Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology you can cover using PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA.

For additional Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Science and Technology you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE

Grade 4,   Grade 7,   Grade 10,   Grade 12

Grade 4:

3.1. Biological Sciences

B. Know that characteristics are inherited and thus offspring closely resemble their parents.

 

Identify characteristics for animal and plant survival in different climates.

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C. Identify changes in living things over time.

 

Know that differences in individuals of the same species may give some advantage in surviving and reproducing.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Identify the basic systematic elements of scientific research.

 

Generate questions that can be studied.

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Design an investigation.

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Conduct a one step experiment.

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State a conclusion that is consistent with the information.

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B. Know that problem solving in Technology is a systematic process.

 

Identify the problem.
• Know the problem in simple terms.
• Identify necessary information.
• Identify simple questions that must be answered.

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Identify a possible solution.
• Choose alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• List the course of action.

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Try the solution.
• Try a specific solution.
• Try another solution.

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Describe the solution.
• Change if necessary.
• Identify the impacts of the solution.

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Show the problem, method of solution and results.

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C. Describe the nature of technological and scientific knowledge.

 

Distinguish between a scientific fact and a belief.

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Describe the nature of science to improve its theories in response to new information.

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Relate how new information can change existing perceptions.

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Provide clear explanations that account for observations and results.

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3.8. Systems Approaches

A. Know that natural and human-made objects are made up of parts.

 

Identify and describe parts that make up a system.

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Identify system parts that are natural and human-made.

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Describe the purpose of analyzing systems.

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Know that technology parts include physical technology systems (e.g., construction, manufacturing, and transportation), informational systems and biochemical-related systems.

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B. Know models as useful imitations of objects or processes.

 

Identify different types of models.

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Demonstrate the use of models as tools for prediction and insight.

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Apply appropriate simple modeling tools and techniques.

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C. Illustrate patterns that regularly occur and reoccur in nature.

 

Identify observable patterns (e.g., growth patterns in plants, crystal shapes in minerals, climate, structural patterns in bird feathers).

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Use knowledge of natural patterns to predict next occurrences.

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D. Demonstrate scale as an important attribute of natural and human made objects, events and phenomena.

 

Apply scale to measure size and weight.

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Describe scale as a ratio.

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Demonstrate the importance of scale in producing models.

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Grade 7:

3.1. Biological Sciences

A. Describe the similarities and differences that characterize diverse living things.

 

Describe how the structures of living things help them function in unique ways.

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Explain adaptations among organisms that live in a particular environment.

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C. Explain basic concepts of natural selection.

 

Identify adaptations that allow organisms to survive in their environment.

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Illustrate environmental changes that can affect the survival of organisms and entire species.

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Describe the role that fossils play in studying the past.

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Know that biologic extinction is a natural process.

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Identify diverse life forms that have changed over many generations.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Explain basic systematic elements of scientific research.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct a two-part experiment.

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Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Communicate appropriate conclusions from the experiment.

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B. Know that problem solving in Technology is a systematic process.

 

Define the problem.
• Define all aspects of the problem.
• Identify and define necessary information.
• Propose questions that must be answered.

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Propose a solution.
• Design alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Plan a course of action.

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Apply the solution.
• Apply a specific solution.

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Explain the solution.
• Test and improve if necessary.
• Identify and infer the impacts of the solution.

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Explain the problem, design and solution.

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C. Explain the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Distinguish between a scientific theory and a belief.

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Answer "What if" questions based on observation, inference or prior knowledge or experience.

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Explain how skepticism about an accepted scientific explanation led to a new understanding.

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Integrate new information into existing theories and explain implied results.

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3.8. Systems Approaches

A. Explain the parts of a simple system and their relationship.

 

Explain a system as a group of related parts that work together to achieve a desired result.

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Explain the importance of order in a system.

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Grade 10:

3.1. Biological Sciences

C. Explain concepts and processes of the theory of evolution.

 

Apply the concept of natural selection to illustrate a speciesí survival, extinction or change over time.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Apply the elements of scientific research to solve problems.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct a multiple step experiment.

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Organize experimental information using a variety of analytic methods.

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Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Suggest additional steps that might be done experimentally.

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B. Apply problem solving in Technology as a systematic process.

 

Examine the problem.
• Examine all aspects of the problem.
• Examine and rank the necessary information based on importance.
• Examine questions that must be answered.

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Propose and analyze a solution.
• Design and develop alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Develop by experimentation, the best or appropriate methodology.

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Implement the solution.
• Produce and apply a specific solution.

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Evaluate the solution.
• Test, redesign and improve if necessary.
• Analyze the impacts of the solution.

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Communicate and analyze the problem, design and solution.

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C. Apply understandings about the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Compare and contrast scientific theories and beliefs.

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Know that science is limited to the study of concrete aspects of the world and the universe.

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Evaluate how new information can change existing theories and practice.

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Grade 12:

3.1. Biological Sciences

A. Discern structural and functional relationships in living things.

 

Explain significant biological diversity found in each of the biomes.

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C. Explain the theory of evolution.

 

Evaluate the concept of natural selection in illustrating evolution theory.

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3.7. Inquiry

A. Apply scientific research methods to complex problems.

 

Generate questions that can be studied in science.

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Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.

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Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.

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Conduct an experiment.

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Organize experimental information using analytic and descriptive techniques.

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Evaluate the significance of experimental information in answering the question.

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Project additional questions from a research study that could be studied.

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B. Apply problem solving in Technology as a systematic process.

 

Assess the problem.
• Appraise all aspects of the problem.
• Prioritize the necessary information.
• Formulate questions that must be answered.

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Propose, develop and appraise a solution.
• Design, develop and prioritize alternative methods to achieve solutions.
• Develop and assess the best or appropriate methodology.

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Implement and assess the solution.
• Produce, apply and appraise a specific solution.

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Evaluate and assess the solution.
• Assess, redesign and improve if necessary.
• Analyze and contrast the impacts of the solution.

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Communicate and assess the problem, design and solution.

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C. Evaluate the nature of scientific and technological knowledge.

 

Know and use the ongoing scientific processes to continually improve and better understand how things work.

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Critically compare or contrast the status of existing theories.

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