Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology you can cover using PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE.

For additional Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

Grade 4,   Grade 7,   Grade 10,   Grade 12

Grade 4:

3.2. Chemistry

A. Know basic concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

Use properties of matter (e.g., hardness, density, reactions to simple chemical tests) to classify objects.

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Know that combining two or more substances can make new materials with different properties.

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B. Know basic energy types, sources and conversions.

 

Identify energy conversion.

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Demonstrate an understanding of the flow of energy by measuring flow through an object or system.

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3.3 Physics:

A. Know basic concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

Know different materials characteristics (e.g., texture, state of matter and solubility).

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Know that matter changes state as it is heated or cooled.

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B. Observe and describe different types of force and motion.

 

Explain forces of attraction or repulsion of each other and on other objects through demonstration.

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Demonstrate various motions using familiar objects through demonstration.

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Compare the relative movement of objects and describe types of motion that are evident.

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Describe the position of an object by locating it relative to another object or the background (e.g., geographic direction, and left-right).

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C. Identify basic energy types, sources and conversions.

 

Demonstrate qualities of pitch, loudness and echoes through the production or identification of sounds.

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Describe static electricity in terms of attraction, repulsion and sparks.

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Demonstrate an understanding of the basic electrical circuits through the design and construction of simple direct current circuits.

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Classify materials as conductors and nonconductors.

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Demonstrate an understanding of the basic properties of heat by producing it in a variety of ways.

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Use characteristics of light (e.g., reflection, refraction, absorption) to produce heat, color or a virtual image.

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3.4 Earth Sciences:

F. Describe important ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and the earth’s place in it.

 

Know earth’s place in the solar system.

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Illustrate how earth’s position causes seasonal changes.

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Identify planets in our solar system and their general characteristics.

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Use knowledge of solar system motions to explain time, lunar phases and eclipses.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Identify the basic systematic elements of scientific research.

 

Generate questions that can be studied.

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Design an investigation.

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Conduct a one step experiment.

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State a conclusion that is consistent with the information.

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B. Know that problem solving in Technology is a systematic process.

 

Identify the problem.
• Know the problem in simple terms.
• Identify necessary information.
• Identify simple questions that must be answered.

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Identify a possible solution.
• Choose alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• List the course of action.

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Try the solution.
• Try a specific solution.
• Try another solution.

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Describe the solution.
• Change if necessary.
• Identify the impacts of the solution.

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Show the problem, method of solution and results.

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C. Describe the nature of technological and scientific knowledge.

 

Distinguish between a scientific fact and a belief.

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Describe the nature of science to improve its theories in response to new information.

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Relate how new information can change existing perceptions.

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Provide clear explanations that account for observations and results.

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3.8. Systems Approaches

A. Know that natural and human-made objects are made up of parts.

 

Identify and describe parts that make up a system.

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Identify system parts that are natural and human-made.

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Describe the purpose of analyzing systems.

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Know that technology parts include physical technology systems (e.g., construction, manufacturing, and transportation), informational systems and biochemical-related systems.

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B. Know models as useful imitations of objects or processes.

 

Identify different types of models.

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Demonstrate the use of models as tools for prediction and insight.

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Apply appropriate simple modeling tools and techniques.

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C. Illustrate patterns that regularly occur and reoccur in nature.

 

Identify observable patterns (e.g., growth patterns in plants, crystal shapes in minerals, climate, structural patterns in bird feathers).

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Use knowledge of natural patterns to predict next occurrences.

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D. Demonstrate scale as an important attribute of natural and human made objects, events and phenomena.

 

Apply scale to measure size and weight.

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Describe scale as a ratio.

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Demonstrate the importance of scale in producing models.

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Grade 7:

3.2. Chemistry

A. Discern concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

Identify elements as basic building blocks of matter that cannot be broken down chemically.

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Identify that elements are made up of minute particles called atoms, and atoms are composed of protons, neutrons and electrons whose properties are measurable.

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Identify compounds as combinations of elements that can be chemically broken down.

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Identify mixtures as combinations of substances that can be physically separated by using one or more of the characteristic properties.

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Describe chemical and physical properties of matter.

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Describe categories of elements using the periodic table.

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Describe and conduct experiments to identify chemical and physical properties.

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Describe phases of matter according to the Kinetic Molecular Theory.

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Describe reactants and products of simple chemical reactions.

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Demonstrate that mass is conserved in physical and chemical reactions.

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B. Explain energy sources and transfers and their relationship to heat and temperature.

 

Classify forms and examples of energy (e.g., nuclear, bio-related, fossil, geothermal, solar, water, air).

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Describe sources of energy as nonrenewable or renewable.

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Explain different methods of energy transfer.

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3.3 Physics:

A. Discern concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

B. Identify and explain the principles of force and motion.

 

Demonstrate knowledge of laws of motion in describing moving objects.

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Explain various motions using models.

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3.4 Earth Sciences:

F. Discern the essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and the earth’s place in it.

 

Compare various types of planets and star clusters.

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Describe basic types of stars and their characteristics.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Explain basic systematic elements of scientific research.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct a two-part experiment.

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Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Communicate appropriate conclusions from the experiment.

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B. Know that problem solving in Technology is a systematic process.

 

Define the problem.
• Define all aspects of the problem.
• Identify and define necessary information.
• Propose questions that must be answered.

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Propose a solution.
• Design alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Plan a course of action.

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Apply the solution.
• Apply a specific solution.

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Explain the solution.
• Test and improve if necessary.
• Identify and infer the impacts of the solution.

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Explain the problem, design and solution.

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C. Explain the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Distinguish between a scientific theory and a belief.

