Alabama Course of Study: Science

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Alabama Course of Study science standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST.

For additional Alabama Course of Study science standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM THE SUN/LIVE FROM THE AURORA

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

LIVE FROM A BLACK HOLE/LIVE FROM THE EDGE OF SPACE AND TIME

Elementary Standards: Kindergarten,   First Grade,   Second Grade,   Third Grade,   Fourth Grade,   Fifth Grade
Middle School Standards: Sixth Grade,   Seventh Grade,   Eighth Grade
High School Starndards: Biology,   Botany,   Environmental Science,  

Kindergarten

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Examples: Do bees sleep? What is rain made of?

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: hand lenses, balances, droppers, computers, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Examples: identifying ways to care properly for fish in an aquarium, wearing safety goggles

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: identifying objects that make darkest shadows
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: explaining why thick objects cause darkest shadows
Sorting and classifying
Example: grouping objects according to darkness of shadows
Experimenting
Example: determining objects that make darkest shadows
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions about objects that make dark shadows
Developing hypotheses
Example: using experiences to guess which objects might make darkest shadows
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: making a class data chart
Observing
Example: examining objects and their shadows
Measuring
Example: ranking shadows according to darkness
Defining operationally
Example: deciding how to judge shadows as dark shadows
Communicating
Examples: drawing pictures of shadows, describing or explaining observations
Predicting
Example: predicting darkness of shadows of different objects
Collaborating
Examples: sharing learning experiences, discussing ideas about shadows

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hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: basing conclusion that mealworms move toward dark areas instead of light areas on observations of mealworm behavior

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hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: conducting experiments to determine if size or thickness of certain objects affects the darkness of shadows

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.

Example: description of quantity using nonstandard units of measure such as paper clips, unifix cubes, pencils, straws, shoes

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hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research.

Example: using hand-lens to enhance the naked eye

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hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers.

Examples: doctors using stethoscopes, astronomers using telescopes

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hands-on
online

10. Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

Examples: cutting trees destroys animal homes, littering pollutes the soil/water

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hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society.

Examples: medicines used to prevent/cure illness, paying taxes to support research

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hands-on
online

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Organisms and Environments

 

20. Describe a variety of living things in the environment.

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online

21. Describe ways in which living and nonliving things react to changing conditions.

Examples: persons wearing sweaters in the fall, animals' coats changing, ponds freezing/melting

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online

22. Describe a variety of habitats.

Examples: classroom, fish tank, school ground, park

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23. Describe natural homes of animals.

Examples: beaver lodge, woodland for deer, bird nest, bear den, prairie dog hole, anthill

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hands-on
online

First Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Example: questions about the relationship of amount of water and pitch of a jar/glass when struck

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: hand lenses, clocks, computers, thermometers, balances

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Example: explaining how to release butterflies

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: listening and deciding which is high pitch and which is low pitch
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: relating levels of water to different pitches
Sorting and classifying
Examples: grouping jars of water into low and high pitches, arranging jars from lowest to highest pitch
Experimenting
Example: determining which jar has the highest pitch using different amounts of water
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions about the effect of water amount on pitch
Developing hypotheses
Example: using reasons for guessing how different pitches will be heard
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: recording high/low pitch and amount of water in jars
Observing
Example: listening to pitches created by striking jars containing different amounts of water
Measuring
Example: using non-traditional units to quantify length of water columns in jars
Defining operationally
Example: deciding how to distinguish low, medium, or high pitches
Communicating
Example: describing the experiment and reasons for conclusions
Predicting
Example: predicting pitch of jars with different shapes or liquids
Collaborating
Example: working in groups to make and play a jar xylophone

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: push and pull of magnets indicating force between them

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hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: measured student growth resulting from amount or kind of food eaten

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.
Applying standard whole units to measure an object or substance
Applying nonstandard whole units to measure an object or substance

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research.

Example: balances used to measure weight of an object

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers.

Example: teachers using computers in classrooms

video
hands-on
online

10. Recognize the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

Example: erosion resulting from removal of grass and trees during house construction

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hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society.

