South Dakota Science Standards

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which South Dakota Science Standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE.

For additional South Dakota Science Standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

Elementary Standards: Kindergarten,   First Grade,   Second Grade,   Third Grade,   Fourth Grade,   Fifth Grade
Middle School Standards: Sixth Grade,   Seventh Grade,   Eighth Grade
High School: Grades 9-12

Goals and Indicators

1. Students will explore, evaluate, and communicate personal and scientific investigations to understand the nature of science.

Indicators:

Understand the nature, value, and application of scientific knowledge.
Demonstrate understanding and use a variety of processes for scientific investigations.

2. Students will use appropriate scientific models to describe and quantify the nature and interactions of matter and energy.

Indicators:

Describe structures and properties of matter in various states and forms.
Describe various physical and chemical changes in matter.
Analyze fundamental forces, their forms, and their effects on motion.
Analyze various interactions of energy and matter.

3. Students will describe structures and attributes of living things, processes of life, and interaction with each other and the environment.

Indicators:

Understand the fundamental structures, functions, and mechanisms found in living things.
Analyze various patterns and products of natural and induced biological change.
Analyze how organisms are linked to one another and the environment.

4. Students will analyze the composition, formative processes, and history of the universe, solar system, and Earth.

Indicators:

Understand the various structures and processes of the Earth system.
Analyze essential principles and ideas about the composition and structure of the universe.

5. Students will identify and evaluate the relationships and ethical implications of science, upon technology, environment, and society.

Indicators:

Analyze various implications/effects of scientific advancement within the environment and society.
Analyze the relationships/interactions among science, technology, environment, and society.

Kindergarten

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. actively participate in science activities.

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2. observe and ask questions about the world around them. (example: Where does rain come from?)

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3. show an interest in and willingness to investigate unfamiliar objects and events.

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4. use their senses and simple instruments to make observations. (example: magnifying glasses, balance scales)

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5. safely conduct simple experiments to answer questions.

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6. use non-standard units of measurement to compare objects.

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7. use scientific thinking skills. (example: observing, communicating, and comparing)

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

1. use sensory descriptors to describe objects. (example: sweet, sour, rough, smooth)

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2. explore objects in terms of physical attributes.

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3. find similarities and differences of various objects.

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4. study water in solid and liquid form.

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5. observe physical changes in matter. (example: melting, freezing, bending, tearing)

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6. explore magnetism, describe its effect on various materials, observe that magnetic force can pass through various materials and that some magnets have useful applications.

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7. describe the motion of various objects found in their world. (example: cars, swings)

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8. explore vibration and sound.

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9. determine which of two objects is hotter or colder.

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10. explain how thermal energy can be produced from many other forms of energy. (example: burning, rubbing objects together)

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Life Science

Students will:

 

1. sort living from non-living things.

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2. describe the basic needs of living organisms.

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3. recognize similarities and differences in diverse species.

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4. compare size, shape and structure of living things. (example: grasses to trees, birds to mammals)

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5. describe changes that are part of common life cycles. (example: seed to flower to fruit to seed)

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6. recognize that offspring of plants and animals are similar, but not identical to their parents or one another. (example: pets and plants)

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7. explore ways in which organisms react to changing conditions. (example: animals’ coats change in the winter; people sweat in hot weather and shiver in cold weather)

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8. describe the flow of energy in a simple food chain.

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9. describe ways that plants and animals depend on each other.

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10. explore the habitat.

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11. explain the importance of conserving water or other resources at home and school.

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

1. explore how shadows are made.

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2. describe major features of the Earth’s surface. (example: rivers, deserts, mountains, valleys, oceans)

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3. compare rocks, soil, and sand.

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4. describe simple Earth patterns in daily life. (example: weather observations)

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5. describe what causes day and night.

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6. identify observable objects in the day and night skies.

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. recognize technology in school, home and community. (example: computer, pencil refrigerator, Velcro, fire truck)

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2. describe ways technology makes life easier for people.

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3. care for the environment around the school. (example: litter, paper)

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4. recognize ways to reuse various materials.

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5. explore how science helps bring water and energy to the home and school.

