|B r a z i l
Area: 8,547,404 square kilometers, making it the largest nation in South America, and fourth largest in the world after Russia, Canada and Chinaso large it has 4 time zones as you pass from its westernmost state, Acre, to the Atlantic coast.
Population: 157 million
Highest point: Pico da Neblina, at 3,014.1 meters
The Amazon Basin contains the largest area of tropical rainforest in the world, 60% in Brazil, but also extending into 8 other nationsVenezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Columbia. Nine Brazilian states are part of Amazoniafrom Acre in the west, (and moving, counter-clockwise,) Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Maranhao, Para (with Belem, its largest city, a major historic center and port at the mouth of the Amazon), Amapa, Roraima and the state of Amazonas itself, with its capital of Manaus.
Amazonia (3,904,393 square kilometers) makes up half the total land area of Brazil, but is home to only 19 million people out of a total population of 157 million. At four inhabitants per square kilometer, Amazonia has one of the lowest population densities on Earth.
The Amazon River, by official measurement, is the second longest river in
the world, but in many respects its the mightiest river on the planet. (See
Activities A.3 and 1.3.) The Amazon basin holds one fifth of all the fresh, river
water in the world. The Amazons flow is so strong that it carries sweet
water 200 kilometers out to sea before the ocean turns it salty! By some
estimates, it discharges as much water into the ocean in one day as
Englands Thames River does in a year.