Hawaii Science Content Standards

The STANDARDS CORRELATION chart suggests which Hawaii Science Content Standards you can cover using PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA in your classroom. We hope you will discover additional standards you can use. These are the ones our Instructional Materials Development team felt most directly related to the activities contained in PASSPORT TO ANTARCTICA.

For additional Hawaii Science Content Standards you can cover see the STANDARDS CORRELATION chart for the following PASSPORT TO KNOWLEDGE projects:

PASSPORT TO THE RAINFOREST

PASSPORT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PASSPORT TO WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIVE FROM MARS 2001/2002

PASSPORT TO THE UNIVERSE

Grades K-3,   Grades 4-5,   Grades 6-8,   Grades 9-12

Grades K-3

Domain I: How Humans Think While Understanding the Natural World

Science as Inquiry

 

1. Students demonstrate the skills necessary to engage in scientific inquiry.

 

Generate ideas, questions, and/or predictions about objects, organisms, events, places, and/or relationships in the environment.

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Design and conduct simple investigations using systematic observations.

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Collect and organize data using simple tools, equipment, and techniques.

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Analyze data to construct a reasonable explanation.

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Appropriately communicate their investigations and explanations to an audience.

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Defend explanations based on evidence and revise explanations when they are faulty or inadequate.

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Habits of Mind

 

2. Students apply the values, attitudes, and commitments characteristic of an inquiring mind.

 

Honesty

 

Report observations accurately.

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Critical-Mindedness

 

Ask many questions starting with What, Where, Why, Whom, and How, to gather information about their "wonderings".

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Objectivitiy

 

Examine many perspectives of a question, situation or problem.

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Open-Mindedness

 

Examine ideas presented by others.

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Questioning

 

Ask "wondering" questions.

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Self-Directed

 

Share new experiences and knowledge learned from individual investigations.

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Value Science

 

Ask questions and describe the wonderings about the world around us.

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3. Students use concepts and themes such as system, change, scale, and model to help them understand and explain the natural world.

 

System

 

Identify the components of a system that interact to perform a function (examples of systems are human body, clock, solar system, or automobile).

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Change

 

Observe and describe changes that occur in nature.

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Scale

 

Describe changes in the size, weight, color, or movement of things, and note which of their other qualities remains the same.

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Model

 

Use a model, such as a toy or a picture, to describe the feature or function of the original object, device, thing, etc.

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Safety

 

4. Students demonstrate the importance of safety by applying safety skills in all activities.

 

Apply school, classroom, laboratory, and field trip rules, as appropriate, to maintain a safe learning environment.

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Identify potentially unsafe conditions prior to the activity and explain how accidents can be prevented.

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Follow prescribed procedures of science activity under teacher supervision.

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Handle live organisms only under proper supervision.

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Apply appropriate safety protocols when conducting scientific activities in and out of the classroom.

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Science and Technology in Society

 

5. Students use the problem-solving process to address current issues involving human adaptation in the environment.

 

Identify a simple problem.

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Gather information needed to solve the problem.

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Determine relevant information, draw conclusions and arrive at alternative solutions.

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Make inferences for each alternative solution and select a solution based on information collected.

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State solution as a recommendation and give reasons for the decision made.

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Domain II: What We Know Today About the World Around Us

Historical Perspectives

 

Scientific Inquiry

 

Identify and describe the skills of inquiry including asking questions, doing a scientific investigation, and comparing the answers with what is already known.

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Give examples where scientists use technology to increase their ability to observe, measure, and compare things more accurately.

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Scientific Knowledge

 

Describe how scientists prove that their conclusions are valid.

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2. Students analyze and evaluate the interdependence of science, technology, and society.

 

Interdependence of Science

 

Technology and Society

 

Identify new and old technologies and the impact they have/had on society and the environment.

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Technological Impacts

 

Give examples of how various technologies such as agriculture, information, manufacturing, and communication have affected the studentsí lives.

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Health Technologies

 

Explain how sanitary practices, vaccinations, medicines, and other scientific treatments keep people healthy.

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hands-on
online

"MA - LAMA I KA ĎA - INA":

 

3. Students make decisions needed to sustain life on Earth now and for future generations by considering the limited resources and fragile environmental conditions.

 

Sustaining Food Supply

 

Trace food technology from planting to human consumption.

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Conservation of Resources

 

Identify ways in which the natural resources can be conserved.