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6. identify how science is used to make everyday products. (example: paper, pencils, desks)

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First Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. recognize that people contribute to scientific knowledge.

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2. ask questions and explore the world around them.

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3. use investigations in science to produce knowledge.

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4. enhance observations by using senses and simple instruments to identify differences in properties.

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5. measure length, mass, and volume using nonstandard and standard units when appropriate.

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6. conduct simple experiments safely to answer questions about familiar objects and events.

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7. use scientific thinking skills. (example: observing, communicating, classifying, comparing.

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

7. investigate how moving objects exhibit different types of motion. (example: straight, circular, back and forth)

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8. describe how pushes or pulls can change motion of an object.

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9. demonstrate and describe motion as a change in position.

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10. describe motions of common objects in terms of speed and direction.

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11. explore how the movement of objects influence other objects. (example: collision of marbles)

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13. explore heat sources and the effect on matter.

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14. associate sounds with vibrating objects.

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15. investigate sources of energy. (example: moving water, food)

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16. explains how the sun applies heat and light to Earth.

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17. describe how energy is transferred through a system or cycle. (example: an aquarium, terrarium, water cycle)

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

1. describe how night and day are caused by the rotation of the Earth.

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2. explain that the sun is the source of heat and light that warms the land, air, and water.

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3. describe the relationship of seasonal changes and weather to the activities and life processes of plants and animals.

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6. describe what can be observed in the sky by the unaided eye in the day and at night. (example: sun, moon, stars)

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7. observe and identify the basic components of the solar system. (example: sun, planets)

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. investigate and understand how that natural resources are limited.

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2. describe how technology contributes to solving problems.

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3. investigate and describe factors that affect air and water quality.

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4. investigate how to recycle and reuse natural resources.

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5. identify how science contributes to solving problems.

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6. describe scientific solutions for preventing hazardous situations. (example: fires, pollution)

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7. develop personal habits that display concern for the environment.

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Second Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. understand that scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world and that much is still unknown.

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2. investigate scientific contributions made by people everywhere in the world.

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3. use investigations in science to answer different questions.

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4. repeat observations of investigations to improve accuracy.

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5. measure length, volume, mass and temperature in appropriate units.

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6. make predictions based on observations rather than random guesses.

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7. conduct simple experiments safely to answer questions.

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8. recognize unexpected or unusual quantitative data.

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9. use scientific thinking skills. (example: observing, communicating, classifying, comparing, predicting)

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

8. predict the effects of force on objects.

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9. describe how force can be used to make objects move.

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10. explore forces that move objects. (example: gravitation, magnetic, electrostatic)

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11. describe how things can move or be made to move.

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12. explore ways to make objects move faster or slower or in a different direction.

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16. explore how light can pass through some objects and not others.

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17. explain that light travels in a straight line unless it strikes an object. (example: describe the casting of shadows, and the effects of prisms)

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19. investigate sources of energy. (example: moving water, food, wind, sun)

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

5. observe stars in relation to Earth and the universe. (example: number, brightness, basic constellations)

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. describe how technology contributes to solving problems.

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2. explain how technology is applied to daily life.

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3. analyze the impact and interactions of human activities on the environment.

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4. model the ways to recycle, reuse, and reduce consumption of natural resources.

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5. investigate and describe ways science is used to solve problems.

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6. explain scientific findings which have generated solutions to various environmental and social concerns. (example: water pollution, fire hazards, malnutrition)

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Third Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. use investigations in science to serve different purposes. (example: exploring the world)

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2. explore characteristics of scientific ways of thinking.

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3. understand that science involves asking and answering questions and comparing the results to what is already known.

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4. describe scientific contributions made by people worldwide.

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5. make specific predictions and observations concerning a situation or phenomenon.

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6. gather, chart, and graph data.

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7. use appropriate standard and metric measures to collect, record, and report data.

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8. communicate results of scientific experiments.

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9. recognize variables in the outcome of events.

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10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.

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11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

8. explain the cause and effect of motion.

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10. describe the sun’s ability to produce energy in the forms of light and heat.

