LFM PROGRAM 4: "DESTINATION MARS", NARRATIVE SCRIPT/PART ONE


From: Jan Wee <jwee@mail.arc.nasa.gov>
Subject: LFM PROGRAM 4: "DESTINATION MARS", NARRATIVE SCRIPT/PART ONE
Date: Wed, 29 Oct 1997 23:35:18 -0600


Dear discuss-lfm members,

As a service to all the script for tomorrow's (10/30/97)=20
LFM program, "Destination Mars"  is posted to this forum to=20
facilitate integration of the program in the classroom.=20
This will be a two part posting due to the length. =20

Jan Wee, moderator


PART ONE

PROGRAM 4-"DESTINATION MARS"=20
To air 10/30/97 on PBS and NASA-TV
INTENDED AS AN OVERVIEW OF NASA'S TWO CURRENT MISSIONS, AND=20
HOW "LIVE FROM MARS" HAS CONNECTED STUDENTS WITH THE MEN=20
AND WOMEN WHO PLAN AND FLY THEM -- FROM PRE-LAUNCH THROUGH=20
LANDING.

This >partial< script is provided online to allow teachers to preview the
program, and/or choose to review with students before watching the tape,=20
to establish "anticipatory set".

You will find the program divided into 5 segments, loosely corresponding to
the 4 preceding programs (1: "Countdown", November 19, 1996; 2: "Cruising
Between=20
the Planets", April 24, 1997; 3A: "Touchdown", July 6, 1997; & 3B:=
 "Touchdown

+ 6", July 9, 1997) together with a longer concluding segment on the
Pathfinder results, and first science data from Global Surveyor:=20
PLEASE NOTE:  SINCE THIS PROGRAM WAS COMPLETED, THE MGS PROJECT HAS PLACED A=
=20
HOLD ON FURTHER AEROBRAKING ACTIVITIES IN ORDER TO STUDY AN=20
APPARENTLY MISALIGNED SOLAR PANEL. AND THE PATHFINDER TEAM=20
HAS CONTINUED TO EXPERIENCE COMMUNICATIONS PROBLEMS=20
ASSOCIATED WITH BATTERY DEPLETION, AS NOTED IN THE PROGRAM.=20

Expect a full update during the LIVE November 13th program, "Today on Mars."=
=20

Each of the first 4 segments is approximately 10 minutes in length,=
 providing
easy-to-use "discussion starters" if you are beginning your exploration of
Mars this school year. Yes, this is a TV program, but PLEASE start and stop=
 the
tape to allow for student comment, questions and =96 even better =96=
 hands-on
activities to be found in the LIVE FROM MARS Teacher's Guide and Multimedia=
 Kit!

For videotape copies of this and all PTK/LFM programs, contact PASSPORT TO=
=20
KNOWLEDGE, 973.656.9403, or order by sending shipping information and=20
$19.95 (3A & 3B -- $35.00 for the 2 hours) to:
PTK, PO Box 1502, Summit, NJ 07902-1502

**************************************************************************

"DESTINATION MARS"

OUR JOURNEY BEGAN A HUNDRED YEARS AGO, WITH FUZZY=20
TELESCOPIC VIEWS=20

Schiaparelli and Lowell views:=20
AND FANCIFUL IDEAS OF A DESERT PLANET WITH GREAT CANALS AND=20
AN ANCIENT CIVILIZATION.

Mariner and Viking:
THEN IN THE 1960'S AND 70'S, SPACECRAFT TOOK US INTO ORBIT,=20
REVEALING NO CANALS, BUT INSTEAD A DRAMATIC, INTERESTING=20
PLANET AND CHANNELS THAT LOOKED AS IF THEY MUST ONCE HAVE=20
BEEN CARVED BY RUNNING WATER.=20

Viking surface views
LANDING ON THE SURFACE, THE TWO VIKING SPACECRAFT, LOOKED=20
FOR LIFE, FOUND NONE, AND  STUCK WHERE THEY LANDED  LEFT US=20
DESPERATE TO EXPLORE THESE MYSTERIOUS ROCKS AND DUNES.

