updates-lfrf/updates-lfrf.9804


SPECIAL EDITION! LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 6, 1998


From: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Subject: SPECIAL EDITION! LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 6, 1998
Date: Mon, 06 Apr 1998 09:24:40 -0400
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LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 6, 1998 Volume 7, Issue 18

----------------------------------------------------------------

2 Updates in 1 week? Why and what...
Satellite coordinates for the live broadcasts
Guest Biography: Rita Mesquita
LFRF #1 Program Outline: a tool to establish anticipatory set

***

LFRF Updates--special edition!

As promised in last week's UPDATE, here's some special information about
tomorrow's program, which should be carried live at 13:00 hours Eastern on
many PBS stations across the USA, and also--via TV Cultura, Sao Paulo--in
Brazil. PTK hopes you and your students are able to watch the first-ever
interactive educational broadcast from the heart of the Amazon! In case your
school or district plans to download the program directly, we're publishing
herein the satellite coordinates for both Ku- and C-band satellites, which
we've been providing teachers as they register.

To help your students better appreciate the broadcast, you'll also find a
Biography of one of our live guests (Rita Mesquita) and an outline of the
program. Even in print Rita's enthusiasm and commitment shine through: we
hope you enjoy meeting her via satellite.

But again, as in the Teacher's Guide, we have to emphasize that LFRF is an
electronic >field< trip, and subject to "weather"--just like regular field
trips. Extreme rain (and this is, after all, the rainforest!) may disrupt
our signal: we've got contingencies in place, but even so it might be worth
alerting your students to the fact that this is not like watching your
regular TV channel. This is--after all--LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST...

***

Satellite Coordinates

While those of you in places like New York, LA and San Francisco should be
able to watch on WNET, KLCS and KQED (but still please check local plans!),
others may want to downlink directly from satellite.

Ku-band
All LFRF programs will be carried on GE-3, 87 degrees West, Ku-band,
transponder 13 horizontal, with a downlink frequency of 11960 Mhz, and audio
on 6.2 and 6.8. Our test signal will be up on this transponder from
12:30-13:00 Eastern, and the program will run from 13:00-14:00 hours.

C-band
Subject to Shuttle mission events and other NASA pre-emptions, the programs
should also appear on NASA-TV, GE-2, 85 degrees West, transponder 9-C
vertical, 3880 Mhz, audio on 6.8.

PLEASE NOTE THERE WILL BE NO TEST PERIOD ON NASA-TV!

The programs will be slated for re-broadcast on NTV in May and thereafter.

***

Guests for LFRF program 1, April 7, 1998, 13:00 hours.

Joining Claude Gascon (see online under TEAMS) and Mario Cohn-Haft (see last
week's Update) is RITA MESQUITA. She's not only a researcher specializing in
forest regeneration, but also handles education and outreach for the SI/INPA
Forest Fragments project. She and Mario (married to each other) also spend
time volunteering to involve youngsters in their urban neighborhood of
Manaus in "green" issues--bringing the lessons of rainforest studies back
home. You'll see more of this in LFRF program 3. For now, we hope you enjoy
her Biography (which will soon be posted online at the Web site) and find
this background helpful for the live program.

###

Rita Mesquita

Sometimes I remember my life in Belo Horizonte, Brazil's third largest
city, with over 3 million inhabitants, as if it was part of a movie, like
somebody else's life. So, I guess for quite some time now all that I
consider recollections of my own life have happened here, in the heart of
the Amazon. I graduated in Biology in 1985; I remember it was a sunny
Saturday, and less than 24 hours later I was flying for the first time ever,
coming to the Amazon. I was 23 then, and it has been 13 years now, and
counting. Many times, when I think about my daily life here, it is like
being on a stage, the place where everything is happening.

I've travelled enough to know many nice places (like New Orleans, Florence,
Borneo, and South Africa). But I cannot think of any other place where I'd
rather be. So, I guess I'm happy here.

I came to Manaus as an intern in the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments
Project to work as a bird-bander, mist-netting forest understory birds. We
caught the birds, and, after identifying, banding, and measuring them, we
released them back to the forest. If it started raining while the birds were
hanging in the nets, we had to rush and get them out, because they would get
wet and cold (yes, believe it or not, some could die of hypothermia!). So,
to keep them warm and alive, we would stuff them under our arm pits, or keep
them in contact with our head lamps turned on. It worked most of the time.
In those days life was harder in our camps, but at the same time it seems
like it was easier to be in the forest, everything much simpler.

After my internship as a bird bander, I began a Master's in plant-animal
interactions, studying the seed dispersal by birds of a canopy
hemi-epiphyte. These are like strangler figs, that will begin their lives on
the crown of a host tree, grow down their roots, become fixed in the soil,
and resemble a tree growing on top of another tree. They may eventually kill
their host tree. The species I was studying does not strangle its host, but
it grows so big and heavy that one day, maybe during a storm or strong wind,
both host and epiphyte could come down and die entangled on the forest floor.

Most of the time they were very high up in a tree, and to make my
observations I would climb all the way to the canopy using mountain-climbing
gear and ropes. I would stay in the canopy all by myself for four hours each
day, starting very early in the morning, and observe through binoculars each
bird that came by. Sometimes monkeys would also visit, and a few times I was
in the same tree with a monkey. One day, I remember a spider-monkey passing
above me with a baby, and another time I counted as many as 22 saki monkeys
around me. I always carried an umbrella, more to make sure an agressive
monkey would not hurt me than to protect myself from the rain. I never had
to use my umbrella as a weapon, though!

After finishing this study, I went to the U.S. to get a Ph.D. degree in
Ecology at the University of Georgia, in Athens. I really loved my life in
Athens. With four other friends, we put together a music band called "Pau
Brasil," the tree after which Brazil (the country) is named. It was really
fun to play and sing, and it certainly helped a lot to cut down the stress
of writing a dissertation on carbon cycling. By the way, that was my
dissertation topic: the carbon cycle of a secondary forest.

I've spent the last six years working on degraded, abandoned, second-growth
vegetation around Manaus. Maybe my enterpreneurial side really believes we
can still find some uses for the abandoned lands that have resulted from
unsustainable land uses and inappropriate development schemes. But more
likely, my day-dreaming poetic side would hate to see the forest I like so
much, a beautiful and complex forest, converted into simple, monoculture
pastures. So, I study alternative ways to use deforested land and keep
people longer on the lands they've cut down. That way, maybe less forest
will be cleared and more will be protected.

These days I also spend a lot of time training people, such as students from
southern Brazil and other Amazonian countries, who come here to learn about
the ecology of the Amazon forest. I'm now planning a course for decision
makers, mostly politicians and government employees from Amazonian states
within Brazil. But I have no doubts that we all are, in one way or another
decision makers. I've made the decision to live and work in the Amazon as
long as I can.

***

It seemed better to let y'all see the shape of what we hpoe to say, even
before the text is fine-tuned. Specific wordings will change as GHS and EA
see the new pieces being satellited to us from the rainforest. Any CHECK
facts will obviously be fixed. So please review this not for typos but
rather for POSSIBLE DISCONNECTS between what you are planning for your site,
and what is assumed here (the downside), or OPPORTUNITIES to get more out of
guests or the locations (the upside.)

But do NOT assume this is the final text, which will be snappier and shorter.

Thanks.

GHS

***

Outline of:
LFRF Program 1 "Mission to Planet Earth"
Outline rundown, Rev 3, as of 4-5-98
To air live April 7, 1998, 13:00 Eastern

PLEASE NOTE: SUBJECT TO CHANGE FOR TECHNICAL, AESTHETIC OR OTHER REASONS!
And also to a final fact/statistic check, but enough to get the idea of what
we're up to...

Uplink sites:
Ariau Amazon Towers, Brazil (2 LIVE LOCATIONS)
Kealing Junior High, Austin, TX
Millbrook School, NY
"Natural Partners" Electronic Classroom, NMNH, Smithsonian, DC (ISDN link
via MSU)
MSU Studio: Hostess, CAMILLE McCUE
Live guests, Brazil
Claude Gascon ARIAU RIVERBANK (subject to elec. safety issues!)
Rita Mesquita TOWER 4-6 WALKWAY (near cecropia)

Live guest, DC: Tom Lovejoy, SI Natural Partners Electronic Classoom

VTR = tape package rolled from MSU
GFX = graphics element from MSU

Segment times appear in (parens) and program running time (e.g. time from
the top of the show, which is 13:00 Eastern, straight up) in [angle
brackets] End of show is 59:19:59

1) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE / VTR (00:15) [00:15]
LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST IS MADE POSSIBLE, IN PART, BY THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION AND THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

2) TEASE / Pan from Ariau Obs. Tower 1 (00:30) [00:45]

THIS PROGRAM IS COMING TO YOU FROM THE HEART OF THE AMAZON
RAINFOREST WHAT YOU ARE SEEING IS THE ARIAU RIVER, WHICH FEEDS INTO
THE RIO NEGRO (NEH-GROW), ONE OF THE MAIN TRIBUTARIES OF THE
AMAZON PROPER WE'RE HIGH IN AN OBSERVATION TOWER ABOVE AN
ECO-TOURIST LODGE WHICH PROVIDES OUR BASE FOR 3 LIVE AND
INTERACTIVE PROGRAMS

2A) TEASE continued (00:30) [01:15]

TODAY IN PROGRAM 1, YOU'LL EXPLORE TROPICAL RAINFORESTS
AND SEE THE MIGHTIEST RIVER ON EARTH YOU'LL LEARN ABOUT
LEAF-CUTTER ANTS AND VENTURE OUT AT NIGHT TO HUNT FOR
FROGS YOU'LL MARVEL AT SOME OF THE AMAZING FISHES WHICH
LIVE HERE AND SEE STUDENTS INTERACT IN REAL-TIME WITH A
RESEARCHER WHO CAN LITERALLY SUMMON BIRDS TO HIM BY
MIMICKING THEIR SONGS!

2B) CAMILLE / LIVE MSU (00:15) [01:30]

I'M CAMILLE McCUE, AND WELCOME TO LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST
CLAUDE GASCON, WHERE EXACTLY ARE YOU???

2C) CLAUDE / LIVE riverbank (00:30) [02:00]
Name and live place super

Claude says hello...

2D) TEXAS INTRO / LIVE TEXAS (00:20) [02:20]

AND DOWN IN MY OLD HOME STATE OF TEXAS WE'VE GOT STUDENTS
AT KEALING JUNIOR HIGH READY TO INTERACT WITH CLAUDE HI KIDS!
AND THEY'LL ALSO BE SPEAKING WITH OUR
OTHER GUEST RESEARCHER RITA MESQUITA

2E) RITA / LIVE walkway (00:30)
[02:50]

Rita says hello...

2F) CAMILLE LIVE MSU (00:20) [03:10]

CAMILLE to camera: "get your pencils for interaction address", and throws
to show open
WE'LL BE RIGHT BACK WITH CLAUDE AND RITA, TEXAS, NEW YORK AND
BRAZIL

YOU MIGHT WANT TO MAKE SURE YOU'VE A PEN OR PENCIL HANDY TO
WRITE DOWN OUR LIVE E-MAIL ADDRESS SO LET'S BEGIN OUR
ELECTRONIC FIELD TRIP LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST!

3) SHOW OPEN / VTR with music and VO (00:45) [03:55]
program titles (Eng. & Port.) VO & music on tape

4A) RITA'S CAMERA / LIVE BRAZIL (00:20) [04:15]
CAMILLE elicits live VO comment (ONE) from RITA, about what we are
seeing RIGHT NOW

4B) CLAUDE'S CAMERA / LIVE BRAZIL (00:20) [04:35]
CAMILLE elicits live VO comment (ONE) from CLAUDE, about what we are
seeing RIGHT NOW

5) CAMILLE / LIVE, VTR & GFX (00:40) [05:15]
INTRO SMITHSONIAN
includes Smithsonian, Lovejoy, and live e-mail address, and "LFRF also
being seen in Brazil" (live or tape)

CAMILLE:
ALSO JOINING US LIVE ARE A NUMBER OF CLAUDE AND RITA'S
COLLEAGUES, GATHERED IN THE "ELECTRONIC CLASSROOM" OF THE
"NATURAL PARTNERS" PROGRAM, AT THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF
NATURAL HISTORY, IN THE SMITHSONIAN, IN WASHINGTON, D.C. THESE
ARE LITERALLY SOME OF THE WORLD'S FOREMOST RESEARCHERS ON


TROPICAL RAINFORESTS, AND THEY'VE AGREED TO ANSWER YOUR LIVE
E-MAIL QUESTIONS FOR THE NEXT FEW HOURS!!!

THIS IS A FIRST FOR PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE AND WE'VE VERY
GRATEFUL TO ALL THOSE SCIENTISTS PARTICIPATING!!!

GFX
TO SUBMIT YOUR QUESTION, SEND E-MAIL TO:
ONAIR@PASSPORTTOKNOWLEDGE.COM
IF YOU LIKE, ADD A BRIEF DESCRIPTION IN THE SUBJECT LINE FROGS,
TREES, INSECTS.

IF WE DON'T GET OVERLOADED YOU SHOULD RECEIVE AN INDIVIDUAL


ANSWER TODAY IN CLOSE TO REAL TIME AND SOON THE QUESTION


AND ANSWER ARCHIVE WILL APPEAR ONLINE FOR READY REFERENCE!

A LITTLE LATER WE'LL HEAR FROM TOM LOVEJOY, COUNSELOR TO THE
SMITHSONIAN FOR BIODIVERSITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS HI
TOM!
(he waves)

SO, WE'VE INTRODUCED SOME OF THE >PEOPLE< YOU'LL BE MEETING
NOW LET'S INTRODUCE THE RAINFORESTS OF PLANET EARTH!

6) RAINFORESTS 'ROUND THE WORLD / VTR & GFX (03:30)


[08:45]
6A) "PLANET RAINFOREST" chapter head (00:05)

RAINFORESTS ARE CREATED BY PLANETARY PROCESSES AND, IN TURN,
HELP SHAPE THE ENVIRONMENT OF ALL OF PLANET EARTH.

TROPICAL RAINFORESTS CAN BE FOUND IN A GREEN BAND CENTERED ON
THE EQUATOR, IN AFRICA, ASIA, AUSTRALIA AND SOUTH AMERICA BUT
RAINFALL FROM THE OCEAN MAKES HAWAII HOME TO THE WETTEST
PLACE ON THE PLANET, AND ALSO CREATES GREAT, GREEN RAINFORESTS
IN TEMPERATE AREAS SUCH AS THE NORTHWEST OF NORTH AMERICA.

ONCE 14% OF THE PLANET, OR MORE, WAS COVERED IN RAINFOREST
NOW LESS THAN 7% REMAINS, ENDAGERING MANY OF THE FASCINATING
CREATURES FOUND ONLY IN SUCH FORESTSSUCH AS THE LEMURS OF
MADAGASCAR

TROPICAL RAINFORESTS HAVE FROM 160-400 INCHES OF RAIN A YEAR
AND CONSTANT, YEAR-ROUND HIGH TEMPERATURES AND HIGH
HUMIDITY.

WITHOUT A COLD WINTER, GROWTH IS CONSTANT. THESE ARE SOME OF
THE MOST PRODUCTIVE REGIONS ON EARTH.

BUT LIFE HERE FOR PLANT, OR ANIMAL, OR INSECT IS NOT EASY IT'S A
CONSTANT FIGHT FOR LIGHT AND WATER.

RAINFORESTS HAVE DISTINCT LAYERS A THICK CANOPY OF LEAVES
CREATES A SEA OF GREEN AT ABOUT 30-40 METERS FROM WHICH JUST A
FEW "EMERGENT" TREES TOWER

BENEATH THE CANOPY, IT'S DIM AND DARK ONLY A FEW PERCENT OF
THE SUN'S LIGHT EVER REACHES HERE.

MANY RAINFORESTS HAVE SOILS THAT HAVE BEEN LEACHED OF
NUTRIENTS THROUGH MILLENNIA OF CONSTANT RAINFALL HERE
BUTTRESS ROOTS SPREAD OUT OVER THE THIN SOILS, SUPPORTING
SMOOTH TRUNKS

OR STILT ROOTS BALANCE TREES WITH A THIN TRACERY OF RODS.

EPIPHYTES THE WORD MEANS "AIR PLANT" WHITCH A RIDE UP TOWARDS
THE SUN, LETTING HOST TREES DO THE HARD WORK OF BUILDING
WOODY TRUNKS, AND INVESTING ALL THEIR ENERGY IN GATHERING
WATER AND BUILDING LEAVES.

