Montana Science Content Standards

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Montana Science Content Standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA.

For additional Montana Science Content Standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE

End of Grade 4,   End of Grade 8,   End of Grade 12

End of Grade 4

Science Content Standard 1

Students design, conduct, evaluate and communicate scientific investigations.

 

Students will:

 

1. Be given a testable question, plan, design, and safely conduct a scientific investigation with identified variables.

video
hands-on
online

2. select and accurately use appropriate tools to measure (in SI units), process and analyze results of a basic scientific investigarion.

video
hands-on
online

3. represent, communicate and provide supporting evidence of scientific investigations.

video
hands-on
online

4. describe relationships among parts of a familiar system (e.g., digestive system, simple machines) and identify and record changes and patterns of changes in the system.

video
hands-on
online

5. construct models that illustrate simple concepts and compare those models to what they represent.

video
hands-on
online

6. communicate results from a controlled experiment and are reproducible.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 3

Students demonstrate knowledge of characteristics, structures and function of living things, the process and diversity of life, and how living organisms interact with each other and their environment.

 

Students will:

 

1. identify that plants and animals have structures and systems, which serve different functions.

video
hands-on
online

2. identify and describe basic requirements of energy needed and nutritional needs for each human body system.

video
hands-on
online

3. develop models that trace the life cycles of different plants and animals and discuss how they differ from species to species.

video
hands-on
online

4. explain cause and effect relationships in living systems and nonliving components within ecosystems.

video
hands-on
online

5. create and use a classification system to group a variety of plants and animals according to their similarities and differences.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 4

Students demonstrate knowledge of the composition, structures, processes and interactions of Earth’s systems and other objects in space.

 

Students will:

 

6. describe objects in the sky and explain that light and heat comes from a star called the Sun.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 5

Students understand how scientific knowledge and technological developments impact society.

 

Students will:

 

1. give examples of how people use science and technology.

video
hands-on
online

2. model scientific collaboration by sharing and communicating ideas and solution in a variety of cooperative settings.

video
hands-on
online

3. use current scientific knowledge to make inferences and propose solutions for local environmental problems (recycling, waste management).

video
hands-on
online

4. identify a scientific or technological innovation that benefits the community.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 6

Students understand historical developments in science and technology.

 

Students will:

 

1. give historical examples of scientific and technological contributions to society.

video
hands-on
online

2. describe how scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Advanced

A fourth-grade student at the advanced level in science demonstrates superior performance. He/she:

 

(a) conducts simple experiments and identifies the variables;

video
hands-on
online

(b) accurately identifies cause and effect relationships and clearly communicates these observations;

video
hands-on
online

(c) consistently and accurately selects and uses appropriate devices for measurement of solids, liquids, and gases, identifying specific properties of each state of matter;

video
hands-on
online

(d) recognizes multiple attributes of living things and tangible objects;

video
hands-on
online

(e) often classifies objects based on subtle similarities and differences;

video
hands-on
online

(f) describes and models structures, functions, and processes of living systems;

video
hands-on
online

(g) thoroughly describes and creatively models the details of Earth’s features and cycles;.

video
hands-on
online

(h) describes and models characteristics of and changes within physical and mechanical systems;

video
hands-on
online

(i) independently reads of scientific exploration in the news and discusses the possible impacts of past, present and future scientific exploration on humans and other life; and

video
hands-on
online

(j) thoughtfully discusses the historical significance of scientists and the impacts of their discoveries on humans today.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Proficient

A fourth-grade student at the proficient level in science demonstrates solid academic performance. He/she:

 

(a) with some direction, completes a simple experiment and identifies the manipulated variable;

video
hands-on
online

(b) identifies cause and effect relationships and communicates these observations;

video
hands-on
online

(c) accurately selects and uses devices for simple measurement of solids, liquids, and gases, identifying properties of each state of matter;

video
hands-on
online

(d) recognizes attributes of living things and tangible objects and accurately classifies objects based on similarities and differences;

video
hands-on
online

(e) describes structures, functions, and processes of living systems;

video
hands-on
online

(f) identifies and accurately illustrates Earth’s features, locating several observable changes of those features;

video
hands-on
online

(g) describes characteristics of and changes within basic physical and mechanical systems;

video
hands-on
online

(h) is aware of scientific exploration in the news; and

video
hands-on
online

(i) discusses the possible impacts of past, present and future scientific exploration on humans, identifying the visible impacts of their discoveries on humans today.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Nearing Proficiency