Best MPF shots
IN 1997, AFTER 21 YEARS, WE RETURNED TO THE RED PLANET.=20

ON JULY 4TH THE ROBOTIC PATHFINDER SPACECRAFT PLUNGED DOWN,=20
BOUNCED HIGH AND HARD THEN SAFELY CAME TO REST IN THE=20
MOUTH OF AN ANCIENT FLOOD CHANNEL CALLED ARES VALLIS, "MARS=20
VALLEY."=20

Rover deploy and CU's of Half Dome, etc. etc.=20
A DAY LATER, ITS MICRO-ROVER, "SOJOURNER", ROLLED OFF ITS RAMP,=20
AND DURING THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS TOOK US DRAMATICALLY=20
CLOSE TO A TREASURE TROVE OF ANCIENT ROCKS, CONTAINING=20
CLUES TO MARS' PAST.=20

ONE HUNDRED YEARS FROM FUZZY, DISTANT VIEWS TO CRISP=20
SURFACE IMAGES FROM JUST INCHES AWAY!!!

MGS arrival: cheers: etc.
THEN, AS IF THAT WEREN'T ENOUGH, TWO MONTHS LATER ANOTHER=20
SPACECRAFT, MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR, ALSO ARRIVED SAFELY AND=20
BEGAN TO ORBIT MARS, PREPARING TO MAP THE ENTIRE PLANET IN=20
GREATER DETAIL THAN EVER BEFORE.=20

CAMILLE STANDUP #1 ON CAMERA:
A LONG JOURNEY, FROM FAR AWAY, TO THRILLING CLOSE-UP FROM=20
DREAM TO REALITY=20

AND IN THE LAST YEAR, WHILE PATHFINDER AND SURVEYOR WERE ON=20
>THEIR< WAY, "PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE" HAS PROVIDED STUDENTS=20
WITH UNPRECEDENTED ACCESS TO THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO MADE=20
THESE MISSIONS POSSIBLE.=20

THIS PROGRAM SHOWS YOU HOW WE GOT TO MARS, AND WHAT WE'VE=20
LEARNED ALONG THE WAY.=20

I'M CAMILLE MOODY, WELCOME TO PROGRAM 4, "DESTINATION MARS"
SHOW OPEN/TITLES (:30)

SEGMENT 1- COUNTDOWN (10:27)
=09
KSC Tour (Camille)  (1:00)

OUR JOURNEY BEGAN AT CAPE CANAVERAL, FLORIDA, AT THE KENNEDY=20
SPACE CENTER.=20

THIS IS WHERE "APOLLO" LAUNCHED HUMANS TO THE MOON, AND=20
WHERE THE ROBOTIC VIKING AND VOYAGER SPACECRAFT TOOK OFF=20
FOR THE PLANETS

NOW IT'S HOME BASE FOR AMERICA'S FLEET OF SPACE SHUTTLES,=20
WITH ITS GIANT "VEHICLE ASSEMBLY BUILDING", AND HUGE=20
"TRANSPORTER-CRAWLERS".

IN 1996 CAPE CANAVERAL WAS THE LAST STOP, ON EARTH, FOR NASA'S=20
TWO MISSONS TO MARS PATHFINDER AND GLOBAL SURVEYOR.

"LIVE FROM MARS" GOT STUDENTS AND OUR CAMERAS "BEHIND-THE-
SCENES" AND >UP CLOSE< TO THE ACTUAL ROCKETS THAT WOULD=20
TAKE PATHFINDER AND SURVEYOR TO THE RED PLANET.=20

THE DELTA 2 ROCKETS WERE FUELED AND READY TO GO, SO HARD=20
HATS WERE A "MUST".

		-Opening shot of MMS kids in front of VAB, VAB aerial  (:12)
		-Space shuttle on crawler  (:05)
		-Kids run to bus  (:03)
		-Aerial of Pad 17, kids walk towards pad  (:10)
		-SOUND
			In- This is my first time...
			Out- ...one of these again.  (:10)
		        Kids looking at Delta on pad  (:20)

CAMILLE:
SECURITY WAS TIGHT. SAFETY AND SCHEDULE WERE ON EVERYONE'S=20
MIND, BUT THANKS TO NASA, McDONNELL DOUGLAS AND THE AIR=20
FORCE, "LIVE FROM MARS" WAS ABLE TO TAKE STUDENTS WHERE=20
NONE HAD GONE BEFORE.
=20
3) MGS Launch (Camille)  (:40)

CAMILLE: (00:20)

NOVEMBER 7TH 1996 STUDENTS FROM McNAIR MIDDLE SCHOOL WERE=20
IN THE PRESS STANDS, WAITING OUT THE LAST MOMENTS BEFORE=20
LAUNCH.=20

OUR FIRST PROGRAM WAS CALLED "COUNTDOWN" AND THIS WAS=20
WHY!