Example: airplanes making travel faster

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hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Structure and Function of Living Systems

 

Students will:

 

15. Describe characteristics of plants and animals that help them to survive.

Examples: protection-cactus spines, poison ivy sap, camouflage; predation-dinosaur teeth, claws, poison

video
hands-on
online

Diversity and Adaptations

 

16. Classify plants and animals according to characteristics.

Examples: color, shape, size, texture, covering

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

17. Describe the basic needs of plants and animals.
Food
Water
Shelter
Air
Space/area
Light

video
hands-on
online

18. Describe interactions of organisms with their environments.

Examples: butterflies with plants, snails with light

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19. Explain how organisms are dependent upon each other for survival.

Examples: offspring upon parents for basic needs, flowering plants upon bees for pollination, bees upon flowers for food

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

22. Describe the need to protect the Earth's resources.

video
hands-on
online


Second Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

Example: questions regarding light as it comes in contact with different materials

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: rulers, meter sticks, measuring cups, clocks, hand lenses, computers, thermometers, balances, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

Examples: explaining why students do not taste substances without the teacher's permission, wearing protective goggles when handling substances

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Example: grouping materials that reflect, refract (bend), or absorb light
Discussing cause and effect (dependent and independent variables) in experiments
Example: discussing how light's path is changed by aluminum foil
Sorting and classifying
Example: sorting materials according to characteristics believed to favor reflection or absorption of light
Experimenting
Example: determining factors, one at a time, of materials that cause reflection of light
Analyzing investigations
Example: drawing conclusions from observations about factors affecting light reflecting ability of objects
Developing hypotheses
Example: using observations and experiences to propose that smooth, shiny objects always reflect light
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Example: drawing/dramatizing how light rays bounce off a mirror
Observing
Example: examining effects of shining a light on different materials with similar/different characteristics
Measuring
Example: measuring how far away light can illuminate an object
Defining operationally
Example: mixing all colors of light to make white light
Communicating
Example: writing about procedures to investigate light and resulting conclusions
Predicting
Example: predicting whether a new material will reflect or absorb light
Collaborating
Example: working in groups to explain experiments with light to others

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: identifying weather conditions that might affect plant growth

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

Example: conducting experiments to determine if color of light and/or kind of substance used (water, glass) causes light rays to refract (bend)

video
hands-on
online

7. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.
Applying standard whole units (metric and English) to measure an object or substance
Applying nonstandard whole units to measure an object or substance

video
hands-on
online

8. Recognize that scientists use technology in scientific research. Example: paleontologists using picks, hand-lens, sonar, and brushes

video
hands-on
online

9. Recognize the importance of science and technology to many careers. Example: meteorologists using maps, data, and satellite imagery to predict long-range weather for crops

video
hands-on
online

10. Recognize the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions. Example: government establishment of national park or wilderness area

video
hands-on
online

11. Recognize the relationship among science, technology, and society. Example: aircraft flying faster and safer because of radar

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Structure and Function of Living Systems

 

Students will:

 

19. Relate structure to function in plants and animals.

Examples: stems, leaves, and roots for food production and storage in plants; plant roots for support; fish fins and bird wings for locomotion; claws, beaks, and coverings for protection and/or food acquisition

video
hands-on
online

Diversity and Adaptations

 

20. Identify characteristics and behaviors of organisms that help them survive.
Physical
Examples: color, size, shape, covering
Responsive
Examples: migration, hibernation

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hands-on
online

21. Compare models of extinct animals to those that exist today.

Examples: stegosaurus and lizard, pterodactyl and bird

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hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

23. Describe interdependence of plants and animals.

Examples: animals using plants for shelter, food, and nests; insects or other animals pollinating plants or carrying seeds

video
hands-on
online

24. Identify factors that affect the environment.
Natural
Examples: weather, seasons, earthquakes/volcanoes
Man-made
Examples: pollution, conservation

video
hands-on
online


Third Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, clocks, computers, thermometers, hand lenses, meter sticks, rulers, balances, maps, star charts

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating condensation in a terrarium to stages of the water cycle

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematics in scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Recognizing contributions of science to development of technology and changes in society

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Structure and Function of Living Systems

 

Students will:

 

24. Relate plant structures to their function(s).
Leaves
Stems
Roots
Flowers

video
hands-on
online

25. Classify plants according to their features.

Examples: evergreen or deciduous, flowering or nonflowering

video
hands-on
online

Diversity and Adaptations

 

26. Identify basic needs of plants.
Space
Light
Nutrients
Water
Air

video
hands-on
online

28. Recognize helpful and harmful effects of plants.

Examples: helpful-make food, control erosion; harmful-cause allergies, produce poisons

video
hands-on
online

Heredity and Reproduction

 