RAINFORESTS ARE HOME TO MORE THAN HALF THE WORLD'S SPECIES OF
TREES AND PLANTS AND INSECTS. A FEW KILOMETERS OF FOREST HERE IS
HOME TO MORE SPECIES OF TREE THAN FOUND IN ALL OF NORTH
AMERICA, SOME CHECK SQUARE KILOMETERS.

A SINGLE TREE IN PERU HAS MORE SPECIES OF ANT THAN ENTIRE
NATIONS ELSEWHERE.

RAINFORESTS ARE HOME TO COLORFUL CREATURES SUCH AS THE RED
AND GREEN MACAW

MAJESTIC JAGUARS PATROL VAST RANGES IN SEARCH OF PREY

MONKEYS SWING FROM BRANCH TO BRANCH IN NOISY PLAY BUT MANY
RAINFOREST CREATURES DEPEND ON CAMOUFLAGE TO HIDE FROM
PREDATORS.

WINGS CLOSED, A BLUE BUTTERFLY BECOMES A DRY LEAF.

A MOTIONLESS TOAD BLENDS INTO THE BACKGROUND.

TROPICAL RAINFORESTS ARE PLACES WHERE THE PROCESSES OF LIFE
HAVE REACHED EXTREMES WHERE EVOLUTION AND NATURAL
SELECTION HAVE REACHED MARVELOUS ELABORATION.

ONE SLOTH MAY BE HOME TO MORE THAN 150 SPECIES OF MOTH, MANY
FOUND NOWHERE ELSE. MOVING SLOWLY THROUGH THE BRANCHES,
MUNCHING LEAVES, AND WITH A VERY SLOW METABOLISM (!!!) SLOTHS
ONLY DESCEND EVERY FEW WEEKS TO DEFECATE, FERTILIZING THE
SPECIFIC TREE THEY INHABIT, NOURISHING THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT.

COLONIES OF LEAF-CUTTER ANTS OPERATE WITH INCREDIBLE
EFFICIENCY, SOME GATHERING LEAVES AND PLANTS OFTEN CARRYING
MORE THAN TWICE THEIR BODY WEIGHT MANY HUNDREDS OF METERS,
OTHERS GUARDING THE NEST, A MODEL OF SOCIAL HARMONY.

RAINFORESTS ARE WORLDS OF WONDER, A TREASURE HOUSE OF
INFORMATION AND AMAZEMENT

7) INTERACTIVE Q&A #1 / LIVE (04:00) [12:45]
CAMILLE brokers:
2 general topic questions from TX to RITA
2 general topic questions from TX to CLAUDE

8) SMITHSONIAN #1 / LIVE & GFX (00:45) [13:30]


Camille VO live shots of e-mail experts at work answering questions, and
super address

CAMILLE:
NOW WE KNOW THAT MOST OF YOU DON'T HAVE CAMERAS AND
MICROPHONES IN FRONT OF YOU BUT SO LONG AS YOU HAVE A
COMPUTER AND A MODEM YOU CAN INTERACT WITH OUR EXPERT
RESEARCHERS. JUST SEND E-MAIL TO:
ONAIR@PASSPORTTOKNOWLEDGE.COM
AND THESE SCIENTISTS IN WASHINGTON WILL GET RIGHT BACK TO
YOU DURING TODAY'S LIVE PROGRAM.

AND IF YOU'RE NOT WATCHING LIVE, DON'T DESPAIR WE'VE ALSO


GOT A WAY FOR YOU TO GET YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED VIA THE
INTERNET!

NOW IT'S TIME FOR STUDENTS AT MILLBROOK SCHOOL IN
UPSATE NEW YORK TO INTERACT WITH BIRD EXPERT MARIO
COHN-HAFT WHO'S ACTUALLY MARRIED TO RITA MEQUITA!

9) MARIO & MILLBROOK #1 / (02:30) [16:00]

Also see shots of Millbrook and Mario calling birds...

10A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:20)
[16:20]

CAMILLE (OVER LIVE SHOT FROM BRIAN'S CAMERA, LOOKING OUT
OVER THE RIO NEGRO??? DEPENDS ON WEATHER!)
WELL, AS YOU CAN SEE, THE AMAZON AND ITS TRIBUTARIES ARE
MASSIVE RIVERS AND SHAPE THE COMPLETE ECOSYSTEM OF THE
AMAZON RAINFOREST AND ITS INHABITANTS LIVE FROM THE
RAINFOREST TOOK TO THE AIR TO SHOW YOU MORE

10B) THE AMAZON / VTR (03:30) [19:50]
Chapter head: AMAZONIA-REGION OF SUPERLATIVES

THE AMAZON THE LARGEST EXPANSE OF RAINFOREST ON EARTH,
WATERED BY THE MIGHTIEST RIVER ON THE PLANET.

THE AMAZON BASIN IS LARGER THAN THE ENTIRE CONTINENTAL UNITED
STATES, AND EXTENDS INTO NINE NATIONS BRAZIL'S AMAZONIAN
STATES COMPRISE HALF THE ENTIRE COUNTRY!

CLOSE TO OUR LIVE UPLINK SITE, (ONE MAJOR TRIBUTARY OF) THE
AMAZON IS SOME 25 KILOMETERS WIDE, WITH AN ARCHIPELAGO OF 30
ISLANDS SCATTERED ACROSS ITS IMMENSE BREADTH.

THE RIVER SHAPES ITS OWN WEATHER CLOUDS TOWER OVER BOTH
BANKS

AND THE FOREST MAKES ITS OWN CLOUDS, RECYCLING MORE THAN 50%
OF RAINFALL BACK UP INTO THE ATMOSPHERE, PASSING PRECIPITATION
ALL THE WAY FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC

HERE THERE'S NO WINTER, SPRING, FALL AND SUMMER, BUT RATHER
"WET" AND "DRY" SEASONS

BUT REALLY THERE'S NOT JUST >ONE< AMAZON, BUT MANY SHAPED BY
DIFFERENT SOILS AND LOCAL GEOGRAPHY EVEN THE RIVER WATERS
HAVE DIFFERENT COLORS, AND THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF FOREST HAVE
DIFFERENT NAMES TO MATCH.

FOR PART OF THE YEAR, GRASSES BLOCK SIDE CHANNELS OF THE RIO
NEGRO STAINED BLACK BY ROTTING VEGETATION, AND SO ACIDIC
THAT FEW MOSQUITOES LIVE ALONG ITS BANKS.

AT LOW WATER, DEAD TREES STAND SENTRY OVER THE STILL, BLACK
STREAMS

COME FLOOD, THEY'LL BE MANY METERS UNDERWATER.

HERE THE FLOODED FOREST IS CALLED "IGAPO" AND HERE THE
UNDERSTORY IS CLEAR OF VEGETATION

UNLIKE THE LOWLAND FORESTS CALLED "TERRA FIRME", WHICH
NEVER FLOOD.

AT THE HEART OF AMAZONIA, THE BLACK WATERS OF THE RIO NEGRO
RUN INTO THE WHITE WATERS OF THE RIO SOLIMOES (SOLLY-MOYS).

THIS WATER IS MILKY WHITE/COFFEE-COLORED WITH SEDIMENT WASHED
DOWN FROM THE ANDES.

ALONG THESE SHORES, THE FLOODED FOREST IS CALLED "VARZEA" AND
IS HOME TO ITS OWN UNIQUE SPECIES OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS.

EACH RIVER BY ITSELF IS MASSIVE TOGETHER THEY FORM THE
AMAZON PROPER, FLOWING ANOTHER 1600 KILOMETERS TO THE SEA,
DISCHARGING A VOLUME OF FRESH WATER GREATER THAN THAT OF THE
NEXT 8 LARGEST RIVERS COMBINED ONE FIFTH OF ALL THE RIVER
WATER ON EARTH!

AT THE PLACE CALLED "MEETING OF THE WATERS" EACH RIVER RETAINS
ENOUGH FORCE SO THAT "BLACK" AND "WHITE" FLOW ALONG BESIDE
EACH OTHER FOR MANY KILOMETERS BEFORE THEY FINALLY FULLY MIX
INTO ONE.

MANAUS, CAPITAL OF THE STATE OF AMAZONAS, ON THE RIO NEGRO,
JUST A FEW KILOMETERS FROM THE MEETING OF THE WATERS. IT'S HOME
TO OVER 1.5 MILLION PEOPLE, AND A TRANSPORTATION HUB FOR
THE ENTIRE REGION.

HERE BOATS OF ALL SHAPES AND SIZES ARE STILL RULERS OF THE RIVER.

AT THE DOCKS, PEOPLE AND CARGO, FOOD AND HAMMOCKS, POUR ON
BOARD FOR TRIPS OF MANY DAYS TO PLACES UP AND DOWN STREAM.

AND AT THE MARKET, FROM DAWN TILL DARK, THE FRUITS OF THE
REGION AND THE HARVEST OF THE RIVER ARE PUT ON SALE.

PEOPLE THINK THESE FISH ARE THE BEST TASTING IN THE WORLD
MANY FEEDING ON FRUIT FROM FLOODED FORESTS, WITH FLAVOR AND
TEXTURES LIKE NO OTHER. CITIZENS OF MANAUS GET SOME 80% OF THEIR
PROTEIN FROM THESE FISH SO THE HEALTH OF THE AMAZON
DETERMINES LIFE ON LAND.

IT'S AS NOISY AND BUSY AS LONDON OR NEW YORK IN THE
19TH CENTURY

AND AS THE 20TH CENTURY DAWNED MANAUS WAS ONE OF THE
WEALTHIEST TOWNS IN SOUTH AMERICA.

RAINFOREST RUBBER MADE MANY FORTUNES, AND PAID FOR
BUILDINGS LIKE THIS ORNATE CUSTOMS BUILDING AND THE OPERA
HOUSE KNOWN AS TEATRO AMAZONAS.

NOW MANAUS IS HEADQUARTERS FOR BRAZIL'S INSTITUTE FOR
RESEARCH IN AMAZONIA, OR "INPA", AND THE JOINT INPA-SMITHSONIAN
RESEARCH PROJECT STUDYING THE BIOLOGICAL DYNAMICS OF
FOREST FRAGMENTS.

IT'S FROM HERE THAT SCIENTISTS AND OUR "PASSPORT TO
KNOWLEDGE" CREW SET OUT FOR OUR JOURNEYS OUT INTO THE
RAINFOREST.

11A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:10)
[20:00]

CAMILLE:
SO CLAUDE, WHAT DO YOU THINK IS THE MOST AMAZING THING ABOUT
THE AMAZON?

11B) CLAUDE / LIVE (00:30)
[20:30]

CLAUDE:


Answers

11C) CAMILE / LIVE (00:20)
[20:50]
lead to "The Great Frog Hunt"
CAMILLE:
THANKS CLAUDE NOW ONE THING ALL THE RESEARCHERS TOLD US
WAS THAT NIGHT-TIME REVEALED A WHOLE NEW FACE OF THE
RAINFOREST

SO WE ASKED CLAUDE TO TAKE US OUT TO LOOK FOR FROGS! WE
DIDN'T QUITE FIND WHAT WE WERE LOOKING FOR BUT BE SURE TO
LISTEN AS WELL AS LOOK TO WHAT WE FOUND!

11D) "THE GREAT FROG HUNT" / VTR (04:30) [25:20]
includes chapter head and name super

TREE FROGS ELUDED US THAT NIGHT BUT WE DID MANAGE TO GET
OUR HANDS ON ANOTHER INTERESTING SPECIES!

WE KEPT ON HEARING FROGS HIGH UP ABOVE BUT DOWN BELOW WE
HAD TO WATCH WHERE WE PUT OUR HANDS!

11E) CLAUDE INTERACTION / LIVE & VTR (03:00) [28:20]

CAMILLE BROKERS 1 question from TX
CAMILLE lead to
1 question from SAO PAOLO
(includes a CITY and SCHOOL establisher!!! This should be satellited 4/5/98

or 4/6/98!!!)
SPECIAL NOTE! THIS NEEDS SUB-TITLE TRANSLATION!
direct to 1 question from TX

12A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:15)
[28:35]

CAMILLE lead to VTR
WELL, WE'VE SEEN THE FOREST AND THE RIVER FROM ABOVE NOW
LET'S LOOK AT SOME OF THE AMAZING CREATURES WHO LIVE IN THE
WATERS AROUND HERE.

RESEARCHER CRISTINA COX, WHOM YOU'LL MEET NEXT WEEK,
TEACHES STUDENTS AT INPA, BRAZIL'S NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR
RESEARCH IN AMAZONIA AND SHE SHOWED US HOW DIFFERENT
SPECIES OF ELECTRIC FISH ACTUALLLY SOUND COMPLETELY
DIFFERENT!

12B) FISHES AND FIELDS / VTR (03:50) [32:25]
chapter head: FISHES AND FIELDS (electric, that is!)
name super

13A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:20)
[32:45]
lead to Millbrook
CAMILLE:
NEXT TIME WE'LL SEE WHY SOMETIMES IT'S FISH WHO SWIM HIGH IN
THE BRANCHES OF THE TREES!!! BUT FOR NOW LET'S HEAR MORE
ABOUT THE EXPECTED INHABITANTS OF THE TREE-TOPS, AS BIRD
EXPERT MARIO COHN-HAFT INTERACTS FROM THE AMAZON WITH
STUDENTS FROM MILLBROOK NEW YORK

13B) MARIO AND MILLBROOK #2 / (04:30) [37:15]

14A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:10)
[37:25]
bridge to RITA
14B) RITA INTERACTION (04:00) [41:25]
name and place supers for each site and expert
CAMILLE BROKERS 1 question from TX
CAMILLE lead to
1 question from SAO PAOLO / (this should be the OTHER school, with
CITY and SCHOOL establisher)
SPECIAL NOTE! THIS NEEDS SUB-TITLE TRANSLATION!
direct to 1 E-MAIL VIA SMITHSONIAN, VIA LOVEJOY

15A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:15)
[41:40]

CAMILLE:
THANKS, TOM NOW CAMERAMAN BRIAN IGELMAN, WHY DON'T YOU
SHOW US HOW WE GET THE SIGNAL BACK FROM THE AMAZON TO
NORTH AMERICA THAT'S OUR SATELLITE DISH GOODNESS, LOOK'S
LIKE THERE ARE SOME STORM CLOUDS (ad lib, etc.)

THIS IS HOW WE GOT THE SATELLITE TO BRAZIL

15B) SIGNAL PATH / VTR (02:30) [44:10]
chapter head: How ACTS got to Brazil and how the TV signal gets back
includes how the PTK crew got to Brazil (truck, porter, planes, boat, canoe,
back, head) and how the signal gets back (NASA animation and original
graphic [signal path])

16A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:15)
[44:25]
CAMILLE:
IF YOU THINK ABOUT RAINFORESTS YOU MAY MARVEL AT
SPECTACULAR CREATURES LIKE JAGUARS AND MONKEYS AND
PARROTS BUT IN FACT IF YOU WEIGHED ALL THE LIVING CREATURES
OF THE FOREST FORGETTING TREES OF COURSE THE GREATEST
BIOMASS WOULD BE FOUND IN HUMBLE INSECTS, BILLIONS AND
BILLIONS OF TINY CREATURES

SO OUR INTRODUCTION TO THE RAINFOREST WOULD BE INCOMPLETE
IF WE DIDN'T MEET SOME ANTS! OUR GUIDE HERALDO VASCONCELOS,
HEAD OF INPA'S DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY IN MANAUS

16B) HERALDO AND THE ANTS / VTR (03:47) [48:12]

17) INTERACTION / LIVE & TAPE (TOTAL 04:00) [52:12]
17A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:10)
CAMILLE brokers question from TX to RITA
17D) SAO PAULO QUESTION / (00:30)


cut from Rita answer DIRECT to 1 question from SAO PAULO to
CLAUDE
SPECIAL NOTE! THIS NEEDS SUB-TITLE TRANSLATION!
SP QUESTION
17E) CLAUDE / LIVE (00:45)
CLAUDE


Answer
17F) MARIO AND MILLBROOK / (01:45)

18) FORESTS, FRAGMENTS & EDUCATION (02:00) [54:12]
18A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:20)
CAMILLE:
THIS TIME WE'VE LOOKED AT THE TREES AND ANIMALS AND INSECTS
INDIVIDUALLY, BUT IN FACT RAINFORESTS ARE PERHAPS THE MOST
DRAMATIC EXAMPLE FOUND ON EARTH OF HOW ALL LIVING
CREATURES INTERACT WITH EACH OTHER AND THE ENVIRONMENT
SURROUNDING THEM.

