LiveFrom the Hubble Space Telescope

Teacher's Guide

Project Notes

An electronic field trip via interactive television, computer networks and hands-on science activities.

Made possible in part by NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space 
The National Science Foundation, PBS K-12 Learning Services and public 

Dear Educator,

Welcome to Live from the Hubble Space Telescope! This project marks the very first time that K-12 students have been directly involved in choosing which objects to observe with Earth's most powerful orbital telescope. And it's the first time that a unique mix of live interactive video and on-line interaction have given students across America and around the world the opportunity to visit-virtually-via an "electronic field trip," with the men and women who operate the Hubble. This Guide and the co-packaged hands-on materials are designed to help you and your students prepare for that experience, integrate it successfully into your course of instruction, and make it pay off long after the live videos are over. Many of the Activities you'll find here directly parallel the processes you'll see on camera or read about on-line. When your students chart which planets are safe to view with the Hubble (Activity 2C), throw a basketball around the gym to simulate the telecommunications path which brings the Hubble's data back to Earth (Activity 2D), or make a color image from black and white data (Activity 3A), they'll be mirroring the real-world activities they'll see the astronomers, mission planners and engineers doing on camera, in the real world of research.

Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is targeted primarily at middle schools, but can easily be adapted up or down in grade level. The project features cutting-edge science, but also provides extensive connections across disciplines, including math, social studies, language arts, technology education and computer skills, and it contains information about high-tech careers as well as "pure" research.

This is the third in our ongoing Passport to Knowledge series. Old hands will recognize many aspects of earlier Modules. But just like your students, we hope we've been growing and learning. We now have a full-time Education Outreach Coordinator, Jan Wee: you'll find her contact numbers on the inside front cover of this Guide. They are there for educators to use, with questions about any aspect of the project. Our innovative on-line resources continue to evolve. If you're new to the Internet, you'll find a section in this Guide designed to get you going. If you use the World Wide Web or have more extensive connectivity, you'll find graphics, a "Virtual Tour" of Space Telescope and its support network. We hope our project suggests ways in which your students can become authors, creators and publishers on-line, not mere "browsers." As one elementary teacher said, "Passport to Knowledge doesn't encourage students just to 'surf the Net,' but rather to 'make waves.' "

Is there a common feature to all our Modules, ranging as they do from penguins to planets, from the South Pole to Pluto? We hope you agree it's putting people into the process, so that students discover science not as history-with all discoveries done by others, many long dead-but as real life in which they can play a role. Passport to Knowledge is "Real Science, Real Scientists, Real Locations, Real Time."

Our project makes interaction with world-class scientists possible for students in schools, at home or from science centers and museums. And our project very much wants interaction with, and feedback from, YOU. On page 40, there's news about a special inducement to return the Teacher and Student Evaluation forms: a free CD-ROM. But your greatest reward will be to help shape future Passport to Knowledge field trips-the better to help you inform, inspire and educate your students. In Fall 1996, we plan to begin Live from Mars-a project which will extend over many years and multiple NASA and international missions. In Winter 1997, we expect to be back in the Antarctic, in the Palmer Peninsula, studying baby seals and and other wild-life close-up, as well as hunting dinosaur fossils. We hope your success with this current project means you'll be traveling with us then, and that Live from the Hubble Space Telescope will help you make "Reality" the fourth "R" in your classroom.

Thanks for your belief in our planet's most precious and, we believe, unlimited resource: the minds and imaginations of its young people.


Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, Passport to Knowledge and the Live fromÉ specials

Programs and Initial Air Dates and Times

Program 2	Making YOUR Observations
	March 14, 1996, 13:00-14:00 Eastern
Program 3	Announcing YOUR Results
	April 23, 1996, 13:00-14:00 Eastern
	Please Note:
Program 1	The Great Planet Debate
	first aired November 9, 1995, as an introduction 
	to the entire project. (For videotapes, see below)

Primary Satellite Coordinates

Ku-band: PBS K-12 Learning Services: Telstar 401, 97 degrees West, transponder 8, horizontal, 11915 Mhz, audio on 6.2 and 6.8
Please note: this refers to carriage on the primary satellite used by PBS. Carriage on the satellite itself does not guarantee broadcast by any individual PBS station. Please check local listings well in advance of air time to verify local arrangements! An on-line listing of confirmed carriage by local stations and educational networks will be accessible between March 1, 1996 and April 23, 1996.

C-band: NASA TV: Spacenet 2, 69 degrees West, transponder 5, channel 9, horizontal, frequency 3880 Mhz, audio on 6.8

NASA TV has indicated it will carry programs at the time and date scheduled. However Shuttle schedules and other factors may modify this. Again, please check current schedules close to air time. NASA TV publishes its daily schedule over NASA Spacelink. The Live from Hubble Home Page will also provide a pointer to this information.


You can order tapes from Passport to Knowledge.

Off-Air Taping Rights

The producers have made the standard public television Extended Rights period of "one year after initial broadcast" available for free classroom use.

Contingency Announcement

Field research on a scientific frontier is inherently unpredictable. Even traditional school trips are subject to weather and disruptions. An electronic field trip is no different: the Live from the Hubble Space Telescope programs are dependent on the HST operating normally, NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellites being available, and all domestic satellite links holding (see Activity 2D, page 24 below, for more background on how the electronic images get from Pluto to you!) The production team has put in place contingency plans for most eventualities. In the event of temporary loss of signal, live programming will continue from ground sites, interspersed with pre-taped segments.