29. Describe the life cycle of plants.
Germination
Growth
Reproduction
Examples: seeds, bulbs, tubers, cuttings, spores
Decomposition

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

30. Explain the ways that environmental conditions can determine how well plants grow and survive in a particular habitat.

video
hands-on
online

31. Identify useful products that are the results of recycling plants.

Examples: mulch, compost piles, manufactured wood (from wood by-products), fish habitat (created from sinking trees in water)

video
hands-on
online


Fourth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, thermometers, meter sticks, timing devices, balances, compasses, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating sinking and floating to weight and size

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Apply mathematical knowledge and skills to scientific investigations.
Computation
Probability (most/least likely outcomes)
Graphing (bar, line, circle, pictograph)
Fractions and decimals
Arithmetic mean
Measurement (metric)

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Identifying contributions of Alabama scientists

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Structure and Function of Living Systems

 

Students will:

 

22. Relate structural characteristics and behavior of various animals to their roles within an ecosystem.
Predator
Prey
Consumer
Decomposer

video
hands-on
online

23. Relate structures to functions in animals.

Examples: coverings, feet, beaks, eyes

video
hands-on
online

Diversity and Adaptations

 

24. Classify animals into groups according to specific characteristics.
Vertebrates
Invertebrates
Warm-blooded
Cold-blooded
Body coverings Locomotion

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

28. Identify behaviors and body structures that help animals survive in a particular habitat.

Examples: behaviors-migration, hibernation; body structures-quills, fangs, stingers, webbed feet

video
hands-on
online

29. Identify living (biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) factors that affect animal life.
Other animals
Plants
Climate
Water
Air
Soil
Location (topography)

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 

Dynamic Earth

 

Students will:

 

31. Recognize evidence of the sun as the Earth's major source of energy.
Plant growth
Creation of winds
Water cycle

video
hands-on
online

32. Identify processes that require time for changes to be noticeable.

Examples: growth, erosion, weathering, flowing (water, lava), deposition

video
hands-on
online

34. Describe changes to the Earth's surface caused by natural and man-made forces.
Natural-earthquakes, volcanoes, weathering, rock cycle, erosion, glacial scouring/deposition
Man-made-mining/reclamation, deforestation/reforestation

video
hands-on
online


Fifth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Use appropriate tools and technology resources to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: calculators, microscopes, cameras, sound recorders, computers, hand lenses, rulers, temperature probes, balances, meter sticks, timing devices, compasses, collecting nets, maps

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, living organisms, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, recording, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables (cause and effect) and their relationships
Sorting and classifying
Experimenting
Analyzing
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Observing
Measuring
Defining operationally
Communicating
Predicting
Collaborating
Writing lab reports/scientific journals

video
hands-on
online

5. Think critically and logically to make inferences and describe relationships between evidence and explanations.

Example: relating length of string to frequency of pendulum swings

video
hands-on
online

6. Investigate alternative explanations of experimental results.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use available technology to communicate scientific procedures and to defend explanations.

video
hands-on
online

8. Apply mathematical knowledge and skills to scientific investigations.
Computation
Probability
Graphing (bar, line, circle, pictograph)
Variables
Fractions and decimals
Arithmetic mean, mode, median, range
Measurement (metric)

video
hands-on
online

9. Demonstrate an understanding of the relationships among science, technology, and society past and present.
Explaining how scientists use technology in scientific research
Recognizing the importance of science and technology to many careers
Demonstrating an understanding of the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions
Recognizing contributions of science to development and design of technology

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Structure and Function of Living Systems

 

Students will:

 

18. Recognize cumulative change over time by comparing similarities and differences of fossils to living organisms.

video
hands-on
online

Diversity and Adaptations

 

20. Develop classification systems for specific purposes.

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

23. Relate populations within a habitat to communities, ecosystems, and biomes.

video
hands-on
online

24. Describe a variety of ecosystems.

video
hands-on
online

25. Identify the effects of biotic (living) and abiotic (nonliving) components on ecosystems.
Biotic-plants, animals (including humans)
Abiotic-light, temperature ranges, soil composition

video
hands-on
online

26. Trace energy transfer within terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Food chains
Food webs

video
hands-on
online


Sixth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate explanations and scientific theories of natural phenomena.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

Examples: graphs, ratio and proportions, estimation, fractions, percents

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; proper care of animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Diversity and Adaptations

 

30. Compare distinguishing characteristics of organisms.
Anatomical features
Methods of locomotion
Methods of reproduction
Patterns of development

video
hands-on
online

31. Distinguish the major differences between plants and animals and explain why some organisms do not fit into either classification.