A fourth-grade student at the nearing proficiency level in science demonstrates partial mastery of the prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficiency in science. He/she:

 

(a) with specific direction, completes a simple experiment and sometimes identifies the manipulated variable;

video
hands-on
online

(b) describes an observable change, but has difficulty identifying cause and effect relationships;

video
hands-on
online

(c) sometimes selects the appropriate tool; and

video
hands-on
online

(d) with guidance, effectively uses devices for simple measurement of solids, liquids, and gases, naming properties of each state of matter;

video
hands-on
online

(e) recognizes basic attributes of living things and tangible objects and classifies objects based on two or more common attributes;

video
hands-on
online

(f) sometimes describes structures, functions, and processes of living systems;

video
hands-on
online

(g) names and describes Earth’s features and recognizes some observable changes of those features;

video
hands-on
online

(h) names components of basic physical and mechanical systems;

video
hands-on
online

(i) is somewhat aware of scientific exploration in the news; and

video
hands-on
online

(j) often has difficulty relating historical significance of scientists and the impacts of their discoveries on humans today.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Novice

A fourth-grade student at the novice level in science is beginning to attain the prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental in science. He/she:

 

(a) has difficulty completing a simple experiment and has limited understanding of the concept of variables;

video
hands-on
online

(b) seldom describes an observable change, and rarely identifies cause and effect relationships;

video
hands-on
online

(c) seldom selects the appropriate tool;

video
hands-on
online

(d) even with assistance, has difficulty using devices for simple measurement of solids, liquids, and gases;

video
hands-on
online

(e) has difficulty understanding the states of matter concept;

video
hands-on
online

(f) sometimes recognizes concrete attributes of living things and tangible objects and groups objects based on two or more common attributes;

video
hands-on
online

(g) gives limited descriptions of the structures, functions, and processes of living systems;

video
hands-on
online

(h) names and, with assistance, describes Earth’s features and recognizes some observable changes of those features;

video
hands-on
online

(i) sometimes names components of basic physical and mechanical systems;

video
hands-on
online

(j) is seldom aware of scientific exploration in the news; and

video
hands-on
online

(k) seldom relates historical significance of scientists and the impacts of their discoveries on humans today.

video
hands-on
online


End of Grade 8

Science Content Standard 1

Students design, conduct, evaluate and communicate scientific investigations.

 

Students will:

 

1. identify a question, formulate a hypothesis, control and manipulate variables, devise and safely conduct experiments, predict outcomes and compare and analyze results.

video
hands-on
online

2. select and accurately use appropriate equipment and technology to measure (in SI units), gather, process and analyze data from a scientific investigation.

video
hands-on
online

3. communicate and defend results of investigations; question results of investigations if different from predicted.

video
hands-on
online

4. analyze the processes, parts and subsystems of familiar (e.g., electrical circuits, bacteria) and infer cause and effect relationships among components of the system.

video
hands-on
online

5. create models to illustrate scientific concepts and use the model to predict change (e.g., computer simulation, a stream table, graphic representation).

video
hands-on
online

6. distinguish between controlled and uncontrolled experiments by consistency of results.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 2

Students demonstrate knowledge of properties, forms, changes and interactions of physical and chemical systems.

 

Students will:

 

1. examine, describe, compare and classify objects and substances based on common physical properties and simple chemical properties.

video
hands-on
online

2. classify, describe, and model matter in terms of elements, compounds, mixtures, atoms and molecules.

video
hands-on
online

3. model and explain that states of matter, solids, liquids and gases, are dependent upon the quantity of energy present in the system.

video
hands-on
online

4. identify and predict what will change and what will remain unchanged when matter experiences an external force or energy change.

video
hands-on
online

5. identify, build describe, measure, and analyze mechanical systems (e.g., simple and complex machines).

video
hands-on
online

6. define energy and compare and contrast the characteristics of light, heat, motion, magnetism, electricity, sound and mechanical waves.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 3

Students demonstrate knowledge of characteristics, structures and function of living things, the process and diversity of life, and how living organisms interact with each other and their environment.

