Broadcast information
TV Station Registration
School Teacher Registration
Order Tapes
The Red Planet
Follow the Water
Life?
History of Mars Exploration
Oral History
Biographies
Interviews
The M-Team
Watch The Videos
Hands on Activities
Online Interaction
Marsquest-Destination Mars
Local Events
Spanish Resources
New and Now
Around the WWW
On This Site


TMwM is made possible in
part by





Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the developer, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE, and do not necessarily reflect those of the National Science Foundation.

South Dakota Science Standards

The South Dakota Science Standards you can cover using "To MARS with MER" are listed below. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities planned for "To MARS with MER".

South Dakota Science Standards

KINDERGARTEN

KINDERGARTEN NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. actively participate in science activities.
  2. observe and ask questions about the world around them. (example: Where does rain come from?)
  3. show an interest in and willingness to investigate unfamiliar objects and events.
  4. use their senses and simple instruments to make observations. (example: magnifying glasses, balance scales)
  5. safely conduct simple experiments to answer questions.
  6. use non-standard units of measurement to compare objects.
  7. use scientific thinking skills. (example: observing, communicating, and comparing)

KINDERGARTEN PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. use sensory descriptors to describe objects. (example: sweet, sour, rough, smooth)
  2. explore objects in terms of physical attributes.
  3. find similarities and differences of various objects.
  4. describe the motion of various objects found in their world. (example: cars, swings)

KINDERGARTEN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. recognize technology in school, home and community. (example: computer, pencil refrigerator, Velcro, fire truck)
  2. describe ways technology makes life easier for people.
  3. identify how science is used to make everyday products. (example: paper, pencils, desks)

FIRST GRADE

FIRST GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. recognize that people contribute to scientific knowledge.
  2. ask questions and explore the world around them.
  3. use investigations in science to produce knowledge.
  4. enhance observations by using senses and simple instruments to identify differences in properties.
  5. measure length, mass, and volume using nonstandard and standard units when appropriate.
  6. conduct simple experiments safely to answer questions about familiar objects and events.
  7. use scientific thinking skills. (example: observing, communicating, classifying, comparing.

FIRST GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. observe and describe how objects in the world vary greatly in their properties.
  2. investigate how moving objects exhibit different types of motion. (example: straight, circular, back and forth)
  3. describe how pushes or pulls can change motion of an object.
  4. demonstrate and describe motion as a change in position.
  5. describe motions of common objects in terms of speed and direction.
  6. explore how the movement of objects influence other objects. (example: collision of marbles)
  7. explore how an object that possesses energy can do work on some other object. (example: explain that sound and light, wind, and springs can do work on objects and thus possess energy.)
  8. explore heat sources and the effect on matter.

FIRST GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe how technology contributes to solving problems.
  2. identify how science contributes to solving problems.

SECOND GRADE

SECOND GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. understand that scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world and that much is still unknown.
  2. investigate scientific contributions made by people everywhere in the world.
  3. use investigations in science to answer different questions.
  4. repeat observations of investigations to improve accuracy.
  5. measure length, volume, mass and temperature in appropriate units.
  6. make predictions based on observations rather than random guesses.
  7. conduct simple experiments safely to answer questions.
  8. recognize unexpected or unusual quantitative data.
  9. use scientific thinking skills. (example: observing, communicating, classifying, comparing, predicting)

SECOND GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explain how many things are made of smaller pieces, different amounts, and various shapes.
  2. predict the effects of force on objects.
  3. describe how force can be used to make objects move.
  4. explore forces that move objects. (example: gravitation, magnetic, electrostatic)
  5. describe how things can move or be made to move.
  6. explore ways to make objects move faster or slower or in a different direction.
  7. discuss and make predictions about moving things. (example: insects, birds, fans)
  8. explain how heat can be produced in many ways.
  9. investigate sources of energy. (example: moving water, food, wind, sun)

SECOND GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe how technology contributes to solving problems.
  2. explain how technology is applied to daily life.
  3. analyze the impact and interactions of human activities on the environment.
  4. model the ways to recycle, reuse, and reduce consumption of natural resources.
  5. investigate and describe ways science is used to solve problems.
  6. explain scientific findings which have generated solutions to various environmental and social concerns. (example: water pollution, fire hazards, malnutrition)