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

32. Analyze how geographic factors cause diversity in flora and fauna.

Examples: elevation, location, climate

video
hands-on
online

33. Describe the Earth's biomes and the interdependence among their populations.

Examples: rainforest, grassland, tundra, desert, chaparral

video
hands-on
online

34. Explain the impact of society on human health and environmental conditions.

video
hands-on
online

35. Explain the need for management and conservation of natural resources.

video
hands-on
online


Seventh Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate explanations and scientific theories of natural phenomena.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; caring properly for animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Organisms and Environments

 

37. Identify the sun as the source of energy for all organisms.

video
hands-on
online

38. Analyze ways by which matter and energy flow through an ecosystem.
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Food chain
Food web
Energy pyramid

video
hands-on
online

39. Explain different relationships among living organisms.
Competition
Producer/consumer/decomposer
Predator/prey

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hands-on
online

40. Describe factors that affect the growth and survival of organisms in an ecosystem.

Examples: food, shelter, water, climate, nutrients, physical space, other populations, disease, pollution, natural disasters

video
hands-on
online

41. Describe responses in organisms produced by environmental stimuli.
Migration/hibernation
Fight or flight
Homeostasis

video
hands-on
online

EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE

 


Eighth Grade

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

2. Design experiments and use appropriate tools and technology to gather, analyze, and interpret data.

Examples: thermometers, microscopes, balances, computers, electronic probeware

video
hands-on
online

3. Demonstrate the ability to perform safe and appropriate manipulation of materials, scientific equipment, and technology.

video
hands-on
online

4. Use proper procedures in the handling and care of living organisms and specimens derived from living things.

video
hands-on
online

5. Use appropriate skills to design and conduct a scientific investigation.
Acquiring, processing, and interpreting data
Identifying dependent and independent variables and their relationships
Identifying cause and effect
Sorting and classifying
Controlling and manipulating variables
Designing and analyzing investigations
Developing hypotheses
Formulating models, tables, charts, and graphs
Keeping accurate records
Observing
Measuring

video
hands-on
online

6. Express measurements in appropriate Systeme International (SI) units.

video
hands-on
online

7. Use scientific evidence to develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.

video
hands-on
online

8. Explain relationships between evidence and explanations.

video
hands-on
online

9. Evaluate how observation, experimentation, and data analysis lead to the development of scientific theories.

video
hands-on
online

10. Communicate orally and in writing scientific procedures and explanations.

Examples: laboratory reports, science projects, PowerPoint presentations, science journals

video
hands-on
online

11. Use appropriate mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.

video
hands-on
online

12. Explain the use of technology in scientific research.

video
hands-on
online

13. Explain the importance of science and technology to many careers.

video
hands-on
online

14. Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors necessary for responsible scientific investigations.

Examples: avoiding plagiarism; altering data, hypotheses, or results; caring properly for animals

video
hands-on
online

15. Demonstrate the use of computer skills in scientific investigations.

Examples: electronic reference sources; data management and analysis; preparation, presentation, and communication of results

video
hands-on
online

16. Explain how scientific discoveries have been influenced by historical events and cultures, including technological advances.

video
hands-on
online

LIFE SCIENCE

 

Diversity and Adaptations

 

27. Analyze scientific models of evolution.

Examples: gradualism, natural selection, genetic drift

video
hands-on
online

28. Describe the impact of selective breeding, natural selection, genetic defects, and environmental adaptations on the development and survival of species.

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Environments

 

35. Explain the impact of human activity and natural causes on long-range changes in the surface and climate of the Earth.
Deforestation
Ozone depletion
Point and non-point sources of pollution
Management and conservation of the Earth's wildlife and natural resources
Volcanic eruption

video
hands-on
online


The Senior High Grades

Biology Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Operation of the universe that is discoverable and understandable
Linkage of natural causes with natural effects
Operation of the universe that is consistent and predictable

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments, equipment, and living organisms.

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknowns by manipulating variables.