18B) FORESTS AND FRAGMENTS / VTR (00:40)
CAMILLE VO
snippets of EMILIO and MARCELA from the Teacher Training Video, to set
scene for Week 2

CAMILLE:
NEXT TIME WE'LL GO OUT IN THE TERRA FIRME (FEAR-MAY)
RAINFOREST WITH YOUNG RESEARCHERS LIKE EMILIO BRUNA TO
LOOK AT HOW PLANTS GET POLLINATED, AND SEE HOW GRADUATE
STUDENTS LIKE MARCELA SANTAMARIA GET UP IN THE CANOPY TO
UNDERSTAND THE INTERACTIONS OF TREES AND PLANTS AND
ANIMALS AND WE'LL LOOK AT THE 20 YEARS OF STUDIES DEVOTED
TO HOW FRAGMENTATION AFFECTS THE FORESTS AND ITS
INHABITANTS AN AMAZING BI-NATIONAL BRAZILIAN/U.S. PROJECT.

TOM LOVEJOY AT THE SMITHSONIAN THE FOREST FRAGMENTS
STUDY'S YOUR BABY. GIVEN THE QUESTIONS YOU'VE SEEN COMING IN
FROM OUR AUDIENCE TODAY, WHAT'S THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS
YOU BEEN FINDING?

18C) LOVEJOY IN DC / LIVE (01:00)

CAMILLE prompts re: rainforests, education, information and action
TOM: responds and elaborates...

19) CAMILLE / LIVE, VTR & GFX (01:00) [55:12]
CAMILLE to camera, with graphics and roll-in
e-mail address
LFRF web site address
LFRF Teacher Resource Video demos (Stickle-sneakers and Food Web
Game) = 100% video, 100% hands-on, 100% online

how to interact with the people you're seeing on-camera, and leads to
BYES

CAMILLE:
THANKS, TOM WELL ONE WAY FOR Y'ALL TO CONTINUE TO EXPLORE
THE RAINFOREST AND TO MAKE CONTACT WITH RAINFOREST
RESEARCHERS IS TO GO ONLINE AT OUR "LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST"
WEB SITE

GFX
THAT'S THE ADDRESS ON SCREEN RIGHT NOW, AND THERE YOU'LL
FIND LOTS MORE INFORMATION ABOUT MANY OF THE TOPICS WE'VE
COVERED TODAY.

BUT JUST AS IMPORTANT, YOU'LL BE ABLE TO READ BIOGRAPHIES AND
FIELD JOURNALS FROM MANY OF THE PEOPLE WHO'VE APPEARED ON
CAMERA, OR WHO WILL APPEAR IN FUTURE PROGRAMS.

Holds up Kit and Guide:
AND TO GET YOUR HANDS-ON SOME OF THE SCIENCE OF
RAINFORESTS, CHECK OUT THE "LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST"
TEACHER'S GUIDE AND KIT IN HERE YOU'LL FIND 40 HANDS-ON
ACTIVITIES.

CAMILLE HOLDS UP KIT CASSETTE AND CONTINUES OVER VTR
AND IN THIS VIDEO YOU TEACHERS CAN SEE SOME DEMONSTRATIONS
OF HOW TO "PLAY" THE TROPICAL RAINFOREST FOOD WEB GAME, OR
HOW TO USE SNEAKERS TO GET STUDENTS INTO TAXONOMIC
CLASSIFICATION

TO FIND OUT MORE, GO ONLINE OR IF YOU PREFER, CALL PASSPORT
TO KNOWLEDGE AT 973.656.9403

20) "BYES" FROM ALL SITES (open time!!!) [57:14]
CAMILLE
PHEW, OUT OF TIME BUT WE WANTED TO SAY THANKS AND
FAREWELL TO ALL THE SCIENTISTS AND STUDENTS WHO'VE BEEN
TRAVELING WITH US BYE, CLAUDE

20A) CLAUDE / LIVE BYE (00:10)

20B) MARIO AND MILLBROOK / BYE (00:10)

BYES IN THE BOXES

20C) TEXAS / LIVE BYE (00:10)

20D) SMITHSONIAN / LIVE BYE (00:10)

CAMILLE:


SMITHSONIAN THANKS FOR ANSWERING SO MANY QUESTIONS AND


WE HOPE YOU'LL STICK AROUND AND ANSWER SOME MORE OVER THE
NEXT HOUR THANKS A LOT!

20E) RITA / LIVE BYE (00:10)
DIRECT TO RITA (or Camille prompt if pause)

20F) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:20)

CAMILLE:
SO THAT'S OUR PROGRAM SPECIAL THANKS TO NASA'S ACTS
SATELLITE TEAM, WITHOUT WHOM THIS INTERACTION WOULD NOT
HAVE BEEN POSSIBLE AND TO ALL THE MANY PEOPLE IN NORTH AND
SOUTH AMERICA WHO ASSISTED IN SO MANY WAYS SEE YOU NEXT
TIME, NORTH AMERICA, AND BYE-BYE BRAZIL FOR LIVE FROM THE
RAINFOREST, I'M CAMILLE McCUE STAY COOL AND CONNECTED!!!

21) END CREDITS / VTR (01:00)
[58:14]
keyable credits on tape, to roll over any footage, live camera, byes or VTR
2
credit bed: credits rolls at 57:14 no matter what. Prior dead-roll music
under byes???

22) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE / VTR (00:15) [59:29]

###

ONCE MORE--SUBJECT TO CHANGE, FACT CHECKS, AND INTERRUPTION BY EL NINO!!!

###

Janet. C. Cook
Editor, LFRF Updates
&
Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE

###

end LFRF Updates, Volume 7, Issue 18
Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE & the LIVE FROM... specials
"electronic field trips to scientific frontiers"
Real Science, Real Scientists, Real Locations, Real Time
vox: 973.656.9403 * fax: 973.656.9813 * mobile: 908.305.7061
alt. e-mail: ptkghs@aol.com
http://passporttoknowledge.com
Antarctica... Stratosphere... Hubble... Mars... Rainforest... the Arctic,
and more




LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 10, 1998 Volume 7, Issue


From: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Subject: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 10, 1998 Volume 7, Issue
Date: Fri, 10 Apr 1998 14:13:49 -0400
Back to top



LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 10, 1998 Volume 7, Issue 19

-----------------------------------------------------------------

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Late-breaking News from LFRF
Confirming satellite coordinates for the live TV broadcasts
LFRF #2: WORLDS BENEATH THE CANOPY April 14, 13:00 Eastern
Watch via the Web: Real Video and Audio
Webchats: Live from the Amazon, and direct to a computer near you
ONAIR@PASSPORT... How to connect to Smithsonian rainforest experts in near
real time
Using LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST in the classroom
The LFRF Web site--Watch "INTERACT" Grow
Journals/Biographies of the Week: Marcelo Lima, INPA/Smithsonian, Gwen R.,
Summit High School, and Alex K., Millbrook School
Backyard Biodiversity Survey: data pouring in
Challenge Questions: Week 5 results and CQ #6
Web site(s) of the Week
How to Subscribe to LFRF Online Resources

***

Late-breaking News from LFRF

Phew!!! A collective and heartfelt sigh of relief rose from the PTK team in
Manaus, Brazil, Austin, TX, and Starkville, MS, last Tuesday at 14:00 hours
Eastern, at the conclusion of the first live program. The weather down south
was perfect (though incredibly hot) and the satellite video and audio links
all worked. Live guests Claude Gascon and Rita Mesquita were excellent, as
were the questions from Austin, and the real-time interaction between bird
expert Mario Cohn-Haft and Millbrook School, NY, and in Washington, D.C., a
team of Smithsonian scientists answered e-mail questions from all over. As
we continue working hard to prepare programs 2 and 3, we've been delighted
with the positive responses we've heard from teachers and students about the
first program. Here's one comment from a California teacher:

"Dear LFRF,
Wow, wow, wow, what a job well done! The broadcast was absolutely fantastic:
I could tell that the students were loving it! They loved the way the frog
sounded and now want to bring in their frogs!

The students submitted a lot of questions (ed. note: to onair@passport--see
below for instructions about how to do the same!) as they are each
researching a rainforest animal and have been online looking up information.
They were very excited about the panel of (Smithsonian) scientists available
to answer their questions! AND the answers are already in. You should have
seen their faces when they realized that they had their answers already.
What a great way to do an interactive show."

Many other educators have also reported similar student reactions,
commenting on the excitement created by students being able to connect with
real scientists, in real time, not just on-camera but also via e-mail. This
UPDATE provides information about many different opportunities for you to
interact, using TV or the Internet.

And while some schools may be on Spring/Easter recess, we encourage all to
view (at home) and/or tape the upcoming programs: more than 50% of educators
already use PTK programming successfully on tape, and report that the
initial live interaction remains exciting and motivating for students.

***

Confirming satellite coordinates for the live broadcasts

While those of you in places like New York, LA and San Francisco should be
able to watch on WNET, KLCS and KQED (but still please check local plans!),
others may want to downlink directly from satellite. Both Ku- and C-band
signals should be accessible.

Ku-band
All LFRF programs will be carried on GE-3, 87 degrees West, Ku-band,
transponder 13 horizontal, with a downlink frequency of 11960 Mhz, and audio
on 6.2 and 6.8. Our test signal will be up on this transponder from
12:30-13:00 Eastern, and the program will run from 13:00-14:00 hours.

SPECIAL NOTE FOR PBS PROGRAMMERS AND TECHNICAL COORDINATORS:
THOUGH THIS IS THE SAME SATELLITE WHICH CARRIES MANY PBS PROGRAMS, AS
PREVIOUSLY ANNOUNCED VIA FAX OR E-MAIL, THIS TRANSPONDER IS >NOT< A REGULAR
PBS TRANSPONDER. PLEASE ENSURE YOU ARE ABLE TO ACCESS THIS SIGNAL
SUFFICIENTLY IN ADVANCE IN ORDER NOT TO DISAPPOINT VIEWERS.

C-band
Subject to Shuttle mission events and other NASA pre-emptions, the programs
should also appear on NASA-TV, GE-2, 85 degrees West, transponder 9-C
vertical, 3880 Mhz, audio on 6.8.

PLEASE NOTE THERE WILL BE NO TEST PERIOD ON NASA-TV!

The programs will be slated for re-broadcast on NTV in May and thereafter.

***

LFRF #2: WORLDS BENEATH THE CANOPY April 14, 13:00 Eastern

Live guests this week are Susan Laurance (birds and ecology), Marcelo Lima
(small mammals) and--in real-time interaction with students in Fort Myers,
Florida--Cristina Cox Fernandes, a fish biologist at INPA. On tape there
will be documentary reports on dung beetles, howler monkeys and seed
dispersal, the interestingly varied tools and techniques involved in
contemporary rainforest research, a student tour of Camp 41 (a major
INPA/Smithsonian logistics base in the forest north of Manaus), a report on
how the satellite signal gets all the way back (WE HOPE!) from Brazil to the
U.S. and then back to Brazilian broadcasters, and the role of bats in the
rainforest ecosystem. The program's major theme is how and why so many of
the plants and creatures of the rainforest are linked together in
mutualistic relationships--relating directly to Activity 2.3 in the LFRF
Teacher's Guide, "The Tropical Rainforest Food Web Game".

***

Watching via the Web: Real Video and Real Audio

If you are unable to access the programs via broadcast television, you can
still link in via the Internet. Courtesy of NASA Quest/Learning Technologies
Project, you can watch and listen via Real Video. Simply visit the LFRF web
site on the day of the live broadcasts and follow the links provided at the
top of the Home Page: you can also easily download the audio and video
plug-ins if you don't already have them (allow some extra time to do this!)
OK, it's not as pretty as the full-screen pictures, but it's sure better
than missing out. And if you're connecting internationally, we'd love to
hear from you: see below for contact information.

Expect a Special Edition of UPDATES-LFRF early Monday 4/13, providing an
outline of the program to help you brief students who'll be watching live on
Tuesday.

***

Webchats: Live from the Amazon, and direct to a computer near you...

We tested the system with a few pioneering teachers last week, and we hope
the generators will keep working and no torrential rain will interrupt the
satellite link, and so enable us to deliver the first two educational
Webchats direct from the Amazon this Monday and Tuesday, 4/13 and 4/14.
Given the number of schools on break and this shorter than usual notice,
these chats will not require the usual pre-registration, but they will be
moderated. Check back Monday and follow the links you'll find under INTERACT
to the special Chat Rooms.

Joining us between 13:30-14:30 Eastern on Monday will be small mammal expert
Marcelo Lima (see below for his Biography.) Good topics would be monkeys,
genetic analysis and habitat conservation--as well as what makes for good
food at a rainforest field camp!

Between 09:30 and 10:30 Tuesday, our guest will be Susan Laurance (see TEAMS
online for more.) Topics for Susan can include birds, rainforest ecology,
and international comparisons of forest fragmentation.

As noted above, both Marcelo and Susan are guests during Tuesday's live program.

Many thanks to NASA Quest and RSPAC for setting up these unprecedented
interactive experiences!

***

ONAIR@PASSPORT... a panel of rainforest experts at the Smithsonian

LFRF has benefited greatly from the cooperation of researchers working in
the INPA/Smithsonian project studying forest fragmentation: it's the kind of
personal involvement of scientists which has always characterized PTK
projects. But now you and your students have the chance for more direct and
extensive interaction with world-class experts than ever before.



During LFRF, world-class scientists will answer not just a few e-mail


questions on air, but also provide individual answers during the program and
for the hour immediately following. Here's how to submit questions: send a
brief e-mail to

onair@passporttoknowledge.com (This feature is no longer available.)

If you like, you can provide a simple description in the subject heading
(e.g., fish, birds, mammals, termites, etc.) but that's not necessary. The
questions will flow into the Smithsonian Institution's Electronic Classroom
at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., operated by
NMNH's "Natural Partners" Program, and be answered by specialists from the
Smithsonian's Biodiversity Programs. Students should soon receive an answer
back, and the entire "onair" archive of questions and answers will be
mounted online for future reference (in the INTERACT section of the web site.)

Thanks to all at the Smithsonian! Let us know how this works for you and
your students.

Here's the impressive list of researchers waiting in Washington to interact
with your budding scientists:

Mike Braun--Birds and their evolution

Russell Greenberg--Ornithologist--Tropical forest birds and birds that
migrate to the tropics

Mary Hagedorn--Fishes, especially electric fish

Michael Robinson--Director of the National Zoo, and a specialist in the
behavior of tropical animals (who'll also be an on-air guest, speaking about
rainforest issues and how we study them)

Abelardo Sandoval--Bio-cultural diversity of tropical rainforests

Charles Handley--Mammals of the western hemisphere, especially bats

Matt Kane--Termites and how they recycle the rainforests and impact global
warming

David Nickle--Entomologists specializing in katydids, grasshoppers and
accessing the canopy.

Kim Nichols--Biodiversity Programs and general ecology

Marsha Sitnik--Biodiversity Programs and general ecology

Encourage your students to take advantage of this unique opportunity to
"Pick a Scientist's Brain"! As always, be sure they're sending questions
relevant to the program, and not asking something they can easily look up at
school or online. Given the high quality of the questions asked last time,
we're all looking forward to getting the next set of student inquiries.

***

Using LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST in Your Classroom

To prepare students for the next program, you might want to familiarize them
with participating scientists by having them read their Biographies and
Journals online. One teacher stated she generates lots of excitement by
having students taking the parts of the various scientists and do dramatic
readings of the Journals in front of the class--some even with props and
clothing mentioned in the Journals!

They'll also want to become more familiar with some of the organisms found
in rainforests, so "A Day in the Life" and "The Tropical Rainforest Food
Web" Activities would be helpful before or after the broadcast. If you
haven't already decorated your room, now's a great time to do it. This is
also a good time for the "One Square Meter" activity and "The Great Mold
Race." Be sure to publish your "Mold Race" winners by sending the results to
Eileen Bendixsen at eb@passporttoknowledge.com or follow the instructions in the
"Classroom Connections" section of
"INTERACT."

***

The LFRF Web site--Watch "INTERACT" Grow

And speaking of INTERACT... the LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST web site is growing
constantly, and perhaps the most dynamic section is--INTERACT. Check out
some of the amazing developments!