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11. demonstrate how light, heat, motion, magnetism, and sound can cause changes.

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

7. describe how the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the sun, and the moon orbits Earth.

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. investigate how people invent new ways of doing things, new ways of solving problems, and new ways of getting work done.

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2. explore how new ideas and inventions affect people.

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3. explore how science has improved transportation, health, sanitation, and communication.

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4. investigate how designing a solution may have constraints. (example: cost, materials, time, space, safety)

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5. investigate how natural events and human influences can affect the survival of species.

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6. describe and explain the interrelationship of populations, resources, and environments.

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7. investigate the relationship between the use of different natural resources and the effect of their use on the environment.

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8. discuss possible solutions to local environmental concerns.

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9. analyze trash and estimate the percentages of recyclable and non-recyclable materials.

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Fourth Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. use investigations in science to serve different purposes. (example: verifying previous results)

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2. identify characteristics of scientific ways of thinking.

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3. identify men and women who have revolutionized scientific thinking.

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4. explore the scientific process as identifying a problem, developing a hypothesis, experimenting, collecting data, and drawing conclusions.

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5. develop questions to formulate hypotheses and use data to make predictions.

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6. make distinctions among predictions, observations, and conclusions.

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7. use appropriate standard and metric measures to collect, record, and report data in graphical representations.

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8. recognize numerical data that are contradictory or unusual in experimental results.

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9. recognize the effect of manipulated variables on the outcomes of events.

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10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.

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11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

9. experiment with forces acting at a distance.

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12. describe the relationship between magnets and magnetic fields.

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

1. describe unique properties of Earth as a planet.

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4. describe the causes for Earth’s seasons.

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8. explain the relationship between the rotation of Earth on its axis and the day/night cycle.

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9. describe the motions of Earth, sun, and moon. (example: revolution and rotation)

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10. describe relative size, position and makeup of Earth, moon, and sun.

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11. describe how Earth is part of the solar system.

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12. compare stars and planets. (example: appearance, movement)

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13. distinguish appearance from fact regarding the movement of objects across the sky.

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. describe how people continue to invent new ways of doing things, solving problems, and getting work done.

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2. investigate how new ideas and inventions often affect people.

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3. plot on a graph over a period of time the consumption of various resources.

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4. explain how inventions have changed people’s lives. (example: television, electric lights)

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5. research conservation practices and pollution problems.

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6. apply scientific knowledge and processes of one domain of science to other fields of study. (example: environmental studies).

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7. design possible solutions to local environmental concerns.

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8. describe human influences on plant and animal survival.

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9. describe the relationship between the use of natural resources and the effects of that use on the environment.

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Fifth Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. use investigations in science to serve different purposes. (example: comparing results)

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2. identify and model characteristics of scientific thinking.

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3. explain how scientific theory, hypothesis generation, and experimentation are interrelated.

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4. explore various cultural and historical perspectives on the evolution of scientific knowledge.

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5. understand that scientific knowledge increases and changes over time.

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6. formulate hypotheses based on cause and effect relationships and use observed patterns to make predictions.

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7. make predictions, utilize observations, and draw conclusions.

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8. define variables that must be held constant in a specific experimental situation.

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9. collect, record, and report data using the appropriate graphical representation. (example: graphs, charts, and diagrams)

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10. recognize numerical data that are contradictory or unusual in experimental results.

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11. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.

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12. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

1. explain that matter takes up space and has mass.

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2. explore that matter is made up of elements and molecules. (example: carbon dioxide, water)

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3. classify matter on the basis of physical properties. (example: mass, density, magnetism, physical state, and the ability to conduct heat, electricity and sound)

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4. identify changes that can occur in the physical properties of the ingredients in a solution. (example: sugar dissolving in water)

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5. explore solutions.

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6. describe the effect of various external energies on the states of matter. (example: temperature, mechanical, chemical)

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7. measure characteristic properties of substances that remain constant. (example: boiling and melting points)

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8. explain how materials made by chemically combining two or more substances may have properties that differ from the original materials.

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9. explain that every object in the universe has mass and therefore gives rise to a gravitational force on every other object.