THIRD GRADE

THIRD GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. use investigations in science to serve different purposes. (example: exploring the world)
  2. explore characteristics of scientific ways of thinking.
  3. understand that science involves asking and answering questions and comparing the results to what is already known.
  4. describe scientific contributions made by people worldwide.
  5. make specific predictions and observations concerning a situation or phenomenon.
  6. gather, chart, and graph data.
  7. use appropriate standard and metric measures to collect, record, and report data.
  8. communicate results of scientific experiments.
  9. recognize variables in the outcome of events.
  10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.
  11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

THIRD GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explain the cause and effect of motion.
  2. investigate different sources of energy including natural forms of energy as well as renewable and nonrenewable energy sources.
  3. describe the sun’s ability to produce energy in the forms of light and heat.

THIRD GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. identify geological features. (example: mountains, valleys, bodies of water)
  2. identify rocks and minerals using physical characteristics to compare and classify.
  3. describe how the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the sun, and the moon orbits Earth.

THIRD GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. investigate how people invent new ways of doing things, new ways of solving problems, and new ways of getting work done.
  2. explore how new ideas and inventions affect people.
  3. explore how science has improved transportation, health, sanitation, and communication.
  4. investigate how designing a solution may have constraints. (example: cost, materials, time, space, safety)

FOURTH GRADE

FOURTH GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. use investigations in science to serve different purposes. (example: verifying previous results)
  2. identify characteristics of scientific ways of thinking.
  3. identify men and women who have revolutionized scientific thinking.
  4. explore the scientific process as identifying a problem, developing a hypothesis, experimenting, collecting data, and drawing conclusions.
  5. develop questions to formulate hypotheses and use data to make predictions.
  6. make distinctions among predictions, observations, and conclusions.
  7. use appropriate standard and metric measures to collect, record, and report data in graphical representations.
  8. recognize numerical data that are contradictory or unusual in experimental results.
  9. recognize the effect of manipulated variables on the outcomes of events.
  10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.
  11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

FOURTH GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe how machines make work easier, trading force for distance.
  2. experiment with forces acting at a distance.

FOURTH GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. compare stars and planets. (example: appearance, movement)

FOURTH GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe how people continue to invent new ways of doing things, solving problems, and getting work done.
  2. investigate how new ideas and inventions often affect people.
  3. plot on a graph over a period of time the consumption of various resources.
  4. explain how inventions have changed people’s lives. (example: television, electric lights)
  5. research conservation practices and pollution problems.
  6. apply scientific knowledge and processes of one domain of science to other fields of study. (example: environmental studies).

FIFTH GRADE

FIFTH GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. use investigations in science to serve different purposes. (example: comparing results)
  2. identify and model characteristics of scientific thinking.
  3. explain how scientific theory, hypothesis generation, and experimentation are interrelated.
  4. explore various cultural and historical perspectives on the evolution of scientific knowledge.
  5. understand that scientific knowledge increases and changes over time.
  6. formulate hypotheses based on cause and effect relationships and use observed patterns to make predictions.
  7. make predictions, utilize observations, and draw conclusions.
  8. define variables that must be held constant in a specific experimental situation.
  9. collect, record, and report data using the appropriate graphical representation. (example: graphs, charts, and diagrams)
  10. recognize numerical data that are contradictory or unusual in experimental results.
  11. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.
  12. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

FIFTH GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explore solutions.
  2. explain that every object in the universe has mass and therefore gives rise to a gravitational force on every other object.
  3. identify forces in specific situations that require objects to interact, change directions, or stop.

FIFTH GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe the variety of components of the solar system.
  2. describe the relative scale of Earth to the sun, planets, and moon.

FIFTH GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY, STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explain how people continue to invent new ways of doing things, solving problems, and getting work done.
  2. describe the effect new ideas and inventions have on people.
  3. evaluate a product or design based on constraints.

