Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology you can cover using PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE.

For additional Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE

Grade 4,   Grade 7,   Grade 10,   Grade 12

Grade 4:

3.3 Physics:

C. Identify basic energy types, sources and conversions.

 

Describe static electricity in terms of attraction, repulsion and sparks.

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Use characteristics of light (e.g., reflection, refraction, absorption) to produce heat, color or a virtual image.

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3.4 Earth Sciences:

C. Know basic weather elements.

 

Compare and contrast forms of weather precipitation.

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Explain weather patterns from data charts and graphs on weather.

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Use knowledge of different seasons to explain effects on plants, animals and daily life.

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D. Discern the earthís water and its behavior.

 

Illustrate the water cycle to show the behavior of water.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Identify the basic systematic elements of scientific research.

 

Generate questions that can be studied.

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Design an investigation.

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Conduct a one step experiment.

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State a conclusion that is consistent with the information.

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B. Know that problem solving in Technology is a systematic process.

 

Identify the problem.
• Know the problem in simple terms.
• Identify necessary information.
• Identify simple questions that must be answered.

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Identify a possible solution.
• Choose alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• List the course of action.

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Try the solution.
• Try a specific solution.
• Try another solution.

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Describe the solution.
• Change if necessary.
• Identify the impacts of the solution.

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Show the problem, method of solution and results.

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C. Describe the nature of technological and scientific knowledge.

 

Distinguish between a scientific fact and a belief.

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Describe the nature of science to improve its theories in response to new information.

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Relate how new information can change existing perceptions.

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Provide clear explanations that account for observations and results.

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3.8. Systems Approaches

A. Know that natural and human-made objects are made up of parts.

 

Identify and describe parts that make up a system.

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Identify system parts that are natural and human-made.

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Describe the purpose of analyzing systems.

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Know that technology parts include physical technology systems (e.g., construction, manufacturing, and transportation), informational systems and biochemical-related systems.

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B. Know models as useful imitations of objects or processes.

 

Identify different types of models.

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Demonstrate the use of models as tools for prediction and insight.

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Apply appropriate simple modeling tools and techniques.

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C. Illustrate patterns that regularly occur and reoccur in nature.

 

Identify observable patterns (e.g., growth patterns in plants, crystal shapes in minerals, climate, structural patterns in bird feathers).

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Use knowledge of natural patterns to predict next occurrences.

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D. Demonstrate scale as an important attribute of natural and human made objects, events and phenomena.

 

Apply scale to measure size and weight.

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Describe scale as a ratio.

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Demonstrate the importance of scale in producing models.

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Grade 7:

3.4 Earth Sciences:

C. Discern basic elements of meteorology.

 

Interpret information from meteorological instruments and on-line sources to predict weather patterns.

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Identify cloud types and wind direction associated with weather patterns in different regions of the country.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Explain basic systematic elements of scientific research.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct a two-part experiment.

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Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Communicate appropriate conclusions from the experiment.

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B. Know that problem solving in Technology is a systematic process.

 

Define the problem.
• Define all aspects of the problem.
• Identify and define necessary information.
• Propose questions that must be answered.

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Propose a solution.
• Design alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Plan a course of action.

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Apply the solution.
• Apply a specific solution.

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Explain the solution.
• Test and improve if necessary.
• Identify and infer the impacts of the solution.

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Explain the problem, design and solution.

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C. Explain the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Distinguish between a scientific theory and a belief.

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Answer "What if" questions based on observation, inference or prior knowledge or experience.

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Explain how skepticism about an accepted scientific explanation led to a new understanding.

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Integrate new information into existing theories and explain implied results.

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3.8. Systems Approaches

A. Explain the parts of a simple system and their relationship.

 

Explain a system as a group of related parts that work together to achieve a desired result.

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Explain the importance of order in a system.

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B. Demonstrate an understanding the use of models as an application of scientific or technological concepts.

 

Identify and describe different types of models and their functions.

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Apply models to predict specific results and observations.

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Demonstrate an understanding of systems by outlining a systemís relevant parts and their purpose and/or designing a model.

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Grade 10:

3.4 Earth Sciences:

C. Collect and interpret meteorological data.

 

Relate evaporation and condensation to energy changes in the atmosphere.

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Interpret weather data and symbols to forecast weather.

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Predict weather and climate on global levels.

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Evaluate specific adaptations plants and animals have that enable them to survive different climates.

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F. Explain essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and the earthís place in it.

 

Identify basic structures of the universe (e.g. types of galaxy clusters, black holes, neutrino stars, nova).

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Relate information about stars to their type and age.

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Identify and explain scientific theories related to the origins of the universe (e.g., Big Bang Theory)

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Evaluate different planet structures and features using information about geochemical cycles.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Apply the elements of scientific research to solve problems.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct a multiple step experiment.

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Organize experimental information using a variety of analytic methods.

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Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Suggest additional steps that might be done experimentally.

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B. Apply problem solving in Technology as a systematic process.

 

Examine the problem.
• Examine all aspects of the problem.
• Examine and rank the necessary information based on importance.
• Examine questions that must be answered.

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Propose and analyze a solution.
• Design and develop alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Develop by experimentation, the best or appropriate methodology.

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Implement the solution.
• Produce and apply a specific solution.

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Evaluate the solution.
• Test, redesign and improve if necessary.
• Analyze the impacts of the solution.

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Communicate and analyze the problem, design and solution.

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C. Apply understandings about the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Compare and contrast scientific theories and beliefs.

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Know that science is limited to the study of concrete aspects of the world and the universe.

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Evaluate how new information can change existing theories and practice.

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