Examples: blood typing, methods of pollination, color of light in photosynthesis

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student project presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of widespread use of and reliance on technology.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning

video
hands-on
online

15. Identify the uses of technology in scientific applications.

Examples: lasers and optics in industrial and medical technology, protein crystal growth in microgravity on drug production

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

Matter, Energy, and Organization in Living Systems

 

23. Identify the levels of organization of living things.
Cells
Tissues
Organs
Systems
Organisms
Population
Community

video
hands-on
online

24. Analyze the flow of matter and energy through different trophic levels and between organisms and the physical environment.
Food chain
Food web
Food pyramid

video
hands-on
online

25. Describe selected biogeochemical cycles.
Water
Carbon
Nitrogen
Phosphorus

video
hands-on
online

DIVERSITY AND ADAPTATIONS

 

Biological Evolution

 

Students will:

 

26. Analyze the theory of evolution by natural selection.
Identifying theoretical bases
Examples: comparative anatomy, DNA sequence, embryology
Identifying types of adaptations to environmental conditions
Examples: behavioral, physiological, structural
Identifying theoretical mechanisms
Examples: genetic drift, isolation, acquired characteristics

video
hands-on
online

28. Use taxonomic groupings to differentiate structures, life cycles, and major characteristics of each kingdom.
Nonvascular plants
Vascular plants
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Protista
Examples: ciliates, flagellates, sarcodinas
Fungi
Examples: bread molds, penicillin, mildew
Monera (Bacteria)
Examples: archaebacteria, eubacteria

video
hands-on
online

29. Discuss the relationships among organisms as the basis for biological systems of classification.

video
hands-on
online

30. Understand why natural selection and genetic drift affect populations rather than individuals.

video
hands-on
online

31. Describe the use of isotopic dating in determining the geologic age of fossils.

video
hands-on
online

ORGANISMS AND ENVIRONMENTS

 

Interdependence of Organisms

 

Students will:

 

38. Relate the biotic and abiotic factors of the environment.

video
hands-on
online

39. Discuss factors that affect the dynamic equilibrium of ecosystems.
Disasters
Examples: fire, flood
Climate changes
Introduction of new species
Activities of organisms
Example: human impact-destruction, management, and conservation of natural resources
Succession
Examples: primary, secondary

video
hands-on
online

40. Describe biomes.

Examples: salt and fresh water, deciduous forests, tropical rainforests, tundra

video
hands-on
online

41. Explain different relationships among living organisms.
Competition
Symbiosis (mutualism, commensalism, parasitism)
Producer/consumer/decomposer (autotrophs, heterotrophs)
Predator/prey (mimicry, camouflage)

video
hands-on
online


Botany Elective Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing the question carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments, equipment, and living organisms.

Examples: allergies, poisons in plants and animals

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknowns by manipulating variables.

Example: dihybrid cross, methods of pollination, color of light in photosynthesis

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student project presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of widespread use of and reliance on technology.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning

video
hands-on
online

15. Identify the uses of technology in botanic applications.

Examples: genetic cloning, tissue culturing, hydroponics

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LIVING SYSTEMS

 

Matter, Energy, and Organization in Living Systems

 

19. Analyze the process of photosynthesis.
Raw materials and end products
Structure and function of pigments
Absorption of photo-activating wavelengths
ATP synthesis
C3 and C4 metabolism

video
hands-on
online

DIVERSITY AND ADAPTATIONS

 

Biological Evolution

 

Students will:

 

20. Identify major plant divisions by comparing adaptations in structure, reproduction, and life cycle.
Bryophytes (mosses)
Lycophytes (club mosses)
Sphenophytes (horsetails)
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms

video
hands-on
online

23. Describe how natural selection affects populations rather than individuals during species formation.
Geographical isolation
Temporal isolation
Behavioral isolation
Reproductive isolation

video
hands-on
online

HEREDITY AND REPRODUCTION

 

ORGANISMS AND ENVIRONMENTS

 

Interdependence of Organisms

 

Students will:

 

27. Relate the biotic and abiotic factors of the environment.
Local flora
Introduction of a new species
Example: kudzu
Succession
Soil
Water

video
hands-on
online

28. Analyze the role of plants as producers in biomes.

Examples: salt and fresh water, deciduous forests, tropical rain forests

video
hands-on
online


Environmental Science Elective Core

PROCESS AND APPLICATION

 

Students will:

 