		-Establish kids at launch site  (:20)
		-SOUND
		        In- 5...4...3...2..
			Out- ...back to the red planet (NATS rocket)  (:20)

4) MPF Clean Room (Camille)  (:56)

CAMILLE: (00:15)
GLOBAL SURVEYOR WAS SAFELY ON ITS WAY AND PATHFINDER WAS=20
JUST WEEKS FROM LAUNCH.=20

WITH SPECIAL PERMISSION AND SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS, "LIVE FROM=20
MARS" WAS INVITED INSIDE ONE OF CAPE CANAVERAL'S >CLEANEST<=20
CLEAN ROOMS, DESIGNED TO PROTECT SPACECRAFT FROM DUST, DIRT=20
AND OTHER EARTHLY CONTAMINANTS.=20

JUST LIKE THE NASA ENGINEERS, MY CAMERAMAN AND I  HAD TO CLEAN=20
UP OUR ACT IN ORDER TO BE ALLOWED IN!

		-Walking up to SAEF 2, through doors  (:15)
		-SOUND
			In- The first step...
			Out- ...from the shoes.  (:06)
			In- Now the next...
			Out- ...exception of my face.  (:13)
			In- You=92ll also notice...
			Out- ...not on the spacecraft.  (:19)
			In- And the last step...
			Out- ...bunny booties. (:03)

				VO BRIDGE (air shower)  (:10)

CAMILLE: (00:10)
WAITING INSIDE TO SPEAK WITH US WAS PATHFINDER PROJECT=20
MANAGER, TONY SPEAR OVER 3 INTENSE YEARS OF HARD WORK, HE=20
AND HIS TEAM HAD GROWN VERY CLOSE TO "PATHFINDER"

	5) Tony Spear- Clean Room Interview, Q&A  (SOT)  (2:34)
		-SOUND
			In- There=92s your baby...
			Out- ...absolutely beautiful!   (:16)
			In- OK, I know you want to...
			Out- ...box that you see.  (:50)
			In- OK.  We=92ve got some questions...
			Out- ...by a certain date?  (:18)
			In- OK, yes, um...
			Out- ...correct Earth spin.  (:29)
		=09
			In- Hi.  I=92m Tiffany...
			Out- ...to land on Mars?  (:10)
			In- Actually, we DO use a parachute...
			Out- ...cushion on the air bags.  (:21)
			In- Now, what we=92re doing...
			Out- ...in the next century.  (:10)

>From the testing seq., or the raw JPL AV release tape:
GETTING TO THIS POINT HAD REQUIRED YEARS OF RESEARCH.
=20
PATHFINDER'S NEW AIRBAGS HAD BEEN POUNDED HARD AND FAST=20
AGAINST ROCKS TO TEST THEIR STRENGTH.

ITS PARACHUTES AND RETRO-ROCKETS HAD BEEN DROPPED FROM=20
HELICOPTERS.=20

THE SOJOURNER ROVER  JUST ABOUT THE SIZE OF A LASER PRINTER!=20
-- HAD BEEN DRIVEN OVER ROCKS AND ITS CAMERAS AND LASER=20
GUIDANCE SYSTEM TESTED TIME AND AGAIN

				=09

CAMILLE:
ALONG WITH VIDEO VISITS TO PLACES THAT ARE NORMALLY OFF-
LIMITS, "PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE" OFFERS CLASSROOM PROJECTS=20
THAT MAKE REAL-WORLD SCIENCE COME TO LIFE.

THE "LIVE FROM MARS" TEACHER'S GUIDE HAS 19 DIFFERENT HANDS-
ON ACTIVITIES THAT EXPLORE ASTRONOMY, PHYSICS, GEOLOGY,=20
CLIMATE

tape from LFM 3B:
NEIL TYSON, FROM THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY,=20
NEW YORK, DEMONSTRATED HOW BALLOON ROCKETS CAN MAKE THE=20
PRINCIPLES OF FORCE MOMENTUM ACCELERATION AND PAYLOAD=20
MEANINGFUL.=20

Balloon fizzless
NEWTON'S LAWS OF MOTION HAVE NEVER BEFORE BEEN SO MUCH=20
FUN!

Tape from LFM 102:=20
AND THIS STREAM TABLE ACTIVITY, WHILE PRETTY MESSY, INVITES=20
STUDENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH FLOODS AND FLOWS SIMULATING=20
THE PROCESSES WHICH SEEM TO HAVE SCULPTED THE SURFACE OF=20
MARS.  =20

THEIR RESULTS LOOK JUST LIKE NASA'S ACTUAL ORBITAL IMAGES!=20
THE INTENT IS TO BRING MARS "DOWN TO EARTH" IN PRACTICAL,=20
MEMORABLE ACTIVITIES.