Researcher Q&A now allows your students to submit questions to experts when
the program is not on the air (though perhaps "onair"--is even more
exciting. Using the address:

question-lfrf@passporttoknowledge.com (This feature is no longer available)

you send your question to PTK which then relays it to an appropriate expert,
or replies directly if the question has been answered previously. If you
would like to receive all of these messages via mail list, please send
e-mail to:

listmanager@passporttoknowledge.com

In the message body, write these words:

subscribe answers-lfrf

The LFRF "Backyard Biodiversity" Survey is located in "Collaborative
Projects." Participate, follow along, or use the data being collected by
various schools using the various features of this site.

The sections "Discuss-LFRF," "Updates-LFRF," "On-Air, and "Web Chats" all
allow easy access to these features, plus archives of previous messages and
chats.

And last but not least, the latest and greatest feature of all, "Games &
Puzzles"!!! WORD SEARCH site allows students to practice their new
rainforest vocabulary in an interactive setting. Each time they "circle" a
word, the definition flashes up on the screen! And by playing RAINFOREST
CONCENTRATION they become more familiar with the plants and animals of this
unique environment. And in WHO AMI I? WHERE DO I LIVE? they get to place
creatures in the appropriate strata of the forest. It's fun, but it's also
educational... and it's educational but it's also fun. Even our seriously
serious project director--who's always much too busy for goofing off-- (:-)
thinks this is pretty neat. There will be new games appearing periodically,
so check back here every week or so.

***

Journal/Bio of the Week:

Marcelo Goncalves de Lima
(who'll be one of our live guests during LFRF #2, this coming Tuesday April
14, 1998: also look online--coming soon!--for his Journal about working in
the rainforest.)

###

I was born in 1966 in Recife, which is a big town near the coast in
northeastern Brazil. I grew up, though, in Brasilia, which is the nation's
capital--and a very nice city to live in! Some people say that it looks like
Washington, D.C. in the U.S., because it's very spread out. As my parents
were university teachers (my dad worked with analytical chemistry and my mom
with microbiology), I also lived in London, England (Ed. note: which is
where Marcelo got his great U.K. accent!!!), and Gainesville, Florida, where
they did their PhD's and postdoctoral work.

I grew up going to the field, fishing and hiking and also doing a lot of
caving when I was a teen. Even though I'd always really liked nature, when I
started my undergraduate degree at the Universidade de Brasilia (UNB), it
was in history. In 1989, though, I realized that what I really liked wasn't
history but >natural history< so I switched to Biology and graduated in 1994.

During my undergraduate years, I did several internships. My first one was
with my Mom, working with blue-green algae. Then I had the opportunity to
come to Manaus, where I had my first contact with the rainforest and with
the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project. I worked with the
golden-faced saki monkey (Pithecia pithecia) in the forest fragments and at
the continuous forest (at Camp 41). It was a wonderful experience, and I
loved working with monkeys.

Back to Brasilia in 1990, I worked with lizard behavior and also with a bit
of molecular biology techniques linked to ecology. This was a very
interesting study, because we were testing the possibility of using a
technique called "polymerase chain reaction" (PCR) to identify different DNA
(the genetic identification code of an organism) sequences in related lizard
species of the genus Tropidurus. DNA "fingerprinting" with PCR is a powerful
tool for ecologists.

In 1992, I worked with termite ecology, but in 1994 I was back again working
with primates, this time with marmosets of the species Callithrix
penicillata, or the black-tufted-ear marmoset. I really decided then that I
should continue working with primates as they are very interactive (and
cute, also!).

In 1996, I started my master's degree here at the National Institute for
Research in the Amazon, INPA. Originally, I had planned to work with primate
ecology, but unfortunately (or fortunately, I still don't know), there was
no "monkey business" going on around here. Anyhow, working with primates is
very time-consuming, and since we have only two years to finish our master's
thesis, I might have ended up with no data to work on.

Instead, I had a chat with Dr. Claude Gascon, who is the Scientific
Coordinator of the BDFFP. He said that he had an idea for a project, which
would be working with linear remnants of forest alongside streams to see if
they could be used as "wildlife corridors" to link forest fragments
together. These corridors could prevent the extinction of local populations
of different animals as well as function as vegetation reserves. We thought
the project would be a piece of cake, and I would finish data collecting in
a few months. We decided that we would work with small mammals (basically
wild rates and possums) and frogs. Well, seven months after (and several
pounds lighter!), I finished the sampling.

My sampling method included 150 live traps to capture the small mammals.
These were baited with slices of bananas and peanut butter--the animals love
it! I did 8 day sampling, which normally meant staying 12 to 15 days in the
field. The frogs were hand-captured after isolating a 5m by 5m plot with
plastic mesh. We did a total of 160 plots for the frogs. Even though there
is a typical low abundance of animals around this stretch of the Amazon, we
collected enough data to say that these so-called linear remnants actually
can serve as corridors and so have high conservation value.

It is really rough work--after all, it is a jungle out there! But it's
worthwhile, too. Even though the camp conditions are not ideal--there's no
cable TV around--the food is not that bad and we have a chance at seeing
interesting and unique things. For example, trees so enormous that it takes
more than six people to completely embrace the trunk ...Flowers and fruits
of really different and intense colors and forms ...Sounds of different
pitches and volumes that can seem as beautiful as a melody or scare you to
death! Howler monkeys in particular make the most impressive sounds,
especially in the middle of the night! The unadvised visitor might think
they were a very dangerous animal from listening to the howls.

Speaking of real dangerous animals, jaguars (Panthera onca), too, can also
often be heard. They will hardly even attack a human, but people around here
who have had some close encounters with either the jaguars or the pumas
(Puma concolor) say that it is a very terrifying experience.
I had my own close encounter once, seeing a jaguar on the dirt road which
leads to one of the research camps. I was driving my car when my field
assistant told me to stop and see what was in front of us about 40 meters
from the car. I just couldn't believe it! My eyes flooded because it was so
beautiful even at that distance. It apparently didn't care about us; it just
looked back and strolled into the forest.

Hopefully "Live from the Rainforest" will give you an opportunity to share


some of these experiences with us! I'll be more than happy to answer
questions in the near future.

Cheers!
Marcelo

###

This month LFRF has "Student Correspondents" in the field as well as
scientists on location, and we're very excited to have just received our
first Journals from COSTA RICA '98, Summit High School's trip led by biology
teacher Marty Stickle. Look online under TEAMS for updates and images.
Here's a first entry from Gwen R. Now we know the Internet connection is
working, we look forward to more daily bulletins and digital images. Thanks,
Summit High School, and bon voyage!

###

Gwen R. writes:

Before the trip...
I know Costa Rica will be amazing. I am looking forward to learning some new
Spanish words, and getting opportunities to use the little Spanish I know. I
am, of course, very excited about the monkeys! I never really thought that I
would be excited about seeing monkeys, but this isn't in a zoo, this is real
life. The diversity of the land in Costa Rica should also offer some
beautiful photo opportunities. I expect to have a fabulous trip and have no
doubt that my expectations will be met!

Day 1:
I'm sitting in the bus, absolutely amazed at what is on the outside. I don't
know words that can serve to describe the view. We have already seen two
types of monkeys, and a beautiful type of bird. We stopped off at a tiny
little cafe on the side of the road and I was able to use my Spanish. The
driver and I got into a conversation in Spanish as well. I am already having
a wonderful time, and we haven't been here an entire day. This trip is an
experience that I will never forget.

Gwen R.

###

As seen in LFRF #1, Millbrook School, New York, has a unique approach to
biology and natural science, with its own canopy walkway and enthusiastic
teachers like science department chair, H. Bruce Rinker. Technical problems
precluded use of the satellite phone for real time dispatches during their
recent trip to the Peruvian Amazon, but students were writing Journals
throughout, and they are now being added to the LFRF Web site--along with
wonderful images, many of which are already posted. Here's Alex K.'s
impressions of the wealth of creatures he encountered in his first days on
the road.

###

15 March 1998, Sunday
Yacumama Lodge,
Yarapa River, Peru

After spending one night in the Maria Antonia Hotel in Iquitos, we departed
by boat at 8:40 on route to Yacumama Lodge on the Yarapa River. The lodge is
approximately 180 kilometers upriver from the city of Iquitos. The boat ride
gave me my first taste of the biodiversity of neotropical rainforests. I
witnessed in plain sight a myriad of Turkey Vultures, Black Vultures, and
Yellow Headed Caracara. The call of the Greater Kiskadee became quickly
recognizable, and the flight of the several species of Terns became easily
identifiable.

My first steps on undeveloped rainforest came during a pit stop at 11:35
during our boat trip. This gave me the opportunity to observe for the first
time the first of the countless number of insect species in spitting distance.

As we continued our journey, I watched several Amazon Kingfishers diving for
food along the shores as Egrets watched from their perch. Just before
arrival at Yacumama Lodge, we passed a group of Amazon River Dolphins
circling in the water. We arrived at 13:30 and became familiar with what was
to become our home for the next four days.

(Ed. note: we hope that leaves you, as it does us, primed to "now read
on..." online)

###

Over the next few weeks check back regularly in the TEAMS section for more
and more Journals and images from students and scientists alike! And see
"LFRF in the Classroom" for suggestions about how to make Journals work for
adult literacy and language arts classes as well as science.

***

Backyard Biodiversity Survey: Data is pouring in

Schools are busy surveying their sites and submitting data. If you haven't
yet signed up for DEBATES-LFRF, go to the web site, INTERACT, Collaborative
Projects, to do so. While you're there, click on "Archives" to see what
people have submitted. This is a great activity to get your kids excited
about doing real scientific work and sharing it with others. They even use
better English than normal because they know classmates from around the
world will be trying to read their reports. It's not too late to join!

***

CHALLENGE QUESTION WINNERS for CQ #5

Last week our question was:

In GEOsystem there's information about rainforests around the world,
including those on the fascinating island of Madagascar, which is said to be
the "4th largest island in the world." So--"What are the THREE largest
islands in the world?"



The answers:

1) Greenland
2) New Guinea
3) Borneo

(Australia is a continent and is therefore not considered an island.)

CONGRATULATIONS!!! Joey M. and Stephen L. of the St. Brendan School;
Stephanie Wong; Jamie Jenkins and Mindy Crowell from Mrs. Buice's class;
Kyle Bess and Mrs. Maris's Homeroom at Jefferson Elementary; Mrs. Wall's
fourth grade at John Wayland Elementary; Mrs. Dwelley's Second
graders; Michael C. from Eastridge School; Mrs. Ryan's 7th grade science
class; Mrs. Ryan's French group at Dolan MS, and Melissa Armelin and Colleen
O'Neil from Science 6AB at Blessed


Sacrament School for submitting correct answers this week.

Mrs. Wall's fourth grade also submitted their url:
http://www.tigerx.com/trivia/islands.htm

###

CHALLENGE QUESTION--WEEK #6



Many of last week's winners used the almanac to find their answers, but we
think you're going to have to look further than the almanac this week. Then
our first correct response was submitted less than 10 hours after the
question was posted! Great job Joey M. and Stephen L. Who will be first this
week? Take the Challenge!!!

What feature, used to tell how old a tree may be, is missing from most
rainforests? And, why?



You are invited to send original student answers to: eb@passporttoknowledge.com
Please include the words CHALLENGE QUESTION in the subject line of your
e-mail. Eileen will announce the classes that submit correct answers next
week. Answers are due back by Tuesday, April 14 at 10:00 pm EST.
This is one day early because "I (Eileen) will be at the NSTA Convention the
rest of the week. I will post the winners and the next question Tuesday
night." [Editor's note: We're jealous, Eileen!]

***

Web site(s) of the Week

Wondering what to do with all the cool projects your kids have done? Have 23
diskettes full of great information and no place to put it? Do what one
school did, and set up your own web site featuring student work on the
rainforest! The "Rainforest Workshop" was developed by Virginia Reid and the
students at Thurgood Marshall Middle School, Olympia School District, in
Olympia, Washington.

http://kids.osd.wednet.edu/Marshall/rainforest_home_page.html

This site has some great background about rainforest plants and animals.
There is information about both tropical and temperate rainforests as well
as many links and some lesson plans.

http://wxp.atms.purdue.edu/usgs/
A U.S. elevation map--cool colors and clear depiction of rivers. It's a slow
download, but worth the wait. You can click on it to enlarge any area.
Wonder if there's one of Brazil somewhere?

Click on:
http://weather.yahoo.com/graphics/satellite/South_America.html
to find out what the weather will be for the next broadcast. It's also a
great way to show a practical use of satellite imaging.

###

Each week, UPDATES features different Web sites to help you and your
students become more knowledgeable about rainforests. You can either
bookmark them in your browser or save the addresses in a word-processing
file so that they're available when you need them for activities
later on.

***

How to Subscribe to LFRF Online Resources

In addition to the weekly UPDATES, PTK also offers a set of mail lists, or
on-line discussion groups via e-mail, for educators and others planning to
use the project, which allows teachers to share ideas and successes, ask
questions, discuss problems, make suggestions, etc.

The easiest way to subscribe or unsubscribe to either DISCUSS-LFRF,
DEBATE-LFRF or UPDATES-LFRF is to visit the INTERACT section of the LFRF web
site at:

http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest

and complete the simple registration and subscription form found there.

Another way to subscribe is to send e-mail to:

listmanager@passporttoknowledge.com

Place ONLY the words:

subscribe discuss-lfrf
or
subscribe debate-lfrf

in the body of the message and that will automatically subscribe you
according to the Reply-To address embedded in your e-mail. (Be sure to turn
off your "signature", or add the word on the line FOLLOWING "subscribe
-lfrf", e.g. NOT on the same line.)

***

We hope you'll continue to use UPDATES to keep abreast of PTK news, DEBATE
to join in the Backyard Biodiversity Survey, and DISCUSS to let the PTK team
and your colleagues know what's on your mind, and to make suggestions about
how to ensure LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST is an exciting and worthwhile
learning adventure.

Now that we have one broadcast under our belt, we're a little more
confident, but please, keep your fingers crossed that no more generators
blow up, trees blow down, and that El Nino doesn't wreak havoc in Brazil,
West Virginia, Ohio or Mississippi! LFRF may be an "electronic field trip",
but we're still subject to wild weather and the fickle finger of fate.

Wish us luck, hold on tight, and enjoy the ride...

Onward and Upward,
Janet K. Cook
Editor, UPDATES-LFRF
&
Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE




SPECIAL EDITION: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 13,


From: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Subject: SPECIAL EDITION: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 13,
Date: Mon, 13 Apr 1998 23:47:39 -0400
Back to top



LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 13, 1998 Volume 7, Issue 20
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Special Edition: late-breaking news from LFRF
NASA-TV pre-empting LFRF #2: alternate C-band coordinates provided!
Interact!
LFRF #2: an outline script to help establish "anticipatory set"

***

With the hours ticking down to tomorrow's live broadcast, this bulletin will
focus only on three important points:

1) confirming satellite coordinates for PBS Ku-band carriage, and alerting
you to NASA-TV C-band pre-emption

2) two unique opportunities for interaction, and

3) providing an outline script.

***

Satellite coordinates

Ku-band
PTK's LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST (LFRF) program 2, "Worlds Beneath the Canopy"
and program 3, "Connect Globally, Act Locally", will be fed live from 13:00
Eastern-13:59:29 on April 14 and April 21 respectively. Running time is
59:29. Test time (bars and/or slate) from 12:30-13:00 Eastern.

Satellite coordinates:
Ku-band, GE-3 (87 degrees West), transponder 13 Horizontal, 11960 Mhz, audio
on 6.2 and 6.8

C-band
C-band coverage on NASA-TV is being pre-empted by live interaction between
Vice President Gore and the Space Shuttle.

HOWEVER...
An additional C-band signal is available, from 13:00-14:00 ONLY (e.g., no
test time) on Telstar 5, transponder 17C. (On April 21, this will be
Transponder 18C)

This C-band signal, initially acquired by PTK as a service for Alaska's PBS
stations in preparation for LIVE FROM THE POLES, is a turnaround from GE-3.

TROUBLE NUMBERS:

Primary technical trouble number:
at MSU TV Center: 601.325.1332

Back-up/alternate technical trouble number:
uplink truck: 601.325.8625

***

Interactive Opportunities: Webchat and ONAIR@PASSPORT...

Webchats: Live from the Amazon, and direct to a computer near you...

