Re: No Subject

Subject: Re: No Subject
Date: Wed, 8 Jan 1997 01:26:34 -0500 (EST)

Here's a start on what I've gotten since I started in.  I'm a student teacher
here in Texas.  I am hoping to use some of this with my students, and I
couldn't pass you by when you weren't getting the info.  There'll be a second
letter too since I couldn't get it all in this one.  I took out the air and
forwarded the cream, but if you need the whole thing, just let me know.
<< Subj:	No Subject
 Date:	97-01-07 13:07:13 EST
 From: (gheri fouts)
  This is a test.  I have not received any mail from this list since dec. 12
 gheri fouts
 Geraldine Fouts (Gheri)
 Physics Teacher
 Sacred Hearts Academy
 3253 Waialae Avenue
 Honolulu, Hawaii  96816
Subj:	Welcome to discuss-lfm
Date:	96-12-28 15:13:12 EST
Welcome to the discuss-lfm mailing list!
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[Last updated on: Fri Aug 2 17:23:37 1996]
Welcome to discuss-lfm,
This list will provide a forum for teachers to discuss a wide variety
of issues, concerns, teaching strategies, useful resources, project
collaboration opportunities, and suggestions for the Live From Mars project.
To send a message to the other folks who are part of this list, please
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You will find a full array of supporting online resources at our
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IMPORTANT:  Please be sure to subscribe to the updates-lfm mail list
as well as this discussion forum.  The updates list provides
all announcements, late-breaking news, and relevant posts pertaining
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Please feel free to contact Jan Wee, discuss-lfm moderator and Outreach
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Send email to: and Jan Wee will promptly respond.
We hope you enjoy participating in this discussion forum!
Welcome to the answers-lfm mailing list!
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Information last updated: August 29, 1996
Welcome to the Live from Mars mail list.  Live from Mars is a K-12 education 
project to connect students and teachers with the exciting missions to Mars.
We will focus on the people involved and what they do. This list will be 
used to share information about Live from Mars as it evolves.  As well, 
we will distribute Field Journals from the diverse men and women who make 
modern space research possible.  The majority of activity will begin in 
mid-September of 1996.
An overview of Live from Mars follows:
In 1996 NASA will launch two missions to Mars. The Mars Global Surveyor 
spacecraft will launch in November and will arrive about 9 months later 
to begin an orbital mission which will provide detailed mapping and weather 
information. The Mars Pathfinder spacecraft will launch in December and will 
land on the Red Planet on July 4, 1997. Once landed, the mission plan calls 
for a micro-rover named Sojourner to begin wondering the Martian terrain, 
returning a wealth of new science data. 
By participating in Live from Mars, you and your students can travel along! 
The project is targeted at the middle school grade levels, but will have 
appeal above and below that range. 
Four live telecasts from this scientific frontier are scheduled between 
November 1996 and November of 1997. Plans are also underway for a training 
tape to assist integration of this project into classrooms, home schools, 
and lifelong learning. Live telecast air dates of first two programs are: 
    Tuesday November 19, 1996, 13:00-14:00 ET, and 
    Thursday April 24, 1997, 13:00-14:00 ET
Mission exigencies *may* result in changing one or more of these dates. But
we hope not! These programs will be broadcast nationally via satellite in the
United States by NASA TV and PBS However, local PBS stations may or may
not decide to carry the programming; please consider contacting your local
PBS station to express your interest in this program. 
Exceptional hands-on curriculum materials are being developed and will be
available in late September in a Teachers' Guide. This Guide will be
distributed online for free. As well, a printed version will be available 
for $10.  And a multimedia kit will be available for $99.  This kit will
include the printed Teachers' Guide, an original color poster, a teacher
orientation videotape, slide sets, a Mars Navigator CD-ROM -- and more!
To order either of these optins, send a check made out to Passport to
to PTK, PO Box 1502, Summit, NJ 07902-1502, USA.  Schools and other
institutions may submit Purchase Orders.