 

Students will:

 

2. explain how organisms and systems of organisms obtain and use energy resources to maintain stable conditions and how they respond to stimuli (e.g., photosynthesis, respiration).

video
hands-on
online

4. investigate and explain the interdependent nature of biological systems in the environment and how they are affected by human interaction.

video
hands-on
online

5. use a basic classification scheme to identify local plants and animals.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 5

Students understand how scientific knowledge and technological developments impact society.

 

Students will:

 

1. identify the specific fields of scientific endeavor and related occupations within those fields.

video
hands-on
online

2. model collaborative problem solving and give examples of how scientific knowledge is shared, critiqued, and scrutinized by other scientists and the public.

video
hands-on
online

3. investigate local problems and/or issues and propose solutions or products that address a need, which considers variables (e.g., environmental risks).

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 6

Students understand historical developments in science and technology.

 

Students will:

 

1. trace developments that demonstrate scientific knowledge is subject to change as new evidence becomes available.

video
hands-on
online

2. identify major milestones in science that have impacted science, technology and society.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Advanced

An eighth-grade student at the advanced level in science demonstrates superior performance. He/she:

 

(a) independently formulates and communicates testable questions;

video
hands-on
online

(b) constructs a plan for a controlled experiment;

video
hands-on
online

(c) makes accurate inferences based on observations and data;

video
hands-on
online

(d) creatively illustrates how scientific knowledge changes as new evidence and understandings are learned;

video
hands-on
online

(e) uses supporting details to thoughtfully explain the physical world;

video
hands-on
online

(f) predicts reasonable outcomes of simple chemical reactions;

video
hands-on
online

(g) makes logical connections to events in everyday life;

video
hands-on
online

(h) independently and confidently identifies and classifies organisms describing a basic knowledge of common classification schemes;

video
hands-on
online

(i) is aware of the interdependence of life and the environment and describes how changes affect this interrelationship;

video
hands-on
online

(j) observes, uses, and interprets physical, theoretical and mathematical models to effectively demonstrate and communicate knowledge and understanding;

video
hands-on
online

(k) describes and identifies some examples of how science and technology are the results of human activity throughout history; and

video
hands-on
online

(l) independently seeks new information, connects past to present, is always curious about scientific discovery and its significance.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Proficient

An eighth-grade student at the proficient level in science demonstrates solid academic performance. He/she:

 

(a) often formulates and communicates testable questions;

video
hands-on
online

(b) constructs a plan for a controlled experiment;

video
hands-on
online

(c) makes logical inferences based on observations;

video
hands-on
online

(d) accurately interprets data, providing reasonable examples of how scientific knowledge changes as new evidence and understandings are learned;

video
hands-on
online

(e) with supporting detail, describes the physical world showing an emerging understanding of simple chemical reactions, chemical formulas, and physical laws;

video
hands-on
online

(f) identifies and classifies organisms and has a beginning understanding of common classification schemes;

video
hands-on
online

(g) is aware of the interdependence of life and the environment;

video
hands-on
online

(h) explains how characteristics of living things change because of the environment;

video
hands-on
online

(i) has an emerging understanding of physical, theoretical and mathematical models;

video
hands-on
online

(j) describes and identifies local examples of how science and technology are the results of human activity throughout history; and

video
hands-on
online

(k) is often curious about new information and connects past to present.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Nearing Proficiency

An eighth-grade student at the nearing proficiency level in science demonstrates partial mastery of the prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficiency in science. He/she:

 