SIXTH GRADE

SIXTH GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explain how scientific knowledge and processes have evolved over time.
  2. base conclusions on scientific evidence obtained from a variety of sources.
  3. understand the need for continual re-evaluation of scientific knowledge.
  4. discuss the limitations of scientific study.
  5. examine the scientific contributions of various cultures.
  6. describe the limits of accuracy inherent in a particular measuring device or measurement procedure.
  7. manipulate one variable over time with many repeated trials to test an hypothesis.
  8. construct and interpret graphs from data to make predictions.
  9. use research methods to investigate practical and/or personal scientific problems and questions.
  10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.
  11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

SIXTH GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe how push/pull forces acting on objects can either reinforce, oppose, or have no effect on each other.
  2. describe and graphically represent motion of objects in terms of direction and/or position in relation to time.

SIXTH GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. understand the organization of the solar system and the relationships among the various bodies that comprise it. (example: sun, moon, Earth, other planets, and their moons, meteors, asteroids, and comets)
  2. compare revolution and rotation of other planets to Earth’s.

SIXTH GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. discuss science issues. (example: cloning, aging, farming, mining, timber)
  2. determine how science helps drive research and provides knowledge for better understanding.
  3. investigate how cultural backgrounds and beliefs of different groups can affect scientific thinking.
  4. explain how society and need can affect the direction taken by science.
  5. determine scientific advancements that have had an impact on the environment.
  6. determine the importance of public access to scientific discoveries.
  7. investigate the possible consequences of various alternative decisions for technological-related issues.
  8. discuss a solution for a problem or a need.
  9. describe the role of technology in developing natural resources.

SEVENTH GRADE

SEVENTH GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. analyze societal response to major scientific findings or theories. (example: Einstein’s, Galileo’s, Madame Curie’s)
  2. understand the need for continual re-evaluation of scientific knowledge.
  3. describe the limitations of scientific study.
  4. investigate uses of hypotheses in science. (example: evaluating relevance of data, determining data to be obtained, interpreting old and new data directly, identifying the need for new information)
  5. evaluate the conclusions to scientific investigations.
  6. determine the limits of accuracy inherent in a particular measuring device or procedure.
  7. control variables to test hypotheses by repeated trials.
  8. identify sources of experimental error.
  9. interpret to make predictions and/or justify conclusions.
  10. use research methods to investigate practical and/or personal scientific problems and questions.
  11. demonstrate appropriate use of apparatus and technologies for investigations.
  12. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

SEVENTH GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. investigate and describe scientific principles and technological applications of work, force, and motion.
  2. differentiate between distance, displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration.
  3. identify Newton’s Laws of Motion.
  4. compare and contrast the fundamental forces. (example: gravity, electrical, magnetic, nuclear)
  5. describe methods of heat transfer. (example: conduction, radiation, convection)

SEVENTH GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. compare and contrast characteristics of the sun, planets, their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids.
  2. describe the role of gravity in the solar system.
  3. compare masses within the solar system using composition, size, and orbital motion.

SEVENTH GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. discuss science issues. (example: cloning, aging, farming, mining, timber)
  2. investigate how science helps drive research and provides knowledge for better understanding.
  3. describe how cultural backgrounds and beliefs of different groups can affect scientific thinking.
  4. describe how society and need can affect the direction taken by science.
  5. explain the importance of public access to scientific discoveries.
  6. describe the possible consequences of various alternative decisions for technological-related issues.
  7. design a solution or product for a problem or a need considering constraints. (example: cost, time, materials, environmental/societal trade-off)

EIGHTH GRADE

EIGHTH GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explain how scientific theory, hypothesis generation, and experimentation are interrelated.
  2. analyze the scientific contributions of various men and women within specific fields of science.
  3. describe how scientific knowledge and processes have evolved and will continue to evolve over time
  4. analyze the limitations of scientific study.
  5. analyze uses of hypotheses in scientific investigations. (example: evaluating relevance of data, determining data to be obtained, and interpreting old and new data, identifying the need for further information)
  6. understand the limits of accuracy inherent in a particular measuring device or procedure.
  7. control variables to test hypotheses by repeated trials, and by identifying sources of experimental error.
  8. interpret data to justify predictions or conclusions.
  9. use research methods to investigate practical and/or personal scientific problems and questions.
  10. select appropriate scientific equipment and technologies for investigations and experiments.
  11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.

EIGHTH GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. explain how Newton’s laws of motion applies to the way the world works. (example: inertia, acceleration, gravitation, and action/reaction)
  2. relate change of speed and direction to unbalanced forces acting on an object.

EIGHTH GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe the components of the universe.
  2. investigate apparent relationships among various components of the universe.

EIGHTH GRADE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. analyze science issues. (example: cloning, aging, farming, mining, timber)
  2. explain how science helps drive research and provides knowledge for better understanding.
  3. determine how cultural backgrounds and beliefs of different groups can affect scientific thinking.
  4. analyze how society and need can affect the direction taken by science.
  5. analyze scientific advancements that have had an impact on the environment.
  6. analyze the importance of public access to scientific discoveries.
  7. explain the importance of testing technology and products of technology in a controlled setting before submission to the general public.
  8. analyze the possible consequences of various alternative decisions for technological related issues.
  9. investigate and discuss public policy decisions relating to the environment.

Grades 9-12

GRADES 9-12 NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. analyze how societal, cultural, and personal beliefs influence scientists’ investigations and interpretations.
  2. analyze evidence that supports or refutes past or current scientific theories, hypotheses, and/or explanations about a specific topic.
  3. analyze how new discoveries may either modify existing theories or result in establishing a new paradigm.
  4. compare different scientific explanations for the same observations about natural phenomena.
  5. explain how observation and evidence are essential for reaching a conclusion.
  6. analyze how new knowledge and methods emerge from investigations and from public communication among scientists.
  7. differentiate among facts, predictions, theory, and law/principles in scientific investigations.
  8. apply basic science process skills. (example: observing, classifying, measuring, communicating, predicting, inferring)
  9. identify questions and concepts to guide the development of hypotheses and of scientific investigations including the analysis of primary sources of information.
  10. select and use appropriate instruments to extend observations and measurements.
  11. manipulate multiple variables with repeated trials.
  12. apply appropriate mathematical techniques in evaluating experimental data.
  13. formulate and revise scientific explanations and models.
  14. use written, oral, and technological communication skills to explain scientific phenomena and concepts.
  15. use safe and effective laboratory techniques.

GRADES 9-12 PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. demonstrate the relationships between force and motion in Newton’s laws.
  2. relate gravitational or centripetal force to projectile or uniform circular motion.
  3. apply quantitative relationships among mass, velocity, force, and momentum.
  4. apply the quantitative relationships among force, distance, work, time, and power to solve problems or to describe situations.
  5. explain how extremely large and extremely small quantities and very rapidly moving objects are not necessarily described by the same laws that Newtonian physics describe.

GRADES 9-12 EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. describe the Newtonian mechanics that can be applied to the study of the motions of the solar system.
  2. explain the position and motion of our solar system in the universe.
  3. describe various ways data about the universe is collected. (example: optical, radio, and x-ray telescopes, spectrometers, space probes)

GRADES 9-12 SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, AND SOCIETY STANDARDS

STUDENTS WILL:

  1. analyze the impact of scientific investigations and findings on human society. (example: issues surrounding genetic engineering)
  2. explain how progress in science and technology can be affected by social issues and by challenges.
  3. explain the relationships between the maintenance and progress of society and of scientific advancement.
  4. describe immediate and long-term consequences of potential solutions for technological-related issues. (example: natural catastrophes, interactions of populations, resources and environment, health, disease)
  5. evaluate factors that serve as potential constraints on technological design and use. (example: ethics, ecology, manufacturing processes, operation, maintenance, replacement, disposal, liability)
  6. understand technological design. (example: identify appropriate problems for technological design, design a solution or product, implement a proposed design, evaluate technological designs or products, communicate the process of technological design)
  7. predict and evaluate how the characteristics of materials influence product design.
  8. explain how people control the outputs and impacts of our expanding technological activities in the areas of communication, construction, manufacturing, power and transportation, energy sources, health technology, and biotechnology.
  9. compare and contrast the positive and negative consequences of technology. (example: nuclear power for generating electricity)