this Teacher's Guide. The interactive messaging components designed and operated by NASA's K-12 Internet Project and PBS ONLINE's Learning Link will be supported by a cadre of on- line experts from November 15, 1994 through January 31, 1995. Together with NASA's Spacelink, the on-line networks will support extended use of the "static" Content Forum materials (i.e., non-interactive background information) from mid-November and continuing as long as the information remains current and relevant.

Live from Antarctica

An electronic field trip via interactive television, computer networks, and hands-on science activities Made possible, in part, by the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the U.S. Department of Energy, and PBS K-12 Learning Services

Dear Educator,

We hope you and your students will enjoy participating in Live from Antarctica. We think the opportunity for students in America to interact, live and on-camera, with researchers in Antarctica-literally at one end of the earth-is very exciting. Keep your fingers crossed for good weather and our success in realizing the first-ever live telecast from the South Pole, where a 17-year-old student will assist in the annual repositioning of the marker of the Earth's exact geographic South Pole, and a third grade teacher from Virginia will speak with her students back in Charlottesville! But we also hope you use the print and on-line computer materials that are very crucial elements in this project-before, during, and after the telecasts. The integration of the video programs with these print and interactive computer resources is still something of an innovation, and we all hope to learn from an experience which will, in turn, shape future multimedia applications for education.

Live from Antarctica inaugurates the Passport to Knowledge series of electronic field trips via public television, which follows a 1993 pilot. We plan to follow up later this year with another unique opportunity for you and your students. We will spend a night flying with NASA researchers aboard the Kuiper Airborne Observatory, which operates at over 40,000 feet, studying stars and galaxies. Live from the Stratosphere is planned for October 1995, and we hope to be Live from the Hubble Space Telescope in 1996. By registering for Live from Antarctica, you should be on contact lists for future field trips: to the craters of active volcanoes like Mount Vesuvius; to the place in Mexico where a mighty asteroid may have crashed to Earth and played a role in the extinction of the dinosaurs; to the Amazon rainforest; to swim with dolphins carrying live video cameras as they dive with whales; or to Earth's greatest particle accelerators and biological laboratories. Unlike other offerings, this Live from project is free to you, the teacher, and delivered directly into your school. All we ask in return is that, just as teachers suggest field trips to their Administrators, you will give us feedback on the form provided in this pack or on-line via e-mail about how this project worked for you, what might be done differently, and where future electronic field trips via interactive television might take us all! The Passport to Knowledge project will help to make the emerging National Information Infrastructure (or "Information Super Highway") a practical resource of direct and immediate use for you and your students. By participating in projects like this one and helping it to succeed, you will ensure that the educational potential of the new information technologies is not ignored. We hope to hear from you and your students with your responses to this unique journey.

Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Executive Producer and Project Director

Project Staff

Project Director & Executive Producer
Geoffrey Haines-Stiles

Executive in Charge of Production for GHSP
Erna Akuginow

For Maryland Public Television
Raymond K. K. Ho, President and CEO

James Abbott, Esq. General Counsel

Gail Porter Long, Vice President, Education & Telecommunications

Carol Wonsavage, Promotion and Publicity

Steve Reverand, Coordinating Producer

George R. Benaman II, Production Manager

For WTTW/Chicago and The New Explorers
Ed Menaker and Bill Kurtis

Curriculum & Classroom Activities Development Team
Pat Haddon, Grade 6 science teacher, Summit Middle School, New Jersey
April Keck Lloyd, 3rd grade/Educational Technology,
Burnley-Moran Elementary, Charlottesville, Virginia
Patty Miller, Kid Science Teleschool Teacher, Hawaii Department of Education
Margaret Riel, Ph.D., Interlearn, Encinitas, California
James S. Sweitzer, Ph. D., Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica,
Chicago, Illinois
Jan Wee, Library Media Director, West Salem Middle School,
West Salem, Wisconsin
April S. Whitt, Fernbank Science Center, Atlanta, Georgia
Bruce "Chip" Daley, Clark Country School District, Las Vegas, Nevada

National Advisory Board
Joseph D. Exline, V-QUEST Project Director, Virginia Department of Education, Virginia
Dale Andersen, Exobiologist, NASA Ames Research Center, California
Nancy Attinger Greely, Catholic Television Network, San Francisco, California
Camille Moody Jennings, NASA Education Division, Langley Research Center, Virginia
John Rummel, Marine Biological Laboratories, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

NASA K-12 Internet Project
Jennifer Sellers, Sterling Software
Marc Siegel

PBS Online & Learning Link
Cindy Johanson
Francis Thompson

NASA Spacelink
Bill Anderson
Flint Wild

Deane Rink (Antarctica)
Richard Dowling (US)

Field Video/Telecommunications Crew
Charles Kramer
Brian Igelman
Thom Stone
Roxanne Streeter

Project Development
Marcie Setlow, Setlow Media Inc.
Neal Brodsky

Live from Antarctica is a co-production of Maryland Public Television and Geoff Haines-Stiles Productions, in association with WTTW/Chicago. The New Explorers joins MPT to present Program 3, "Spaceship South Pole," which links Antarctica with Chicago, Virginia and Hawaii. The New Explorers is a co-production of WTTW/Chicago and Kurtis Productions Ltd.