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10. identify forces in specific situations that require objects to interact, change directions, or stop.

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11. analyze the structure and design of simple and complex machines to determine how the machines make work easier.

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12. demonstrate that temperature change can produce phase changes in matter.

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13. demonstrate how to measure heat flow into a body.

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14. explore the production, consumption, transformation, and conservation of electrical, mechanical, heat, light, and chemical energy.

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15. explain how sound is transmitted and used as a means of communication.

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16. explore characteristics of light, including visible spectrum, light waves, reflection, refraction, and diffraction.

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17. identify quantities important to the flow of current in electric circuits: (example: volts measure electric potential, amperes measure electric current; ohms measure resistance to current flow)

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

8. describe the variety of components of the solar system.

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9. explain how patterns of stars remain the same even though patterns appear to move across the sky.

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10. understand that the apparent size of a light source is related to the distance from the source.

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11. describe the relative scale of Earth to the sun, planets, and moon.

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12. investigate historical contributions in understanding Earth-moon-sun system.

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. explain how people continue to invent new ways of doing things, solving problems, and getting work done.

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2. describe the effect new ideas and inventions have on people.

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3. investigate the improvements science has made in transportation, health, sanitation, and communication.

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4. investigate why the benefits of science and technology are not available to all people.

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5. plot on a graph over a period of time the consumption of various resources and explain the changes.

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6. evaluate a product or design based on constraints.

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7. propose solutions to waste disposal problems, e.g., reuse, reduce, recycle.

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8. identify how and why natural resources are unevenly distributed throughout the world, and how they can be distributed through transportation.

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9. evaluate the importance of plant and animal species in relation to human survival.

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10. analyze environmental changes made by people and describe how the changes have affected plants and animals.

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11. compare and contrast conservation practices in different communities.

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Sixth Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. explain how scientific knowledge and processes have evolved over time.

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2. base conclusions on scientific evidence obtained from a variety of sources.

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3. understand the need for continual re-evaluation of scientific knowledge.

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4. discuss the limitations of scientific study.

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5. examine the scientific contributions of various cultures.

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6. describe the limits of accuracy inherent in a particular measuring device or measurement procedure.

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7. manipulate one variable over time with many repeated trials to test an hypothesis.

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8. construct and interpret graphs from data to make predictions.

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9. use research methods to investigate practical and/or personal scientific problems and questions.

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10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.

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11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

5. understand the organization of the solar system and the relationships among the various bodies that comprise it. (example: sun, moon, Earth, other planets, and their moons, meteors, asteroids, and comets)

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6. describe how Earth’s motions and tilt on its axis lead to daily and seasonal changes.

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7. analyze the mechanics of day and night and the phases of the moon.

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8. relate the lunar orbit to the phases of the moon and to the gravitational effects it produce on Earth.

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9. compare revolution and rotation of other planets to Earth’s.

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. discuss science issues. (example: cloning, aging, farming, mining, timber)

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2. determine how science helps drive research and provides knowledge for better understanding.

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3. investigate how cultural backgrounds and beliefs of different groups can affect scientific thinking.

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4. explain how society and need can affect the direction taken by science.

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5. determine scientific advancements that have had an impact on the environment.

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6. determine the importance of public access to scientific discoveries.

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7. identify ways that medical technologies have affected life. (example: X-rays, vaccines, stethoscopes)

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8. investigate the possible consequences of various alternative decisions for technological-related issues.

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9. discuss a solution for a problem or a need.

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10. describe the role of technology in developing natural resources.

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Seventh Grade

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. analyze societal response to major scientific findings or theories. (example: Einstein’s, Galileo’s, Madame Curie’s)

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2. understand the need for continual re-evaluation of scientific knowledge.

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3. describe the limitations of scientific study.

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4. investigate uses of hypotheses in science. (example: evaluating relevance of data, determining data to be obtained, interpreting old and new data directly, identifying the need for new information)

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5. evaluate the conclusions to scientific investigations.

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6. determine the limits of accuracy inherent in a particular measuring device or procedure.

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7. control variables to test hypotheses by repeated trials.

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8. identify sources of experimental error.