In addition, online resources will include rich and varied web pages, 
extensive email information and interaction, discussion groups and 
"Researcher Q and A "and "Field Journals". Our web site is in
"continuous construction" mode, but already some information is available.
Please visit
As well, a discussion list for teachers participating in the project
is available.  Here you can meet other teachers involved in implementing
Live From Mars in their classrooms. Together you can ideas, solving problems
and collaborate to best utilize the unique Live From Mars project.
To join this discussion, tune in on the Web (look in the Teachers' Lounge)
or particiapte via email by sending a note to:
In the message body, write these words: subscribe discuss-lfm.
Each video and accompanying online and print materials will allow
educators to customize the learning experience, whether they use only one 
program, live or on tape, or follow the Mars missions across the school
As with all Passport to Knowledge projects, Live from Mars will make the
human dimension of contemporary science and high tech careers come to life.
Curriculum strands include: Mars geology and evolution as a planet, robotics,
interplanetary weather, exobiology, mission planning, rocketry, comparisons
between planets of the solar system, and Mars imaging resources. 
Live from Mars is a collaboration between Passport to Knowledge, the Mars
Exploration Directorate of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and the NASA
K-12 Internet Initiative. Passport to Knwoledge is supported in part
by NASA, the National Science Foundation, PBS Teacher Resource Services, 
and public television.
A copy of it appears below:
L I V E   F R O M   M A R S   -   A Passport to Knowledge Project
UPDATE   # 1 - August 3, 1996
PART 1: Welcome to the project
PART 2: Why you got this mail message
PART 3: Status of the spacecraft

Welcome to "LIVE FROM MARS", a project developed by 
the Passport to Knowledge team.
Over the next year, you will receive a unique perspective on
NASA's robot missions to Mars. Through this maillist, you will
receive regular Field Journals from the men and women who are
responsible for flying two spacecraft (Mars Global Surveyor and
Mars Pathfinder) to the red planet. You will hear from the space
researchers preparing for the exciting new knowledge which will be
gained from the Martian missions. Also, a variety of other Mars-workers
not directly connected to the two missions will share their perspectives.
These behind-the-scenes reports will a glimpse of the day-to-day
activities required, including the broad diversity of skills needed as we
enter an unprecedented decade of Mars exploration.
LIVE FROM MARS (LFM) includes several live television programs.
The first two are scheduled for November 19, 1996 and April 24, 1997 from 
1-2 PM Eastern time (It is not too early to contact your local PBS station
to encourage them to carry the programs). As well, a detailed Teacher's Guide
will be available in about one month. This document will detail a variety of
hands-on science activities designed to integrate with the online and 
television resources. More information about this teachers guide will be 
shared here over the next few weeks, including availability information.
A dedicated online archive is rapidly coming together. It includes the 
complete collection of Field Journals, biographies of Mars people, 
an image gallery, a collection of classroom projects and much more. 
This "continuous construction" Web site will be found at and is expected to be made public
in one month.
As LFM evolves, special activities will be scheduled. For example, 
we'll conduct a collaborative activity about designing instrument packages to
analyze local environments. After some classroom work, students will debate
their ideas and determine a standardized package. Then these packages will be
used to make actual measurements which will be shared globally. A series of 
special WebChat and CU-SeeMe sessions with Mars folks will be scheduled.
As details emerge they will be announced on this updates-lfm mailing list.
Presently, we plan to publish these email updates about twice per month. 
The frequency will increase as the school year starts and the missions get
closer to launching in November.
Throughout the LIVE FROM MARS project, our team will be interested
in receiving your ideas and feedback. Send any comments to Jan Wee 
( or to Marc Siegel (
We hope that LIVE FROM MARS will prove to be an exciting learning
resource for you and your students.
Thanks for your interest, 

Many of the people who got this message directly signed up for
the updates-lfm maillist.  So for those people, this note is a celebration
of how things can work as intended.
For all the others, your name was taken from the LIVE FROM THE
HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE list.  I figured that if you were
interested in that project, there was a very good chance that you'd be
interested in LIVE FROM MARS.  If that assumption doesn't apply to
you, please accept my sincere apologies for this unwanted mail message.