Between 09:30 and 10:30 Tuesday, April 14, 1998, our guests will be Susan
Laurance and Marcelo Lima (see TEAMS online for more.) Topics for Susan can
include birds, rainforest ecology, and international comparisons of forest
fragmentation. Given the number of schools on break and this shorter than
usual notice, this chat will not require the usual pre-registration, but
will be moderated. Go to:

http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/chat/prj_ltc/mesquita/main/chat.cgi

Both Marcelo and Susan are guests during Tuesday's live program.

###

ONAIR@PASSPORT... a panel of rainforest experts at the Smithsonian



During LFRF, world-class scientists will answer not just a few e-mail


questions on air, but also provide individual answers during the program and
for the hour immediately following. Here's how to submit questions: send a
brief e-mail to

onair@passporttoknowledge.com (This feature is not currently available)

If you like, you can provide a simple description in the subject heading
(e.g., fish, birds, mammals, termites, etc.) but that's not necessary. The
questions will flow into the Smithsonian Institution's Electronic Classroom
at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., operated by


NMNH's "Natural Partners" Program, and be answered by specialists from the


Smithsonian's Biodiversity Programs. Students should soon receive an answer
back, and the entire "onair" archive of questions and answers will be
mounted online for future reference (in the INTERACT section of the web
site.)


***

Program outline for student orientation:

Program 2 "WORLDS BENEATH THE CANOPY"
Continuity script, Rev 2, as of 4-13-98
To air live April 14, 1998, 13:00 Eastern

VTR = tape package rolled from MSU
GFX = graphics element from MSU

Segment times appear in (parens) and program running time
(e.g. time from the top of the show, which is 13:00 Eastern,
straight up) in [angle brackets] End of show is 59:19:59

1) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE / VTR (00:10) [00:10]
NSF and NASA logos, rainforest bgd., voice over
LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST IS MADE POSSIBLE IN PART BY THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION AND THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINSTRATION
2) TEASE / LIVE pan/zoom from Ariau (00:30) [00:40]
CAMILLE VO
CAMILLE LIVE:
WHAT YOU ARE SEEING RIGHT NOW IS A LIVE PICTURE DIRECT
FROM THE HEART OF THE AMAZON RAINFOREST

THROUGH THE TREES OF THE FOREST CANOPY YOU CAN SEE GLINTS
OF THE RIO NEGRO

NOW, GO AHEAD, BRAZIL, SWITCH TO THE OTHER CAMERA

OK, WHAT WE ARE SEEING NOW ARE SOME WOOLY MONKEYS WHICH
LIVE CLOSE TO THE ARIAU AMAZON TOWERS, AN ECO-TOURIST LODGE
WHICH IS THE LOGISTICS BASE FOR OUR SERIES OF LIVE PROGRAMS

2A) CONTENT tease VTR (00:30) [01:10]
CAMILLE VO
"Last time this time", includes "Cristina and Florida", and Sao Paulo
scene-setters!
EDIT AT MSU, 4/13/98

Clips from LFRF #1: frog sounds, fish sounds, ants
LAST TIME WE WENT OUT AT NIGHT TO HUNT FOR FROGS

LISTENED TO THE SOUNDS OF ELECTRIC FISH

AND GOT UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL WITH LEAF-CUTTER ANTS

Edit from new sequences
THIS TIME, WE'LL MEET HOWLER MONKEYS AND DUNG BEETLES

SEE HOW RESEARCHERS STUDY RAINFOREST BIRDS

GO OUT ONCE MORE AT NIGHT, BUT THIS TIME LOOKING AND
LISTENING FOR BATS

AND GET A STUDENT'S-EYE VIEW OF LIVING AND WORKING IN THE
FOREST.

Double box shot
FISH BIOLOGIST CRISTINA COX WILL INTERACT WITH STUDENTS IN
FORT MYERS, FLORIDA

Snippet of high speed sequence
AND WE'LL ALSO SEE HOW THE TV SIGNALS GET BACK HERE TO
NORTH AMERICA

SP scenes
AND TAKE QUESTIONS FROM SAO PAULO BRAZIL SINCE WE'RE LIVE
ALL ACROSS BRAZIL, NOT JUST IN THE UNITED STATES!!!

2B) CAMILLE / LIVE MSU (00:15) [01:25]
CAMILLE to camera, show welcome on teleprompter
Name super
I'M CAMILLE McCUE AND WELCOME, STUDENTS IN BRAZIL AND
NORTH AMERICA, TO "LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST"

NOW LET'S GO RIGHT BACK TO BRAZIL MARCELO

2C) MARCELO / LIVE riverbank (00:15) [01:40]
2D) WV INTRO / LIVE WV (00:15) [01:55]
CAMILLE live VO waving kids and cutaways
WE'VE GOT STUDENTS FROM WALNUT CREEK MIDDLE SCHOOL, IN
ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA, WITH US LIVE AT NASA'S "CLASSROOM OF THE
FUTURE", IN WHEELING, WEST VIRGINIA HI KIDS!

AND BACK DOWN IN BRAZIL SUSAN LAURANCE
2E) SUSAN / LIVE platform (00:15) [02:10]
2F) CAMILLE / LIVE MSU >AND< SI, DC (00:20) [02:30]
CAMILLE to camera: "get your pencils for interaction address", and throws
to show open
CAMILLE TO CAMERA
CONTINUES VO SHOTS OF SI
AND WE'VE ALSO GOT A PANEL OF RAINFOREST EXPERTS AT THE


SMITHSONIAN IN WASHINGTON, DC, READY TO ANSWER YOUR E-MAIL
QUESTIONS GRAB A PEN OR PENCIL TO WRITE DOWN THAT
ADDRESS

LOTS TO DO, SO LET'S GET GOING WITH "LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST",
PROGRAM 2, "WORLDS BENEATH THE CANOPY"

3) SHOW OPEN / VTR with music and VO (00:45) [03:15]
program titles (Eng. & Port.) VO & music on tape

4A) SUSAN'S CAMERA / LIVE BRAZIL (01:00) [04:15]
CAMILLE elicits live VO comment (ONE) from SUSAN, about what we are
seeing RIGHT NOW
Place and SUSAN and LIVE supers
CAMILLE VOICE OVER LIVE SHOT:
SUSAN, SHOW US A LITTLE OF WHAT YOU AND OUR CAMERA CAN SEE
FROM RIGHT WHERE YOU ARE
SUSAN:
SHOWS AND TELLS
CUT BACK TO CAMILLE AND SWITCH CAMERA IN BRAZIL TO MARCELO
CAMILLE:
SUSAN, GREAT WE'VE GOT LOTS OF QUESTIONS FOR YOU, BUT
FIRST, MARCELO AND THE MONKEYS WHAT HAVE YOU GOT TO SHOW
US?
4B) MARCELO'S CAMERA / LIVE BRAZIL (00:20) [04:35]
CAMILLE elicits live VO comment (ONE) from MARCELO, about what we
are seeing RIGHT NOW MONKEYS!!!
Place and MARCELO and LIVE supers
MARCELO:
SHOWS AND TELLS

5) CAMILLE / LIVE & GFX (00:40) [05:15]
INTRO SMITHSONIAN
CAMILLE:
WELL, AS YOU CAN SEE, WE TRULY ARE "LIVE FROM THE
RAINFOREST" HOPE THOSE MONKEYS DON'T GET TOO PLAYFUL
WITH OUR CAMERA CABLES!!!



BUT EVEN IF THEY DO, WE'LL STILL BE ABLE TO ANSWER YOUR
QUESTIONS DOWN IN THE ELECTRONIC CLASSROOM OF THE
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY'S "NATURAL PARTNERS"
PROGRAM WE'VE GOT A VERY KNOWLEDGEABLE GROUP OF EXPERTS
STANDING BY TO TAKE YOUR E-MAIL QUESTIONS HERE'S A QUICK
INTRODUCTION BY NAME AND SPECIALITY

MICHAEL ROBINSON Director, The National Zoo

MARY HAGEDORN, Fish especially electric fish

DAVID NICKLE Entomologist (katydids, grasshoppers, etc.)

SANDEVAL ABELARDO Bio-cultural diversity

RUSSELL GREENBERG Birds

MARSHA SITNIK Ecology

(or KIM NICHOLS Ecology)

CHARLES HANDLEY Mammals, especially bats

And MATT KANE Termites



TO GET ANSWERS FROM THESE EXPERTS DURING THIS LIVE PROGRAM
ONLY AND FOR ONE HOUR AFTER, E-MAIL YOUR QUESTION TO:

ONAIR@PASSPORTTOKNOWLEDGE.COM

IF YOU LIKE, PUT A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE QUESTION FISH,
BIRDS, TREES IN THE SUBJECT LINE AND WE HOPE YOU'LL GET AN


ANSWER BACK REAL SOON

CAMILLE TO CAMERA
WELL, OUR PROGRAM'S CALLED "WORLDS BENEATH THE CANOPY"
SO LET'S INTRODUCE THE ENVIRONMENT WE'RE GOING TO EXPLORE
TODAY

6) FROM CANOPY TO UNDERSTORY / VTR & GFX (02:30)


[07:45]
CAMILLE VO
LAST TIME WE SAID THAT THE AMAZON BASIN
SO VAST IT'S LARGER THAN THE ENTIRE CONTINENTAL UNITED
STATES WAS IN FACT MANY DIFFERENT PLACES, SHAPED BY THE
ACIDIC, BLACK WATERS OF THE RIO NEGRO (NEH-GROW) AND THE
SEDMINENT-RICH WHITE WATERS OF THE RIO SOLIMOES (SOLLY-MOYS)

BUT IT'S JUST AS TRUE THAT TRAVELING ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY
FEET, FROM ROOT TO TREE-TOP, TAKES YOU THROUGH MANY
DIFFERENT WORLDS

THE TALLEST TREES IN A RAINFOREST ARE CALLED "EMERGENT"
THEY STICK UP 10-20 METERS ABOVE THE THICK CANOPY.

THEY ARE HOME TO MAJESTIC CREATURES SUCH AS HARPY EAGLES
AND COLORFUL BUTTERFLIES.

THE CANOPY ITSELF IS SO THICK THAT IT ALMOST APPEARS AS ONE
EXPLORER SAID LIKE A THICK GREEN CARPET, A "FOREST ABOVE A
FOREST".

THIS IS WHERE MONKEYS NOISILY TRAVEL AERIAL FREEWAYS

AND WHERE SLOTHS LAZILY MUNCH THEIR FILL

THIS IS WHERE THE WORK OF THE FOREST GETS DONE, WHERE CHECK
PER CENT OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS HAPPENS.

HERE THE LEAVES ARE SO THICK THAT 90 PER CENT OF THE SUN'S
LIGHT IS EATEN UP BY PLANTS, AND IS ALMOST ENTIRELY BLOCKED
FROM REACHING THE REGIONS BELOW. IF YOU'RE A PLANT, THIS IS
WHERE THE ACTION IS, WHERE YOU WANT TO BE

BUT THERE'S MORE THAN ONE WAY OF GETTING UP TO THE SUN!

FOR EPIPHYTES, "AIR PLANTS", THE STRATEGY IS TO HITCH A RIDE ON
SOMEONE'S ELSE'S TRUNK TO SAVE YOURSELF THE EFFORT AND
ENERGY OF BUILDING ALL THAT WOODY STRUCTURE

EPIPHYTES, IN TURN, ARE HOME TO FROGS AND SALAMANDERS, AND
INSECTS WHICH EAT THE TADPOLES! AND, IN FACT, THEY SOMETIMES
HELP THEIR HOST TREES. IN WHAT IS CALLED A MUTUALISTIC
RELATIONSHIP THEY ALSO PROVIDE POOLS RICH IN NUTRIENTS WHICH
THEIR HOST WILL SOMETIMES TAP.

BUT IF YOU'RE A STRANGLER FIG, YOU'RE JUST A "PARASITE" YOU
TWINE AROUND A HANDY TRUNK, AND WIND YOUR WAY UP TO THE
SUN, AND THEN SEND ROOTS BACK DOWN FOR MOISTURE WHO
CARES IF YOU HUG YOUR HOST TREE TO DEATH? BY THEN YOU'RE UP
WHERE IT'S BETTER, AND BETTER, AND WHERE THE SUN IS AND
YOU'RE HOME FREE THOUGH YOUR HOST WILL SLOWLY WITHER
AWAY

WAY DOWN BELOW, IN THE UNDERSTORY, IS WHERE LIFE BEGINS AND
ENDS WHERE THE DECOMPOSERS FUNGHI AND TERMITES
RECYCLE FALLEN LEAVES AND DEAD BRANCHES AND ORGANISMS
RELEASING RAW MATERIALS BACK INTO THE CYCLE OF LIFE.

RAINFOREST SOILS ARE SUPRISINGLY THIN AND LACKING IN
NUTRIENTS, SO IT'S THIS PROCESS OF DECOMPOSITION WHICH
NOURISHES NEW LIFE.

IT'S SO EFFICIENT THAT BRANCHES ROT AWAY IN WEEKS, AND ALL
THE DEAD BODIES SOON NOURISH NEW LIVES.

ONLY A FEW CREATURES TRAVEL FROM BOTTOM TO TOP BUT LEAF-
CUTTER ANTS SOMETIMES CLIMB 300 OR MORE METERS UP AND DOWN
AND UP AND DOWN IN A NIGHT TO HARVEST PLANTS AND FLOWERS TO
TAKE BACK TO THEIR NESTS

LIVING SYMBOLS OF HOW IN THE RAINFOREST, THE WEB OF LIFE IS AN
ORGANIC WHOLE MUCH MORE THAN THE SUM OF ITS PARTS.

AND IT'S THIS RICH AND INTER-RELATED WHOLE THE MANY "WORLDS
BENEATH THE CANOPY", THAT WE'LL EXPLORE IN THE REMAINDER OF
THIS PROGRAM.

7) AMAZING AMAZONIA, #1 / VTR (00:30) [08:15]
# of species of plants, animals, insects

8) INTERACTIVE Q&A #1 / LIVE & VTR (04:30) [12:45]
CAMILLE brokers:
PLEASE NOTE: FOUR QUESTIONS TOTAL A CHANGE FROM
THE FIRST RUNDOWN!!! WV, WV, SAO PAULO, WV

9) SMITHSONIAN #1 / LIVE & GFX (00:30) [13:15]
CAMILLE ON CAMERA
NOW FOR MORE REAL-TIME INTERACTION THIS TIME BETWEEN FISH
BIOLOGIST CRISTINA COX FERNANDES, AND STUDENTS IN FT. MYERS,
FLORIDA!

FLORIDA IS HOME TO THE CONTINENTAL U.S.'S ONLY TROPICAL
RAINFOREST A MANGROVE FOREST AND STUDENTS FROM CHECK
NAME HIGH SCHOOL TOOK US ON A QUICK TOUR

10) CRISTINA AND FLORIDA #1 / VTR & GFX (05:00) [16:45]
10A) KIDS TOUR OF FLORIDA
10B) FLORIDA/CRISTINA INTERACTION

11A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:20)
[16:25]
lead to tape
CAMILLE:
THANKS, GUYS WE'LL BE BACK WITH CRISTINA AND THE FLORIDA
STUDENTS LATER

BUT NOW LET'S GET OUT INTO THE TERRA FIRME (TERRA FUR-MAY) OR
LOWLAND RAINFOREST NORTH OF MANAUS WITH SUSAN TO SEE
HOW SHE GENTLY GETS HER "HANDS-ON" THE BIRDS SHE STUDIES
11B) NETTING KNOWLEDGE / VTR (04:30) [20:55]
Chapter head:
SUSAN working with birds
SUSAN super

12) SUSAN Q&A #1 1 / LIVE (03:00) [24:05]
WV LIVE, SAO PAULO VTR, WV LIVE, ALL WITH PLACE AND
NAME SUPERS

13A) STUDENT CORRESPONDENTS / LIVE (00:30) [24:35]
CAMILLE bridge/lead
WELL, WE HOPE BY NOW YOU'VE GOT THE IDEA THAT STUDENTS ARE
THE STARS OF "LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST", ALONG WITH THE
RESEARCHERS AND THE FOREST

SO WE SENT ONE OF OUR INTREPID HIGH SCHOOL CORRESPONDENTS
OUT TO ONE OF THE FIELD CAMPS USED BY SUSAN AND HER
COLLEAGUES, TO BRING YOU THIS REPORT ON WHAT IT'S LIKE TO LIVE
AND WORK, SLEEP AND SWIM, IN THE RAINFOREST!!!
13B) CAMP 41: A STUDENT'S VISIT / VTR (03:00) [27:35]
name super: SASHA H-S
13C) MILLBROOK IN PERU / VTR (00:45) [28:20]
NOW SOME OF OUR STUDENT CORRESPONDENTS HAVE BEEN
VENTURING EVEN FARTHER "AFIELD"

LAST TIME YOU SAW MILLBROOK SCHOOL, NEW YORK, INTERACTING
WITH BIRD EXPERT MARIO COHN-HAFT

THOSE STUDENTS HAD JUST GOTTEN BACK FROM A PRETTY INTENSE
LEARNING EXPEDITION TO THE PERUVIAN AMAZON

NOW YOU CAN "READ ALL ABOUT IT" AND SEE SOME MARVELOUS
IMAGES OF THEIR TRAVELS ON THE WEB GO TO
GRAPHIC
http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest
AND CHECK OUT THE
GRAPHIC
TEAMS
SECTION, AND LOOK FOR
GRAPHIC
"MILLBROOK IN PERU."