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Organisms and Development

 

4. Students examine the unity and diversity of organisms and how they can be compared scientifically.

 

Describe the similarities and differences of plants and animals in their appearances, behaviors and habitats.

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Identify the different structures and functions of organisms that allow them to survive in the environment.

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5. Students describe, analyze, and give examples of how organisms are dependent on one another and their environments.

 

Identify and give examples of the various interactions within a local environment.

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Explain interdependence in the environment by using photosynthesis as an example.

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6. Students trace the cycling of matter and the flow of energy through systems of living things.

 

Compare and contrast the biological needs of plants and animals.

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Give examples of matter or energy being recycled in the environment.

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Organisms and Development

 

9. Students explain the structure, functions, and reproduction of living cells.

 

No Benchmarks for this cluster.

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10. Students explain the important aspects of human development from fertilization to death and compare it with other organisms.

 

No Benchmarks for this cluster.

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Understanding Ourselves and the World Around Us

 

12. Students explain what influences learning and human behavior.

 

Learning

 

Identify factors that affect learning such as different interests, motivation, skills, and talents.

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Explain how people can learn from each other by telling and listening, showing and watching, and imitating what others do.

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Behavior

 

Explain how people are grouped by common behavior such as culture and learning style.

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Explain how different families, classrooms, and societies have different roles and patterns of behavior for their members.

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The Physical Environment Grade Cluster Benchmarks

 


Grades 4-5

Domain I: How Humans Think While Understanding the Natural World

Science as Inquiry

 

1. Students demonstrate the skills necessary to engage in scientific inquiry.

 

Explain how the question or problem arose. Develop a hypothesis or prediction based on the question.

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Design and conduct simple investigations to answer their questions or to test their ideas about the environment.

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online

Collect and organize data for analysis, using simple tools and equipment.

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online

Use appropriate models to summarize data and construct conclusions based on observations and findings.

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Communicate investigations and results appropriately to an audience.

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Defend conclusions based on evidence; reflect and revise conclusions based on recommendations from other points of view.

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online

Habits of Mind

 

2. Students apply the values, attitudes, and commitments characteristic of an inquiring mind.

 

Honesty

 

Report all observations accurately and precisely.

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online

Acknowledge work done by others.

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Critical-Mindedness

 

Validate and evaluate multiple sources of information (texts, periodicals, web sites, and people) to support research.

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Objectivitiy

 

Examine many perspectives of a question, situation, or problem and consider many possible solutions.

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Open-Mindedness

 

Acknowledge that ideas, conclusions, and expectations may change.

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Questioning

 

Ask questions to clarify and expand an idea or statement.

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Self-Directed

 

Plan and carry out tasks as an individual and as a member of a group.

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Value Science

 

Ask questions and give examples of how science explains what is happening in the world around us.

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3. Students use concepts and themes such as system, change, scale, and model to help them understand and explain the natural world.

 

System

 

Observe and describe how parts influence one another in a system.

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Change

 

Identify patterns of change in things (such as steady, repetitive, or irregular change) using data as evidence.

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Scale

 

Measure things that are difficult to measure because they are very large or very small (e.g., buildings, trees, seeds, pinhead).

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Model

 

Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, or stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.

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Safety

 

4. Students demonstrate the importance of safety by applying safety skills in all activities.

 

Apply school, classroom, laboratory, and field trip rules, as appropriate, to maintain a safe learning environment.

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hands-on
online

Identify potentially unsafe conditions prior to the activity and explain how accidents can be prevented.

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hands-on
online

Conduct authorized science activities with teacher present.

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hands-on
online

Use supplies, chemicals, and equipment, as instructed.

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hands-on
online

Document and apply appropriate safety protocols when conducting scientific activities in and out of the classroom.

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hands-on
online

Science and Technology in Society

 

5. Students use the problem-solving process to address current issues involving human adaptation in the environment.

 

Identify and state a problem.

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Collect, organize, and analyze information from various sources and identify possible alternatives based on the information.

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Make inferences for each alternative solution and select a tentative solution.

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Test the solution and document the results.

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Analyze the results and propose recommendations/modifications to the solution.

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Domain II: What We Know Today About the World Around Us

Historical Perspectives

 

Scientific Inquiry

 

Describe scientific inquiry including the asking of questions, conducting investigations, answering the questions, and presenting the results to others.

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Explain how scientific methods for understanding are not perfect and results are not "magic."