And also please unsubscribe from the list to avoid more unwanted messages.
The most direct way to unsubscribe is to send an email to:
In the message body, write only these words:
  unsubscribe updates-lfm

Here is some information on the status of the two spacecraft. The reports
below are about three months old now. Future messages will provide
more current information. These messages come from an online journal
called Martian Chronicles which is produced by the Mars Outreach Office at
the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) in Pasadena, CA.  The Web URL is:
Mars Pathfinder Status 
Tony Spear
May 1, 1996
The fully assembled Mars Pathfinder flight system has just successfully 
completed an "acoustic vibration" test which uses sound waves to simulate 
the launch environment. It is also being readied for what is called a 
thermal/vacuum test: we put the flight system into a large 25 foot chamber 
and pump the air out of the chamber to simulate the vacuum of space in 
cruise, while shining infrared lights on the flight system to simulate the 
intense sunlight in interplanetary space.
After this test, we put the flight system into its surface configuration 
with the lander open and the rover off the lander, communicating with the 
lander through its radio link. We again pump down the chamber, but this 
time to Mars surface atmospheric pressure and cycle the flight system through

hot and cold temperatures to simulate Mars day and night cycles.
Before, during and after each of these cruise and surface environmental 
tests, we do system electrical testing of the flight system to ensure the 
proper operation of all the systems. After all of this, in August, we 
partially disassemble the flight system to ship it to the Eastern Test 
Range in Florida for launch preparations.
All is going well for launch on December 2, 1996!
Mars Global Surveyor Status
Glenn E. Cunningham
May 1, 1996
All activities of the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) project are moving along 
well toward launch in early November.
The spacecraft assembly is nearly complete at the Lockheed Martin facility in
Denver, Colorado, and has the spacecraft has begun its first fully integrated
system electrical testing. All but two of the science instruments have been
installed, and the remaining ones are due in May.
As is the case with many spacecraft, the mass of the assembled hardware 
always seems to be a little more than is predicted by the design documents. 
Such is the case with the MGS spacecraft. A considerable effort has been 
applied by the project team over the last few months to reduce the 
spacecraft mass and to find ways to change the mission plan to be able to 
accept a little heavier spacecraft and still be able to meet mission 
objectives. After all the studies were complete, and the mass of the all 
the spacecraft assemblies had been reassessed, we agreed on a 1060-kg 
upper limit total launch mass and slipped the opening of the launch period 
one day to open on November 6th. Some of the spacecraft's thermal blankets 
are the only remaining items yet to be weighed, but all indications are 
good that the mass limit will be met.
The end-to-end tests that assure compatibility between the flight 
operations system (which will be responsible for "flying" or controlling 
the spacecraft after launch) and the spacecraft itself are now underway, 
and the results are looking good.
The two remaining science instruments, the Thermal Emission Spectrometer and
the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter, suffered minor setbacks during their final
acceptance testing, and both required some reworking before final testing and
delivery. The required rework is underway and is progressing well.
To subscribe to the updates-lfm mailing list (where this message
came from), send a message to:
In the message body, write these words:
   subscribe updates-lfm
If you have Web access, please visit our "continuous construction" site at  This site will remain fairly sparse until
early September.
Animals in Mars
Sender: owner-answers-lfm
Precedence: bulk
Before you have any humans living on mars would you have animals tested to
live in it first? 
ANSWER from Cheick Diarra on December 20, 1996:
Sending a living being to Mars is so complex and the
technologies are so dependable now I think that after we learn what we need
to know to send a human to Mars, we will not go through the step of sending
animals there.
ANSWER from info on the internet on Jan 1,1997;
 The following answer was found onthe internet.
Weight: 511,190 pounds (231,870 kilograms) 
Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral AFS, Fla.; Vandenberg AFB, Calif. (NASA) 
Height: 125 feet, 9 inches (38.32 meters) 
Diameter: Fairing -- 9.5 feet (2.87 meters); core -- 8 feet (2.4 meters) 
QUESTION: How much the Delta II Rocket Weighs.