THERE YOU'LL FIND SOME EXCITING TALES OF ZIP-LINING IN THE
CANOPY AND SOME POETIC REACTIONS TO THE ROMANCE AND
BEAUTY OF THE RAINFOREST
13D) COSTA RICA '98 / VTR (01:00) [29:20]
AND THERE'S MORE

RIGHT NOW, A GROUP OF STUDENTS FROM SUMMIT HIGH SCHOOL IS
ON LOCATION IN COSTA RICA

WEB ADDRESS, TEAMS, CR 1998
READ ABOUT THEIR TRAVELS ONLINE, AT OUR LFRF SITE, IN THE
"TEAMS" SECTION, UNDER "COSTA RICA 1998" AND FIND OUT HOW
TO SEND >YOUR< QUESTIONS TO >YOUR< STUDENT
CORRESPONDENTS BUT THAT'S JUST FOR THE NEXT FEW DAYS
SINCE BY NEXT WEEK THEY'LL BE BACK AND WE HOPE TO HAVE
TEACHER MARTY STICKLE AND A FEW STUDENTS DOWN THERE IN THE
SMITHSONIAN FOR OUR LAST PROGRAM!!!

14) AMAZING AMAZONIA #2 / VTR (00:30) [29:50]
sound quiz

15A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:15)
[30:05]
CAMILLE lead to VTR
HOLDS UP TEACHER'S GUIDE
UP IN THE TREETOPS DOWN IN THE RIVERS RAINFOREST
RESEARCH IS AS DIVERSE AS THE RECORD NUMBER OF SPECIES TO
BE FOUND HERE
HOLDS UP GUIDE
AS YOU CAN SEE FROM THE 40 OR MORE ACTIVITIES SIMULATING
RAINFOREST RESEARCH WHICH YOU CAN FIND IN OUR TEACHER'S
GUIDE

SO WE THOUGHT WE SHOULD GO OUT INTO THE FIELD TO SHOW YOU
JUST HOW VARIED THE WORKING LIVES OF OUR PARTICIPATING
SCIENTISTS CAN BE
15B) TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES / VTR (04:00) [33:05]
chapter head: FIELD RESEARCH: TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES
montage of all doing their respective things
JUST AS THE FOREST HAS MANY "WORLDS" BETWEEN CANOPY AND
UNDERSTORY, RESEARCH HERE INVOLVES MANY DIFFERENT TOOLS
AND TECHNIQUES.

Marcela climbing
THE CANOPY IS A SCIENTIFIC FRONTIER ONLY JUST BEGINNING TO BE
UNDERSTOOD IN THE PAST DECADE.

MARCELA SANTAMARIA FROM COLOMBIA STUDIES THE INTERACTION
BETWEEN CANPOY BIRDS AND FRUIT-BEARING TREES. BUT TO THAT
SHE'S HAD TO LEARN CLIMBING TECHNIQUES THAT WOULD NOT BE
OUT OF PLACE ON A MOUNTAIN IN THE ALPS OR HIMALAYAS

Ropes, etc.
THIS IS HER FIRST SEASON CLIMBING

BUT WITH CAREFUL SUPPORT FROM JURUNA, HER "MATEIRO" WHICH
MEANS "WOODSMAN" SHE'S ABLE TO GET UP THERE WHERE THE
BIRDS AND MONKEYS MAKE THEIR HOME

Emilio
DOWN BELOW, IN THE DIM UNDERSTORY, EMILIO BRUNA'S POLLINATES
AS MANY AS 280 HELICONIA FLOWERS A DAY BY HAND!

HE'S STUDYING THE INTERACTIONS OF HUMMING-BIRDS AND
FLOWERS, AND HAS TO CAREFULLY NOTE AND MEASURE EACH
PLANT AND THEN METICULOUSLY COAT THE STAMENS WITH
POLLEN

BACK AT CAMP, MOST EVENINGS SEE HIM CAREFULLY TRANSCRIBING
FIELD NOTES TO FORM THE BASIS FOR FUTURE REPORTS.

Bill at the computer
BACK IN MANAUS, TEAM LEADER BILL LAURANCE.

HIS RESEARCH TOOL IS A COMPUTER AND HIS "FIELD" RICH
FOREST OF DATA, 20 YEARS OF INFORMATION REVEALING WHICH
SPECIES THRIVE AND WHICH DWINDLE AS THEIR HABITATS CHANGE

Marcelo in the brush
FOR MARCELO LIMA, TRAPS ARE THE ONLY WAY TO CAPTURE THE
ELUSIVE SMALL MAMMALS WHICH ARE HIS TARGETS.

BUT THOUGH THE AMAZON IS ONE OF THE PLACES MOST RICH IN
SPECIES ON THE ENTIRE PLANET, THERE ARE STILL VERY FEW
INDIVIDUALS OF EACH SPECIES AND MAMMALS ARE MUCH RARER
THAN PLANTS AND INSECTS.

SO OFTEN, FOR MARCELO, PATIENCE AND PERSISTENCE ARE JUST AS
IMPORTANT AS HIS TRAPS THE MORNING WE WENT OUT WITH HIM HE
CAPTURED NOT A SINGLE SPECIMEN!

MARIO COHN-HAFT HAS ANOTHER WAY OF TAKING NOTES HE
RECORDS BIRD SONGS TO HELP DOCUMENT WHICH SPECIES LIVE
WHERE

BUT TO INCREASE HIS CHANCE TO STUDY THEM CLOSE-UP, HE PLAYS
THEIR SONGS BACK, ENTICING CURIOUS BIRDS TO COME IN CLOSE
TO CHECK OUT WHAT MUST SOUND LIKE A RIVAL OR A POSSIBLE
MATE!

AS MARIO SHOWED THE BIRD-LOVING STUDENTS FROM MILLBROOK
SCHOOL, HE ALSO USES A COMPUTER TO CREATE SONOGRAMS
SOUND-PRINT, WHICH LETS HIM ANALYZE THE CALLS

PRESTON ALDRICH ALSO USES HIGH TECHNOLOGY IN THE
RAINFOREST. HE WORKS ON THE GENETICS OF TREES, "PLANT
GENEALOGY" TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHICH TREE IS PARENT, OR
CHILD, TO ANOTHER

HIS TOOLS INCLUDE DRY ICE AND VACUUM FLASKS TO LET HIM STUDY
PLANT DNA BACK IN THE LABORATORY.

AND THE LAB'S WHERE HERALDO VASCONCELOS (VASS-CON-SAY-
LOSS) AND HIS ASSISTANTS CATEGORIZE ANTS SPECIES TO TRACK
WHAT MAKES COLONIES FLOURISH OR DECLINE

AND RITA MESQUITA, (MES-KEE-TAH) WHOM WE MET LAST TIME,
CAREFULLY MEASURES THE SIZE OF TRUNKS AND LEAVES TO FIGURE
OUT WHAT MAKES A FOREST LIVE AND DIEOR COME BACK TO LIFE.

THOUGH THESE RESEARCHERS ALL USE VERY DIFFERENT TOOLS AND
TECHNIQUES, THEY SHARE A LOVE FOR THEIR WORK AND THE PLACE
WHERE THEY SPEND LONG DAYS AND NIGHTS.

16) MARCELO Q&A #1 / LIVE (03:00) [36:25]
CAMILLE, WV, MARCELO, CAMILLE, E-MAIL/S.I., MARCELO,
WV, MARCELO

17A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:15)
[36:40]
CAMILLE:
AS WE HOPE YOU CAN SEE, WHEN IT WORKS, SATELLITE TECHNOLOGY
LETS US DO THINGS THAT WOULD PREVIOUSLY HAVE SEEMED LIKE
MAGIC INTERACTING DIRECTLY WITH THE RAINFOREST

BUT LIKE MOST MAGIC, IT TAKES A WHOLE LOT OF WORK TO MAKE IT
HAPPEN

HERE'S WHAT WENT ON BEHIND THE SCENES TO MAKE "LIVE FROM
THE RAINFOREST" A REALITY, AS WE BROUGHT OUR SATELLITE GEAR
ALL THE WAY FROM THE GREAT LAKES OF AMERICA'S MID-WEST TO
THE AMAZON

17B) INTERACTING VIA ACTS / VTR (02:30) [39:10]
chapter head:
THE TRIP BEGAN AT NASA LEWIS, CLEVELAND OHIO

IT WAS OFF BY ROAD, TO MIAMI INTERNATIONAL

"WHAT DA YA MEAN, THIRTY FIVE HUNDRED POUNDS AND 40 BOXES?
OKAY WE'LL TAKE CARE OF YOU!" AND THEY DID

SO IT WAS ON-TO PLANE 1 AND OFF TO RIO

36 HOURS AND >TWO< PLANES LATER MANAUS, BRAZIL

BOAT ONE DOWN TOO MANY STEPS AND ACROSS A CREAKY GANG-
PLANK

THE ALL-IMPORTANT SATELLITE DISH, NEATLY WRAPPED FOR
TRAVEL

BY THIS TIME WE WERE WONDERING, DID WE REALLY NEED TO BRING
ALL THIS?

THEN IT WAS TIME TO "HOT ROD" UP THE AMAZON A GREAT VIEW,
BUT SOME OF US WERE PRETTY TIRED

OFF THE MAIN DRAG AND UP THE ARIAU RIVER TROPICAL
RAINFOREST AT LAST!

DANGER LURKED ROUND EVERY CURVE INCLUDING MONKEYS WHO
TOOK A VIOLENT LIKING TO OUR CAMERA!

GUESS FOR ONCE "TRANSHIPPING" WAS JUST THE RIGHT WORD!

SPACE-AGE SATELLITE GEAR GOT PACKED INTO A CANOE, AND DOWN
A SIDE CHANNEL

THEN IT WAS UP SOME NARROW, RICKETY STAIRS FROM PLANE TO
BUS, BOAT AND CANOE, AND NOW OUR PROJECT ALL DEPENDED ON
STURDY SHOULDERS AND MUSCLE POWER!

SUCCESS THE DISH WAS FINALLY POINTED!

NOW IT WAS TIME TO HOOK IT UP AND TEST IT OUT NASA ENGINEERS
JOHN DIAMOND AND GREG KUBAT SET TO WORK.

IT RAINED, IT STOPPED THEY BUILT SOME MORE, IT RAINED SOME
MORE AND CABLE AFTER CABLE WAS CAREFULLY PLUGGED IN
PLACE, AND TESTED, AND RE-TESTED

FINALLY AFTER THOUSANDS OF MILES AND HUNDREDS OF HOURS OF
WORK, ALL WAS IN PLACE TO SEND THE "LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST"
SIGNALS BACK TO YOU!

17C) HOW THE SIGNAL GETS BACK / GFX & VTR (00:30)


[39:40]
How the signal gets back (NASA animation and original graphic [signal
path])
CAMILLE: LIVE VO GRAPHICS
FROM THE AMAZON THE SIGNAL GOES UP TO THE ACTS SATELLITE

THEN DOWN TO NASA'S LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER

THEN VIA A BIG FAT TELEPHONE LINE TO MISSISSIPPI STATE WHERE
OUR ENTHUSIASTIC CREW MIXES IN ALL THE OTHER ELEMENTS

THEN BACK UP TO A DOMESTIC SATELLITE AND OUT TO PBS
STATIONS

AND ALSO, SIMULTANEOUSLY, TO AN INTERNATIONAL SATELLITE
CARRYING THE FINISHED PROGRAM ALLTHE WAY BACK TO BRAZIL, VIA
TV CULTURA, SAO PAULO

PHEW, MAKES ME DIZZY JUST THINKIN' ABOUT IT!

18A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:15)
[39:55]
CAMILLE:
AS YOU CAN SEE IT'S QUITE A COMPLEX >TELECOMMUNICATIONS<
NETWORK THAT BRINGS THIS TV PROGRAM TO YOU

BUT IT'S AN >EVEN MORE< COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL NETWORK THAT
MAKES THE RAINFOREST WORK

SOME OF YOU MAY HAVE PLAYED THE "TROPICAL RAINFOREST FOOD
WEB GAME" AS SUGGESTED IN OUR TEACHER'S GUIDE

HERE'S WHAT "FOOD WEB" MEANS IN REALITY AS RESEARCHER
ELLEN ANDRESEN SHOWS US HOW HOWLER MONKEYS AND DUNG
BEETLES ARE INTIMATELY INVOLVED IN THE PROCESS OF SEED
DISPERSAL AND PLANT GROWTH

18B) MONKEYS, BEETLES AND SEEDS / VTR (03:43) [43:25]
chapter head

19) AMAZING AMAZONIA #3 / VTR (00:30) [43:55]

20) INTERACTION / LIVE & TAPE (TOTAL 04:00) [47:55]
CAMILLE, WV, SUSAN, SAO PAULO VTR, MARCELO

21A) CRISTINA & FLORIDA #2 (04:00) [51:55]

22A) CAMILLE / LIVE (00:20)
[52:15]
CAMILLE:
WE'VE LOOKED AT CREATURES THAT LIVE IN THE TREE-TOPS AND IN
THE UNDERSTORY AND MOST PLACES IN BETWEEN BUT, YOU KNOW,
NIGHT-TIME IS A KIND OF "PLACE", AN ECOLGICAL NICHE JUST A REAL
AS ANY OTHER "WORLD BENEATH THE CANOPY" AND IT'S NIGHT-
TIME WHEN BATS EMERGE AND RESEARCHERS LIKE ENRICO CHECK
NAME COME OUT TO STUDY THEM
22B) GOING BATTY / VTR (03:42) [56:15]
CAMILLE VO

22C) ROBINSON IN DC / LIVE (01:00) [57:15]
CAMILLE:
THANKS, CRISTINA AND FLORIDA

NOW MIKE ROBINSON IN WASHINGTON WHAT HAVE BEEN SOME OF
THE MOST INTERESTING QUESTIONS YOU'VE SEEN COME IN OVER THE
PAST HOUR?
MIKE
Ad lib response
CAMILLE:
MIKE, I UNDERSTAND THAT AT LEAST SOME OF YOU WILL BE STAYING


ON TO ANSWER QUESTIONS FOR ANOTHER HOUR AFTER THIS LIVE
PROGRAM SO, MANY THANKS TO YOU AND YOUR COLLEAGUES FOR
PROVIDING THIS INCREDIBLE RESOURCE

CAMILLE TO CAMERA:


YOU'LL SOON BE ABLE TO FIND ALLTHE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
ONLINE

23) CAMILLE / LIVE, VTR & GFX (00:30) [57:45]
CAMILLE to camera, with graphics and roll-in
LFRF web site address
HOW TO CONTACT PTK super
CAMILLE:
IN FACT YOU CAN FIND "BIOGRAPHIES" AND "JOURNALS" FROM MANY
OF THE SCIENTISTS YOU SAW IN THE RAINFOREST AS WELL AS
"TRAVEL-LOGS" FROM OUR STUDENT CORRESPONDENTS A VIDEO
ARCHIVE OF THESE PROGRAMS, AND EVEN THE SOUNDS OF HOWLER
MONKEYS AND FROGS, >AND< SOME GAMES TO STRETCH YOUR MIND
WHILE HAVING FUN LL ONLINE AT THE "LIVE FROM THE
RAINFOREST" WEB SITE THAT'S
GRAPHIC:
http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest
CAMILLE: HOLDS UP KIT:
AND IF YOU WANT TO GET THE TEACHER'S GUIDE OR MULTIMEDIA
KIT, CONTACT:
GRAPHIC:
PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE VIA PHONE AT 973.656.9403
OR VIA E-MAIL AT:
PTKEA@AOL.COM

24) "BYES" FROM ALL SITES (open time!!!) [58:19]

25) END CREDITS / VTR (01:00)
[59:19]

26) UNDERWRITER ANNOUNCE / VTR (00:10) [59:29]




LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 18, 1998 Volume 7, Issue


From: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Subject: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 18, 1998 Volume 7, Issue
Date: Sat, 18 Apr 1998 18:53:49 -0400
Back to top



LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 18, 1998 Volume 7, Issue 21
-----------------------------------------------------------------

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Late-breaking News from LFRF: very special guests for program 3 include U.S.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright!
LFRF #3, "Connect Globally, Act Locally" airs live April 21, 13:00 Eastern
Satellite coordinates for the TV broadcasts
Watch via the Web: Real Video and Audio
The interactions "formerly known" as "ONAIR@PASSPORT"
Using LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST in the classroom
The Growing LFRF Web site: latest additions
Journals/Biographies of the Week: Marty Stickle & Shannon Tice
Challenge Questions: Week 6 results and CQ #7 Challenge
Web site(s) of the Week
Preparing for LIVE FROM THE POLES, a PTK-NSTW special, April 28, 1998, 13:00
Eastern
How to Subscribe to LFRF Online Resources

***

Late-breaking News from LFRF

It worked again! (Program 2, that was.) A program that began in sunshine and
ended with the camera crew fleeing a sudden storm was still successfully
broadcast from the heart of the Amazon rainforest to thousands of excited
students and teachers all across North America--and simultaneously to


Brazil. The Smithsonian scientists answered e-mail questions as fast as they
could type. A letter from teacher Tim McCollum, Charleston Middle School,
Charleston, IL, is typical of reactions to the second program:

"Hats off again to... the PTK crew and the collaborating scientists (Susan
Laurance and Marcelo Lima) for another outstanding program. As I watched the
broadcast with my students, I was reminded of the profound nature of the PTK
experience. I believe that PTK is truly ahead of its time in making use of
cutting edge technologies to turn our classrooms into global learning
centers--while bridging continents and languages. Keep setting the standard
of excellence."