				=09
7) Matt Golombek Interview (Camille)  (1:02)

CAMILLE:
WHILE I WAS DOWN IN FLORIDA, NEIL TYSON, DIRECTOR OF THE=20
AMERICAN MUSEUM'S HAYDEN PLANETARIUM, WAS UP IN WORCESTER,=20
MASSACHUSETTS, WITH PATHFINDER PROJECT SCIENTIST MATT=20
GOLOMBEK.=20

Quick shots from Goddard seq.
WHY WORCESTER? BECAUSE IT WAS THE CHILDHOOD HOME OF=20
ROBERT GODDARD, "FATHER" OF AMERICAN ROCKETRY!

		-Establishing shot of Matt and Neil  (:15)
		-SOUND
			In- We spent about 2 1/2 years...
			Out- ...84001.  (:27)
			In- So, we=92re just two weeks away...
			Out- ...won=92t have one like that.  (:20)

				=09

8) MPF Launch (Camille)  (:30)
DECEMBER 4TH, 1996 >VERY< EARLY IN THE MORNING.
PATHFINDER'S DELTA ROCKET LIT UP THE FLORIDA COAST AND THE=20
SPACECRAFT WAS SAFELY ON ITS WAY.=20
BUT WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE PLANET WHERE IT'S HEADED,=20
"DESTINATION MARS", AND WHAT DO WE WANT TO KNOW?

				=09
9) Neil Tyson=92s Mars Package (SOT)  (2:20)
        -SOUND
			In- Mars...the red planet...
			Out- ...our own atmosphere. (:50)
			In- In the late sixties...
			Out- ...here on Earth.  (1:30)

				=09
SEGMENT 2- CRUISING BETWEEN THE PLANETS  (11:30)

1) Camille Standup=20
CAMILLE to camera:
WITH BOTH MISSIONS SAFELY ON THEIR WAY, THE ACTION SHIFTED=20
FROM CAPE CANAVERAL BACK WEST TO THE "JET PROPULSION=20
LABORATORY", JPL, IN PASADENA, CALIFORNIA, MANAGED FOR NASA BY=20
THE CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

Establishing shots:
AND, IN APRIL 1997, OUR SECOND "LIVE FROM MARS" PROGRAM,=20
"CRUISING BETWEEN THE PLANETS" ORIGINATED LIVE FROM JPL.

OUR GUIDES WERE PATHFINDER CHIEF ENGINEER ROB MANNING, AND=20
GLOBAL SURVEYOR MISSION PLANNER WAYNE LEE.

THEY TOOK US BEHIND THE SCENES TO VISIT JPL'S 25 FOOT SPACE=20
SIMULATOR, WHERE ROBOT EXPLORERS ARE EXPOSED TO THE=20
EXTREME CONDITIONS THEY'LL ENCOUNTER IN SPACE.=20

WE VISITED THE "MARS YARD" WHERE NEXT GENERATION ROVERS ARE=20
TESTED.=20

WE PEERED INTO THE DEEP SPACE NETWORK=92S MISSION CONTROL
COMMUNICATIONS CENTRAL FOR ALL AMERICA'S DEEP SPACE=20
PROBES

WE GAZED THROUGH PROTECTIVE WINDOWS IN >JPL'S< VEHICLE=20
ASSEMBLY BUILDING, WHERE THE CASSINI SPACECRAFT, DESTINED=20
FOR SATURN, WAS BEING GIVEN A FINAL CHECK-OUT.

ROB MANNING GAVE US AN INSIDER'S PERSPECTIVE ON WHAT THE=20
PATHFINDER TEAM WAS UP TO.=20

EVEN THOUGH THEIR BABY WAS WELL ON ITS WAY TO MARS, THEY=20
WERE REHEARSING, >AND< REHEARSING, OVER AND OVER AGAIN,=20
WHAT THEY NEEDED TO DO ON JULY 4TH.  LANDING DAY.

WE WERE THERE AT JPL, RIGHT IN THE "SANDBOX" WHERE THEY WERE=20
TESTING FLIGHT SPARES OF PATHFINDER AND SOJOURNER, DURING A=20
CRITICAL >"S.N.O.R.T."< A "SURFACE NOMINAL OPERATIONS=20
READINESS TEST"!=20
=09
				=09
2) Rob Manning in Sandbox/ORT (SOT)  (1:36)
		-SOUND
			In- What we do here is...
			Out- ...this lander and this rover.  (:13)
			In- OK, now here=92s some footage...
			Out- ...in a hurry.  (:28)
			In- What=92s happening here...
			Out- ...what are they doing?  (:04)
			In- Here the team is...
			Out- ...where the petal was.  (:18)
			In- (from Prog. 2 @ 37:50)  One of the hooks we threw...
			Out- ...see behind me.  (:33)
				=09
				=09
CAMILLE (00:10) bridge to Brian Cooper:

CLOSE BY, BRIAN COOPER -- SELECTED AS THE PRIMARY DRIVER OF=20
THE ROVER ON MARS -- WAS HARD AT WORK WITH A VIRTUAL REALITY=20
SIMULATION SHOWING HOW THE MISSION TEAM WOULD SELECT=20
WHERE SOJOURNER WOULD GO AND GENERATE COMMANDS.