Live from Antarctica is made possible, in part, by support from the National Science Foundation (which funds and manages the United States Antarctic Program), the Information Infrastructure Technology and Applications Program of NASA's Office of High Performance Computing and Communications, NASA's Education Division, NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences, PBS K-12 Learning Services and PBS ONLINE, and the U.S. Department of Energy.

Prentice Hall School Division is the official education publisher of the print version of the Live from Antarctica Teacher's Guide.

Additional support comes from the Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica (CARA); the Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago; NASA's K- 12 Internet Project, the NASA Science Internet, NASA Spacelink; NOAA (the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration); PBS ONLINE's Learning Link, and ASA (Antarctic Support Associates), NSF's contractor for field operations.

Satellite uplinks and other production assistance are provided by the Hawaii Department of Education (Office of Information and Telecommunication Services), the University of Hawaii and KHET, Hawaii Public Television; "H-E- B" Satellite in the Classroom, KRGV Weslaco and the McAllen Independent School District, Texas; the University of Virginia Curry School of Education and the Charlottesville Public Schools; and KUAC-TV/School of Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, North Star Borough School District, North Star Educational Network, Barrow, Alaska.

Special Thanks

Guy Guthridge, Manager of Polar Information, Office of Polar Programs, NSF; Malcolm Phelps, Chief, Technology and Evaluation Branch, NASA Education Division; Patrick Smith, Manager of Electrical Engineering OPP, NSF; Thom Stone and Roxanne Streeter, NASA Science Internet; Linda Billings, NASA Life and Biomedical Sciences Program,Charles Benton, Films Inc./PMI; Deana Bergquist, NASA Science Internet; Bill Burnett, NASA Industry Education Initiative;Gary Davis, NOAA u-Elizabeth Ann Felton, Northwestern University,Doyal Harper and Robert Lowenstein, CARA;-Fritz Hasler and Alan Nelson, Goddard Space Flight Center;-Barbara Isard-Stone, V.P. Marketing Communications, Prentice Hall; Bobbi Kennedy, V. P. Continuing Education, SCETV;Kristin Larson, NASA; Ed McDonald, Chicago Museum of Science and Industry; Thomas Pyke and Danielle Miller, GLOBE;Jerry Noel, Executive Director, H-E-B Satellite in the Classroom, Texas;Alan Feldman and Bob Tinker, TERC;Sandra Welch, PBS K-12 Learning Services;Andy Wratchford, PSCN/Marshall Space Flight Center; Antarctic Support Associates; Telecast Fiber Systems, Inc.; Digipix Editorial Inc.; The men and women of the United States Antarctic Program.

Live from Antarctica

Table of Contents

4	Grab Your Passport To Knowledge
4	The Electronic Field Trip
4	Project Components: The 3 T's 
5	The Teacher's Guide Format: The 4 E's 
6	Who Goes to Antarctica and Why?--Opening Activities
6	What Would I Study in Antarctica?
7	Packing and Planning for Your Trip to Antarctica
8	Insulating Materials and the Cold
10	Program 1 
11	Activity 1: Antarctica Today 
14	Activity 2: Continents on the Move
17	Program 2
18	Activity 1: How Does Nature Adapt to Extremes?
19	Activity 2: Fossils: Clues to the Past
21	Program 3
22	Activity 1: Working in a Freezer
23	Activity 2: Staking Out the "Real" South Pole
24	Activity 3: South Pole- Station Gamma
29	Program 4
30	Activity 1: What Impact Might Sea-level Rise Have?
31	Activity 2: Analyzing Greenhouse Gases and Global Temperature Over Time 
35	Activity 3: Students as Artists and Writers 
37	After the Electronic Field Trips--Wrap-Up Activities  
37	Science Reports from Antarctica
38	Creating Symbols
39	Getting On-line... and Connected to the Net
41	A Strategy for Building--The Use Of New Technologies (the 
        "pyramid" chart)
41	"Science Themes" Appearing in Live from Antarctica 
42	Additional Resources
44	Glossary
45	Teacher Evaluation Form
47	Student Evaluation Form
48	Map
49	Signal Path


4	Why Make Time for Live from Antarctica?: Teachers' Perspective 
6	More than Science: NSF's artists and writers program
11	Antarctica the Cold: Anthem for a Continent, Jenna Rice
16	Getting There, Rebecca L. Johnson
17	Listening to Silence, Alan Campbell
19	A Writer Roams The Dry Valleys, Barry Lopez
23	Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station 
24	The Ice, Stephen J. Pyne
28	Repositioning the Pole, 1993,April Whitt
33	Adequate Earth, Donald Finkel
37	Modern Antarctica Neelon Crawford

Prentice Hall School
Simon & Schuster Education Group

Prentice Hall Staff credits

Editorial: Pamela E. Hirschfeld
Book Design/Cover Art: Carol P. Richman
Production: Suse Bell, Christina Burghard
Pre-Press Production: Laura Sanderson
Manufacturing: Rhett Conklin