And from Brazil came this comment:

"The project and the results are fantastic. It is so amazing to see the
scientists in the rainforest explaining their work... it is so educational
and modern. The second programme was even better than the first."

Given this international dimension we're delighted to announce that (subject
to the always possible late-breaking changes in schedule) U.S. Secretary of
State Madeleine Albright will be joining LFRF for the first few segments of
Tuesday's program. We hope PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE will be able to "connect"
her "globally" simultaneously to youngsters in North and South American.

Also featured will be Antonio Nobre, head of INPA's GISLAB/Remote Sensing
Facility, and Miro Honzak from the Czech Republic. Canadian researcher
Claude Gascon (he of the hit night-time "Frog Hunt" of program 1, and BDFFP
science coordinator) will be back once more to help sum up the series--so
we've quite an international cast of characters!

***

"CONNECT GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY" April 21, 13:00-14:00 Eastern

Also to be seen--reports on bats and social spiders, and how they respond to
forest fragmentation. Rita Mesquita (an on-camera guest in program 1) takes
urban youngsters out into the rainforest for their very first visit, and
shares what she thinks is so unique and significant about this ecosystem.

BDFFP botany team leader Bill Laurance summarizes 20 years of data on "edge
effects" and introduces some thoughts on the global consequences of
deforestation on greenhouse gases. This third and final program also shows
how the Internet and educational telecommunications can create new, ongoing
collaborations between world-class researchers and secondary school students.

***

Satellite coordinates for the live TV broadcasts

While those of you in places like New York, LA and San Francisco should be
able to watch on WNET, KLCS and KQED and your own local PBS station (if it
has chosen to participate), others may want to downlink directly from
satellite. Both Ku- and C-band signals should be accessible. And if you are
planning to watch via PBS, call the local Instructional TV representative to
verify the local broadcast time: for example, in Denver, they are taping and
re-broadcasting at 13:00 hours MDT on Wednesdays.

The satellite coordinates on April 21, at 13:00 Eastern, will be:

Ku-band
GE-3 (87 degrees West), transponder 13 Horizontal, 11960 Mhz, audio on 6.2
and 6.8

Program running time is 59:29. Test time (bars and/or slate) from
12:30-13:00 Eastern.

C-band
Subject to Shuttle mission events and other NASA pre-emptions, the programs
should also appear on NASA-TV, GE-2, 85 degrees West, transponder 9-C
vertical, 3880 Mhz, audio on 6.8. PLEASE NOTE THERE WILL BE NO TEST PERIOD
ON NASA-TV! The programs will be slated for re-broadcast on NTV in May and
thereafter.

C-band
An additional C-band signal is available, from 13:00-14:00 ONLY (e.g., no
test time) on Telstar 5, transponder 18C. This C-band signal, initially
acquired by PTK as a service for Alaska's PBS stations in preparation for
LIVE FROM THE POLES, is a turnaround from GE-3.

TROUBLE NUMBERS (EMERGENCY USE ONLY):
Primary technical trouble number:
at MSU TV Center: 601.325.1332
Back-up/alternate technical trouble number:
uplink truck: 601.325.8625

PLEASE Confirm satellite coordinates for the live broadcasts and times for
local PBS broadcasts well in advance of air time to ensure you and your
students are not disappointed!

Don't panic if you can't get the live programs. Many of us have never seen
LIVE FROM's truly live! Although it's even more fun to be part of the PTK
community watching the live broadcasts, many, if not most, middle school
teachers must use videotaped programs due to class scheduling difficulties,
lack of, or a delayed broadcast on PBS. If you were unable to tape the
program off-air, call PTK and order a copy. It will be mailed out as soon as
the copies are prepared.

***

Watching via the Web: Real Video and Real Audio

If you are unable to access the programs via broadcast television, you can
still link in via the Internet. Courtesy of NASA Quest/Learning Technologies
Project, you can watch and listen via Real Video. Simply visit the LFRF web
site on the day of the live broadcasts and follow the links provided at the
top of the Home Page: you can also easily download the audio and video
plug-ins if you don't already have them (allow some extra time to do this!)
OK, it's not as pretty as the full-screen pictures, but it's sure better
than missing out. And if you're connecting internationally, we'd love to
hear from you: see below for contact information.

Expect a Special Edition of UPDATES-LFRF early Monday 4/20, providing an
outline of the program to help you brief students who'll be watching live on
Tuesday.

***

Webchats From the Amazon direct to you (maybe... possibly... )

Last week's Chats (with Susan Laurance and Marcelo Lima, as well as PTK team
member Ann Devereaux) went very well. You could almost feel student
excitement as question after question appeared in real time. Ana amazing
amount of information passed minds in very little time!

We still HOPE to offer a final Web Chat with INPA's remote sensing chief,
Antonio Nobre, on Tuesday morning (09:30-10:30 Eastern), but technical and
scheduling issues mean final arrangements have not yet been confirmed. WATCH
FOR FINAL CONFIRMATION AND THE WEB ADDRESS MONDAY!

***

The interactive option formerly known as "ONAIR@PASSPORT"

Both LFRF programs have been greatly enhanced by wonderful panels of


rainforest researchers from the Smithsonian who have volunteered to answer
student questions sent in via e-mail during the program and for the hour
immediately following the broadcast.

But as our sub-title's verbal homage to Prince (hard to do his symbol in
e-mail) indicates, there has been an important change in name and procedure
for how to send questions to the Smithsonian experts.

To make things smoother for students and experts alike, our Web gurus at
RSPAC have come up with a form, to be found on the LFRF Web site
http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest in the INTERACT section. It's a
simple fill-in-the-blanks form, for "student first name", "initial of last
name" (to protect privacy), school name, and a check off box to indicate the
subject matter of the inquiry. That should speed question to the expert best
equipped to answer, and get the answer back directly to students.

This week's group of researchers and their specialties include:

Astrid Caldas: insects
Jim Comiskey: forest dynamics
Fred Engle: deforestation & remote sensing
Carol Kelloff: plants
Betty Meggers: people of the forest
Robert Robbins: butterflies
Don Wilson: bats
Kimberly A. Nichols: general ecology

We also hope that several of our "Student Correspondents" from Summit High
School's recent field trip to Costa Rica will also be available at the


Smithsonian to answer questions during and immediately after the third program.

Thanks to all at the Smithsonian! Let us know how this works for you and
your students by posting your reactions to Discuss-LFRF.

***

Using LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST in Your Classroom

Time to prepare your students for both remote sensing and discussions about
rainforest conservation. Just in time for Earth Day '98, the third LFRF
program, "CONNECT GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY," will encourage students to do what
they can at home to make choices that will preserve
endangered areas such as wetlands, rainforests, and other natural sites. The
Teacher's Guide has several activities that can help you prepare for the
program and debrief after.

And how's your mold doing? Be sure to publish your "Mold Race" winners by
sending results to Eileen Bendixsen at eb@passporttoknowledge.com or follow the
instructions in the "Classroom Connections" section of "INTERACT." We would
also like to publish other student work--illustrations, maps drawn by
students, reports of other activities, papers, poetry, and stories written
by students, etc. The types of contributions that can be proudly displayed
on the site is limited only by your imagination!

***

The Growing LFRF Web site

TEAMS has more and more Journals for your enjoyment. Read about Mario
Cohn-Haft's bird-watching adventures, and student reactions to the Peruvian
Amazon and Costa Rica: there's some great writing and even some poetic
thoughts! Your students should enjoy seeing rainforests from a peer's
perspective, as well as from the BDFFP researchers' standpoint.

The high school students' journeys are wonderful--you can feel their
excitement as they experience new adventures and see marvelous creatures. I
remember the feeling shared by Brian D. of Summit High,

"The best species that I think we have encountered so far has been the white
face monkeys, also known as the organ-grinding monkey. We have also seen
plenty of other monkey species, but to see the white face monkeys in their
natural habitat is different, because we always see then on T.V. as pets."

I [the editor] had that feeling on the Amazon watching huge flocks of
parrots flying home to roost: How did they all get out of their cages???

Jonathan from Millbrook shares their rainforest experiences, working as REAL
scientists doing REAL science, also a main goal of the Passport to Knowledge
project:

"Our group was split up into pairs, and each pair was assigned to one
platform of the tower (the tower has 10 platforms) to record the number of
species found from that platform. Later, each group compared its data to the
results obtained on the other platforms."

Be sure to check the TEAMS site for all the other new Journals and images.

And how are your students doing on the "Games & Puzzles" sector of INTERACT?
I [Editor Janet K. Cook] was able to do the "Concentrate" game in 25 moves
on my first try. Anyone beaten that? What are your students best scores? How
are they doing with the slider puzzle? Do your students enjoy
the challenge of the "WHO AM I? WHERE DO I LIVE?" game? Please let us know
how things are going by posting your reactions on the Discuss-LFRF mail list.

***

Journal/Biography of the Week:

Today, Saturday 18 April, saw teacher Marty Stickle just back from Costa
Rica, and already running off to the photo store to get his 35mm images
processed and scanned to rush them to the LFRF site to accompany his
students' Journals: with devotion like that, you know why he's a very
successful teacher! Here's what he and his colleague Shannon Tice wrote
about their students' reactions, as their trip drew to a close.

Marty Stickle
This is the seventh time I've taken my high school students to the
rainforest. Certain things always give me satisfaction. One is the kids'
reaction to seeing wildlife which is unexpected and unusual. Monkeys are
normally the highlight for kids. Seeing monkeys in the wild is so different
from the experience of seeing them in zoos. You quickly realize that these
are wild animals who are sometimes just as interested in you as you are in
them. But this year I was surprized by the kids' reactions to the ant lions
at Santa Rosa National Park. Ant lions are actually fly larvae which live in
a hole dug into the sand. They trap ants and other small insects which fall
into their hole and devour them. Our kids couldn't get over how this worked.
Imagine the sight of 8 or 10 kids on their hands and knees feeding ants to
the ant lions and cheering and screaming when the ant lions fed. Almost as
exciting as monkeys!

Shannon Tice
Like the students, this was also my first trip to Costa Rica. I, myself, was
amazed by the incredible beauty and splendor of the country. As a teacher, I
was so thrilled to see the kids' reaction to the different wildlife present.
When the kids first saw the white faced capuchin monkeys in Santa Rosa
National Park, they were filled with awe and excitement. As the monkeys
moved through the trees, the kids would point, scream, run and giggle at the
sight before them. The monkeys seemed interested in us as well and put on
quite a show! The students thought they were cute and were so surprised by
how close the monkeys were.

(Ed. note: watch for teacher Marty Stickle and some of his student-travelers
on camera at the Smithsonian during LFRF program 3!)

***

CHALLENGE QUESTION WINNERS WEEK # 6, AND CQ #7

What feature, used to tell how old a tree may be, is missing from most
rainforests? Why?



Answer:
Annual growth rings, since heat and humidity mean growth is constant.

CONGRATULATIONS!!!
John Young, Sherry and friends in Mrs. Buice's Class, Mrs. Wall's Fourth
Grade, Stephanie Wong, Janet K. Cook's class, and Michael. C from Ms.
Logsdon's fourth grade class.

###

Mrs. Wall's Fourth Grade class sent in another of their great URLs!

Dear LFRF Challenge Question Makers,

We hurried to get this question done because we Spring Break starts at 3 pm
today. We discovered some interesting facts in our search on the Internet.
We found a great page in a science lesson on Tree Rings. We thought it was
cool. The URL for this page is:

http://www-sci.lib.uci.edu/SEP/CTS/TreeRing.html

We hope other teachers might like this too.

Mrs. Wall's Fourth Grade, John Wayland Elementary, Bridgewater, VA

###



It was great to see classes sending in their answers before spring break.
Terrific work everyone and we hope you are enjoying your break!

***CHALLENGE QUESTION - WEEK # 7***

One of the most memorable moments from LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST will likely
be the segment in the first broadcast where Claude Gascon held up that frog
which was making that wonderful sound. So we decided this week's challenge
question should be about frogs.

So, what is the common name for the largest frogs in the world?



You are invited to send original student answers to: eb@passporttoknowledge.com
Please include the words CHALLENGE QUESTION in the subject line of your
e-mail. Eileen will announce the classes that submit correct answers next week.

***

Web site(s) of the Week

There are several activities about remote sensing which a lot of the
"technophiles" will like, but which are also good for us regular folk. The
best site we've found for showing images from space is the NASA's
Observatorium (created & hosted by RSPAC):

http://observe.ivv.nasa.gov/nasa/core.shtml

It's full of great images and an excellent tutorial on imaging--click on
"Teacher's Resources," then "Eyes in the Sky." The part about the
Yellowstone fires will be a great lead-in to a discussion about fires in
rainforests around the world and how they're being monitored.

And watch for this Monday's SPECIAL EDITION for the address of an LFRF
addition to INTERACT which accompanies Miro and Antonio's on-camera
presentation during the program.

Each week, UPDATES features different Web sites to help you and your
students become more knowledgeable about rainforests. You can either
bookmark them in your browser or save the addresses in a word-processing
file so that they're available when you need them for activities
later on.

***

Preparing for "Live from the Poles"

In just ten days, Passport to Knowledge will provide you with an opportunity
to amaze your Language Arts colleagues as they journey from the heat of the
tropical rainforest to the cold of the north and south poles! You can
easily use this wide range of experiences to have your students write
wonderful "Compare and/or Contrast" paragraphs or papers. Just have them
list four or five important characteristics of the rainforest or even just
one aspect of the rainforest--weather, flora, fauna, etc.--then watch "Live
from the Poles," and take notes on a similar topic, but from the Arctic and
Antarctic. Use those notes to fill in the blanks of sentences like:

"While the rainforest is hot and Antarctica is freezing cold, they still
have several similarities..."

"The Amazon and Palmer Station, Antarctica, are so different, it's difficult
to even think how to compare them. Some differences include..."

Be sure to contact the National Science Foundation for background material
on the 1998 theme: "Polar Connections: Exploring the World's Natural
Laboratories." PTK also has information available which was originallly
published for the 2 Antarctica "electronic field trips."