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9. interpret to make predictions and/or justify conclusions.

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10. use research methods to investigate practical and/or personal scientific problems and questions.

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11. demonstrate appropriate use of apparatus and technologies for investigations.

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12. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

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Physical Science

Students will:

 

10. differentiate between distance, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration.

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11. identify Newton’s Laws of Motion.

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12. compare and contrast the fundamental forces. (example: gravity, electrical, magnetic, nuclear)

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13. describe methods of heat transfer. (example: conduction, radiation, convection)

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14. relate waves to the transfer of energy. (example: earthquake waves, sound waves, water waves, and electromagnetic waves)

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15. explain the physical interactions of light and matter. (example: transmission, refraction, reflection, polarization)

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16. explain basic principles of electricity and magnetism including static, current, circuits, magnetic fields, and electromagnetism.

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17. describe characteristics of sound waves. (example: wave length, frequency, amplitude, intensity, loudness)

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Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

5. compare and contrast characteristics of the sun, planets, their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids.

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6. describe the role of gravity in the solar system.

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7. compare masses within the solar system using composition, size, and orbital motion.

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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. discuss science issues. (example: cloning, aging, farming, mining, timber)

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2. investigate how science helps drive research and provides knowledge for better understanding.

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3. describe how cultural backgrounds and beliefs of different groups can affect scientific thinking.

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4. describe how society and need can affect the direction taken by science.

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hands-on
online

5. describe scientific advancements that have had an impact on the environment.

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hands-on
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6. explain the importance of public access to scientific discoveries.

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hands-on
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7. analyze health recommendations concerning nutrition and drugs.

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8. determine the risks associated with natural and biological hazards.

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9. describe the possible consequences of various alternative decisions for technological-related issues.

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10. design a solution or product for a problem or a need considering constraints. (example: cost, time, materials, environmental/societal trade-off)

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hands-on
online


Eighth Grade

Nature Science

Students will:

 

1. explain how scientific theory, hypothesis generation, and experimentation are interrelated.

video
hands-on
online

2. analyze the scientific contributions of various men and women within specific fields of science.

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hands-on
online

3. describe how scientific knowledge and processes have evolved and will continue to evolve over time

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hands-on
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4. analyze the limitations of scientific study.

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hands-on
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5. analyze uses of hypotheses in scientific investigations. (example: evaluating relevance of data, determining data to be obtained, and interpreting old and new data, identifying the need for further information)

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hands-on
online

6. understand the limits of accuracy inherent in a particular measuring device or procedure.

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7. control variables to test hypotheses by repeated trials, and by identifying sources of experimental error.

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8. interpret data to justify predictions or conclusions.

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9. use research methods to investigate practical and/or personal scientific problems and questions.

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hands-on
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10. select appropriate scientific equipment and technologies for investigations and experiments.

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hands-on
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11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

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hands-on
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Physical Science

Students will:

 

8. explain how Newton’s laws of motion applies to the way the world works. (example: inertia, acceleration, gravitation, and action/reaction)

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hands-on
online

9. relate change of speed and direction to unbalanced forces acting on an object.

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hands-on
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11. relate variables to the speed of sound waves. (example: wavelength, frequency, density and state of medium)

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15. differentiate among reflection, refraction, and diffraction of water, light, and sound waves.

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hands-on
online


Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

6. investigate theories related to the origin and evolution of the solar system, a galaxy, and the universe.

video
hands-on
online

7. describe the origin of stars and of stellar systems.

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hands-on
online

8. describe the components of the universe.

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hands-on
online

9. relate the discovery of the speed of light to how distance is measured in the universe.

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hands-on
online

10. investigate apparent relationships among various components of the universe.

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hands-on
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Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. analyze the ethical issues of science. (example: cloning, aging, farming, mining, timber)

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hands-on
online

2. explain how science helps drive research and provides knowledge for better understanding.

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hands-on
online

3. determine how cultural backgrounds and beliefs of different groups can affect scientific thinking.