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Answer "What if" questions based on observation, inference or prior knowledge or experience.

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Explain how skepticism about an accepted scientific explanation led to a new understanding.

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Integrate new information into existing theories and explain implied results.

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3.8. Systems Approaches

A. Explain the parts of a simple system and their relationship.

 

Explain a system as a group of related parts that work together to achieve a desired result.

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Explain the importance of order in a system.

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Grade 10:

3.2. Chemistry

A. Explain concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

Identify repeating patterns of physical and chemical properties by using the periodic table.

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Describe bonding theories in forming chemical compounds.

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Describe the physical properties of elements and compounds as they reflect their structure.

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Describe various types of chemical reactions in terms of the law of conservation of matter and energy.

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Apply knowledge of homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures to appropriate separation techniques.

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Analyze compounds by their chemical formula.

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Describe the unique nature of carbon chemistry.

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B. Demonstrate the relationship of energy sources and transfers to heat and temperature.

 

Calculate the efficiency of chemical systems by applying mathematical formulas.

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Use knowledge of chemical reactions to generate an electrical current.

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Evaluate energy changes in chemical reactions.

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3.3 Physics:

A. Explain concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

Identify that elements are made up of minute particles called atoms, and atoms are composed of even smaller sub atomic structures whose properties are measurable.

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Identify examples of repeating patterns of physical properties by using the periodic table.

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Predict the behavior of gases through the use of Boyle’s or Charles’ gas laws.

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B. Discern force and motion and their principles.

 

Identify the relationship of electricity and magnetism as two aspects of a single electromagnetic force.

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Identify elements of simple machines in compound machines.

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Demonstrate an understanding of fluid power systems through the design and construction of appropriate models.

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Describe sound and light effects (e.g., Doppler effect, reflection, refraction, absorption).

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C. Explain energy sources and transfers and their relationship to heat and temperature.

 

Describe energy flow and heat transfer between two or more bodies.

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Illustrate that energy is conserved in chemical reactions.

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Demonstrate an understanding of resistance, current and electro-magnetic force through the measurement of electrical circuit variables.

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Evaluate energy changes in physical changes and chemical reactions using a variety of instruments.

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Analyze the principles of velocity and acceleration as they relate to free fall.

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Interpret a model that illustrates circular motion and acceleration.

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3.4 Earth Sciences:

F. Explain essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and the earth’s place in it.

 

Identify basic structures of the universe (e.g. types of galaxy clusters, black holes, neutrino stars, nova).

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Relate information about stars to their type and age.

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Identify and explain scientific theories related to the origins of the universe (e.g., Big Bang Theory)

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Evaluate different planet structures and features using information about geochemical cycles.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Apply the elements of scientific research to solve problems.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct a multiple step experiment.

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Organize experimental information using a variety of analytic methods.

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Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Suggest additional steps that might be done experimentally.

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B. Apply problem solving in Technology as a systematic process.

 

Examine the problem.
• Examine all aspects of the problem.
• Examine and rank the necessary information based on importance.
• Examine questions that must be answered.

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Propose and analyze a solution.
• Design and develop alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Develop by experimentation, the best or appropriate methodology.

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Implement the solution.
• Produce and apply a specific solution.

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Evaluate the solution.
• Test, redesign and improve if necessary.
• Analyze the impacts of the solution.

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Communicate and analyze the problem, design and solution.

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C. Apply understandings about the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Compare and contrast scientific theories and beliefs.

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Know that science is limited to the study of concrete aspects of the world and the universe.

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Evaluate how new information can change existing theories and practice.

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Grade 12:

3.2. Chemistry

A. Apply concepts about the structure and properties of matter.

 

Identify factors affecting reaction rates including catalysts.

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Quantify chemical properties by applying mathematical formulas.

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Relate the forces that bind solids, liquids and gases together to their atomic or molecular structure.

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Predict physical and chemical properties through the use of the periodic table.

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Classify types of chemical reactions.

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Describe nuclear reactions in equation form.

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Estimate the age of materials that contain radioactive isotopes by using the predictability of nuclear decay.

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Predict chemical properties (e.g., reactivity) based on atomic structure.

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Apply rules of systemic nomenclature and formula writing to chemical substances and reactions.

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B. Apply and analyze energy sources and conversions and their relationship to heat and temperature.

 

Calculate heat involved in illustrative chemical reactions.

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Evaluate mathematical formulas that calculate the efficiency of specific chemical systems.

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Illustrate chemical concepts through the use of models.

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Demonstrate an understanding of energy and heat by applying appropriate formulas to solve problems.

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3.4 Earth Sciences:

F. Analyze the essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and the earth’s place in it.

 

Compare and contrast different forms of geologic time (absolute and relative).

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Relate changes in the universe over time to contemporary celestial formations.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Apply scientific research methods to complex problems.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct an experiment.

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Organize experimental information using analytic and descriptive techniques.

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Evaluate the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Project additional questions from a research study that could be studied.

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B. Apply problem solving in Technology as a systematic process.

 

Assess the problem.
• Appraise all aspects of the problem.
• Prioritize the necessary information.
• Formulate questions that must be answered.

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Propose, develop and appraise a solution.
• Design, develop and prioritize alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Develop and assess the best or appropriate methodology.

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Implement and assess the solution.
• Produce, apply and appraise a specific solution.

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Evaluate and assess the solution.
• Assess, redesign and improve if necessary.
• Analyze and contrast the impacts of the solution.

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Communicate and assess the problem, design and solution.

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C. Evaluate the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Know and use the ongoing scientific processes to continually improve and better understand how things work.

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Critically compare or contrast the status of existing theories.

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