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Scientific Knowledge

 

Explain how knowledge is acquired through scientific investigation.

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Describe the events/people that made major contributions to science and technology throughout history.

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2. Students analyze and evaluate the interdependence of science, technology, and society.

 

Interdependence of Science

 

Technology and Society

 

Examine how technology influenced the economy, demography, and environment of the state and nation.

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online

Technological Impacts

 

Analyze how the various technologies have changed the nature of work and affected the economy, demography, and environment.

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Health Technologies

 

Explain how technology provides clues about what is happening inside the body and improves the medical treatment of people.

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hands-on
online

"MA - LAMA I KA ĎA - INA":

 

3. Students make decisions needed to sustain life on Earth now and for future generations by considering the limited resources and fragile environmental conditions.

 

Conservation of Resources

 

Examine and explain why there is a need to conserve natural resources, including fossil fuel.

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online

Organisms and Development

 

4. Students examine the unity and diversity of organisms and how they can be compared scientifically.

 

Explain how different organisms need specific environmental conditions in order to survive.

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Explain the relationship between structure and function in living things.

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5. Students describe, analyze, and give examples of how organisms are dependent on one another and their environments.

 

Identify how plants and animals depend on each other, in the exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nutrients.

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Explain how organisms respond to a constantly changing environment.

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6. Students trace the cycling of matter and the flow of energy through systems of living things.

 

Diagram how animalsí food can be traced back to plants.

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Explain how "energy" is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.

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Give examples where organisms are reproducing, growing, dying, and decaying.

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Grades 6-8

Domain I: How Humans Think While Understanding the Natural World

Science as Inquiry

 

1. Students demonstrate the skills necessary to engage in scientific inquiry.

 

Develop questions and hypotheses that can be answered through scientific investigations.

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Design and conduct scientific investigations to answer questions or to test hypotheses.

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Collect, organize, analyze and display data/ information, using tools, equipment, and techniques that will help in data collection, analysis, and interpretation.

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Develop conclusions and explanations showing the relationship between evidence and results drawn.

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Communicate and defend scientific procedure used and conclusion and explanation drawn from evidence.

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Reflect and revise conclusion and explanation based on new evidence given from other valid points of view.

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online

Habits of Mind

 

2. Students apply the values, attitudes, and commitments characteristic of an inquiring mind.

 

Honesty

 

Report observations even when they contradict a hypothesis.

video
hands-on
online

Acknowledge references, contributions, and work done by others.

video
hands-on
online

Critical-Mindedness

 

Evaluate empirical evidence to develop reasonable conclusions and explanations and compare them to current scientific knowledge.

video
hands-on
online

Objectivitiy

 

Examine several possible options when investigating a problem. Distinguish between facts and speculations/inferences.

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hands-on
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Open-Mindedness

 

Evaluate all evidence that support or contradict the hypothesis.

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Questioning

 

Ask questions to understand the multiple perspectives and interpretations of a problem, situation, or solution.

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hands-on
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Self-Directed

 

Locate, identify, and use a wide variety of appropriate information to draw conclusions in a research project.

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Value Science

 

Ask questions and explain findings and answers scientifically.

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hands-on
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3. Students use concepts and themes such as system, change, scale, and model to help them understand and explain the natural world.

 

System

 

Explain how a given system works.

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hands-on
online

Change

 

Identify patterns of change and the implications on a system.

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hands-on
online

Scale

 

Calculate very large or very small numbers using exponential numbers. (e.g., distances to other planets.)

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hands-on
online

Model

 

Identify several different models that could be used to represent the same thing, and evaluate their usefulness, taking into account such things as the modelís purpose and complexity.

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hands-on
online

Safety

 

4. Students demonstrate the importance of safety by applying safety skills in all activities.

 

Apply school, classroom, laboratory, and field trip rules, as appropriate, to maintain a safe learning environment.

video
hands-on
online

Identify potentially unsafe conditions prior to the activity and explain how accidents can be prevented.

video
hands-on
online

Use supplies, chemicals, and equipment as instructed and for the purposes they were intended under teacher supervision.

video
hands-on
online

Operate emergency equipment, such as eyewash, shower, and fire blanket when needed.

video
hands-on
online

Assist teacher as requested in case of emergency.

video
hands-on
online

Document and apply appropriate safety protocols when conducting scientific activities in and out of the classroom.

video
hands-on
online

Science and Technology in Society

 

5. Students use the problem-solving process to address current issues involving human adaptation in the environment.

 

Identify and elaborate on a problem or issue.