(a) sometimes formulates and communicates testable questions;

video
hands-on
online

(b) with assistance, completes a plan for a controlled experiment;

video
hands-on
online

(c) has difficulty making reasonable inferences;

video
hands-on
online

(d) seldom uses or interprets observations or data accurately;

video
hands-on
online

(e) provides concrete examples of how scientific knowledge has changed;

video
hands-on
online

(f) gives concrete explanations to describe the physical world;

video
hands-on
online

(g) shows a limited understanding of simple chemical reactions, chemical formulas and physical laws;

video
hands-on
online

(h) often identifies organisms, but is less sure when describing common classification schemes;

video
hands-on
online

(i) provides a limited explanation of the interdependence of life and the environment;

video
hands-on
online

(j) has an emerging understanding of physical models;

video
hands-on
online

(k) with assistance, describes how science and technology are the results of human activity throughout history; and

video
hands-on
online

(l) is sometimes curious about new information, but seldom seeks it.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Novice

An eighth-grade student at the novice level in science is beginning to attain the prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental in science. He/she:

 

(a) seldom formulates or communicates testable questions;

video
hands-on
online

(b) requires direct instruction to complete a plan for a controlled experiment;

video
hands-on
online

(c) has difficulty understanding inferences, observations and data;

video
hands-on
online

(d) seldom provides examples of how scientific knowledge has changed;

video
hands-on
online

(e) gives concrete explanations of the physical world;

video
hands-on
online

(f) seldom describes even the simplest chemical reactions;

video
hands-on
online

(g) identifies organisms, but has difficulty defining common classification schemes;

video
hands-on
online

(h) is unable to explain the interdependence of life and the environment;

video
hands-on
online

(i) sometimes uses models to describe a science concept;

video
hands-on
online

(j) often doesn’t make the connection that science and technology are the results of human activity throughout history; and

video
hands-on
online

(k) seldom expresses interest in, or seeks out, new information.

video
hands-on
online


Upon Graduation-End of Grade 12

Science Content Standard 1

Students design, conduct, evaluate and communicate scientific investigations.

 

Students will:

 

1. identify a testable question, formulate a hypothesis based on prior scientific knowledge, identify dependent and independent variables, safely conduct the experiments, collect and analyze data.

video
hands-on
online

2. select appropriate means for representing, communicating, and defending results of investigations and scientific and technological arguments using appropriate mathematical analysis and graphical representation.

video
hands-on
online

3. question conclusions with insufficient supporting evidence, and recognize that the results of a scientific investigation are always open to revision by further experiments.

video
hands-on
online

4. analyze and apply the concepts of change and equilibrium in a variety of systems (e.g., geochemical systems, global climate).

video
hands-on
online

5. compare observations of the real world to observations of a constructed model.

video
hands-on
online

6. investigate and evaluate science studies and identify strengths and weaknesses in experimental design.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 5

Students understand how scientific knowledge and technological developments impact society.

 

Students will:

 

1. identify and describe key factors (technology, competitiveness, world events, etc.) that affect the development and acceptance of scientific thought.

video
hands-on
online

2. model the ongoing, collaborative scientific process of gathering and evaluation information (e.g., assess evidence for and against theories, look for patterns, devise and retest different models).

video
hands-on
online

3. analyze benefits, limitations, costs, consequences, and ethics involved in using scientific and technological innovations to make reasoned decisions.

video
hands-on
online

4. give examples of scientific innovation challenging commonly held perceptions.

video
hands-on
online


Science Content Standard 6

Students understand historical developments in science and technology.

 

Students will:

 

1. give examples of scientific discoveries and describe the interrelationship between technological advances and scientific understanding.

video
hands-on
online

2. analyze and illustrate the historical impact of scientific and technological advances.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Advanced

A graduating student at the advanced level in science demonstrates superior performance. He/she:

 