1. Understand fundamental assumptions about the universe upon which the scientific enterprise is based.
Concern with natural phenomena
Discoverable and understandable operation of the universe
Linking of natural causes with natural effects
Consistent and predictable operation of the universe

video
hands-on
online

2. Discuss science as a body of knowledge and an investigative process.
Unified, open-ended structure of observations set in a testable framework of ideas
Common purpose and philosophy among the science disciplines
Limited scope and certainty
Simple solutions, comprehensive results, clearest and reliable explanations, accurate basis for predictions

video
hands-on
online

3. Conduct scientific investigations systematically.
Identifying and framing questions carefully
Forming a hypothesis
Identifying and managing variables effectively
Developing a practical and logical procedure
Presenting conclusions based on investigation/previous research

video
hands-on
online

4. Exhibit behaviors appropriate to the scientific enterprise consistently.

Examples: curiosity, creativity, integrity, patience, skepticism, logical reasoning, attention to detail, openness to new ideas

video
hands-on
online

5. Demonstrate correct care and safe use of instruments, equipment, and living organisms.

Examples: allergies, poisons in plants and animals

video
hands-on
online

6. Demonstrate the ability to choose, construct, and/or assemble appropriate equipment for scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

7. Apply critical and integrated science thinking skills.
Observing
Classifying
Measuring with appropriate units and significant figures
Inferring
Predicting
Solving problems
Interpreting data
Designing experiments
Formulating hypotheses
Communicating

video
hands-on
online

8. Use mathematical models, simple statistical models, and graphical models to express patterns and relationships determined from sets of scientific data.

Example: calculate mean, median, and mode from sample data

video
hands-on
online

9. Solve for unknown quantities by manipulating variables.

Examples: water quality analysis, nutrient load, population change

video
hands-on
online

10. Use written and oral communication skills to present and explain scientific phenomena and concepts individually or in collaborative groups using technical and non-technical language.

Examples: laboratory reports, journal entries, computer-based slide show presentations, daily log reports, student project presentations

video
hands-on
online

11. Choose appropriate technology to retrieve relevant information from the Internet such as electronic encyclopedias, indices, and databases.

video
hands-on
online

12. Analyze the environmental advantages and disadvantages of widespread use of and reliance on technology.

video
hands-on
online

13. Practice responsible use of technology systems, information, and software such as following copyright laws.

video
hands-on
online

14. Evaluate technology-based options for lifelong learning.

Examples: Internet usage, online/distance learning

video
hands-on
online

15. Identify uses of technology in daily environmental applications.

Examples: air quality, pollution index, satellite sensing

video
hands-on
online

16. Collect data and construct and analyze graphs, tables, and charts using tools such as computer-based or calculator-based probeware.

video
hands-on
online

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LIVING SYSTEMS

 

Matter, Energy, and Organization in Living Systems

 

Students will:

 

18. Distinguish among the various biomes.
Desert and tundra
Grassland
Forest
Examples: tropical rain forest, temperate rain forest, temperate deciduous forest, taiga
Freshwater
Marine

video
hands-on
online

19. Describe the interaction of matter and energy in the biosphere.
Producers, consumers, decomposers (autotrophs and heterotrophs)
Food chain/food web
Energy pyramids

video
hands-on
online

20. Describe the biogeochemical cycles in the biosphere.
Carbon cycle
Nitrogen cycle
Oxygen cycle
Phosphorus cycle
Water cycle

video
hands-on
online

DIVERSITY AND ADAPTATIONS

 

Biological Evolution

 

Students will:

 

22. Analyze succession in various ecosystems.
Isolated ecosystems
Examples: Australia, Galapagos Islands
Sea floor vents
Examples: worms, chemosynthetic bacteria
Devastated environments

video
hands-on
online

ORGANISMS AND ENVIRONMENTS

 

Interdependence of Organisms

 

Students will:

 

24. Investigate the human impact on the environment.
Depletion of natural resources
Point and nonpoint pollution
Air and water quality
Ozone depletion
Habitat destruction
Introduction/removal of non-native organisms

video
hands-on
online

25. Illustrate how regional environmental changes have had global effects.

video
hands-on
online

26. Analyze the management of natural resources.
Renewable and nonrenewable resources
Economic significance of natural resources

video
hands-on
online

27. Identify methods of stewardship of natural resources to ensure a sustainable quality of life for future generations.

video
hands-on
online

DYNAMIC EARTH

 

30. Identify the relationships between landforms and types of biomes.
Beaches
Piedmonts
Deserts
Plateaus
Plains
Mountains

video
hands-on
online