ANSWER from info on the internet on Jan 1,1997;
 The following answer was found onthe internet.
Weight: 511,190 pounds (231,870 kilograms) 
Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral AFS, Fla.; Vandenberg AFB, Calif. (NASA) 
Height: 125 feet, 9 inches (38.32 meters) 
Diameter: Fairing -- 9.5 feet (2.87 meters); core -- 8 feet (2.4 meters) 
Dear discuss-lfm members,
Just in case you haven't had time to access the NASA JPL
Mars Pathfinder web site and check on how Mars Pathfinder
is doing, here is the latest update.
Hope everyone had a relaxing break if you were on vacation
over the holidays!  We are all looking forward to the start of
our Planet Explorer Toolkit debate which will begin next week
on Monday, Janaury 6th.  Thanks to all who have posted their
Planet Explorer Toolkit proposals and yes, even to those of you
who posted after the December 20th deadline.  We plan to include
all your ideas (even if you got caught in the holiday rush!)
Welcome back to LFM!
Jan Wee
                                      December 18, 1996
                               12:00 p.m. Pacific Standard Time
Sojourner, a 10-kilogram (22-pound) rover tucked away on a petal of the 
Mars Pathfinder spacecraft, got a 'wake up' call on Dec. 17 from flight 
controllers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. After waking up, Sojourner 
conducted an internal health check and sent data back to the flight team 
that all was well.
The Pathfinder flight team was ecstatic with the rover data, which
showed that all systems within the rover were operating normally. In 
addition, data from the rover's main science instrument -- the alpha 
proton x-ray spectrometer -- showed that it was operting properly.
"The rover woke up, did its internal health check, sent the lander 
its status data and went back to sleep, all as planned," said
Art Thompson, rover operations team member. "All subsystems were 
verified as being in good health."
Pathfinder continues to perform very well on its 500 million-kilometer 
(310 million-mile) journey to Mars, the team reported.  Currently the 
spacecraft is 4 million kilometers (2.5 million miles) from Earth, traveling 
at a speed of 3.1 kilometers per second (7,000 miles per hour). Its 
destination, Mars, is currently about 190 million kilometers (118 million
miles)away. All temperatures and power utilization of the lander and cruise 
stage remain at their predicted levels for this phase of the mission.
The spacecraft was spun down from 12.3 rpm to 2 rpm on Dec. 11. Flight 
controllers first instructed the spacecraft to turn to a Sun angle of 
50 degrees and an Earth angle of 32 degrees. This allowed them to use 
all four operating Sun sensors. The spacecraft executed the commanded 
spin down to the normal cruise spin rate of 2 rpm in steps of 2 rpm 
at a time.
Once the normal spin rate was established, the team turned on the 
spacecraft's star scanner on Dec. 12. Star scanner data allows the 
spacecraft to establish full, three-axis knowledge of its orientation 
in space. This is the normal cruise attitude control mode and the 
one in which all trajectory correction maneuvers will be performed.
While Sun sensor #5 continues to work well after a software fix, the 
flight team continues to investigate the cause of the loss of Sun sensor 
head #4. The team expects to reach a likely conclusion on the cause of 
the problem within the next month or two.
Dave Gruel, Pathfinder flight director at JPL, conducted the Dec.16 
health check of the lander science instruments, including the atmospheric 
sensor instrument and meteorology (ASI/MET) package and the imager. 
Temperature, pressure and accelerometer readings from the
instrument verified it was in normal working order. Power and dark current 
measurements received from the imager while it was imaging the darkness 
around it, confirmed that the instrument was working properly, Gruel said.
Richard Cook, Pathfinder mission operations manager at JPL, reported 
today that Pathfinder has been fully checked out for this phase of 
the mission and that all subsystems are "go" for a successful seven-month 
cruise to Mars.
The next major in-flight event will be Pathfinder's first trajectory 
correction maneuver, which is scheduled for Jan. 4, 1997.
Provided courtesy of:
                                 PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE
                                 JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
                            CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
                       PASADENA, CALIF. 91109. TELEPHONE (818) 354-5011