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hands-on
online

4. analyze how society and need can affect the direction taken by science.

video
hands-on
online

5. analyze scientific advancements that have had an impact on the environment.

video
hands-on
online

6. analyze the importance of public access to scientific discoveries.

video
hands-on
online

7. explain the importance of testing technology and products of technology in a controlled setting before submission to the general public.

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hands-on
online

8. analyze the possible consequences of various alternative decisions for technological related issues.

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hands-on
online

9. investigate and discuss public policy decisions relating to the environment.

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hands-on
online


Grades 9-12

Nature of Science

Students will:

 

1. analyze how societal, cultural, and personal beliefs influence scientists’ investigations and interpretations.

video
hands-on
online

2. analyze evidence that supports or refutes past or current scientific theories, hypotheses, and/or explanations about a specific topic.

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hands-on
online

3. analyze how new discoveries may either modify existing theories or result in establishing a new paradigm.

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hands-on
online

4. compare different scientific explanations for the same observations about natural phenomena.

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hands-on
online

5. explain how observation and evidence are essential for reaching a conclusion.

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hands-on
online

6. analyze how new knowledge and methods emerge from investigations and from public communication among scientists.

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hands-on
online

7. differentiate among facts, predictions, theory, and law/principles in scientific investigations.

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hands-on
online

8. apply basic science process skills. (example: observing, classifying, measuring, communicating, predicting, inferring)

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hands-on
online

9. identify questions and concepts to guide the development of hypotheses and of scientific investigations including the analysis of primary sources of information.

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hands-on
online

10. select and use appropriate instruments to extend observations and measurements.

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hands-on
online

11. manipulate multiple variables with repeated trials.

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hands-on
online

12. apply appropriate mathematical techniques in evaluating experimental data.

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hands-on
online

13. formulate and revise scientific explanations and models.

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hands-on
online

14. use written, oral, and technological communication skills to explain scientific phenomena and concepts.

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hands-on
online

15. use safe and effective laboratory techniques.

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hands-on
online


Physical Science

Students will:

 

1. relate macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the four states of matter.

video
hands-on
online

2. differentiate between physical and chemical properties used to describe matter.

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hands-on
online

3. trace the changing model of the atom. (example: the Bohr to the wave-mechanical model)

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hands-on
online

4. use the periodic table to determine reactivity, to write formulas, to identify types of compounds formed, and to determine valence and oxidation number.

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hands-on
online

5. analyze how placement of elements on the periodic table is a function of atomic structure.

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hands-on
online

6. explain characteristics of atoms and of relationships that exist among them.

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hands-on
online

7. compare characteristics of isotopes of the same element.

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hands-on
online

8. analyze different types of stoichiometric relationships.

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hands-on
online

9. differentiate between acids and bases.

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hands-on
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10. compare the roles of electrons in covalent, ionic, and metallic bonding.

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hands-on
online

11. describe factors that affect reaction rates including temperature, concentration, surface area, and catalysts.

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hands-on
online

12. apply calorimetry to investigate heat of reaction.

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hands-on
online

13. analyze the properties and interactions of acids, bases, and salts.

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hands-on
online

14. describe factors that affect solubility and rate of solution. (example: nature of solute and solvent, temperature, agitation, surface area, pressure of gases)

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hands-on
online

15. analyze energy transfer as matter changes from one form to another.

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hands-on
online

16. analyze physical and chemical processes involving atoms, molecules, and ions that result in endothermic and exothermic changes.

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hands-on
online

17. explain how molar quantities are changed based upon the intended chemical reaction.

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hands-on
online

18. analyze how phases of matter are explained by kinetic theory and by forces of attraction between particles.

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hands-on
online

19. apply the kinetic molecular theory to solve quantitative problems involving pressure, volume, and temperature in ideal gases.

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hands-on
online

20. use models to make predictions about chemical bonds, chemical reactivity, and polarity of molecules.

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hands-on
online

21. demonstrate the relationships between force and motion in Newton’s laws.

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hands-on
online

22. solve graphically and analytically vector problems related to force.

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hands-on
online

23. relate gravitational or centripetal force to projectile or uniform circular motion.

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hands-on
online

24. apply quantitative relationships among mass, velocity, force, and momentum.