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hands-on
online

Collect and analyze information to identify alternative solutions.

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hands-on
online

Apply appropriate criteria for evaluating alternative solutions in solving a problem or issue.

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hands-on
online

Select and carry out action steps for the most suitable alternative solution.

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online

Evaluate the effectiveness of the processes and actions used in solving the problem or issue.

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hands-on
online


Domain II: What We Know Today About the World Around Us

Historical Perspectives

 

Scientific Inquiry

 

Describe how scientific inquiry is a way of knowing.

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Identify good scientific explanations and justify their soundness based on evidence, logical and consistent arguments, and use of scientific principles, models, or theories.

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Give examples where scientists used mathematics and technology to gather, quantify, and analyze results of an investigation.

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Scientific Knowledge

 

Give examples of how science advances through legitimate questioning.

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Describe and exemplify the nature of scientific explanations.

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2. Students analyze and evaluate the interdependence of science, technology, and society.

 

Interdependence of Science

 

Technology and Society

 

Give an example of the interdependence of science, technology, and society and how it changed the course of history.

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Give examples of societal influence on the development and use of technology and peoplesí responses to these developments (e.g., development of dynamite).

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Technological Impacts

 

Describe and exemplify how information and communication technologies affect research and work done in the field of science.

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hands-on
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Health Technologies

 

Describe and elaborate how scientific knowledge impact the monitoring of peopleís health and the diagnosis and treatment of illness and diseases.

video
hands-on
online

"MA - LAMA I KA ĎA - INA":

 

3. Students make decisions needed to sustain life on Earth now and for future generations by considering the limited resources and fragile environmental conditions.

 

Sustaining Food Supply

 

Give scientific inferences regarding environmental and societal issues stemming from agriculture and manufacturing technology.

video
hands-on
online

Conservation of Resources

 

Explain how methods for obtaining and using resources such as water, minerals, and fossil fuel have consequences on the environment.

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hands-on
online

Organisms and Development

 

4. Students examine the unity and diversity of organisms and how they can be compared scientifically.

 

Compare and contrast the body structures of organisms that contribute to their ability to survive and reproduce.

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Assess the degree of relatedness among selected organisms based on its similarities found in internal anatomical features.

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5. Students describe, analyze, and give examples of how organisms are dependent on one another and their environments.

 

Illustrate and explain the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers in a food web.

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Identify and describe the biotic and abiotic factors that affect the carrying capacity of a specific niche.

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6. Students trace the cycling of matter and the flow of energy through systems of living things.

 

Explain how plants use the energy from sunlight and matter from the atmosphere to make food that can be used for fuel or building materials.

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hands-on
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Give examples of conservation of matter where matter is transferred within and among living organisms and their physical environment.

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online

The Physical Environment Grade Cluster Benchmarks

 


Grades 9-12

Domain I: How Humans Think While Understanding the Natural World

Science as Inquiry

 

1. Students demonstrate the skills necessary to engage in scientific inquiry.

 

Develop and clarify questions and hypotheses that guide scientific investigations.

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Design and conduct scientific investigations to test hypotheses.

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Organize, analyze, validate and display data/ information in ways appropriate to scientific investigations, using technology and mathematics.

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Formulate scientific explanations and conclusions and models using logic and evidence.

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Communicate and defend scientific explanations and conclusions.

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Identify and analyze alternative explanations and conclusions and models.

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Revise scientific explanations and conclusions based on additional information/data gathered.

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Habits of Mind

 

2. Students apply the values, attitudes, and commitments characteristic of an inquiring mind.

 

Honesty

 

Report findings accurately without alterations and draw conclusions from unaltered findings.

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hands-on
online

Acknowledge references, contributions, and work done by others.

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hands-on
online

Critical-Mindedness

 

Evaluate the logic and validity of evidence, conclusions, and explanations against current scientific knowledge.

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hands-on
online

Objectivitiy

 

Evaluate various perspectives and their implications before drawing conclusions.

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hands-on
online

Open-Mindedness

 

When appropriate, modify ideas, explanations, and hypotheses, based on empirical data or evidence.

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hands-on
online

Questioning

 

Ask questions to clarify or validate purpose, perspective, assumptions, interpretations, and implications of a problem, situation, or solution.

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hands-on
online

Self-Directed

 

Use research techniques and a variety of resources to complete a report on a project of oneís choice.

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hands-on
online

Value Science

 

Ask questions, explain, and elaborate how science is a way of thinking and knowing the world around us.

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hands-on
online

3. Students use concepts and themes such as system, change, scale, and model to help them understand and explain the natural world.

 

System

 

Explain the function of a given system and its relationship to other systems in the natural world.

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hands-on
online

Change

 

Explain the effect of large and small disturbances on systems in the natural world.

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Scale

 

Report how large changes in scale typically change the way things work in physical, biological, or social systems.

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hands-on
online

Model

 

Design or create a model to represent a device, a plan, an equation, or a mental image.

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hands-on
online

Safety

 

4. Students demonstrate the importance of safety by applying safety skills in all activities.

 

Apply school, classroom, laboratory, and field trip rules, as appropriate, to maintain a safe learning environment.

video
hands-on
online

Identify potentially unsafe conditions prior to the activity and explain how accidents can be prevented.

video
hands-on
online

Follow most recent protocols established by the International Science and Engineering Fair when conducting any investigations on living and non-living organisms and under teacher/mentor supervision.

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hands-on
online

Operate emergency equipment, such as eyewash, shower, and fire blanket when needed.

video
hands-on
online

Assist teacher as requested in case of emergency.

video
hands-on
online

Document and apply appropriate safety protocols when conducting scientific activities in and out of the classroom.

video
hands-on
online

Science and Technology in Society

 

5. Students use the problem-solving process to address current issues involving human adaptation in the environment.

 

Identify and explain current issues or problems based on evidence found in available information.

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hands-on
online

Collect, organize, and analyze information from reliable sources to identify alternative solutions.

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hands-on
online

Evaluate alternative solutions for effectiveness based on appropriate criteria.

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online

Predict consequences or implications of proposed decisions and related actions.

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Select and carry out actions for the alternative solution selected.

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Evaluate the effectiveness of the actions taken to resolve the problem or issue and its overall effect on self, others, and the environment.

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Domain II: What We Know Today About the World Around Us

Historical Perspectives

 

Scientific Inquiry

 

Critique a scientific investigation for logic and validity based on evidence.

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Examine and elaborate how ethics and integrity play important roles in scientific research.

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Explain how scientists prevent biases in research.

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Scientific Knowledge

 

Compare and contrast the different science disciplines in terms of areas of study, techniques used, outcomes sought, purpose and philosophy.

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Generalize that the human need to satisfy curiosity results in scientific knowledge and expanded ideas about the world.

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2. Students analyze and evaluate the interdependence of science, technology, and society.

 

Interdependence of Science

 

Technology and Society

 

Analyze, conclude, and defend how technology and science impacted the social, cultural, legal, political, economic, and/or ecological systems locally or globally and vice versa.

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hands-on
online

Technological Impacts

 

Analyze and evaluate the uses and impact of technologies locally and/or globally and propose possible solutions to address negative issues.

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hands-on
online

Health Technologies

 

Analyze and evaluate the benefits, drawbacks, and trade-offs of issues raised by the application of biotechnology in the health field (i.e., moral, ethical, legal, economic, cultural, and/or social).

video
hands-on
online

"MA - LAMA I KA ĎA - INA":

 

3. Students make decisions needed to sustain life on Earth now and for future generations by considering the limited resources and fragile environmental conditions.

 

Conservation of Resources

 

Analyze, evaluate and propose possible solutions in sustaining life on Earth, considering the limited resources and fragile environmental conditions.

video
hands-on
online

Organisms and Development

 

5. Students describe, analyze, and give examples of how organisms are dependent on one another and their environments.

 

Analyze the factors that affect the carrying capacity of an ecosystem.

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hands-on
online

Describe the process of photosynthesis and the transformation of energy.

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hands-on
online

Analyze the interdependence within and between terrestrial, aquatic and atmospheric systems.

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hands-on
online

6. Students trace the cycling of matter and the flow of energy through systems of living things.

 

Explain what happens to energy and matter (at the molecular level) as the chemical element flow through each level in a food web.

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online

Organisms and Development

 

7. Students examine evidence for the evolution of life on earth and assess the arguments for natural selection as a scientific explanation of biological evolution.

 

Evaluate the Theory of Natural Selection as a mechanism for change over time.

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