"Live From Antarctica" Teacher's Guide Pack: $20.00
LFA Videos: four one hour programs: "The Coldest, Windiest, Iciest Place on
Earth". "Life in Antarctica: Then and Now". "Spaceship South Pole".
"Antarctica From Pole to Planet". $19.95 per
program/$70.00 per set of four programs. Price includes shipping and
handling. For full program descriptions for LFA and LFA2, see:
http://passporttoknowledge.com
and follow the links to LFA and LFA2.

Live From Antarctica 2 Teacher's Guide Pack: $20.00 / Multi-media Kit:
$125.00. LFA 2 videos include three one hour programs: "Oceans, Ice and
Life", "The Secrets of Survival" and "Seeing the Future?" available for
$19.95 per program or $55.00 / set of three (price includes shipping and
handling.)



PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE, P.O. Box 1502, Summit, NJ 07902-1502

ptkinfo@passporttoknowledge.com

***

How to Subscribe to LFRF Online Resources

In addition to these weekly UPDATES, PTK also offers a set of mail lists, or
on-line discussion groups via e-mail, for educators and others planning to
use the project, which allows teachers to share ideas and successes, ask
questions, discuss problems, make suggestions, etc.

The easiest way to subscribe or unsubscribe to either DISCUSS-LFRF,
DEBATE-LFRF or UPDATES-LFRF is to visit the INTERACT section of the LFRF web
site at:

http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest

and complete the simple registration and subscription form found there.
INTERACT also provides a full archive of all previous postings to the lists.

***

We hope you'll continue to use UPDATES to keep abreast of PTK news, DEBATE
to join in the Backyard Biodiversity Survey, and DISCUSS to let the PTK team
and your colleagues know what's on your mind, and to make suggestions about
how to ensure LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST is an exciting and worthwhile
learning adventure.

With two successful broadcasts, we're able to say our project has already
been a success, and we hope that students are learning wonderful things
about the rainforest. So it's two down, and one to gp! Keep your fingers
crossed that no more generators blow up, all our guests catch their boats,
and that El Nino will stick to bringing April snow to Denver and not
hurricanes to Brazil, Ohio, or Mississippi!

Wish us luck, hold on tight, and enjoy the ride...

Onward and Upward,
Janet K. Cook
Editor, UPDATES-LFRF
&
Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE




SPECIAL EDITION: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 20,


From: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Subject: SPECIAL EDITION: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST Update April 20,
Date: Mon, 20 Apr 1998 21:08:06 -0400
Back to top



Yes, this is the shortest UPDATE yet, but we figured that NO news was worse
than a clear statement of what was "on" and--unfortunately--"not on".

There will be no live WebChat from the Amazon tomorrow, as tentatively
scheduled, but the live TV program, excellent guests, the opportunity to
send questions in real-time to the distinguished panel of scientists at the
Smithsonian, and all other items remain in effect.

There will also be NO script distributed in advance, as we have tried to
make routine in previous broadcasts.

We apologize for any inconvenience these changes may cause--but we trust
tomorrow's live program will be a worthy conclusion to an exciting adventure.

See you on-air and online, and--as ever--Onward and Upward,
GEOFF HAINES-STILES
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE and the LIVE FROM... specials.
Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE & the LIVE FROM... specials
"electronic field trips to scientific frontiers"
Real Science, Real Scientists, Real Locations, Real Time
vox: 973.656.9403 * fax: 973.656.9813 * mobile: 908.305.7061
alt. e-mail: ptkghs@aol.com
http://passporttoknowledge.com
Antarctica... Stratosphere... Hubble... Mars... Rainforest... the Arctic,
and more




LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST, and featuring -> LIVE FROM THE


From: Geoffrey Haines-Stiles
Subject: LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST, and featuring -> LIVE FROM THE
Date: Mon, 27 Apr 1998 06:52:24 -0400
Back to top



LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST, and featuring -> LIVE FROM THE POLES!!!
Update April 27, 1998 Volume 7, Issue 23

###

Table of Contents

"It ain't over till it's over"--LFRF, that is!
LIVE FROM THE POLES special scheduled for Tuesday April 28, 1998
Satellite coordinates for the live program: PLEASE NOTE A CHANGE IN C-BAND
TRANSPONDER!
On-Air with LFPoles
Raves for Rainforest Project
Challenge Question Winners
New Challenge Question
Web site(s) of the Week
How to Subscribe

PLEASE NOTE: THERE WILL BE NO ADDITIONAL PTK "UPDATE" TODAY OR TOMORROW TO
THIS LIST REGARDING "LIVE FROM THE POLES"! BUT PLEASE DO CHECK OUT NSF'S WEB
SITES, AND PTK'S ANTARCTICA SITES FOR EXTENSIVE RESOURCES ALREADY AVAILABLE.

***

"It ain't over till it's over"--LFRF, that is!

Whether it was Yogi Berra or Casey Stengel or whoever, LFRF "ain't over"
just yet. Many PBS stations delayed carriage of the programs till later than
the original live dates, and May will see re-runs of all 3 programs on
NASA-TV. "Researcher Q&A" will be supported through May 31, and more
Journals and images (see another Journal from Ann Devereaux giving some very
interesting background about the actual satellite connections used to bring
LFRF to you) will be added to the Web site. Those of you who ordered the
Multi-Media kit should be pleased to know the CD's of the Web site will soon
be pressed (as we noted in the kit, we delayed completing them so as to
include as much content as possible!) and on their way to you to make
student use of the "online" materials as convenient as possible, and the
hands-on, online, "Backyard Biodiversity" survey is still in process. With
all the breaks in school schedules during April, we know that many of you
are still working on LFRF--and that's OK! We'll continue to publish one LFRF
UPDATE a week, also through the end of May, when--for this school year at
least--PTK will say farewell to the rainforest.

But PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE is not a single subject vehicle, focusing just on
astronomy and space, or rainforests and biodiversity. We hope you agree the
PTK model of integrating interactive video, the Internet and hands-on
Activities can make many different areas of science come to life for your
students. So we hope those of you on this LFRF list will also be interested
in... LIVE FROM THE POLES (and future PTK projects!)

***

LIVE FROM THE POLES special scheduled for Tuesday April 28, 1998

Actually our Updates title this week should be "LIVE FROM THE POLES!" Today,
Monday April 27 marks the begining of the 17th annual National Science and
Technology Week, sponsored by the National Science Foundation. The theme
this year is "Polar Connections: Exploring the World's Natural
Laboratories." Their main Web site is located at:
http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/nstw/start.htm

As part of this exciting week PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE will present "LIVE FROM
THE POLES" on Tuesday, April 28, at 13:00-14:00 Eastern. LFP will take us to
the ends of the earth to meet scientists who conduct research in the Arctic
and the Antarctic. The broadcast will feature
real-time interaction between students in the US and researchers at
America's South Pole station, and also between youngsters at the Imaginarium
in Anchorage, Alaska, and scientists and polar experts from the
Smithsonian's Arctic Studies Center and NSF's Office of Polar Programs, live
on camera in Washington, DC, at the National Museum of Natural History. And
there'll be documentary sequences featuring the peoples of the North,
including the Nenets reindeer herders of Russia, global change research in
the Arctic, and NSF's SHEBA project, where a Canadian ice-breaker, with
researchers coordinated by the University of Washington, have been
intentionally locked in an ice-pack in the Beaufort Sea to study the
"Surface HEat Budget of the Arctic ocean"--you have to work to get the
acronym right. NSF's Mike Ledbetter will be giving us the latest about "El
Nino of the North" (which, as you'll see, had a direct impact on PTK plans
for LFP) during tomorrow's live program.

***

Satellite coordinates for the live TV broadcast

While those of you in places like New York, LA and San Francisco >should< be
able to watch on WNET, KLCS and KQED and your own local PBS station (if it
has chosen to participate), others may want to downlink directly from
satellite. Both Ku- and C-band signals should be accessible. And if you are
planning to watch via PBS, call the local Instructional TV representative to
verify the local broadcast time. PLEASE CALL IN ADVANCE--LOCAL SCHEDULES VARY!

The satellite coordinates where you can certainly find the program on April
28, at 13:00 Eastern, will be:

Ku-band
GE-3 (87 degrees West), transponder 13 Horizontal, 11960 Mhz, audio on 6.2
and 6.8

Program running time is 59:29. Test time (bars and/or slate) from
12:30-13:00 Eastern.

C-band
Subject to Shuttle mission events and other NASA pre-emptions, the program
should also appear on NASA-TV, GE-2, 85 degrees West, transponder 9-C
vertical, 3880 Mhz, audio on 6.8. PLEASE NOTE THERE WILL BE NO TEST PERIOD
ON NASA-TV! The program will be slated for re-broadcast on NTV in May and
thereafter.

C-band
An additional C-band signal is available, from 13:00-14:00 ONLY (e.g., no
test time) on Telstar 5, transponder 7. ***PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS A CHANGE
FROM THE TRANSPONDER USED FOR LFRF!!!*** This C-band signal, acquired by PTK
as a service for Alaska's PBS stations for LIVE FROM THE POLES, is a
turnaround from GE-3.

TROUBLE NUMBERS (EMERGENCY USE ONLY):
Primary technical trouble number:
at MSU TV Center: 601.325.1332
Back-up/alternate technical trouble number:
uplink truck: 601.325.8625

PLEASE Confirm satellite coordinates for the live broadcasts and times for
local PBS broadcasts well in advance of air time to ensure you and your
students are not disappointed!

Don't panic if you can't get the live programs. Many of us have never seen
LIVE FROM's truly live! Although it's even more fun to be part of the PTK
community watching the live broadcasts, many, if not most, middle school
teachers must use videotaped programs due to class scheduling difficulties,
lack of, or a delayed broadcast on PBS. If you were unable to tape the
program off-air, call PTK and order a copy. It will be mailed out as soon as
the copies are prepared.

***

On-Air with LFPoles

LFP will continue the successful interactive innovation which debuted during


LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST of having content experts available to answer
Internet questions from students during the broadcast. The topics for this
week can include research in the Arctic or Antarctic, global climate change,
and what is it like to live and work in the most extreme environments on
Earth. Our guests will include NSF's Mike Ledbetter (arctic research and
global climate change), Dave Bresnahan (living and working in the
Antarctic), Guy Guthridge and Winnie Reuning (both general polar information
specialists) and researchers from the Smithsonian's Arctic Studies Center
including director William Fitzhugh.

By Tuesday monring, April 28, you will find the form to submit your questions at
http://passporttoknowledge.com/ptk_poles.html (Note that this is a new Web
address developed specially to support LFP.) There you will find a simple
fill-in-the-blanks form, for "student first name", "initial of last name"
(to protect privacy), school name, and a check off box to indicate the
subject matter of the inquiry. That should speed your question to the expert
best equipped to answer, and get the answer back directly to the students.

Extensive background on the Antarctic may be found on the sites originally
developed to support two earlier PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE electronic field trips.

LIVE FROM ANTARCTICA: http://passporttoknowledge.com/antarctica
LIVE FROM ANTARCTICA 2: http://passporttoknowledge.com/antarctica2

***

Raves for Rainforest Project

LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST continues to keep students busily learning. Many
students are still collecting their Biodiversity Survey data and posting it
online. Not all the mold has reached its final iccky but impressive and
scientifically informative state! Classes are continuing to delve into South
American geography, biology, and history. We encourage you to post your
students' master-works online. Contact Eileen Bendixsen at the LFRF Web site:
http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest
then submit via the "Interact" section, under "Classroom Connection" or at
send e-mail to eb@passporttoknowledge.com for more information on how to post student
work.

We are happy to pass on news that a teacher active in South Carolina just
reported to the discuss-lfrf list:

We are so excited!!! South Carolina ETV has chosen our class to be on their
program, "Brainwaves," because of our involvement with Live From the
Rainforest. My third graders are beside themselves!!! We are to be taped on
May 21.

Susan Florence, Greenville, South Carolina

Congratulations to Susan's class and to South Carolina ETV for recognizing
the value of this type of hands on science in encouraging students to pursue
science careers and become life-long science enthusiasts. Remember though
we've not run the stats., we think that implementing PTK in your classroom
is GUARANTEED to bring you recognition as an innovator in your district, tap
local grant monies and maybe regional or national awards--and help you win
the Publisher's Clearinghouse Sweepstakes. OK, we exaggerate a little, but
our evualations do show that Susan Florence's example is not isolated. We'd
also like to hear from you, if you have found PTK has brought positive
attention to you and your students.

If you had the misfortune to miss a program, be sure to contact PTK as soon
as possible to purchase a copy of the videos. The cost is $19.95 per program
(price includes shipping and handling.)

Passport to Knowledge Contact Info:

PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE, P.O. Box 1502, Summit, NJ 07902-1502

ptkinfo@passporttoknowledge.com


***CHALLENGE QUESTION WINNERS WEEK #7***

One of the most memorable moments from LIVE FROM THE RAINFOREST will likely
be the segment in the first broadcast where Claude Gascon held up that frog
which was making that wonderful sound. So we decided this week's challenge
question should be about frogs.

So, what is the common name for the largest frogs in the world?



ANSWER CQ #7
The goliath frog is the largest known frog. It reaches a body length of 30.5
cm (12 in) and overall length from nose to toe of about 91 cm (3 ft).
Goliath frogs inhabit west central Africa.

CONGRATULATIONS!!!
Michael. C and his friend, David, from Ms. Logsdon's fourth grade class,
Travis Howlett, Mrs Vermeer's fourth grade science class, especially


0Jeffrey who found the answer, Tom S., Scott S., Ryan B. and Luke M. from
Mrs. Regner's third grade class, Mrs. Haataja's seventh grade science
class, Tom, Wheeler, Crosby, Will, Allison and Kayla from Ms. Hammonds'
class, Mrs. Dwelley's class, especially Brenden, Daniel M. and Tammy S. from
Dublin Middle School, Ms. Ryan's students at Dolan Middle School, Laura B.
in Mrs. Florence's third grade, and 6AB and 6CD from Blessed
Sacrament School

***CHALLENGE QUESTION: WEEK # 8***

One of the most fascinating animals that we have met in LFRF is the sloth.
So this week's challenge question is about sloths.

What is the maximum speed of the three-toed sloth?



You are invited to send original student answers to: eb@passporttoknowledge.com
Please include the words CHALLENGE QUESTION in the subject line of your


e-mail. Eileen will announce the classes that submit correct answers next
week. Reminder: Challenge Questions are due back Wednesday, April 29 at
22:00 EDT.

***

Web site(s) of the week

The Middle School Earth Science Explorer site is a wonderful resource
sponsored by the Wheeling Jesuit University/Classroom of the Future. In the
"Earth Floor" section, there's a great map and summary of biomes:
http://www.cotf.edu/ETE/scen/MSESE/earthsysflr/biomes.html

It asks for a password occasionally, but I (Janet Cook) was able to access
much of the site without the password.

The Arctic Studies Center is dedicated to the study of Arctic peoples,
cultures and environments. Their website includes articles, games, and
activities to help learn about the Arctic.
http://www.nmnh.si.edu/arctic/index.html

Another great source of information and resources is the "Polar Regions"
homepage. It includes resources and information about both poles:
http://www.stud.unit.no/~sveinw/arctic/

Each week, UPDATES features different Web sites to help you and your
students become more knowledgeable about rainforests, the Poles... indeed,
the whole Universe! You can either bookmark them in your browser or save the
addresses in a word-processing file so that they're available when you need
them for activities later on.

***

How to Subscribe to LFRF Online Resources

In addition to these weekly UPDATES, PTK also offers a set of mail lists, or
on-line discussion groups via e-mail, for educators and others planning to
use the project, which allows teachers to share ideas and successes, ask
questions, discuss problems, make suggestions, etc.

The easiest way to subscribe or unsubscribe to either DISCUSS-LFRF,
DEBATE-LFRF or UPDATES-LFRF is to visit the INTERACT section of the LFRF web
site at:

http://passporttoknowledge.com/rainforest

and complete the simple registration and subscription form found there.
INTERACT also provides a full archive of all previous postings to the lists.

We hope you'll continue to use UPDATES to keep abreast of PTK news, DEBATE
to join in the Backyard Biodiversity Survey, and DISCUSS to let the PTK team
and your colleagues know what's on your mind, and to make suggestions about
how to ensure LIVE FROM programs are exciting and worthwhile learning
adventures.

Now that we're back from the rainforest, we're eager to see how it compares
to the polar regions. Join us for this exciting trip "out of the frying
pan, into the freezer"!

Onward and Upward,
Janet K. Cook
Editor, UPDATES-LFRF
&
Geoff Haines-Stiles
Project Director, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE