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Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the developer, PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE, and do not necessarily reflect those of the National Science Foundation.

Connecticut Content Standards and Expected Performances

The Connecticut Content Standards and Expected Performances for science you can cover using "To MARS with MER" are listed below. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities planned for "To MARS with MER".

Connecticut Content Standards and Expected Performances

Core Science for Grades 3-5

SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY

Scientific inquiry is a thoughtful and coordinated attempt to search out, describe, explain and predict natural phenomena.

SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

Scientific literacy includes speaking, listening, presenting, interpreting, reading and writing about science.

SCIENTIFIC NUMERACY

Mathematics provides useful tools for the description, analysis and presentation of scientific data and ideas.

B INQ.1 Make observations and ask questions about objects, organisms and the environment.

B INQ.2 Seek relevant information in books, magazines and electronic sources of information.

B INQ.3 Design and conduct simple investigations.

B INQ.4 Employ simple equipment and measuring tools to gather data and extend the senses.

B INQ.5 Use data to construct reasonable explanations.

B INQ.6 Analyze, critique and communicate investigations using words, graphs and drawings.

B INQ.7 Read and write a variety of fiction and non-fiction science-related texts.

B INQ.8 Search the web and locate relevant science information.

B INQ.9 Use measurement tools and standard units (e.g., centimeters, meters, grams, kilograms) to describe objects and materials.

B INQ.10 Use mathematics to analyze, interpret and present data.

Grade 4

Forces and Motion - What makes objects move the way they do?

4.1 The position and motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling.

 • The size of the change in objects' motion is related to the strength of the push or pull.

 • The more massive an object is, the less effect a given force will have on its motion.

B 1 Describe the effects of pushes and pulls on the motion of objects.

B 2 Describe the effect of the mass of an object on its motion.

Core Science for Grades 6-8

SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY

 • Scientific inquiry is a thoughtful and coordinated attempt to search out, describe, explain and predict natural phenomena.

 • Scientific inquiry progresses through a continuous process of questioning, data collection, analysis and interpretation.

 • Scientific inquiry requires the sharing of findings and ideas for critical review by colleagues and other scientists.

SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

 • Scientific literacy includes speaking, listening, presenting, interpreting, reading and writing about science.

 • Scientific literacy includes also the ability to search for and assess the relevance and credibility of scientific information found in various print and electronic media.

SCIENTIFIC NUMERACY

 • Scientific numeracy includes the ability to use mathematical operations and procedures to calculate, analyze and present scientific data and ideas.

C INQ1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigation.

C INQ2. Read, interpret and examine the credibility of scientific claims in different sources of information.

C INQ3. Design and conduct appropriate types of scientific investigations to answer different questions.

C INQ4. Identify independent and dependent variables, and those variables that are kept constant, when designing an experiment.

C INQ5. Use appropriate tools and techniques to make observations and gather data.

C INQ6. Use mathematical operations to analyze and interpret the data.

C INQ7. Identify and present relationships between variables in appropriate graphs.

C INQ8. Draw conclusions and identify sources of error.

C INQ9. Provide explanations to investigated problems or questions.

C INQ10. Communicate about science in different formats, using relevant science vocabulary, supporting evidence and clear logic.

Grade 6

Properties of Matter - How does the structure of matter affect the properties and uses of materials?

6.1 Materials can be classified as pure substances or mixtures, depending on their chemical and physical properties.

 • Mixtures are made of combinations of elements and/or compounds, and they can be separated using a variety of physical means.

 • Pure substances can be either elements or compounds, and they cannot be broken down by physical means.

C 1. Describe the properties of common elements such as oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, iron and aluminum.

C 2. Describe how the properties of simple compounds, such as water and table salt, are different from the properties of the elements of which they are made.

Grade 8

Forces and Motion - What makes objects move the way they do?

8.1 An object's inertia causes it to continue moving the way it is moving unless it is acted upon by a force to change its motion.

The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion and its speed.

An unbalanced force acting on an object changes its speed or direction of motion, or both.

Objects moving in circles must experience force acting toward the center.

C 1. Calculate average speed of a moving object and illustrate the motion of objects in graphs of distance over time.

C 2. Describe the qualitative relationships among force, mass and changes in motion.

C 3. Describe the forces acting on an object moving in a circular path.

Core Science for Grades 9-10

SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY

 • Scientific inquiry is a thoughtful and coordinated attempt to search out, describe, explain and predict natural phenomena.

 • Scientific inquiry progresses through a continuous process of questioning, data collection, analysis and interpretation.

 • Scientific inquiry requires the sharing of findings and ideas for critical review by colleagues and other scientists.

SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

Scientific literacy includes the ability to read, write, discuss and present coherent ideas about science.

Scientific literacy includes the ability to search for and assess the relevance and credibility of scientific information found in various print and electronic media.

SCIENTIFIC NUMERACY

Scientific numeracy includes the ability to use mathematical operations and procedures to calculate, analyze and present scientific data and ideas.

D INQ1. Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigation.

D INQ2. Read, interpret and examine the credibility and validity of scientific claims in different sources of information.

D INQ3. Formulate a testable hypothesis and demonstrate logical connections between the scientific concepts guiding the hypothesis and the design of the experiment.

D INQ4. Design and conduct appropriate types of scientific investigations to answer different questions.

D INQ5. Identify independent and dependent variables, including those that are kept constant and those used as controls.

D INQ6. Use appropriate tools and techniques to make observations and gather data.

D INQ7. Assess the reliability of the data that was generated in the investigation.

D INQ8. Use mathematical operations to analyze and interpret data, and present relationships between variables in appropriate forms.

D INQ9. Articulate conclusions and explanations based on the results of the research, and assess their validity based on the design of the investigation.

D INQ10. Communicate about science in different formats, using relevant science vocabulary, supporting evidence and clear logic.