Register for on-line Live from the Hubble Space Telescope updates or check our Web site:

On-line Resources

On-line resources are a unique element of this project and are described in more detail in this Guide. Background information is already available, and will remain accessible indefinitely, so long as it remains current. The project's interactive and collaborative components, such as Researcher Q & A will commence March 1, 1996, and will be supported at least through April 30, 1996. 

Need more Information?

Educators may contact Passport to Knowledge at


Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is a Passport to Knowledge project. Passport to Knowledge is supported, in part, by the National Science Foundation, under award ESI-9452769. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Foundation.

NSF Logo

This project was supported, in part, by the

National Science Foundation

Live from the Hubble Space Telescope is also supported by the Information Infrastructure Technology and Applications Program (IITA) of NASA's Office of High Performance Computing and Communications, the Space Telescope Science Institute (operated for NASA by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc.-AURA), the NASA Astrophysics Division, NASA Education, NASA K-12 Internet Initiative and PBS K-12 Learning Services.

Project Staff and Acknowledgments

Passport to Knowledge
	Project Director: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
	Executive in charge of Production: Erna Akuginow
	Education Outreach Coordinator: Jan Wee
	Producer: Richard Dowling
	Technical Coordinator: George R. Beneman, II
	Clearance Coordinator: Lisa Lehman Trager

MultiMedia Instructional Materials Development Team
	Scott L. Coletti, Crittenden Middle School, Mountain View, CA
	Linda Conrad, Cupertino Junior High, Sunnyvale, CA
	Alan Federman, NASA K-12 Internet Initiative
	William A. Gutsch, Jr., past President, International Planetarium Society, 				and former Chairman, Hayden Planetarium, NY
	Pat Haddon, Science Teacher/Grade 6 Team Leader, Summit Middle School, Summit, NJ
	Thomas W. Kraupe, President Elect, International Planetarium Society, and 
		Director, Forum der Technik Planetarium, Munich, Germany
	Patty Miller, KidScience Teleschool Teacher, Hawaii Department of Education
	Linda Morris, Director of Education/Center Director, Buehler Challenger & 				Science Center, Paramus, NJ
	Marc Siegel, NASA K-12 Internet Initiative
	Carolyn Sumners, Director of Astronomy and Physics, Houston Museum of Natural Science
	April S. Whitt, Fernbank Science Center, DeKalb County School District, Atlanta, GA

Passport to Knowledge National Advisory Board
	Dale Andersen, Exobiologist, NASA Ames Research Center
	Linda Billings,	Arlington, VA
	Bruce Daley, Clark County School District, Las Vegas
	April Keck DeGennaro, Teacher, Honolulu 
	Joseph D. Exline, Curriculum Consultant, VA 
	D.A. Harper, Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago
	Camille Moody, NASA Education
	John Rummel, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA
	Thom Stone, NSI/Sterling Software
	James S. Sweitzer, Ph.D., Associate Director, Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica, University of Chicago

Astronomical Consultants and "Planet Advocates"
	Reta Beebe, New Mexico State University w Marc Buie, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona
	Heidi Hammel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
	Carolyn Porco, University of Arizona, Tucson 
Space Telescope Science Institute
	Robert E. Williams, Director
	Ethan Schreier, Deputy Director
	Mimi Bredeson, Deputy 
	Carol Christian, Office Head, Public Outreach
	Anne Kinney, Education Manager and Project Scientist
	Patricia Pengra, Outreach Services Manager 
	Laura Danly, Education Project Scientist
	Carole Rest, Education Program Analyst
	Cheryl Gundy, Public Affairs 
	Alex Storrs, Planning Scientist, Moving Targets
	Zolt Levay, Computer Specialist for Image Processing
	Al Holm, Manager, OPUS 
	Tony Roman, Rob Landis, Karla Peterson and Andy Lubenow, Program Coordinators 
	Walt Feimer, Astronomy Visualization Laboratory 
	Ed Weibe, Engineer (Allied Signal)
	Ginger French, Video Producer 
	Ray Villard, News and Information Manager
	Kim Zeidler, Teacher Intern
	Pat Momberger, Administration Coordinator
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
	John Campbell, Associate Director of Flight Projects for Hubble Space Telescope
	Ann Merwarth, Project Manager for HST Operations and Ground Systems 
	Preston Burch, Deputy Project Manager for Operations, HST Operations and 			Ground Systems Project 
	Chris Wilkinson, Deputy Operations Manager
	Jan Ruff, Public Affairs/Education
	Tammy Jones, PAO
	Pat Kennedy, TV Production Supervisor (Allied Signal)

NASA K-12 Internet Initiative
	Karen Traicoff, NASA Ames
	Jennifer Sellers, Marc Siegel, Alan Federman, Susan Lee, Mike DeFrenza, Sterling Software 
	Nathan Hickson, Chris Tanski, I-Net

PBS K-12 Learning Services
	Sandra Welch, Executive Vice President, Education 
	Francis Thompson, Tom Flavell, Cindy Johanson

Space Telescope-European Coordinating Facility, Garching, Germany
	Piero Benvenuti, Head
	Robert Fosbery, ST Information Scientist
	Rudolf Albrecht, ST Data and Software
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