3) Brian Cooper Package (SOT)  (1:14)
		-SOUND
			In- What we have here...
			Out- ...waypoints.  (1:14)


4) Sojourner Animation (Camille VO)  (:30)

THE SOJOURNER ROVER, NAMED AFTER THE FAMOUS ABOLITIONIST=20
SOJOURNER TRUTH, IS DESIGNED TO SLOWLY ROLL ACROSS THE=20
SURFACE OF MARS AND EXPLORE THE SOIL AND ROCKS.=20

THE FIRST-EVER ROBOTIC GEOLOGIST ON ANOTHER PLANET,=20
SOJOURNER USES SMALL CAMERAS TO GIVE SCIENTISTS CLOSE-UP=20
VIEWS OF ROCK SURFACES.=20

IT CAN USE ITS SPECIALLY-DESIGNED WHEELS TO DIG INTO THE=20
SURFACE OF MARS, REVEALING INFORMATION ABOUT THE TEXTURE=20
AND COMPOSITION OF THE MARTIAN SOIL.=20

IT HAS A SPECIAL "SNIFFER" WHICH BOMBARDS ROCKS WITH ATOMIC=20
PARTICLES TO CHARACTERIZE WHAT MINERALS THEY'RE MADE OFF.=20

BACK IN APRIL 97, ALL THIS WAS JUST COMPUTER ANIMATION NOW=20
WE KNOW PATHFINDER AND SOJOURNER WOULD SURVIVE FOR MANY=20
MONTHS ON MARS, RETURNING AMAZING AND INSTRUCTIVE DATA. =20

DOWN HERE ON EARTH, "PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE" POINTED=20
STUDENTS TO A PROJECT CALLED "RED ROVER, RED ROVER",=20
DIRECTED BY "THE PLANETARY SOCIETY", IN WHICH STUDENTS ACROSS=20
AMERICA AND AROUND THE WORLD BUILD MODEL ROVERS AND=20
CONTROL THEM REMOTELY, OVER THE INTERNET!


	5) Red Rover Package (SOT)  (1:33)
		-SOUND
			In- The project is called...
			Out- ...route looks safest.  (1:04)
			In- Unlike Sojourner...
			Out- ...have a lot of fun!  (:29)

CAMILLE V.O.
WE ALSO CAUGHT UP WITH TONY SPEAR. THOUGH THINGS WERE=20
GOING WELL, HE KNEW THE RISKIEST PART OF THE MISSION WAS FAST=20
APPROACHING  PATHFINDER'S FINAL DESCENT TO THE MARTIAN=20
SURFACE.

TONY SYNC:

6) Marvelous Mars- Temperature & Time  (SOT)  (:40)

CAMILLE:

Use some mission computer animation showing the route of the s/c
GETTING FROM EARTH TO A PRECISE PLACE  >ON< OR INTO ORBIT=20
AROUND MARS IS NO EASY TASK.=20

8) CLASSROOM OF THE FUTURE CENTRIFUGE/ROUNDABOUT

THIS DEMONSTRATION FROM NASA'S CLASSROOM OF THE FUTURE=20
SHOWS THE CHALLENGE ITS' TOUGH TO HIT A MOVING TARGET..=20

EARTH AND MARS ARE BOTH TRAVELING ROUND THE SUN TO GET A=20
SPACECRAFT FROM EARTH TO MARS YOU HAVE TO AIM WHERE THE=20
PLANET >WILL BE< WHEN YOU ARRIVE, NOT WHERE IT >IS< WHEN YOU=20
LAUNCH.=20

"PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE" ASKED GLOBAL SURVEYOR MISSION=20
PLANNER WAYNE LEE TO EXPLAIN HOW ENGINEERS USE LOGIC, MATH,=20
PROBLEM-SOLVING >AND TEAMWORK< TO GET THERE.

7) Wayne Lee/MGS Math Package  (1:17)
Out- ...and science sites. (1:02)