(a) independently plans, conducts, and interprets experimental investigations and communicates results, articulating and supporting inferences that relate to real world applications in physical, life, and Earth sciences;

video
hands-on
online

(b) consistently recognizes the interconnections within and outside science;

video
hands-on
online

(c) makes thoughtful inferences about explorations and experiments;

video
hands-on
online

(d) when doing physical, theoretical, and mathematical modeling, uses appropriate technology to investigate individually generated problems and/or questions about scientific phenomena;

video
hands-on
online

(e) adeptly uses these skills to organize, classify, and to clearly describe interactions of the biotic and abiotic parts of the biosphere as well as the natural history of interactions of life on Earth;

video
hands-on
online

(f) clearly describes and analyzes connections and interactions between and among technology, science, and society;

video
hands-on
online

(g) applies scientific inquiry and technology skills to comprehend results obtained;

video
hands-on
online

(h) questions validity of scientific endeavors, past and present; and

video
hands-on
online

(i) makes informed decisions about scientific and social issues based on observations, data, and knowledge of the natural world.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Proficient

A graduating student at the proficient level in science demonstrates solid academic performance. He/she:

 

(a) often plans and conducts experimental investigations;

video
hands-on
online

(b) communicates results that infer real world applications in physical, life, and Earth sciences;

video
hands-on
online

(c) recognizes interconnections within and outside science;

video
hands-on
online

(d) makes inferences about explorations and experiments;

video
hands-on
online

(e) often identifies and constructs models depicting the properties of matter in the physical world;

video
hands-on
online

(f) uses appropriate technology tools and skills to investigate individually generated problems and/or questions about scientific phenomena;

video
hands-on
online

(g) organizes and classifies living and nonliving things using common classification schemes;

video
hands-on
online

(h) represents, models and/or discusses the interactions of the biotic and abiotic components of the Earth;

video
hands-on
online

(i) describes connections and interactions between and among technology, science, and society, applying scientific inquiry and technology skills to comprehend results obtained;

video
hands-on
online

(j) clearly articulates the importance of science and the historical significance to question the validity of scientific endeavor, past and present; and

video
hands-on
online

(k) often makes informed decisions about scientific and social issues based on observations, data, and knowledge of the natural world.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Nearing Proficiency

A graduating student at the nearing proficiency level in science demonstrates partial mastery of the prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficiency in science. He/she:

 

(a) conducts and communicates results from simple experimental investigations, sometimes inferring real world applications;

video
hands-on
online

(b) recognizes interconnections within and outside science;

video
hands-on
online

(c) sometimes makes inferences about explorations and experiments;

video
hands-on
online

(d) identifies and, with guidance, constructs models depicting the properties of matter in the physical world;

video
hands-on
online

(e) uses limited skills with technology to investigate teacher-guided problems and/or questions about scientific phenomena;

video
hands-on
online

(f) organizes and sometimes classifies living and nonliving things using common classification schemes;

video
hands-on
online

(g) with assistance, identifies, models, and discusses the interactions of the biotic and abiotic components of the Earth;

video
hands-on
online

(h) sometimes communicates interactions of science, technology, and society;

video
hands-on
online

(i) sometimes defines the importance of science and its historical importance;

video
hands-on
online

(j) is generally accepting of the validity of scientific endeavor; and

video
hands-on
online

(k) sometimes formulates a decision about scientific and social issues based on observations, data, and knowledge of the natural world.

video
hands-on
online


Science Performance Standards:
Novice

A graduating student at the novice level in science is beginning to attain the prerequisite knowledge and skills that are fundamental in science. He/she:

 

(a) has difficulty conducting and communicating the results from a simple experimental investigation, seldom inferring real world applications;

video
hands-on
online

(b) sometimes recognizes interconnections within and outside science;

video
hands-on
online

(c) struggles to make inferences about explorations and experiments and makes simple predictions based upon knowledge of matter in the physical world;

video
hands-on
online

(d) with guidance, selects and uses appropriate technology to investigate teacher-generated problems or questions;

video
hands-on
online

(e) rarely recognizes common classification schemes or relates interactions of the biotic and abiotic factors in the environment;

video
hands-on
online

(f) identifies, but inconsistently communicates interactions of science, technology, and society;

video
hands-on
online

(g) has difficulty defining the importance of science and it’s historical significance;

video
hands-on
online

(h) seldom questions the validity of scientific endeavor, past and present; and

video
hands-on
online

(i) seldom makes informed decisions, about issues, based on observations and knowledge of the natural world.

video
hands-on
online