KAO astronomers probed the atmospheres of distant planets, discovering water in Jupiter's and Saturn's thick atmospheres. Scientists also found that Jupiter, Neptune, and Saturn have intrinsic energy sources like very small-scale stars.
The KAO was used to study the origin and distribution of water and organic molecules, materials essential for like to exist, in regions of star formation, and in the vast spaces between the stars. Kuiper astronomers also studied the disks surrounding certain stars that may be related to the formation of planetary systems around theses stars.
Peering still deeper into space, KAO astronomers studied powerful
far-infrared emissions from the center of our galaxy and
other galaxies. Scientists onboard the KAO tracked the formation of heavy
elements like iron, nickel, and cobalt from the
massive fusion reactions of Supernova 1987A.