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hands-on
online

25. apply the quantitative relationships among force, distance, work, time, and power to solve problems or to describe situations.

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hands-on
online

26. explain how extremely large and extremely small quantities and very rapidly moving objects are not necessarily described by the same laws that Newtonian physics describe.

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hands-on
online

27. explain the sources of intramolecular and intermolecular forces in matter.

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hands-on
online

28. calculate the force on a charged particle at rest and/or in motion.

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hands-on
online

29. determine if an object is in equilibrium and distinguish among stable, neutral and unstable equilibria.

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hands-on
online

30. describe mathematically the relationships among potential energy, kinetic energy, and work.

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hands-on
online

31. describe how energy can be transferred and transformed to produce useful work and to calculate the efficiency of selected systems.

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hands-on
online

32. explain methods of heat transfer. (example: conduction, radiation, convection)

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hands-on
online

33. relate conservation of matter and energy to the flow of energy through food webs.

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hands-on
online

34. describe the use of isotopic dating in determining the age of fossils.

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hands-on
online

35. interpret wave phenomena using models of transverse and longitudinal waves.

video
hands-on
online

36. analyze the different frequencies and wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum.

video
hands-on
online

37. investigate how light behaves in the fundamental processes of reflection, refraction, and image formation. (example: manipulate prisms, mirrors, lenses)

video
hands-on
online

38. use single and multiple slits and diffraction gratings to demonstrate the wave properties of light.

video
hands-on
online


Earth/Space Science

Students will:

 

7. describe the Newtonian mechanics that can be applied to the study of the motions of the solar system.

video
hands-on
online

8. explain the position and motion of our solar system in the universe.

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hands-on
online

9. know how to describe astronomical distance and time.

video
hands-on
online

10. explain the formation of stars from interstellar matter.

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hands-on
online

11. describe the physical and nuclear dynamics involved in the formation, evolution, and death of a star.

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hands-on
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12. analyze and compare various scientific theories on how the universe was formed. (example: Big Bang theory)

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hands-on
online

13. identify the arrangement of bodies found within and outside our galaxy.

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hands-on
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14. describe various ways data about the universe is collected. (example: optical, radio, and x-ray telescopes, spectrometers, space probes)

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hands-on
online


Science, Technology, Environment, and Society

Students will:

 

1. analyze the impact of scientific investigations and findings on human society. (example: issues surrounding genetic engineering)

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hands-on
online

2. explain how progress in science and technology can be affected by social issues and by challenges.

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hands-on
online

3. explain the relationships between the maintenance and progress of society and of scientific advancement.

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hands-on
online

4. describe and explain scientific factors that affect population size and growth. (example: birth and death rates, medical services, social services, quality of environment, disease, education)

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hands-on
online

5. evaluate the scientific accuracy of information relevant to a specific issue regarding local, national, and/or global agricultural practices that affect the environment.

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hands-on
online

6. evaluate the impact of products made of natural materials or synthetic materials, or of a combination of the two.

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hands-on
online

7. describe immediate and long-term consequences of potential solutions for technological-related issues. (example: natural catastrophes, interactions of populations, resources and environment, health, disease)

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hands-on
online

8. evaluate factors that serve as potential constraints on technological design and use. (example: ethics, ecology, manufacturing processes, operation, maintenance, replacement, disposal, liability)

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hands-on
online

9. understand technological design. (example: identify appropriate problems for technological design, design a solution or product, implement a proposed design, evaluate technological designs or products, communicate the process of technological design)

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hands-on
online

10. predict and evaluate how the characteristics of materials influence product design.

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hands-on
online

11. analyze the benefits, limitations, cost, and consequences involved in using, conserving, or recycling resources.

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hands-on
online

12. explain how people control the outputs and impacts of our expanding technological activities in the areas of communication, construction, manufacturing, power and transportation, energy sources, health technology, and biotechnology.

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hands-on
online

13. compare and contrast the positive and negative consequences of technology. (example: nuclear power for generating electricity)

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hands-on
online

14. describe possible consequences of reducing or of eliminating some of Earth’s natural resources.

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hands-on
online